- SOIL ORGANISMS. These include bacteria, fungi, earthworm, rodents and termite.
- PESTS. Biotic factors such as pests, insects and diseases reduce the crop production. A pest causes damage to our crops by feeding.
- DISEASES. They may be diseases caused by virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa etc.
- HUMAN ACTIVITIES. Please feel free to share while using our comment box below.
What factors affect agricultural productivity?
- Water Use & Water Pollution.
- Greenhouse Gas Emissions.
- Environmental Contaminants & Pollutants.
- Depletion of Natural Resources.
- Zero Waste Grocery Stores.
- Eco-Friendly Grocery Stores.
- Plastic-Free Grocery Stores.
What are the 4 factors of production?
What are factors influencing agriculture?
- Lowlands, such as flood plains, are good for crops.
- Steep slopes hinder machinery and have thinner soils; lower, more gentle slopes are less prone to soil erosion.
- Tea and coffee crops prefer the well-drained soil on hill slopes.
- Temperature decreases by 6.5°C for every 1000 metres gained in height.
- South-facing slopes receive more sunlight.
What are the main factors of Agriculture?
heavier rains and droughts that collectively are predicted to significantly reduce US agricultural production “without major technological advancements,” according to the latest National Climate …
Which is the most affecting factor on agriculture?
Topography, soil and climate are the main physical factors affecting agriculture. Topography/relief: Topography is associated with land cultivation difficulties, soil erosion, and poor transport networks and facilities. Agriculture can be mechanized, depending on the topography of the land used.
What are the factors that affect agriculture answers?
Factors that affect agriculture are climate and temperature, soil and topography, landforms, availability of water and labor.
What are the factors affecting agriculture class 8?
Answer: The factors that influence agriculture include soil, climate, topography, population etc….Disadvantages of shifting cultivation:Leads to deforestation.Loss of fertility of a particular land.Leads to Soil erosion.Burning of trees causes air pollution.Insufficient cultivation of crops for a large population.
What are the social factors affecting agriculture?
Race, Ethnicity, and Gender. A large body of research has demonstrated that household-level motivations, cultural and social values, and socialization have a primary influence on farm structure, management, and adaptation (Gasson and Errington, 1993; Lobley and Potter, 2004; Salamon, 1992; Bennett, 1982).
What are the physical factors that affect the agriculture?
Physical factors: Terrain, topography, climate, and soil. Institutional Factors: Land tenure, land tenancy, size of the landholdings, size of fields, and land reforms. Infrastructural factors: Irrigation, electricity, roads, credit and marketing, storage, facilities, crop insurance, and research.
What are the factors affecting agriculture in India?
What are the factors that affects agriculture in India?Physical Factors. Physical factors affecting agriculture are: (i) climate (ii) soil and (iii) topography.(i) Climate. ADVERTISEMENTS: … (ii) Soils. ADVERTISEMENTS: … (iii) Topography. … Economic Factors. … (a) Market. … (b) Transport Facilities. … (c) Capital.More items…
Which of the following factor affects the agriculture in India?
Among the options given above rain is the most important factor which affects the agriculture in India. Indian agriculture is heavily dependent on monsoon and the regional variations in production and type of agriculture are a manifestation of rainfall variations.
What are the factors that affect agriculture?
Climatic factors such as light, water, and rainfall, temperature, air, relative humidity and wind also affect farming in various ways. Just like other abiotic elements of environmental factors such as soil and topography, they influence how crops grow and develop.
What are the physical factors that affect farming?
Topography, soil, and climate are the major physical factors affecting farming. Topography/Relief – Topography relates to how difficult it is to till the land, soil erosion, and poor transportation networks and facilities. Agriculture can be mechanized depending on the topography of land to be used.
What is farming in the Neolithic period?
Farming is the practice of keeping animals and growing crops for raw materials and food. It is an important aspect of agriculture. Started centuries ago, agriculture is as old mankind, but nobody knows its exact age. Farming in the early century gave rise to the Neolithic Revolution.
