What are the effects of the agricultural revolution

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Effects of the Agricultural Revolution. The era of the agrarian revolution brought with it a form of several types of social inequalities that changed the functioning of the social structure of the society. These social inequalities were brought about by the fact that the agrarian revolution followed by the industrial revolution altered the way people were living hence causing several social classes that were a subject of condemnation from leading social science disciplines.

The agricultural revolution had a variety of consequences for humans. It has been linked to everything from societal inequality—a result of humans’ increased dependence on the land and fears of scarcity—to a decline in nutrition and a rise in infectious diseases contracted from domesticated animals.Apr 5, 2019

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What were the causes and consequences of the Agricultural Revolution?

What were the causes and effects of the agricultural revolution? The Agricultural Revolution of the 18th century paved the way for the Industrial Revolution in Britain. New farming techniques and improved livestock breeding led to amplified food production. This allowed a spike in population and increased health.

What affect did the Agricultural Revolution have on farmers?

What effects did the second agricultural revolution have on the population? The Second Agricultural Revolution • Resulted in fewer, larger, and much more productive farms. Caused a decrease in the number of farm owners and an even greater drop-off in the need for agricultural laborers.

What was bad about the Agricultural Revolution?

When the Agricultural Revolution occurred, the combination of overcrowding of both humans and domesticated animals and switching to an unvaried cereal- and grain-based diet caused an assortment of health issues.

What factors led to agriculture revolution?

  • The increased availability of farmland.
  • A favorable climate.
  • More livestock.
  • Improved crop yield.
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What were three effects of the Agricultural Revolution?

This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the factory system.


What major effects did the Agricultural Revolution have on the environment?

Due to the needs of agriculture, many forests and grasslands were mostly burned, which in combination with poor cultivation led to the disruption of the soil structure, and it was no longer fertile.


What are the positive and negative effects of the Agricultural Revolution?

– Positive: There are more people because there is enough food. More ideas can be created and the population can become more diverse. – Negative: More competition for space and resources.


What were the consequences of the Agricultural Revolution quizlet?

Terms in this set (9) increased food production. of food were lower. more of the population could afford food. and families could then afford consumer goods and education.


What are 3 effects of agriculture on the environment?

Agriculture contributes to a number larger of environmental issues that cause environmental degradation including: climate change, deforestation, biodiversity loss, dead zones, genetic engineering, irrigation problems, pollutants, soil degradation, and waste.


What are the major effects of the Agricultural Revolution and the Industrial Revolution?

The Agricultural Revolution of the 18th century paved the way for the Industrial Revolution in Britain. New farming techniques and improved livestock breeding led to amplified food production. This allowed a spike in population and increased health. The new farming techniques also led to an enclosure movement.


What are some positive effects of the Agricultural Revolution?

The Agricultural Revolution brought about experimentation with new crops and new methods of crop rotation. These new farming techniques gave soil time to replenish nutrients leading to stronger crops and better agricultural output. Advancements in irrigation and drainage further increased productivity.


Which of the following was a result of the Agricultural Revolution?

Which of the following was a result of the agricultural revolution? Many small farmers became tenant farmers or moved to cities, enclosures became landmarks of wealthy landowners, landowners experimented with new agricultural methods.


How did agriculture impact society?

When early humans began farming, they were able to produce enough food that they no longer had to migrate to their food source. This meant they could build permanent structures, and develop villages, towns, and eventually even cities. Closely connected to the rise of settled societies was an increase in population.


What were two effects of the Agricultural Revolution that took place during the Middle Ages?

Two effects of the agricultural revolution of the Middle Ages were technology improving farming and production and population growth. Peasants started using iron plows that carved deep into the heavy soil. A new type of harness for horses was also invented.


What were the effects of the Industrial Revolution?

The Industrial Revolution brought rapid urbanization or the movement of people to cities. Changes in farming, soaring population growth, and an ever-increasing demand for workers led masses of people to migrate from farms to cities. Almost overnight, small towns around coal or iron mines mushroomed into cities.


What resulted from the Agricultural Revolution in Mesopotamia?

