What are the different agricultural practices


Agriculture practices play an important role in the production of high yields depending on the particular crop. Soil preparation, sowing, manuring, irrigation, weeding, harvesting, and storage are the seven steps of agriculture practices.

  • Mixed Crop and Livestock.
  • Grain Farming.
  • Dairy Farming.
  • Livestock Ranching.
  • Commercial Gardening and Fruit Farming.
  • Mediterranean Agriculture.
  • Plantation Farming.
Aug 16, 2020


What are the most common agricultural practices?

Common agricultural practices refers both to activities at the individual farm level and policies authorities establish to set farming standards on a wider scale. At the individual farm level, modern farming’s most common agricultural practices concern tilling the soil, appropriate use of nutrients , controlling weeds and insects, and …

What are examples of modern agricultural practices?

There are 3 types of vertical farming:

  • Hydroponics is the vertical farming method of growing plants without soil by using mineral nutrients in a water base. …
  • Aeroponics was introduced by the National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA) in the 1990s. …
  • Aquaponics is used to grow fish and plants in the same ecosystem. …

What are the different types of sustainable agricultural practices?

Sustainable agriculture strives to help the environment by:

  • Reducing agricultural runoff;
  • Preventing pollution of lakes and rivers;
  • Saving water;
  • Naturally maintaining soil fertility by recycling nutrients on farm;
  • Enhancing carbon sequestration by soils and perennial vegetation;
  • Promoting energy efficiency of farming operations;
  • Decreasing emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases;

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What are some examples of poor agricultural practices?

  • “Wearing soil out” is done when crops are not rotated, and fertilizer is not used, or not used in enough quantity to replace nutrients removed by the previous crop.
  • Turn plowing, it leads to massive soil erosion. …
  • Not enough fertilizer leads to underdeveloped crops, which waste space, seeds, and underdeveloped roots which leads to soil erosion.

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What are the different types of agricultural practices?

Agriculture & Agricultural PracticesSoil preparation. Before raising a crop, the soil in which it is to be grown is prepared by ploughing, levelling, and manuring. … Sowing. Selection of seeds of good quality crop strains is the primary stage of sowing. … Manuring. … Irrigation. … Weeding. … Harvesting. … Storage.

What are the 11 agricultural practices?

Top 11 Types of Agricultural PracticesPastoral Farming.Arable Farming.Shifting Agriculture.Mixed Farming.Nomadic Agriculture.Sedentary Agriculture.Subsistence Farming.Commercial Agriculture.More items…•

What are the 7 types of agricultural practices?

Soil preparation, sowing, manuring, irrigation, weeding, harvesting, and storage are the seven steps of agriculture practices.

What are the four types of agricultural practices?

TYPES OF AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES IN THE LOCALITIESPastoral Farming.Arable Farming.Mixed Farming.Taungya Farming.Fish Farming.Livestock Farming.Shifting Cultivation.Land Rotation/Bush Fallowing.More items…

What are agricultural practices Class 8?

These activities include sowing, increasing fertility of the soil, cutting of weed plants, moving of crops when they grow big, and harvesting.

What are the different agricultural practices in the Philippines?

The Philippines’ major agricultural products include rice, coconuts, corn, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, and mangoes. From 1999 to 2003, women’s participation was significant in planting/transplanting, manual weeding, care of crops and harvesting. Women were least involved in land preparation and furrowing.

What are five good agricultural practices?

Good agricultural practicesAnimal health. Animals that produce milk need to be healthy and an effective health care programme should be in place. … Milking hygiene. Milk should be harvested and stored under hygienic conditions. … Animal feeding and water. … Animal welfare. … Environment.

What are the agricultural practices in India?

Important traditional agricultural practices (TAPs) of IndiaOrganic compost-based agricultural practices. … Livestock-integrated agricultural practices. … Agroforestry-based agricultural practices. … Mixed/intercropping-based agricultural practices. … Crop rotation-based agricultural practices.More items…•

What are the types of agricultural practices in Nigeria?

Types of Farming in NigeriaMaize Farming.Snail Farming.Plantain Farming.Poultry Farming.Fish Farming.Rice Farming.