Why are farmers encouraged to make sure there is an oversupply of a few types of crops?
It also ensures consumers have access to affordably-priced food products processed from the commodity crops. Farmers are also encouraged to make sure there is an oversupply of a few types of crops. Such crops are required to generate money for growing processed foods despite the prevailing conditions on the market.
What are the main factors that influence the price of commodity crops?
Commodity Prices – Weather, investor speculation and demand for non-food (such as biofuels) and food crops influence the price of main commodity crops such as soy and corn. Commodity crops earn farmers losses or profits based on the prevailing price of output that industrial buyers are willing to pay.
Why is farming so competitive?
The farming environment today is economically complex and competitive. It allows farmers worldwide to choose what to grow from what’s produced globally. On the other hand, governments offer financial incentives to farmers on specific types of crops. Most farmers in America are affected by weather and economic factors.
What temperature do crops need?
Crops require a general temperature range of 0 to 50 degrees Celsius. Different crops have varying optimal or favourable temperature range during the night or day for growth and optimal yields. Temperature rise increases chemical reaction rates and enzyme activity in crops.
What are the biotic factors that affect agriculture?
Biotic factors that affects agricultural production simply means the living or biological factors that affect the production or practice of agriculture. Seven of the most important factors are listed here for you. The biotic factor like disease, insects and nematodes and abiotic factor like drought waterlogging, heat, …
How do pests affect crops?
A pest causes damage to our crops by feeding. Weeds also reduce crop productivity by competing with the main crop for nutrients and light. Similarly, abiotic factors such as temperature, wind, rain etc. affect the net crop production. 2.
What are the pests of crops?
i. These are birds, rodents and praying mantis. read animal pests of crop here#N#ii. Some of these predators are beneficial for agricultural production#N#iii. Some of these predators are used to control the spread of some harmful pests of crops and animals#N#iv. Some feed on farm animals, like a hawk feeding on chicks#N#Soil fauna like protozoa, nematode, snails, and insects help in organic matter#N#decomposition, while using organic matter for their living#N#Insects and nematodes cause damage to crop yield and considered as harmful#N#organisms.#N#Honey bees and wasps help in cross pollination and increases yield and considered as#N#beneficial organisms#N#Burrowing earthworm facilitates aeration and drainage of the soil as ingestion of#N#organic and mineral matter by earthworm results in constant mixing of these materials#N#in the soils.
What are the causes of the cost of control?
i. They may be diseases caused by virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa etc.#N#ii. They cause reduction in yield of plant and animals#N#iii. They can cause death of either plant or animals#N#iv. The cost of control increases the cost of production#N#v. They cause reduction in farmers income
What are the diseases that affect the yield of crops?
Diseases. (i) They may be viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, etc. (ii) They causes reduction in yield of crops and animals. (iii) They can cause the loss or death of plants and animals. (iv) The cost of control increases the cost of production. (v) Reduction in farmer’s income. (5). Weeds.
What are the factors that affect plant expression?
The effects of these living factors on plant expression may be advantageous or disadvantageous, depending on how they interact with the plant. Agricultural production sometimes give low or high yield in terms produce. Here are some factors affecting production: (1). Soil Organisms. (i) It includes bacteria, fungi, earthworm, rodent, termite, etc.
What are biotic factors?
Biotic factors are the living components of an ecosystem. Biotic factors refer to the living organisms, both macro- and micro-organisms, including the various ways in which they affect plant growth and development.
What are the pests?
Pests. (i) These include insects, rodents, birds and some mammals. (ii) It reduces the yield of crops and animals. (iii) It also reduces the quality of crops and animals. (iv) Some are vectors or carriers of diseases. (v) They reduces the income of the farmers.
By the end of the lesson, most of the students should have attained the following objectives –
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING CROPS AND ANIMALS DISTRIBUTION AND PRODUCTION
Agricultural activities involves the production and distribution of crops and animals. These production and distribution are affected by different environmental factors. For example,
1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the students some questions; then, the teacher –
To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
1. State 3 major environmental factors affecting agricultural production in Nigeria.
How do social factors affect agriculture?