What resulted from the agricultural revolution in Mesopotamia? Farming allowed the population to grow with a steady and selective food source. The surplus of food lead to a rise in population. Communicable diseases were more common.


What is the first agricultural revolution?

The First Agricultural Revolution is also called the Neolithic Revolution. This revolution began around 10,000 B.C. Humans made significant changes…


What are the 3 agricultural revolutions?

The First Agricultural Revolution, or the Neolithic Revolution, began around 10,000 B.C. Humans shifted from being hunter-gathers to being subsiste…


What is the agricultural revolution and why is it important?

An agricultural revolution is when farming techniques drastically improve within a relatively short period of time. This leads to a greater product…


What caused the Agricultural Revolution?

Each of the Agricultural Revolutions have different causes. The first was caused by humans changing from being hunter-gatherers to farmers and herd…


What are the characteristics of the agricultural revolution?

The characteristics of the agricultural revolution are the changes in how food is produced and the amount of food produced.


How did the Agricultural Revolution affect people’s lives?

The agricultural revolutions affected how people worked and got their food. The first caused people to grow crops and raise animals for food. The s…


How did the agrarian revolution affect social inequalities?

These social inequalities were brought about by the fact that the agrarian revolution followed by the industrial revolution altered the way people were living hence causing several social classes that were a subject of condemnation from leading social science disciplines. Similarly the urbanization and industrial revolutions did not make the situation any better as they resulted to social inequalities that also were subjects of condemnation by various social critics.


What were the main classes that wherefore after the Agrarian Revolution?

The main classes that wherefore after the agrarian revolution was the development of the class of the land owners and the workers. The land owners were a small number of the elites that had immersed a lot of wealth as far as the means of production were concerned. They were also called the bourgeoisies or simply the owners of the means of production. Due to the sizes of their lands as well as other means of production these people had to hire for labor from those who did not own the means of production.


How did profit maximization affect the proletarians?

The concept of profit maximization led the owners of the means of production to engage into the measures of cost saving which greatly advocated for reduced salaries for the proletarians in order to improve the income from these industries. They further led to greater economic diversity between the two groups. The rich bourgeoisies continuously accumulate their wealth at the expense of the poor working class. The result of this marginalization was a growing trend of hostility between the two main groups as each tried to advance its ideals.


Why did the bourgeoisie always win the battle?

However, due to the limitations of economic power of the proletarians, the bourgeoisie always won the battle and thus the workers had to continue working at the existing market rates (McKay et al 356). These differences were worsened during industrial revolution when Europe underwent a systematic process of industrializing and slowly turning away from the normal agricultural based production. This led to people being concentrated together in urban centers. The bourgeoisie owned the industries while the proletarians had to work in those industries in order to earn a living for themselves.


Why did the middle class continue to work?

The working class therefore continued to receive the pain from the bourgeoisie since the reward of the bourgeoisie was way above the pain they were getting from the working for them. In conclusion, it is evident that the two main classes during this era were always not in good terms.


How did the agricultural revolution affect people?

The agricultural revolutions affected how people worked and got their food. The first caused people to grow crops and raise animals for food. The second caused people to move into cities and work in factories . The third led to an increase in human population.


What were the main developments in agriculture during the agricultural revolution?

In China, humans used flood and fire control to create rice paddies beginning around 6,000 B .C. They domesticated water buffalos and yaks to eat their meat and milk and their hair and hide to make clothing. In Mexico, humans selectively bred a wild plant called teosinte to create maize or corn. The earliest known corn cob dates from 3,500 B.C. These same humans grew squash, which would become a staple food throughout the Americas. At the same time in the Andes Mountains of South America, humans grew potatoes.


Why did the first agricultural revolution occur?

Because this revolution began about 14,000 years ago at the end of the last Ice Age, experts theorize the warmer climate drove early humans to plant crops and build homes. At the same time, humans developed aspects of culture like religion and art. Archeologists have discovered cave art and figurines from this period. These discoveries demonstrate how humans had developed greater intellectual capabilities than their ancestors. Additionally, these new beliefs may have encouraged humans to settle in a permanent community with like-minded people.


