What are the different types of subsistence agriculture



1.Produce mainly for the family with lit … Products are principally for sale
2. Practiced on small area of land. Practiced on large area of land.
3. Family labour is used Skilled and mechanized labour is employe …
4. Traditional management is employed. Modern or scientific management is emplo …

May 3 2022

Types of subsistence farming
  • Shifting agriculture.
  • Primitive farming.
  • Nomadic herding.
  • Intensive subsistence farming.


What are two examples of traditional subsistence agriculture?

  • Arable: Crops.
  • Pastoral: Animals.
  • Mixed: Crops and animals.
  • Subsistence: Grown just for the farmer and his family.
  • Commercial: Grown to sell.
  • Intensive: High inputs of labour or capital ususally small.
  • Extensive: Low inputs of labour or capital.
  • Sedentary: Permanently in in one place.

What are the different types of subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming is a form of production in which nearly all crops or livestock are raised to sustain the farm family, and rarely pro- ducing surpluses to sell for cash or store for later use. There are two major types of subsistence agriculture: primitive and intensive.

What are examples of subsistence farming?

What are the two types of subsistence farming?

  • Shifting agriculture.
  • Primitive farming.
  • Nomadic herding.
  • Intensive subsistence farming.

Could describe the three types of Agriculture?

  • Agro-ecology
  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Organic agriculture
  • Urban agricultural
  • Conservation agriculture
  • Precision agriculture
  • Industrial agriculture
  • Bio dynamic agriculture
  • Community supported agricultural

How many types are there in subsistence farming?

There are two types of subsistence farming.

What are four types of subsistence agriculture?

Subsistence Agricultural Regions:Shifting cultivation (2)Pastoral nomadism (3)Intensive subsistence: wet rice dominant (4)Intensive subsistence: crops other than rice (5)Plantation farming (12)

What are the different types of subsistence?

The four modes of subsistence are foraging, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture. Each mode is defined by the tasks involved in obtaining food as well as the way members of the society are organized socially to accomplish these tasks.

What is subsistence farming what are its types?

Subsistence farming is the kind of farming done by farmers who have small plots, enough only for themselves. Literally, subsistence agriculture means no extra food is produced to sell or trade. This means farming doesn’t give them money to buy things.

What are the types of subsistence farming class 8?

Subsistence farming can be further categorized as intensive subsistence and primitive subsistence farming.Intensive Subsistence Farming: In this type of farming, the farmer cultivates on a small plot of land. … Primitive Subsistence Farming: Shifting cultivation and nomadic herding come under this type of farming.

What are the 3 types of agriculture?

There are several types of agriculture which include:Shifting Cultivation (rotating crops).Intensive Pastoral Farming (focused on grazing animals).Subsistence Cultivation (seeking out a living; often done for consumption by family).More items…

What are the two types of intensive subsistence agriculture?

Answer: Basically, there are two types of intensive subsistence agriculture: Intensive subsistence agriculture dominated by wet paddy cultivation: This type of agriculture is characterised by dominance of the rice crop. Intensive subsidence agriculture dominated by Non Paddy crops.

What are the types of economic subsistence?

The four modes of subsistence are foraging, pastoralism, horticulture, and agriculture.

What is subsistence agriculture class 12?

Answer: Subsistence agriculture is the agriculture in which the producers consume most of the products grown. The output is generally for consumption by farmer and his family.

What are the 5 differences in subsistence and commercial agriculture?

The 5 main things that distinguish commercial agriculture from subsistence agriculture are the purpose, number of farmers in the workforce, use of machinery, farm size, and relationships with other businesses. The purpose of farming varies in LDCs with subsistence farmers and MDCs with commercial farmers.

What is subsistence agriculture class 10?

The correct option is B Cultivating crops for self consumption. When farmers cultivate crops only for self-consumption and not to sell in the market, this type of farming is known as Subsistence Farming.

Which one of the following is the example of subsistence farming?

Shifting cultivation is a type/ example of subsistence farming in which the farmers clear a patch of forest land by cutting and burning of trees and then crops are grown.

What is subsistence agriculture?

Subsistence agriculture is when a farmer lives on a small amount of land and produces enough food to feed his or her household and have a small cash crop. The goal of subsistence agriculture is to produce enough food to ensure the survival of the individual family. If there is excess food produced, it is sold locally to other families or individuals.

Where is subsistence agriculture practiced?

Currently, there are several kinds of subsistence agriculture that are still occurring. The most common type is intensive subsistence agriculture, which is often referred to as traditional subsistence agriculture. This type of agriculture is practiced in India, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Mexico and Peru.

Why is subsistence agriculture labor intensive?

This type of agriculture is very labor-intensive because all of the work is done by humans and animals and only hand tools and simple machines are used to work the land. Subsistence agriculture does not rely on chemical fertilizers or pesticides and instead utilizes more natural techniques.

What is the difference between industrialized and subsistence farming?

Another major difference between industrialized and subsistence agriculture is what is being planted.

Why is industrialized agriculture important?

Industrialized agriculture is important because it makes it possible to produce large amounts of food to feed the growing human population. Subsistence agriculture is equally as important because it provides food to people on the smaller scale and also involves a great deal of family participation and history in the production of the food.

What are the two types of agriculture?

Currently, agriculture is divided into two different types, including industrialized agriculture and subsistence agriculture. Let’s explore and learn more about these two types of agriculture. 8:41.

What are the most common crops grown in the same field?