These factors are more effective in tribal cultures. Another way in which social factors can affect agriculture is in the ownership and inheritance of land. In many parts of the world the land of a father is divided between his children.
What are the factors that determine the growth of agriculture?
Growth and development of agriculture is always directed and determined by physical, economic, social and political factors . In fact, geographical factors play a vital role in agricultural development, in spite of the technological and scientific development.
How does topography affect agriculture?
Topography affects agriculture as it relates to soil erosion, difficulty of tillage and poor transportation facilities. Mechanization of agriculture depends entirely on the topography of land. On rough, hilly lands, the use of agricultural machinery is impossible.
What are some examples of man’s efforts to change the landscape?
For example, man carries water to land where there is little rain, or supplies fertilisers to soil that are deficient in plant food. If necessary, he will adapt his agriculture to conditions that he cannot overcome.
Why is mechanised farming capital intensive?
The occidental farmer has to invest large amount of capital in agriculture because he has to buy agricultural machinery and chemical fertilizers.
How is agriculture controlled?
All forms of agriculture are controlled largely by temperature. Areas deficient in heat are deficient in agriculture. For that is one element of climate that man has not been able to create at economic costs on a large scale.
What is intensive agriculture?
Labour supply determines the character of agriculture. Intensive agriculture is essentially labour-intensive and exemplifies the human pressure on land. Agriculture requires skilled labour that can appreciate the subtle relations of seasons and soils with crops and adopt the requisite cultural practices.
Economicfactors Affecting Farming
Climatic Factors Affecting Farming
Climatic factors such as light, water, and rainfall, temperature, air, relative humidity and wind also affect farming in various ways. Just like other abiotic elements of environmental factors such as soil and topography, they influence how crops grow and develop. Light – Light is critical in plant photosynthesis (the process of manufacturing food …
Physical/Environmental Factors Affecting Farming
Various factors in the natural environment affect farming. Topography, soil, and climate are the major physical factors affecting farming. Topography/Relief –Topography relates to how difficult it is to till the land, soil erosion, and poor transportation networks and facilities. Agriculture can be mechanized depending on the topography of land to be used. It’s impossible to use farm machin…
i. These include birds, insects, rodents and some mammals ii. The reduce the quality and yield of crops and animals iii. The reduce the quality of animal yield iv. Some are vectors or carriers of diseases v. They reduce the income of the farmers vi. The cost of their control increases the cost of production Biotic factors such as pests, insects and diseases reduce the crop production. A p…
I. they includes ticks, liver-flukes, tapeworm, dodder,mistletoe and lice II. the transmit diseases III. they reduce the quantity or yield of produce IV. they also reduce quality of produce V. they may cause death of plants or animals VI. they reduce the production capacity of both plants and animals VII. cost of control increases the cost of production VIII. parasites may be external or in…
i. They may be diseases caused by virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa etc. ii. They cause reduction in yield of plant and animals iii. They can cause death of either plant or animals iv. The cost of control increases the cost of production v. They cause reduction in farmers income 4.
Competitive and complimentary nature among field crops when grown together Competition between plants occurs when there is demand for nutrients, moisture and sunlight particularly when they are in short supply or when plants are closely spaced 5 When different crops of cereals and legumes are grown together, mutual benefit results in higher yield (synergistic effect) i. Wee…
i. These are birds, rodents and praying mantis. read animal pests of crop here ii. Some of these predators are beneficial for agricultural production iii. Some of these predators are used to control the spread of someharmful pests of crops and animals iv. Some feed on farm animals, like a hawk feeding on chicks Soil fauna like protozoa, nematode, snails, and insects help in organic m…
i. Human activities includes the influence of man on the production of plants and animals ii. Man’s activities may lead to soil improvement iii. There could be increase in yield if he practices crop rotation iv. There could be increase in yield if he controls pests and diseases v. There could be increase in yield if heweeds his farm properly vi. Continuous cultivation,bush burning and inabilit…