What are the challenges of sustainable agriculture


The challenge of achieving fair and sustainable agriculture

  • Resilience of systems. But this declaration of intentions and needs faces a number of challenges on the way to becoming…
  • The importance of agriculture at a global level. Putting these recommendations into practice will be neither quick nor…
  • Transforming the model. So, in course of the model transformation…


What are cons of sustainable agriculture?

What are the pros and cons of sustainable agriculture?

  • No GMOs.
  • Supports healthy soil.
  • More nutrition and flavor.
  • Supports pollinators.
  • Healthier working environment for farmers.
  • Resistance to pests and diseases.
  • Fertilizers are created on-site.
  • Opportunity for specializing.

What animals are affected by unsustainable farming?

Poultry farming results in the death of tens of billions of broiler chickens every single year. And egg farming is responsible for the suffering of billions of more layer hens that are stuck in a cycle of cruelty. Chickens are grown on factory farms at rates well beyond what nature ever intended for them.

What is sustainable farming and best sustainable farming practices?

The hard work of our farmers paired with a dedicated agri-food value chain where innovation, technology and agricultural mechanization work together are the milestones to deliver more sustainable farming practices … can check our Best Of Video here.

What are the features of sustainable agriculture?

  • Rotating crops and embracing diversity.
  • Planting cover crops.
  • Reducing or eliminating tillage.
  • Applying integrated pest management (IPM).
  • Integrating livestock and crops.
  • Adopting agroforestry practices.
  • Managing whole systems and landscapes.

What are the principles of sustainable agriculture?

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has developed a common vision for sustainable food and agriculture, based on five principles: 1) Improved efficiency in the use of resources; 2) Conservation, protection and enhancement of natural resources; 3) Improved rural livelihoods and social well-being; 4) Enhance resilience of people, communities

What is the challenge of ensuring good quality of healthy food?

Another challenge is ensuring good quality of healthy food, considering that issues of hunger, micronutrient deficiencies, overweight and obesity are becoming even higher in the global agenda after the 2nd International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) , which was held in Rome in 2014.

What are the SDGs of 2030?

For instance, the 2030 Agenda covers a wide array of issues across 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to achieve sustainable development. It is based on principles of universality (as it involves all countries, rich and poor), indivisibility (the Agenda focuses on several goals simultaneously) and inclusivity (since its implementation requires a multi-stakeholder approach, including the private sector and civil society). For instance, SDG 2 explicitly aims at ending hunger, achieving food security and improving nutrition, while simultaneously promoting sustainable agriculture. Thus, when approached comprehensively, SDG 2 cuts across many SDGs, in particular SDG 1 (no poverty), SDG3 (health and well-being); SDG 5 (gender equality), SDG 6 (water), SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth), SDG 10 (inequality), SDG 12 (responsible production and consumption), SDG 13 (climate action), SDG 14 (oceans), SDG 15 (ecosystems, biodiversity and forests) and SDG 16 (peaceful societies).

How can public investment in agriculture help?

For instance, promoting credit cooperatives may facilitate smallholder producers’ access to financing and allow inputs, energy and natural resources to be used in a more ecological manner. Public investments in rural infrastructure and in developing innovative markets can improve income and livelihoods for poor farmers.

What is the main agricultural crop in Cambodia?

Pigs in a rice paddy where they provide fertilization. – – Farmers Field School: SPFP/CMB/6701. Eighty percent of the Cambodian population is dependent on subsistence farming with rice as the main agricultural crop. The agricultural sector contributes to almost 50 percent of the GDP of the country, although agricultural productivity is low in comparison with neighboring countries in Asia. Food production remains highly vulnerable to the effects of adverse weather conditions such as flooding or droughts. Years of civil strife have taken substantial agricultural areas out of production, and a large part of the population of Cambodia is subject to temporary, seasonal or chronic food shortages and nutritional deficiencies. The objective of the Special Programme for Food Security in Cambodia is to maximize national food self-sufficiency and to reduce the risks of disruptive variations in supply, by demonstrating and facilitating a rapid increase in agricultural productivity and food production on an economically and environmentally sustainable basis. Various techniques and technologies have been identified to increase agricultural production, depending on the potential and constraints in the seven selected pilot areas. These include water control techniques, crop intensification, improved pig and poultry production, analysis and evaluation. Integrated pest management is one of the crop intensification technologies and farmers’ field schools are set up to educate farmers’ groups in the pilot areas.

What are the policies and incentives that help rural communities?

1) Innovative and adequate policies and incentives (such as regulations, taxes, subsidies, pro-poor social protection, payment for conservations of ecosystem services and biodiversity, land tenure, and access to the market that can increase income and livelihoods for the rural population, particularly for those that are highly dependent on agriculture).

What are the three pillars of sustainability?

The vision addresses the three pillars of sustainability: social, economic and environmental. Those principles are fully in line with all the global agendas and, as such, should be implemented altogether and in a synergistic way; have the process driven by countries; be cross-sectoral; be managed through a multi-stakeholder approach; be adaptable to changing demands; and be results-based. However, it is always important to keep in mind that sustainability has no end-point: it should be seen as a continuous and evolving process.

Why are fair and sustainable adjectives used in agriculture?

This is because they are perfectly paired to describe the model of production that must be enforced on a global scale for two fundamental reasons: on the one hand, to eradicate famine and malnutrition and, on the other, to slow down climate change.

How much of agriculture is wasted?

Agriculture in general is facing the damage caused by pests, diseases and climatic disasters . According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), established by the United Nations Environment Programme, as much as 40 percent of global agricultural production is wasted . This figure is too high to be ignored, even more so when it relates to small or local farmers who are counting on a fair and sustainable model.