What was the second agricultural revolution?

The Second Agricultural Revolution, or the British Agricultural Revolution, began during the 18th century. Major changes to farming techniques, which included livestock breeding, crop rotation, and mechanical farm equipment, decreased the number of workers needed on farms.


How did agriculture change the world?

The innovations in agriculture radically changed how humans produced food. Crop rotation and livestock breeding resulted in higher yields, while new mechanical equipment required fewer workers. Because their work was no longer needed, people traveled to cities to find work. Some people were desperate for employment in factories or other city jobs. Their small family farms could not compete with larger, industrial farms, or modern farming equipment had rendered their labor obsolete. In contrast, the children of successful farmers could now leave their families to look for other employment without worrying about who would work on the farm. The surplus produce from industrial farms could be sold to city dwellers, which in turn allowed more people to have occupations other than farming.


Why was the Third Agricultural Revolution called the Green Revolution?

This time period received its name because of the emphasis on creating crops that yielded the most produce. Improvement in fertilizers and irrigation allowed crops to grow in climates previously too dry. Agricultural scientists like American researcher Norman Borlaug bred plants resistant to disease, produced more grain, and responded well to fertilizers. Industrial farms raised a single strain of highly productive plant. While these homogeneous crops increased yield, they were less disease-resistant and elevated the need for pesticides.


Why did the seed drill revolution start?

This revolution started because of developments in technology, a shift towards industrialization, and the growth of cities. In the early 18th century, British inventor Jethro Tull perfected the seed drill, which allowed farmers to efficiently sew seeds in rows rather than scattering seeds by hand.


How did the agricultural revolution affect the environment?

One way the Agricultural Revolution impacted the environment was by transforming previously undisturbed land into farmland, which destroyed habitats for wildlife and decreased biodiversity. Biodiversity is the variety of life forms found within an ecosystem.


What was the agricultural revolution?

The Agricultural Revolution brought about experimentation with new crops and new methods of crop rotation. These new farming techniques gave soil time to replenish nutrients leading to stronger crops and better agricultural output. Advancements in irrigation and drainage further increased productivity.


How did agricultural inventions affect society?

These agricultural changes created a ripple effect that spread throughout society, with one of the more notable results being a rapid increase in population.


How does plowing affect water quality?

Extensive plowing, along with an increased use of pesticides, fertilizers and irrigation led to increased soil erosion, degraded soil quality and increased pollutant runoff into waterways. When pesticides and fertilizers are washed into local waterways, it promotes the growth of algae. This can lead to a decreased oxygen level in the water, harming fish and other marine organisms. It can also lead to water pollution that can compromise freshwater used by humans.


What was the agricultural revolution?

An era of technological development and improved crop production that occurred in Europe during the 18th and early 19th centuries was the Agricultural Revolution. New cultivating strategies and improved animal breeding have contributed to increased food productions which permitted population and health to increase. A primary thing that was enhanced during the Agricultural Revolution is farming. There is a collection of pictures in Document 1 that illustrate how agriculture evolved from the Agricultural Revolution to the present day. In the first illustration, all the steps of farming are done manually. There are minor improvements, from technology advancements, as the image progresses, which makes each aspect of farming somewhat more manageable until farming becomes effortless. As farming evolved easier, fewer people were needed for working the land, so people began to slowly migrate to cities.


How did the agricultural revolution help the Industrial Revolution?

The Agricultural Revolution paved the way for Britain’s Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was a time where goods began to be manufactured in large quantities by machines in factories. As people began to relocate to the urban areas due to urbanization, there needed to be changed to compensate for the people. One way to sustain the growing population was to industrialize goods. The first thing that was industrialized was the textile industry. In Document 2, one can see how machinery was used to mass-produce clothing. This was the first thing to be industrialized because as the population was growing so was the demand for clothing. There were also other new ideas that helped with industrialization, such as the assembly line and steel. Not only were these new ideas and forms of machinery used for mass production, but they also allowed goods to cost less and be assembled faster.


What were the negatives of the Industrial Revolution?

