What are the methods of agriculture


Different Methods of Agriculture

  • Organic Agriculture. Farmers who focus on sustaining the environment believe that a successful organic system begins with a healthy soil that fosters healthy plants, livestock, and people.
  • Genetic Engineering. Farmers decide to grow engineered crops for many reasons, including increased production and the convenient management of insects, diseases, and weeds.
  • Conventional Agriculture. Most Canadian farmers focus on high productivity from a few main commodities, such as beef cattle, wheat crops, or greenhouse produce.
  • Farmers Are Consumers Too. When we buy food, we naturally give priority to our needs as consumers, not necessarily appreciating that farmers also have priorities.


What are traditional farming methods?

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Traditional Farming Methods

  1. The oldest known farming methods are at least 12,000 years old.
  2. The earliest farmers were hunter-gatherers who settled down to grow crops and raise animals.
  3. Farming is the world’s most important industry because it provides food for billions of people.

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What are the different types of farming methods?

Top 10 Types of Farming Practiced Across the World

  1. Arable Farming. Arable farming involves growing of crops only in warm climate. …
  2. Pastoral Farming. Pastoral farming is the practice of rearing animals only in cold and wet climates not ideal for growing crops.
  3. Mixed Farming. …
  4. Subsistence Farming. …
  5. Commercial Farming. …
  6. Extensive and Intensive Farming. …
  7. Nomadic Farming. …
  8. Sedentary Farming. …
  9. Poultry Farming. …

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What are modern agricultural methods?

What are the Methods of Modern Farming?

  • Objectives of Modern Farming Methods. Modern farming has two goals. …
  • Monoculture. Monoculture is the cultivation of one type of crop on a given plot of land, and this makes cultivating the land easier.
  • Irrigation Technique. Irrigation technology is one of the modern agricultural methods. …
  • Intensive Cultivation is One of the Modern Farming Methods. …

What are the methods of sustainable agriculture?

Sustainable agriculture in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T … and resource-efficient farming methods (27). These vertical farms target both personal and commercial farming and can be found in spaces ranging from traditional greenhouses to kitchen gardens …


What are the method of agriculture?

The farming systems that significantly contribute to the agriculture of India are subsistence farming, organic farming, industrial farming. Regions throughout India differ in types of farming they use; some are based on horticulture, ley farming, agroforestry, and many more.

Which is the best method of agriculture?

Methods of Sustainable AgricultureCrop Rotation. Crop rotation is one of the most powerful techniques of sustainable agriculture. … Permaculture. … Cover Crops. … Soil Enrichment. … Natural Pest Predators. … Bio intensive Integrated Pest Management. … Polyculture Farming. … Agroforestry.More items…

What are the two methods of agriculture?

farming methods includes organic farming,vertical farming, multi-crop farming,green house farming, and play house farming. all farming methods are dependent on land size, soil type, and other factors.

What is the most common method of agriculture?

The most abundant type of agriculture practiced around the world is intensive subsistence agriculture, which is highly dependent on animal power, and is commonly practiced in the humid, tropical regions of the world.

What are the modern agricultural methods?

Basic Practices of Modern Agricultural SystemsIntensive Tillage. … Monoculture. … Use of Synthetic Fertilizers. … Irrigation Technologies. … Chemical Pest Control. … Genetic Manipulation.

What is the best method of agriculture in India?

Natural farming is the fastest growing sustainable agricultural practice in India and has been adopted by around 800,000 farmers. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) has achieved a coverage area of 5 Mha after decades of sustained promotion.

What are the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.

What are the 5 types of agriculture?

Meaning and Types of AgricultureShifting Cultivation (rotating crops).Intensive Pastoral Farming (focused on grazing animals).Subsistence Cultivation (seeking out a living; often done for consumption by family).Commercial Cultivation (usually focused on cash crops such as cocoa, cotton, palm oil, etc.More items…

How many types are there in agricultural?

two different typesCurrently, agriculture is divided into two different types, including industrialized agriculture and subsistence agriculture. Let’s explore and learn more about these two types of agriculture.

What is Sustainable Agriculture?

Sustainable agriculture is a form of agriculture that is aimed to grow more crops that fulfil all the needs of the present generation without endangering the environment or the resources for future generations.
Sustainable agriculture means the adoption of such agricultural practices which do not pollute and overexploit the components of the environment, and agricultural production remains on a suitable level for a very long period of time..

Basic Features of Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable agriculture needs to maintain or enhance soil quality and fertility. This is frequently obtained by increasing the organic matter content of the soil and by decreasing the losses from soil erosion.

Goals of Sustainable Agriculture

The main intention of sustainable agriculture is to satisfy human needs in clothing and food products.

Methods of Sustainable Agriculture

Crop Rotation: The practice in which different types of crops such as leguminous crops and non-leguminous crops are grown alternately in the same field or soil is called crop rotation.
a. Growing different crops in succession on land to avoid exhausting nutrients in the soil. It also controls pests and diseases.

Benefits of Sustainable Farming

Sustainable Agriculture helps in maintaining climatic change. For example, Farmers of the Shouf Biosphere Reserve are shifting to sustainable agriculture to adapt to climate change.