What are the challenges facing the global food system?

Let’s start with the most obvious one. The global food system is expected to provide safe and nutritious food to a population that will likely grow from 7.5 billion people today, to nearly 10 billion by 2050. Not only will there be more mouths to feed, but as incomes grow in emerging …

How does agriculture affect the environment?

In addition, irrigation of agricultural crops comprises 70% of global water use, and agriculture directly contributes to around 11% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (mostly through cattle). Expanding agricultural land can also lead to deforestation, additional GHG emissions, and a loss of biodiversity.

What are the three challenges that must be tackled together?

These three challenges – feeding a growing population, providing a livelihood for farmers, and protecting the environment – must be tackled together if we are to make sustainable progress in any of them. But making progress on this “triple challenge” is difficult, as initiatives in one domain can have unintended consequences in another.

How many farms are there in the world?

There are an estimated 570 million farms worldwide today, and millions of other people work in food-related jobs. The global food system also has a large environmental footprint. In fact, agriculture occupies nearly 40% of the earth’s surface, far more than any other human activity.

Is farm productivity positive or negative?

Sometimes, the consequences are positive. For instance, raising farm productivity can generate income growth in agriculture, make more food available for consumers at lower prices, and – in some cases – reduce pressure on the environment. But sometimes the consequences are negative and require balancing trade-offs.

Is food production only one aspect of the food system?

However, food production is only one aspect of the food system. The agro-food sector also provides a livelihood for millions of people . Globally, most of the people living in extreme poverty are in rural areas where food production is often the most important economic activity. There are an estimated 570 million farms worldwide today, …

What are the problems farmers face?

Farmers need to deal with many problems, including how to: Cope with climate change, soil erosion and biodiversity loss. Satisfy consumers’ changing tastes and expectations. Meet rising demand for more food of higher quality. Invest in farm productivity.

How do farmers deal with problems?

Farmers need to deal with many problems, including how to: 1 Cope with climate change, soil erosion and biodiversity loss 2 Satisfy consumers’ changing tastes and expectations 3 Meet rising demand for more food of higher quality 4 Invest in farm productivity 5 Adopt and learn new technologies 6 Stay resilient against global economic factors 7 Inspire young people to stay in rural areas and become future farmers

How does Agtech help farmers?

Agtech is raising crop productivity, but farmers need to invest in such technology, from treated seeds and crop protection products to data-analysis apps and precision spraying. While large-scale farmers may be able to afford to invest, smallholders don’t always have access to an affordable source of credit.

How does soil erosion affect crops?

Soil erosion is reducing the amount of land available for agriculture, and declining biodiversity affects the pollination of crops.

What are the factors that affect a farmer’s business decisions?

A farmer’s business decisions are complicated by global economic factors, like fluctuating commodity prices and trade issues, and the fact that a harvest can be affected by weather, insects or disease.

Why is farming not always the same?

While modern agriculture provides a large number of solutions, the outcome is not always the same because each farm is unique: different landscapes, soils, available technology and potential yields.

Why is there a shift in focus from concern about enough food to good food?

In recent years, there has been a shift in focus from concern about ‘enough food’ to ‘good food’. Society has rising expectations of farmers to reduce their impact on the environment, to increase the nutritional content of crops and to further minimize chemical residues in crops and the environment.

Why are agribusinesses unviable?

Apart from the lack of fiscal incentives, sizeable investments are today unviable for large agri businesses due to constraints like non-implementation of the ‘Model APMC’ Act recommended by the Centre. The Act facilitates a direct interface between farmers and agri businesses and helps in reducing transaction costs. There is also a lack of cohesiveness in licenses required for agri input sales. For instance, each input like seeds, nutrients, and crop protection chemicals is governed by a separate Act, making it cumbersome especially for companies working across geographies.

How does the private sector contribute to agricultural productivity?

In the modern context, the private sector can play a vital and complementary role in ensuring an increase in agricultural productivity. Investments by large agri businesses can ensure coordination of the availability of inputs, facilitation of finance for crops and capital investments and augmentation of resources. This will enable the delivery of customised extension services to improve productivity through technology, regenerate and enrich land fertility, enable better usage of scarce water resources and adopt best practices in crop management.

How can technology help farmers?

Though technological solutions can be found to address the challenges of low productivity, the critical problem lies in making the farmer capable of implementing them. Transfer of technology, including know how and information, customisation and capacity building are crucial in empowering the farmer to raise productivity and adopt sustainable agricultural practices. Given the complexity of geographical spread, diversity of crops and the large number of farmers involved in agriculture, innovative models of engagement are essential to ensure robust sustainable agricultural practices as well as avenues for livelihood creation.

What is the main source of income in rural India?

Agriculture is the main source of livelihood in rural India, which is home to 75% of the nation’s poor. Though it provides livelihoods to more than half of India’s workforce, the sector contributes to less than one-fifth of the country’s GDP. The per capita income of farmers is a fraction of the national average. Such low incomes are a result of a deteriorating natural resource base, disconnected value chains, fragmented landholdings, weak infrastructure, inadequate knowledge and multiple intermediaries. A majority of the farmers are trapped in a vicious cycle of low productivity and low investments.

Why is an enabling policy framework needed?

There is also need for an enabling policy framework that boosts the provision of rural infrastructure so that wastage can be eliminated and farmers can receive better returns.

Is there a lack of cohesiveness in licenses required for agri input sales?

There is also a lack of cohesiveness in licenses required for agri input sales. For instance, each input like seeds, nutrients, and crop protection chemicals is governed by a separate Act, making it cumbersome especially for companies working across geographies.


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