The main feature of the extensive agriculture is that it required less number of inputs for the production. So, that is why it required lower production per unit land. It also emphasizing the mono cropping method and also required the less umber of labors for the agriculture in such large scale farms.
- Larger farm size: Farm size in extensive farming are very large, often exceeding 250 hectares. …
- Low intensity of labour: …
- Emphasis on mono-cropping’s: …
- Low production per unit of land: …
- Huge surplus:
What are the characteristics of extensive farming?
Farm size in extensive farming is very large, often exceeding 250 hectares. In north-western Europe, this farm size remains lower than 50 hectares but in North American continent it exceeds over 200 hectares. High intensity of the capital:
What are the examples of extensive agriculture?
Examples of extensive agriculture The farm . Grouping livestock activities (cattle, swine, avian) with agriculture, this development model takes advantage of the natural fertilizer of the animals and the vegetable residues of the harvest as food, to point to a sort of artificial ecosystem where diverse processes are fed back . Rainfed agriculture .
What are the features of extensive agriculture in India?
Describe the features of extensive agriculture in India. Medium Open in App Solution Verified by Toppr Larger farm size: Farm size in extensive farming is very large, often exceeding 250 hectares. In north-western Europe, this farm size remains lower than 50 hectares but in North American continent it exceeds over 200 hectares.
What is the difference between intensive agriculture and extensive agriculture?
Otherwise, an extensive food production system is necessarily more expensive than intensive agriculture. Management of extensive farming production systems is often characterized by resistance to new insights, innovations, and advancements, and their productivity is low and very slowly changing.
What are characteristics of extensive agriculture?
extensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The crop yield in extensive agriculture depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soil, the terrain, the climate, and the availability of water.
Which are the characteristics of extensive commercial agriculture?
Characteristics of extensive commercial agriculture: – GeographyMonoculture, use of water, tropical, cereal production.Monoculture, use of machinery, tropical, cereal production.Monoculture, use of manual labour, equator,Thailand, horticulture.Monoculture, use of scientific know how, sub-tropical, production of pulses.
What is the feature of extensive subsistence farming?
The following are the three features of this type of farming. It is labour-intensive farming. High doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production. Farm size is small and uneconomical due to the division of land.
What are the characteristics of extensive and intensive agriculture?
Intensive farming focuses on investing a lot of resources and labor into small tracts of land in order to increase yield. Extensive agriculture, on the other hand, employs larger tracts of land and lower quantities of labor and resources.
What are the features of extensive farming class 8?
Extensive Farming # Characteristic Features:Larger farm size: Farm size in extensive farming are very large, often exceeding 250 hectares. … Low intensity of labour: … Emphasis on mono-cropping’s: … Low production per unit of land: … Huge surplus:
What are the advantages of extensive farming?
Extensive farming has a number of advantages over intensive farming:Less labour per unit areas is required to farm large areas, especially since expensive alterations to land (like terracing) are completely absent.Mechanisation can be used more effectively over large, flat areas.More items…
What are the features of intensive agriculture class 10?
Intensive agriculture is characterized by high yields per unit area and farmers try to get the maximum production from small land holdings. It is common in the fertile and irrigated parts of the country. In this type, agricultural operations are carried on by manual labour and animals.
What is extensive agriculture AP Human Geography?
3:077:44Intensive & Extensive Agricultural Practices [AP Human Geography …YouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipThis allows for farms to be able to maximize their profits the majority of the crops that are grownMoreThis allows for farms to be able to maximize their profits the majority of the crops that are grown are actually cash crops these cash crops are produced in less developed.
How is extensive agriculture different?
Intensive Farming refers to an agricultural system, wherein there is high level use of labor and capital, in comparison to the land area. Extensive Farming is a farming system, in which large farms are being cultivated, with moderately lower inputs, i.e. capital and labor. It is followed in densely populated region.
What is difference between intensive and extensive properties?
Also, it can be noted that the ratio of any two extensive properties will yield an intensive property. For Example: the ratio of mass and volume is equal to the density….Extensive Properties.Difference between Intensive and Extensive propertiesIndependent propertyDependent propertySize does not changeSize changes4 more rows
What is the main difference between extensive and intensive aquaculture?
Extensive aquaculture is the other form of fish farming. Extensive aquaculture is more basic than intensive aquaculture in that less effort is put into the husbandry of the fish. Extensive aquaculture is done in the ocean, natural and man-made lakes, bays, rivers, and Fiords.
What are the main features of plantation agriculture?
Five features of plantation agriculture are:It is mainly done for commercial purpose.Large amount of single crop is grown in large fields.The major crops grown during plantation agriculture are Tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana or cotton.It required a transport network.More items…
What is extensive commercial farming?