For this type of agriculture, the most common crops are rice and vegetables, which are grown in the same fields using the polyculture method. The second most common kind of subsistence agriculture is shifting cultivation, and this occurs in Brazil, Venezuela, Columbia, Nigeria, Senegal and Indonesia.

What is subsistence farming What are the two types of subsistence farming?

the two types of subsistence farming are: slash and burn agriculture or shifting agriculture is practised mainly by tribal people.

What are the different types of subsistence farming class 8?

Subsistence farming can be further categorized as intensive subsistence and primitive subsistence farming.

Which are the two types of intensive subsistence agriculture?

There are mainly two types of Intensive subsistence Agriculture and they are Intensive subsistence agriculture dominated by wet paddy cultivation and Intensive subsidence agriculture dominated by crops other than paddy. In these types of farming the farmers work with the help of the family labour.

What are the advantages of subsistence farming?

One of the benefits of Subsistence Agriculture is that it is cheap and cost effective. No requirement of huge investments as would otherwise have been needed by a commercial farmer is the prime reason for its cost effectiveness. The tools, kits and implements that are used are easy to obtain and mostly not expensive.

What are the 3 categories of commercial farming?

Dairy Farming. As the name suggests, it is the commercial farming of milk and milk products.

What is subsistence farming in simple words?

Subsistence farming, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer’s family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade.

What is the other name of intensive subsistence farming?

But despite changes the term ‘ intensive subsistence ‘ is still used today to describe those agricultural systems which are clearly more sophisticated than the primitive agriculture. Sometimes it is also known as ‘monsoon type of agriculture ‘.

What is subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming practice involves cultivating crops and raising livestock exclusively for one’s own use, without any surplus for trade. Farmers follow this practice to fulfil the need of only their families. Nearly 200 million farmers in Africa, Middle America, tropical South America and some parts of Southeast Asia practise subsistence farming.#N#Subsistence farming practices are mainly categorised into the following types:

What is the oldest form of agriculture?

Primitive farming is the oldest form of agriculture and still prevalent in some areas of the world. From primitive gathering, some people have taken a step ‘upward’ on the economic ladder by learning the art of domesticating plants and their economy has moved into primitive cultivation.

Where is shifting cultivation practiced?

This form of agriculture is widely practised by many tribes of the tropics, especially in Africa, in tropical South and Central America, and in South-East Asia. It is better known as shifting cultivation (Figure 4.2).

How does subsistence agriculture affect HIV?

Farming systems that exhibit a high degree of seasonality of labor demand, significant specialization by age and sex, high interdependence of labor inputs , increasing returns to scale of labor, and low substitutability of labor for capital tend to be particularly vulnerable. Studies have shown significant and enduring impacts. Labor loss occurs not only as a result of sickness and premature adult death, but also due to reallocation of labor to nurse the ill, and siphoning off of working capital to pay medical bills.

What is the last residua of hunter-gatherer societies and subsistence agriculture?

In the modern world, the last residua of hunter–gatherer societies and subsistence agriculture struggle with globalized economic power: the modern and the postmodern conditions sometimes co-exist in close, yet problematic contiguity (Harvey 1989 ). From being marginal to the order of things, conscious economic rationality is now for many ‘life’ itself. ‘Economic life’ tends to absorb, transmute, and meld ‘reality’ into seamless economies of virtualized simulacra, a globalized maya, outside of which there would appear to be no fulcrum for a critical ideology or politics of resistance (Baudrillard 1981 ). In a world in which the virtual exerts hegemony over the residual real the cosmos is silent; yet ambiguous opportunities abound, not least for women seeking freedom from both biological and social construction, as cyborg, prosthetic, and virtual cultures are created and colonized. After the so-called ‘End of History,’ leading sociologists of religion such as Steven Bruce and Bryan Wilson continue to represent religion as subject to terminal attrition by an inevitable process of secularization. Regarded thus, religion can no longer be a resource for the culturally significant critique of total human submission to the dictates of ‘economic life.’ Little would seem left for the researcher into the relation of religion and economic life other than to report on the final stages of religious decline.

History of Subsistence Agriculture

Subsistence farming was the first type of agriculture seen in early civilization, developed over 12,000 years ago. Archeological evidence points to grains being some of the first subsistence crops farmed and cultivated by people.

Subsistence Agriculture Features

In subsistence farming, fields are often a mix of crop groups. Polyculture, or mixed cropping, allows for many crops to be planted together in complimentary groups. Planting certain crops together helps to replicate a natural ecosystem and improves the quality of the soil.

Shifting Agriculture

Shifting agriculture is a type of farming that moves the location of fields after nutrients are depleted, allowing natural vegetation to reclaim the used areas. This form of subsistence farming is mostly found in areas with large forest ecosystems. Trees are chopped or burned down, allowing room for crops to be planted.

Primitive Farming

Primitive farming is the most simplistic form of subsistence farming. The level of technology used for maintaining subsistence crops is relatively basic. Small gardens near homesteads are an example of primitive farming. These gardens benefit from the use of common household fertilizers, such as compost, animal manure, or ash from fireplaces.


Subsistence agriculture is defined as the type of agriculture which is concerned with the production of food (cultivation of crops and rearing of animals) by the farmer to feed himself and his family only. It is also known as peasant farming because it is practiced by poor farmers.


Commercial agriculture is the type of agriculture which is concerned with the production of food and cash crops in large quantities for sale. It is done on a large scale because commercial farmers are rich farmers. Complex farm machines like tractors, bulldozers, planters, harvesters, ectara used.


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