Plants and Animals grow healthy when we practice biological or organic agriculture. Agriculture plays a vital role in India. India is the second-largest producer of staple food.


Q.1. What are 5 sustainable agriculture practices?
Ans: Crop rotation, agroforestry, cover crops, mixed cropping, permaculture are the 5 sustainable agricultural practices.

What are the main aims of sustainable agriculture?

One of the main aims of sustainable agricultural practices is the prevention of the use of synthetic pesticides and other chemicals that should suppress pest infestations and pathogens. Applying increasing amounts of chemicals to grow food is not part of the long-term solution and doesn’t help our health either.

How does sustainable farming help the environment?

Unlike intensive agriculture, sustainable farming has a great potential for benefiting the environment and preserving natural resources. It does so by following natural cycles, recycling nutrients and water, while omitting excessive use of agricultural chemicals.

How do hydroponics work?

These innovative farming techniques involve the growing of plants without soil, nourishing the plants through specialized nutrients that are added to water.#N#In hydroponic systems, crops are grown with the roots directly in a mineral solution or with the roots in an inert medium like gravel or perlite.#N#Aquaponics combines the raising of aquatic animals (such as fish) with the growing of hydroponic crops. In aquaponic systems, the water containing the waste material from the aquaculture fish is used to nourish the hydroponic plants. After the water is used by the plants, the water is then recirculated back into the system to be reused by the fish.#N#Both hydroponic and aquaponic systems are available in a variety of scales, from small home-scale systems to commercial-scale systems.

Why is agroforestry important?

This is the reason why agroforestry has become one of the powerful tools of farmers in dry regions with soils susceptible to desertification. Besides promoting healthy growth of food crops and maintaining soil fertility , trees in this farming system provide wood and fruits as an additional source of income for farmers.

What is agroforestry?

Agroforestry involves the growth of trees and shrubs amongst crops or grazing land. Agroforestry systems can combine both agriculture and forestry practices for long-lasting, productive, and diverse land use when approached sustainably.

Why is sustainable agriculture important?

Firstly, and most importantly, sustainable agriculture produces safe food with high nutritional value. The quality of food is now more important than ever before. Numerous studies found out that the nutritional content of grains and fruits with vegetables keeps decreasing.

Why is raising animals important in biodynamics?

This includes raising animals on a farm in a way that they help replenish soil fertility and enhance plant growth. One of the building pillars of biodynamics is high biodiversity of plants, animals and beneficial insects. The goal is the creation of a resilient ecosystem that benefits us and other living organisms.

What are the aims of modern agricultural methods?

The aims of modern agricultural methods are two. One is to have a very high yield of the farm produce. Secondly, it is to get good profit out of the farm products. To achieve these, adequate input to the farm is very important. In support to the input, success is guaranteed also by these six methods.

What are the six methods of harvesting?

They include monoculture, irrigation, intense tillage, use of inorganic fertilizer, chemical control of pest and genetically manipulating of plants.

Why is it easier to plant seeds on the same type of soil?

It makes the cultivation of land easier. Because the crop to be planted is of the same type, the land is tilled in the same style. This makes cultivation and land preparation very simple. Sowing of seeds on the soil is easier as the seeds to be sowed are of the same type.

Why is weeding easier in monoculture?

When the method of weeding is chosen, it is employed to all the crops on the tract of land.

How do tractors make farming successful?

To make it successful, different types of tractors have been used together with farming tools. This makes the soil particles to be loose and creation of big cramps. As a result, water drains easily through the soil, the plant roots grow rapidly and seeds are sowed easily.

What is genetic manipulation?

Genetic Manipulation of Plants. Modern agriculture has crop breeding and animal breeding techniques that most of the farmers are looking for. Development of seeds that are hybrid is used. This is where two or more varieties of crops are used to produce a better offspring.

How to solve the problem of little rainfall?

Among them, is the construction of dams and drawing of water from boreholes to boost crop production. Other methods include river diversion and use of distribution canal.

What is the science of agriculture?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products.

How did agriculture help people?

Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.

How many acres of corn do farmers plant?

U.S. industrial farmers may plant a thousand acres of just corn. The practice of specializing in a single crop is known as monoculture.

How big was the average farm in 2007?

The size of an average farm in the United States in 2007 was 449 acres, or about the size of 449 football fields. agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). aquaculture.

What was the system of planting used by medieval farmers?

Many medieval European farmers used an open-field system of planting. One field would be planted in spring, another in autumn, and one would be left unplanted, or fallow. This system preserved nutrients in the soil, increasing crop production.

What tools did people use to make food?

Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.

How did agriculture contribute to the rise of civilizations?

Start of Agriculture. Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants.

What do farmers believe about modern agriculture?

In modern agricultural systems, farmers believe they have more central roles and are eager to apply technology and information to control most components of the system, a very different view from that of traditional farmers. Modern machines can control the hard work of farmers.

What is monoculture farming?

Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing a single crop, single plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time.

What is aeroponics culture?