Extensive commercial farming tries to maximize per capita production. Land is abundant in this area and population density is relatively low. Per capita availability of land is much higher. It is not labour-intensive, rather it is highly capital-intensive.
Where is extensive farming practiced?
Contrary to intensive farming, extensive farming system is practiced in the low population density regions of U.S.A. Canada in N. America; Argentina, Peru, etc. in S. America; Russian Federation in Eurasia; Australia, New Zealand etc. in Oceania. Unlike intensive farming which is confined in sub-tropical areas, extensive firming is generally found in temperate and high latitudes.
What is emphasis on mono cropping?
Emphasis on mono-cropping’s: In contrast to intensive farming—where land is cultivated throughout the year—extensive farming is only limited within a definite span of the year, emphasis is given on producing a single crop, particularly wheat farming. ADVERTISEMENTS:
Why is cultivation controlled by machines?
Due to dearth of human labour, the entire operation of cultivation is controlled by machines. Unlike intensive farming, importance of animals are less significant in extensive farming where machines like tractors, harvesters, winnowers, thrashers are employed in the cultivation process.
How big is a farm?
Farm size in extensive farming are very large, often exceeding 250 hectares. In north-western Europe, this farm size remains lower than 50 hectares but in North American continent it exceeds over 200 hectares.
Is the population scarce in agriculture?
Thus population is scarce in agriculture or primary activity. In extensive farming, land resources are not significant—so marginal land is kept idle over the years. Thus the percentage of fallow land remains very high. Intensity of farming is very low.
Is productivity per unit of land low?
Productivity per unit of land remains low but efforts are always made to maximize productivity per unit area of land. In this region—due to high degree of economic development—the larger part of population is engaged in secondary and tertiary forms of economic activity.
How big is a farm?
Farm size in extensive farming is very large, often exceeding 250 hectares. In north-western Europe, this farm size remains lower than 50 hectares but in North American continent it exceeds over 200 hectares.
Why is production per unit of land low?
Low production per unit of land: Due to extensive nature of cropping pattern, productivity per unit area of land remains very low. Only in some parts of north-western Europe is productivity at par with intensive farming. In the rest of the extensive farming region, productivity often goes lower than intensive farming.
Do cultivators export their products?
Almost entire products are sent for export. Only a little is consumed by cultivators themselves.
What are some examples of intensive agriculture?
Examples of intensive agriculture 1 Massive monocultures . Like wheat, corn and barley crops in the North American plains, or soy in Argentina, it is a highly profitable monoculture for both domestic consumption and export, and despite being highly mechanized, they cause environmental damage and they impoverish the species by always preferring bio-engineered seeds and using agro-toxins (fertilizers, pesticides, etc.). 2 Greenhouse agriculture. It is called greenhouse to closed places and controlled climatic conditions, usually transparent to allow the entry of sunlight but prevent the dispersion of heat. They are widely used for the intensive cultivation of certain plant species, taking advantage of the simulated climate to boost their productivity. 3 Hydroponic agriculture. In her mineral solutions are used to cultivate the plants, instead of soil properly. Sometimes an inert material is used as support for the plants, other times directly for the water, in which the substances necessary for plant growth are poured. 4 Irrigated agriculture. By using automated irrigation systems, moisture levels are maintained that are conducive to the cultivation of a few plant variants, thus making it possible to constantly supply these foods without the need to coordinate the seasons of rain and drought. 5 Commercial floral crops . The flower industry also has its intensive variant, through vast rose gardens, sunflower plantations or other highly sought-after flowers, both for aesthetic arrangements and for perfumery work. This includes aromatic crops, such as lavender, which require constant preparation of soils to speed flowering and pests to prevent spoilage.
What are the challenges of agriculture?
Agriculture faces in modern times great challenges in terms of ecology, sustainability, and quantity of production, compared to a human population that continues to grow year after year. And from these considerations come the opposite concepts of intensive agriculture and extensive agriculture.
What is the difference between intensive and extensive production?
The main difference has to do with production, which is much greater in the intensive than in the extensive, although it is also the impacts on the environment and on the nature of the products obtained .
What is subsistence farming?
An example perhaps a bit extreme, since the crop, conuco or family garden provides just enough for a family to subsist and change or sell the surplus with their neighbors. It is perhaps the agricultural point furthest from the needs of the world food market and therefore does not require almost technological intervention or inputs.
What is hydroponic agriculture?
Hydroponic agriculture. In her mineral solutions are used to cultivate the plants, instead of soil properly. Sometimes an inert material is used as support for the plants, other times directly for the water, in which the substances necessary for plant growth are poured.
What is organic farming?
These are variants of extensive agriculture whose purpose is to dispense with all types of contaminants and machinery, betting on products as natural as possible, which instead of volume offer food quality to the market.