But the Industrial Revolution wasn’t all good, “Although there are several positives to the Industrial Revolution there were also many negative elements, including poor working conditions, poor living conditions, low wages, child labor, and pollution.” (historycrunch.com) The working conditions were poor because working in factories were unsafe and unsanitary. Living conditions were insufficient because there were many people living in slums due to the big population. There were low wages because there weren’t enough jobs, so if one didn’t like what they were getting paid they could just be replaced. Also, there were fewer jobs needed in factories because of the new machines, and while this was good for business owners, the people that needed jobs were not pleased that the machines were taking their place. There was an increase in child labor to earn more money for families in order to survive. Also, there was an increase in pollution from the overpopulated cities and factories. As new innovations began to have a great effect on the economy in Europe, it began to spread globally.


How did the Industrial Revolution affect the world?

As the Industrial Revolution spread, so did the collaboration of ideas and the sharing of goods. The worldwide marketplace began growing, where commercial deals regularly cover the globe. Before there was globalization, countries only traded among themselves, only used products that were made by their country, and consumed their countries’ food. However in Document 4, after globalization, the world took a turn and never went back. For example, “Whole countries have seen their fortunes soar as foreign investment has poured in…” Once the world began to interact with itself, so many opportunities were created. When global investments began to pour in, whole nations have seen their economies soar. But this was just the beginning of the world transformation, “Over the last two centuries trade has grown remarkably, completely transforming the global economy.” (ourworldindata.org). In the current day, world transactions have become an essential part of the economy. The quantity of exported goods is more than 40 times higher today than they were in 1913. But the amount of international trade that occurred is not the only thing that developed over time.


How does innovation affect society?

Innovation is a process in which there will be a change in ideas, concepts, and methods, which have a significant influence on society whether it be positive or negative. During the Agricultural Revolution, there are a lot of innovations that caused the Industrial Revolution, where there was even more innovation! These new ideas, such as inventions, made society more productive and effective. However, there were also some negative effects of these new constructive methods. Even in the current day, there are new and unique innovations that alter the way of the whole world. Throughout time, innovations have adjusted the way individuals and society accomplish everything and anything more adequately and functionally.


What were the negative effects of the agricultural revolution?

Another negative that came from the Agricultural Revolution was the necessary conditions needed for efficient farming, such as; adequate farm buildings, access of roads, drainage of wetlands, transport facilities for marketing, and sources of finance for farmers.These were negative effects seen across Europe by many who joined in the Revolution.


How did the agricultural revolution help the Industrial Revolution?

6 The Agricultural Revolution helped bring about the Industrial Revolution through innovations and inventions that altered how the farming process worked. 7 These new processes in turn created a decline in both the intensity of the work and the number of agricultural laborers needed. Because of the decline in need for agricultural workers, many worked industrial jobs, further fueling the Industrial Revolution. 8 At the beginning of the Agricultural Revolution farm hands chose to migrate to the city to work industrial jobs; however, as the decline in need for agricultural workers grew, many were forced to look for work in the industries.


How did the Industrial Revolution happen?

The Industrial Revolution was made possible due to the many changes and innovations in the agriculture industry. Major Contributors such as Jethro Tull and Lord Townshend found innovative ways to utilize the land and animals alongside new agricultural machines from Inventors, Robert Bakewell and James Hargreaves. 19 Processes like Lord Townshend’s crop rotation and Bakewell’s inbreeding methods allowed for increase in food production; further with all the extra crops, inventions such as the ‘Spinning Jenny’ and the Cotton Gin allowed for the replacement of agricultural workers because machines could do more of the work. 20 With a rising population and a large, cheap available work force the Industrial Revolution was made possible. Fewer men were involved in agriculture, which meant that more would find employment in other industries further driving the Industrial Revolution. Though the many inventions and inventors contributed to further drive the Agricultural Revolution, it is also not limited to these factors alone; many other influences helped drive the agricultural revolution, and ultimately the Industrial Revolution.


What were the factors that contributed to the Industrial Revolution?

Though there were many contributing aspects to the Agricultural Revolution,the innovations and inventions were one of the largest factors that helped bring about the Industrial Revolutions. This page will focus specifically on five major inventors whose inventions allowed for more people to move to the city for industrial work. Thus allowing the Industrial revolution to begin.