Aeroponics system culture differs from conventional Hydroponics, Aquaponics, and in-vitro growing. Unlike hydroponics, which uses a liquid nutrient result as a growing medium and essential mineral to maintain plant growth; or aquaponics which uses water and fish waste, Aeroponic is conducted without a growing medium.

Why are aeroponic systems more cost efficient than other systems?

Because of the reduced volume of solution throughput, less water, and fewer nutrients are needed in the system at any given time compared to other nutrient delivery systems. The need for substrates is eliminated, as is the need for many moving parts.

How does aeroponics work?

Aeroponics is a subset of hydroponics and works by suspending plant roots in the air and misting them with nutrient water. This method can provide a better level of control over the amount of water that is used throughout the growing process but may leave plant roots vulnerable to pathogens, if not carefully controlled.

What is hydroponics farming?

The hydroponics method is a soil-less type of farming because it requires no soil for the plants to grow. Instead, it uses water as its growing medium. The knowledge of soil-less gardening is called hydroponics. It essentially involves growing healthy plants without the use of a traditional soil medium by using a nutrient like a mineral-rich water solution instead. A plant needs, choose nutrients, some water, and sunlight to grow. Not only do plants grow without soil, they often develop a lot better with their roots in water instead.

Why is monoculture important in farming?

Monoculture farming makes it easier to cultivate, sow seed, control weeds, and harvest, as well as expand the size of the farm operation and improve aspects of profitability and cost. At the same time, monocultures tend to promote the use of the other 5 basic practices of modern agriculture.

What is agriculture?

Agriculture can be defined as the art of growing food crops and cash crops needed by man. This has passed through a series of phases. Agricultural practices and technologies have grown rapidly and selection of farming method totally depends on the financial condition of the farmer.

What is the ultimate aim of all these farming practices?

The ultimate aim of all these farming practices is to achieve better and higher yield. Agriculture can be either sustainable agriculture, industrial agriculture or organic agriculture. In this section, we will discuss organic farming.

Why is it good to farm?

Good for the environment and yields are healthy for human and animal consumption. Prevents soil erosion, degradation and crop failure. Decrease pollution and the whole farming can easily rely on renewable energy sources. Improves soil fertility and enhances its chemical and physical properties.

What is the best way to control pests and weeds?

Crop rotation, mixed cropping, organic control, hand weeding are the other techniques used in organic farming to maintain soil fertility and for pest and weed control. These systems of pest and weed management and soil protection make organic farming the best method. Sometimes, natural or other organically approved insecticides like neem pesticides …

Why is organic farming important?

It has many benefits over other practices. They are eco-friendly and help to reduce the soil infertility and soil erosion issues. It enhances the organic productivity which promotes a healthy lifestyle.

What is organic farming?

It is the practice of farming or raising of crops and other livestock without using any inorganic chemical fertilizers, pesticides or any other genetically modified organisms. With organic farming, the productivity of the farming fields is enhanced along with economic growth, thus promising a sustainable environment.

What are the two types of organic farming?

Types of Organic Farming. Organic farming is primarily of two types, namely: Pure organic farming involves avoiding all artificial chemicals. Every fertilizer and pesticide that are used are derived from completely natural sources such as blood meal or bone meal.

Traditional Farming Methods-Traditional Farmers Information

Traditional farming is the ancient or subsistence farming system which generally uses primitive agricultural techniques like Animal Powers, Indigenous Tools And Organic Fertilizers to perform agricultural works.

Traditional Farming Methods

Traditional Farming depends completely on nature. Things like season, Rainfall, Temperature decides the traditional farming methods.

Types Of Traditional Farming Methods

There are mainly 2 types of agricultural methods which are followed in Traditional Farming. These are:-

Tools Used In Traditional Farming Methods

People uses different ancient, Indigenous and handmade tools along with old seeds to do farming in traditional farming methods Some Tools are:-

Advantages Of Traditional Farming Methods

1.Traditional Farming promotes and protects the local and indigenous seed variety.

Traditional Farming Method VS Modern Farming Method

The main difference between traditional and modern farming is use of Technologies.


From all above information- we can make of jist that-Both Traditional And Modern farming has their own merits and demerits.

Why are farmers important?

In the developing world, these farmers are essential not only for providing food for their communities, but also for creating jobs and improving the local economy. While many experts are adamant that encouraging small farmers to participate in the “global cash economy” – meaning that farmers operate primarily to sell crops for cash – is …

Is cotton a cash crop?

One way farmers are doing this is by switching from growing cotton, which is strictly a cash crop and harmful to the environment, to other types of food crops (like rice, maize and soybeans in Ghana ).


What Is Sustainable Agriculture?

Basic Features of Sustainable Agriculture

Goals of Sustainable Agriculture

Methods of Sustainable Agriculture

Benefits of Sustainable Farming



  • Q.1. What are 5 sustainable agriculture practices? Ans:Crop rotation, agroforestry, cover crops, mixed cropping, permaculture are the 5 sustainable agricultural practices. Q.2. What is sustainable agriculture, and why is it important? Ans:Sustainable agriculture is the adoption of such agricultural practices which do not pollute or exploit the comp…

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