Why good agricultural practices is important?

Good Agricultural Practices can reduce the risk of harmful contamination of your produce. Following best practices for reducing microbial contamination ensures that the food that you sell to the public will not cause harm or illness for consumers.

Why are agricultural practices necessary?

Answer. Africulture practice are use to maximize the farm produce in different ways and quality production. They not only prevent the public from illness, but they also protect your darm business from the economic consequences of food contamination.

What are agricultural practices?

Agricultural practices are essentially a set of principles that must be applied to agricultural fields to attain better agricultural products. Thes…

What are the basic agricultural practices?

Crop rotation, Mixed cropping, Relay cropping, Two-cropping agriculture, Multi-cropping agriculture, etc., are the few types of agricultural practi…

What are the 7 steps of agriculture?

Soil preparation, sowing, manuring, irrigation, weeding, harvesting, and storage are the 7 steps of agriculture.

What is the importance of agriculture?

1. Source of Livelihood 2. Contribution to National Income 3. Supply of Food and Fodder 4. Source of Raw Material 5. Foreign Exchange Resources 6….

What are 5 sustainable agriculture practices?

1. Rotating crops 2. Planting cover crops 3. Reducing or eliminating tillage 4. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) 5. Agroforestry practices

What is agricultural practice?

Agricultural practices are actually a set of principles that must be applied to agricultural fields to get better agricultural products. These are simply farming approaches that are used to facilitate the process of agriculture.

What is the method of separation of grain seeds from the chaff using the help of the wind?

Winnowing: Winnowing is the method of separation of grain seeds from the chaff using the help of the wind. Due to the wind, the lighter chaff flies away, and the heavier grains fall.

What is the process of separating grain from chaff?

Threshing: Threshing is the method of loosening the grains from the chaff or husks after the crops are harvested. It can be done manually or by using a machine to separate all the grain seeds.

What is the process of ploughing and tilling?

a. Ploughing/Tilling: It is a process of loosening & turning the soil by using a plough. The tools used for ploughing the land are plough, hoe, cultivator, etc.

What is the main requirement for plant growth?

5. Irrigation : Water is the major requirement for plant growth. Water supply through various methods for the growing plants is called irrigation. Excess water can damage crops and also leads to waterlogging. The irrigation interval and frequency must be maintained, as it varies with the crop. The natural sources of irrigation are ponds, wells, canals, lakes, etc. The traditional irrigation methods are moat, rahat, chain pump, and dhekli. The modern method of irrigation includes drip irrigation and sprinkler irrigation for a better supply of water.

What happens to the soil when you prepare it for ploughing?

During the preparation of soil, the unwanted plants or weeds are removed from the soil in the act of plough ing.

What is landscape management?

1. Landscape Management: A landscape is the apparent factor of a land, its landforms, and combined features of natural or artificial elements. Landscape management includes maintenance and implementation of physical elements, water bodies, land cover, indigenous vegetation, human elements, structures and buildings, and climatic conditions. Landscape management is of great significance in agriculture. Therefore it is the first in the list of agricultural practices.

What is a good agricultural practice?

Good Agricultural Practices (GAPS) are guidelines created by The FDA’s Guide to Minimizing Microbial Food Safety Hazards for Fresh Produce. GAPS help divert the causes of foodborne illness on foods. Good Agricultural Practices are safe farming guidelines to reduce the risk of bacterial contamination.

Why are agricultural practices important?

Why are GAPs important to farming? Good Agricultural Practices keep farming techniques safe by reducing the risk of bacterial contamination. By following the guidelines set forth by the FDA, it ensures any food that comes from the farm isn’t a source of illness.

Why is manure important for crops?

To grow and yield the crops need proper nutrients. Manuring is when the nutritional needs are provided through a compound of manure. It either comes from a natural source or fertilizers which are higher in chemicals. Another benefit to manuring is replenishing soil fertility too.

What is a gap in agriculture?