What were the factors that drove the agricultural revolution?

Innovations and Inventions were the only factor that drove the Agricultural Revolution.


Why was agriculture the largest source of employment?

Though the labor was difficult, agricultural work became the largest source of employment because of the ‘self-supply’ benefit, which is the ability to stock their own food stores through their own work.


Why did farmers work six days a week?

1 2. Before the Industrial Revolution, agriculture workers labored six days a week, from sun up to sun down, just to keep their crops growing. 1 Certain seasons were more demanding than others, specifically the plowing and harvest seasons. 2 Because of the intensity and necessity of agricultural labor, it was the largest employment source in …


How did the agricultural revolution affect the human population?

The agricultural revolution in developing countries has produced large resident human populations with the potential for direct person-to-person spread of infection and greater environmental contamination by feces.


What was the agricultural revolution?

The agricultural revolution is the name given to a number of cultural transformations that initially allowed humans to change from a hunting and gathering subsistence to one of agriculture and animal domestications. Today, more than 80% of human worldwide diet is produced from less than a dozen crop species many of which were domesticated many years ago. Scientists study ancient remains, bone artifacts, and DNA to explore the past and present impact of plant and animal domestication and to make sense of the motivations behind early cultivation techniques. Archeological evidence illustrates that starting in the Holocene epoch approximately 12 thousand years ago (kya), the domestication of plants and animals developed in separate global locations most likely triggered by climate change and local population increases. This transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture occurred very slowly as humans selected crops for cultivation, animals for domestication, then continued to select plants and animals for desirable traits. The development of agriculture marks a major turning point in human history and evolution. In several independent domestication centers, cultivation of plants and animals flourished according to the particular environmental conditions of the region, whereas human migration and trade propelled the global spread of agriculture. This change in subsistence provided surplus plant food that accumulated during the summer and fall for storage and winter consumption, as well as domesticated animals that could be used for meat and dairy products throughout the year. Because these new survival strategies no longer required relocation and migration in search of food, humans were able to establish homesteads, towns, and communities, which, in turn, caused rapid increases in population densities and lead to the emergence of civilizations. This dependence on plant and animal domestication entailed a number of other environmental adaptations including deforestation, irrigation, and the allocation of land for specific crop cultivation. It also triggered various other innovations including new tool technologies, commerce, architecture, an intensified division of labor, defined socioeconomic roles, property ownership, and tiered political systems. This shift in subsistence mode provided a relatively safer existence and in general more leisure time for analytical and creative pursuits resulting in complex language development, and the accelerated evolution of art, religion, and science. However, increases in population density also correlated with the increased prevalence of diseases, interpersonal conflicts, and extreme social stratification. The rise of agriculture and the influence of genetics and culture (gene–culture coevolution) continue to affect modern humans through alterations in nutrition, predisposition to obesity, and exposure to new diseases. This chapter will cover the various regions that adopted early agricultural practices and look at the long-term positive and negative effects of agriculture on society.


What are the effects of urbanization?

Rapid urbanization, especially in the tropics, is often associated with increased poverty, poor housing and unsanitary conditions. The result is that people may be living in a more fecally polluted environment than in rural areas, encouraging such diseases as amebiasis and giardiasis.


How does agriculture affect humans?

The rise of agriculture and the influence of genetics and culture (gene–culture coevolution) continue to affect modern humans through alterations in nutrition, predisposition to obesity, and exposure to new diseases.


Why did humans establish homesteads?

Because these new survival strategies no longer required relocation and migration in search of food, humans were able to establish homesteads, towns, and communities, which, in turn, caused rapid increases in population densities and lead to the emergence of civilizations.


How long after the Neolithic Revolution did fertility increase?

There was a significant increase (regression: adjusted R2 0.95, P < .0001) in fertility between immediately prior to the Neolithic Revolution and about 3000 years after its beginning (calculated by the author).


What are the inputs used in agriculture?

In general, agricultural inputs are chemical and biological materials used in crop production.

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