What is greenhouse agriculture?
It is called greenhouse to closed places and controlled climatic conditions, usually transparent to allow the entry of sunlight but prevent the dispersion of heat. They are widely used for the intensive cultivation of certain plant species, taking advantage of the simulated climate to boost their productivity.
What is the impact of extensive farming on the environment?
On the other end of the spectrum is extensive farming, which doesn’t impact the environment much and works with it instead. The result is lower productivity per hectare and higher prices per unit of food, in order to maintain profitability. This requires more land, so is usually practiced in more remote areas where access to such land isn’t as expensive or difficult.
What is the essence of intensive farming?
The essence of intensive farming is that it depends on chemicals and high-yielding varieties (HYV) of crops to accelerate the growth and increase the crop yield. However, not all intensive farming has to be unsustainably managed.
Why are farmers stuck between a rock and a hard place?
Farmers are stuck between a rock and a hard place – needing to balance the productivity and profitability of their farm against the environmental impact they leave on the ecosystem around them. Intensive and extensive farming are two differing methods of agriculture that exemplify what food production looks like when the focus is placed on …
What are the factors that contribute to the productivity of an intensive farm?
Usually, this higher productivity is achieved by high-level inputs of different factors that help with yields, such as capital, labor, fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, and others. Intensive farming can also include the use of genetically modified crops that lend themselves to the harsher conditions created by the higher use of these chemical inputs.
Why is intensive farming more productive than extensive farming?
Somewhat in parallel to the differences in location, intensive farming or agriculture requires a lower farm land area than extensive farming does. This is because it is more productive per hectare than extensive farming.
Why do extensive farmers have to charge a higher premium per crop?
Because of this, extensive farmers have to charge a higher premium per crop in order to break even.
Why do farmers have to raise their prices?
In order to compensate for lower productivity, those who practice extensive farming have to raise their per unit prices to remain in business. However, as extensive farming practices have a much lower environmental impact, consumers tend to be alright with paying the higher premiums, allowing extensive farmers to stay in business.
What is extensive agriculture?
Extensive agriculture is a farming system that uses a small amount of labor and capital relative to the area under cultivation. Crop yields in extensive agriculture depend primarily on the soil’s natural fertility, relief, climate and water availability. Remote location. Far from market.
What is the difference between intensive and extensive farming?
Intensive farming is a type of agriculture, arable farming and animal husbandry, with a higher level of input and production per square unit of agricultural land area. Extensive agriculture is a farming system that uses a small amount of labor and capital relative to the area under cultivation.
Why is intensive farming important?
Unfortunately, as we all know, intensive farming is more and more used , it is faster, brings more results, and profit is much bigger.
What is pasture intensification?
Pasture intensification is the improvement of pasture and grass soil to maximize the potential of food production in livestock systems.
What are the innovations that support the agricultural system?
This system is supported by continuous innovations in agricultural machinery and farming methods, genetic technology, techniques for achieving economies of scale, logistics, and technology for data collection and analysis .
What is farming base?
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Why is extensive agriculture cost effective?
Therefore, extensive agricultural production is cost-effective in the production of labor-intensive crops (eg strawberries), in areas where population density is low and the market value of land is low relative to labor and capital.
What are the characteristics of extensive livestock?
characteristics. – One of the main emphasis of extensive livestock is to use the natural resources of the space in an efficient way. – Livestock feed on the grass and meadows found in the area used. It is possible that it complements its diet with other foods, but mainly it is based on the local herbs that it obtains through grazing.
What is the difference between intensive and extensive livestock farming?
The most relevant difference between extensive and intensive livestock farming has to do with the fact that the former involves feeding livestock on the basis of the grass found on the land occupied by the animals. The resources of the area are used in such a way that the cattle can feed without problems in the meadows of the area.
What is intensive livestock farming?
In extensive livestock there is a low density of animals per hectare; on the other hand, intensive livestock farming seeks to use as many livestock as possible in a given space.
What does Rivera argue about the space for growing the food consumed by animals in intensive livestock farming?
Rivera also points out that the space for growing the food consumed by animals in intensive livestock farming could serve for human production, thus generating unnecessary competition.
Why is intensive livestock farming more vulnerable to fires?
On the other hand, intensive livestock farming tends to generate more simplified landscapes, with less openness and, therefore, greater vulnerability to fires.
Is livestock farming a small space?
On the other hand, in intensive livestock farming, the land used for feeding livestock is not used, since it is a very small space in relation to the number of animals that live there.
Is cattle ranching less productive?
However, other scholars indicate that extensive cattle ranching is less productive (considering the hectares used) and produces a larger carbon footprint. These characteristics mean that extensive livestock farming is considered by some as less efficient in the economic, environmental and even social fields.