GAPS, meaning Good Agricultural Practices, are guidelines used by most farms to reduce the risk of microbial contamination which can cause foodborne illness. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s Guide to Minimizing Microbial Food Safety Hazards for Fresh Produce are where the guidelines come from. Why GAPs?

Why is good agriculture important?

Using Good Agriculture Practices growers can reduce the risk of contamination to the best of their ability. This doesn’t mean all foods grown will be completely contaminant free, but will have less risk associated. GAPS focuses on product shelf-life to reduce spoilage which is another cause of food intoxication.

What are the guidelines for agriculture?

For agriculture to be a successful endeavor, these guidelines, better known as agricultural practices, must be followed. The proper methods and practices are-. Soil preparation. Before crops ever go into the ground, the soil must be prepared first.

What are some examples of food illness?

Produce such as lettuce, tomatoes, carrots or sprouts are some examples as are melons or berries. Using Good Agriculture Practices growers can reduce the risk of contamination to the best of their ability.

What is agriculture practice?

What Is Agriculture And What Are Agricultural Practices. Growing plants and rearing animals for food, clothing, and other useful products is called agriculture. Plants of the same kind grown on a large scale for food, clothing, etc., are called crops. For example, several plants of maize grown in a large field form a crop of maize.

What are the steps of agriculture?

The major steps involved in this process are-. Preparation of soil. Selection and sowing of seeds. Irrigation. Weeding and Crop Protection. Harvesting.

How are grains stored?

To prevent their spoilage, it is necessary to ensure that both the grains and the storage area are free of moisture. The grains are dried in the sun to remove as much moisture as possible. They are then weighed and packed in gunny bags or bins. Bulk storage of grains is done in granaries and silos.

How is cereal harvested?

After harvesting, grains of cereal plants are separated from the rest of the plant. This is done by threshing and winnowing.

What is the process of preparing soil?

Soil preparation involves ploughing, levelling, and applying fertilizers. Ploughing The process of loosening and turning the soil is called ploughing or tilling. This process is important because of the following reasons. It allows the roots to reach deeper into the soil.

Why do farmers add fertilizer to the soil?

Eventually, the soil may even turn infertile (i.e., not allow growth of crops at all). To avoid this situation , farmers often add substances called fertilizers to the soil. Fertilizers are natural or chemical substances that contain one or more nutrients essential for plant growth. Fertilizers can be natural or chemical.

What are some examples of food crops?

For example, several plants of maize grown in a large field form a crop of maize. Examples of food crops are cereals (e .g., rice, wheat, and maize), pulses (e.g., urad, arhar, and mung bean), fruits (e.g., mango, apple, and banana), and vegetables (e.g., spinach, potato, and onion).

What is agricultural practice?

Agricultural practices mean basically a collection of principles to apply for farm production processes in order to get better agricultural products. They are simply practices used in agriculture to facilitate farming. Nowadays, decent agricultural practices are some of the methods applied to agriculture, it helps to create food for consumers as well as for safe further processing. Our farmers are the key persons for the cultivation of crops to provide food to the entire population.

What are the two methods of improving soil quality?

Two majorly used types are the organic and inorganic method. The organic methods perform better than the inorganic in terms of biodiversity promotion.

Why is rotation important in agriculture?

It is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar crops in the same area in sequenced seasons. It is mainly done so that the soil of farms is not used for only one set of nutrients . It also helps in reducing soil erosion and increases soil fertility and crop yielding.

What is BIPM in pest management?

5. Biointensive Integrated Pest Management: A systems approach to pest management based on an understanding of pest ecology is often called BIPM. It primarily starts with the steps of diagnosing the nature and source of pest problems. Further, it is dependent on a range of preventive tactics within limits. As a last resort, risk pesticides are used in a reduced manner to minimize risks.

What are the major agricultural practices and techniques?

There are 9 major agricultural practices and techniques which are discussed below: 1. Fallow. The soil loses its fertility due to continuous cultivation.

What is two cropping?

It is practice in those areas where there is adequate rainfall or proper facility of irrigation. The second drop grown is, normally , the nitrogen fixing crops i.e. leguminous crop.

What is agriculture in Shakeel Anwar?

Shakeel Anwar. The term agriculture refers to the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock. It was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities.

Why are two or three crops grown on the same land?

In this practice, two or three crops are simultaneously grown on an agricultural land so that the nutrients utilized by one crop can be replaced to some extent by the other crops. The ratio of crops to be mixed varies according to the methods applied and the local needs.

When a new crop is sown, while the ripening crop is still standing in the field then?

When a new crop is sown, while the ripening crop is still standing in the field then, it is termed as relay cropping.

Can arable land be stretched further?

The arable land can hardly be stretched further in the countries like India. Therefore, it is essential to obtain more than one crop from the land in a year. The optimum agricultural use of a land is termed as crop intensity.

What is agriculture practice?

AGRICULTURE PRACTICESAgricultural Practices means the steps involved in agriculture whichcan be seen generally been done by farmers and gardeners. Agriculturalpractices such as irrigation, crop rotation, fertilizers, pesticides andanimals were developed long ago, but have made great strides in thepast century.

What is irrigation used for?

It is used to assist in the growing of agriculturalcrops, maintenance of landscapes, and revegetation of disturbed soilsin dry areas and during periods of inadequate rainfall.Additionally , irrigation also has a few other uses in cropproduction, which include protecting plants against frost, 9.

When is hay harvested?

Most crops are harvested in the fall, except for hay which is cut several times over the course of the summer. Field crops are harvested by machine, while small fruits and other food crops are typically harvested by hand, although in certain cases, they may be harvested by machine. Equipment Used For Harvesting.1.

Can weeds compete with crops?

Weeds can compete with productive crops orpasture, or convert productive land into unusable scrub. Weeds are alsooften poisonous, distasteful, produce burrs, thorns or other damagingbody parts or otherwise interfere with the use and management ofdesirable plants by contaminating harvests or excluding livestock. 10.

What are the major groups of agricultural products?

Fuels, foods, raw materials such as rubber and fibers are the major groups of agricultural products. Food classes comprise of vegetables, oils, fungi, grains or cereals, fruits, eggs, meat and milk. The agricultural field employs more than a third of the total number of workers worldwide after the service industry.

What is agriculture?

Agriculture involves rearing of animals and crop cultivation. Agriculture aims at providing enough, healthy food to feed the population worldwide. Different types of agricultural activities are practiced in different regions across the world. Factors such as climate affect the type of agricultural activity a farmer can practice.

What are the factors that affect the type of agriculture?

Factors such as climate affect the type of agricultural activity a farmer can practice. Types of agricultural activities include subsistence farming, nomadic herding, commercial plantation, livestock rearing, etc. Agriculture involves plants and animals breeding and land cultivation to offer fiber, food and medicine.

How long does shifting cultivation last?

Shifting cultivation is commonly practiced in the tropics. It involves forest clearance through burning and slashing. The cleared land is cultivated until its fertility declines, or for three to five years or until native flora and weeds overtake it. When that happens, farmers abandon the land for a fallow period and clear another forest area for cultivation.

How many people rely on agriculture for sustenance?

However, more than 2 billion people worldwide rely on subsistence agriculture for sustenance.

What is commercial plantation farming?

Also known as tree crop farming, industrialized agriculture or plantation farming, commercial plantations cover large land areas. Even if practiced on a smaller piece of land, the activity has a high commercial value. It involves the cultivation of tropical crops such as tea, rubber, coffee, coconut, cocoa, grapes, apples, spices, oranges, avocado, mangoes and palm oil.

What are the crops grown in the Mediterranean?

Mediterranean agriculture involves the rearing of animals and growing of crops in the rugged, Mediterranean terrain. Small animals and crops such as citrus fruits, vineyards and wheat are the crops mainly grown in the region.

How have livestock and agriculture coexisted?

For as long as time, livestock and agricultural crops have co-existed in mutually beneficial relationships. With the increasing industrialization of agriculture, livestock production has separated physically from crop production in forms such as concentrated animal feed operations. These types of operations can result in many challenges, including treatment and disposal of animal wastes, water quality, animal health, and risk of contaminating watersheds and aquifers.

What is regenerative agriculture?

At its core, regenerative agriculture is a holistic approach designed not just to sustain soils but also to regenerate them, improving soil health as the central foundation.

How does regenerative agriculture help the soil?

Ecologically, these practices improve soil structure, reducing both wind and water erosion of soils, reduce agricultural run-off into watersheds, and aid in soil carbon sequestration. On the farm, as some regenerative agriculture theories suggest, growers adopting reduced or no-till practices may see many changes that will benefit their bottom lines economically while rebuilding their soils for future generations. Changes you will see with reduced or no-till practices include increased water penetration and retention, greater soil nutrient retention and availability to crops, less soil crusting, and increased soil organic matter over time. All of these contribute greatly to crop vigor, resiliency to crop stressors, and ultimately, crop yield. Additionally, there are cost reduction opportunities for growers, including reduced tilling soils, reduced requirements for fertilizers, and more efficient use of water resources. Altogether, reduced or no-till practices are key regenerative agriculture practices that will provide valuable benefits in both the near term as well as rebuilding soils for generations to come.

How does cover cropping help the soil?

Cover cropping, as some regenerative agriculture theories state, systems can fix CO 2 from the atmosphere, sequestering carbon as organic matter in the soils, feed carbon plant root exudates into the soil that promote soil biology, add nutrients to soils, and reduce soil erosion .

What is Phycoterra food?

Within these practices, PhycoTerra ® Soil Microbe Food, developed by Heliae ® Agriculture, plays a vital foundational role in bringing out the best in the abundance and diversity of microbes in your soils, driving soil health and regeneration of agricultural lands. We are excited to partner with you on this journey! vc_column_text] [/vc_column] [/vc_row]

Why is it important to build soil organic?

Building soil organic is essential for rebuilding depleted soils. Composted biological materials such as crop residue, food waste, and animal waste to build soil organic matter are crucial in regenerative agriculture. These materials contain carbon, that when incorporated into soils breaks down slowly, building stable organic matter. The conversion into stable organic matter takes time.

What is composting?

Compositing can accelerate the decomposition of these materials, creating compost products that can be more immediately available for soil microbes and plants to utilize. Composting processes can be driven by bacteria, fungi, earthworms, nematodes, and other organisms. In addition to adding carbon/organic matter back into soils, composts provide fertilizer value to your soils and crops in forms that are available over more extended periods than conventional fertilizers.


Soil Preparation

Selection and Sowing of Seeds

  • Selecting good-quality, healthy seeds is the next important part of crop production. In India, a government body called the National Seeds Corporation (NSC) is involved in the production of good quality agricultural seeds. NSC has also helped in setting up seed-testing laboratories in different parts of the country. Activity Aim: To separate healthy grains from unhealthy ones Mat…

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  • Seeds sown in the soil require water for their growth. Water requirements differ from crop to crop. For instance, paddy needs a constant supply of water whereas wheat requires water at regular intervals. Rainfall is one of the sources of water for crops. As one cannot always depend on rainfall, other ways of supplying water to crops have been devised. Irrigation refers to artificial a…

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Weeding and Crop Protection

  • Sometimes, undesirable plants called weeds grow along with the crop. Amaranthus (chaulai), wild oat, grass, and Chenopodium (bathua) are examples of weeds. Weeds need to be removed as they start competing with the crops for air, sunlight, and nutrients. Some of them may even be poisonous to human beings and animals. The process of removing weeds is called weeding. We…

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  • The process of cutting and gathering of crops is called harvesting. Harvesting of cereal crops is either done manually, with the help of a sickle, or with the help of a machine called harvester. After harvesting, grains of cereal plants are separated from the rest of the plant. This is done by threshing and winnowing. Threshing is done either manua…

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  • Harvested grains need to be stored before they are made available for consumption. To prevent their spoilage, it is necessary to ensure that both the grains and the storage area are free of moisture. The grains are dried in the sun to remove as much moisture as possible. They are then weighed and packed in gunny bags or bins. Bulk storage of grains is done in granaries and silos…

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