What are the parts of agriculture

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The major branches of agriculture are To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows: Agronomy Horticulture

Horticulture

Horticulture is the branch of agriculture that deals with the art, science, technology, and business of growing plants. It includes the cultivation of medicinal plants, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds and non-food crops such as grass an…

Agricultural engineering Animal science Agricultural economics

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;
  • Livestock production.
  • Crop production.
  • agricultural economics.
  • agricultural engineering.

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Answer

What are the major branches of Agriculture?

The major branches of agriculture are To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows: 1 Agronomy 2 Horticulture 3 Agricultural engineering 4 Animal science 5 Agricultural economics

What is Agri-culture?

Agriculture not only gives riches to a nation, but the only riches she can call her own. Agriculture is one of the most widespread activities in the world, but it is not uniform throughout. There are a number of ways to classify agriculture, and some of the major criteria which can be adopted include:

What are the main products of Agriculture?

Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products. Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products.

How do you classify the different types of Agriculture?

There are a number of ways to classify agriculture, and some of the major criteria which can be adopted include: Scale. Type of crop. Livestock combinations. Intensity. Means of distribution of farm produce. Level of mechanization. The following are the major types of agriculture around the world. pinterest-pin-it.

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What are the 8 major areas of agriculture?

Terms in this set (8)Agriculture Production. farming and ranching.Agriculture Processing and Products (Marketing)(Distribution) … Agriculture Mechanics and Technology. … Ornamental Horticulture. … Forestry. … Agriculture Profession. … Agriculture Renewable Natural Resources. … Agriculture Supplies and Services (Marketing.


What are the 6 types of agriculture?

6 main types of commercial agriculture in MDCs:Mixed crop and livestock.Dairy farming.Grain farming.Livestock ranching.Mediterranean agriculture.Commercial gardening and fruit farming.


What are the 11 types of agriculture?

Top 11 Types of Agricultural PracticesPastoral Farming.Arable Farming.Shifting Agriculture.Mixed Farming.Nomadic Agriculture.Sedentary Agriculture.Subsistence Farming.Commercial Agriculture.More items…•


What are the types of agriculture?

What are the different types of agriculture?Wet farming.Dry farming.Subsistence farming.Terrace Agriculture.Intensive Agriculture.Shifting Agriculture.Extensive Agriculture.Plantation Agriculture.More items…


What are the 12 types of agriculture?

Top 12 Types of AgricultureSubsistence Farming: … Intensive Subsistence Farming (with or without Rice as a dominant crop): … Mediterranean Farming: … Commercial Grain Agriculture: … Arable Farming: … Shifting Cultivation: … Nomadic Herding: … Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage:More items…•


What are the 10 types of agriculture?

Top 10 Types of Farming Practiced Across the WorldArable Farming. Arable farming involves growing of crops only in warm climate. … Pastoral Farming. … Mixed Farming. … Subsistence Farming. … Commercial Farming. … Extensive and Intensive Farming. … Nomadic Farming. … Sedentary Farming.More items…


What is the 5 branches of agriculture?

To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows:Agronomy.Horticulture.Agricultural engineering.Animal science.Agricultural economics.


What are the 7 sectors in agriculture?

Sectors related to agriculture include: food and beverage manufacturing; food and beverage stores; food service and eating and drinking places; textiles, apparel, and leather products; and forestry and fishing.


What is the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.


What are the 2 main types of agriculture?

Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial, which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions.


What are the 3 types of agriculture known?

Industrialized Agriculture. Industrialized agriculture is the type of agriculture where large quantities of crops and livestock are produced through industrialized techniques for the purpose of sale. … Subsistence Agriculture. … Kinds of Subsistence Agriculture.


What are the 5 types of cultivation?

Why Different Types of Cultivation in Agriculture are Popular?Subsistence Farming. … Nomadic Herding. … Livestock Farming. … Shifting Cultivation. … Terrace Farming. … Commercial Farming. … Arable Farming. … Mixed Farming.More items…•


What is the definition of agriculture?

Agriculture – cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life.


What is an outline of agriculture?

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to agriculture: Agriculture – cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life.


What is the name of the branch of soil science that deals with the production of crops?

These minerals are usually essential plant nutrients and are referred to as agrominerals. Agrology – branch of soil science dealing with the production of crops. Agrominerals – minerals of importance to agriculture and horticulture, and are usually essential plant nutrients.


What is land use?

Land use – management and modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as fields, pastures, and settlements.


What is crop science?

Crop science – broad multidisciplinary field that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences that are used in the practice and understanding of agriculture.


What is agricultural philosophy?

Agricultural philosophy – discipline devoted to the systematic critique of the philosophical frameworks (or ethical world views) that are the foundation for decisions regarding agriculture.


What is agricultural education?

Agricultural education – instruction about crop production, livestock management, soil and water conservation, and various other aspects of agriculture. Farmers acquire adequate knowledge required on the correct amount use of agrochemicals and other agriculture related technologies.


What type of agriculture is most of the plantations?

Most of the plantations were developed to provide tropical crops to the European markets. This is a highly capital-intensive type of farming and most of the crops are tree crops. pinterest-pin-it. Mediterranean Agriculture.


What are the products of commercial farming?

The major products of this type of farming are tropical crops such as tea, coffee, rubber and palm oil.


What is the dominant crop in intensive subsistence farming?

Intensive Subsistence Farming With Rice Dominant. Intensive subsistence farming is practiced in tropical regions that have high populations and receive a large amount of precipitation. Rice is the dominant crop when it comes to this type of farming, as it can employ and feed a large number of people per unit of area.


What are the major crops in the Mediterranean?

The typically rugged terrain of the Mediterranean region has resulted in typical livestock and crop combinations. Wheat, vineyards and citrus fruits are the major crops, and small animals are the major livestock reared in the region.


How is shifting cultivation used in agriculture?

This type of farming is most often adopted in the tropics. Under this system, the land is obtained by clearing forest areas using a slash and burn technique. The land is then cultivated for a few years, or until the fertility declines or the land is overtaken by the weeds and other native flora.


What is a rudimentary tillage?

Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage. This is a subsistence type of agriculture and it differs from the aforementioned types because the same plot of land is cultivated continuously year after year. Fallowing of land is commonly adopted to maintain soil fertility, and is a technique often adopted in tropical regions.


Why is agriculture declining?

This type of farming is declining due to pressure by environmentalists.


Why is agriculture important?

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, all of which can cause decreases in crop yield. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although some are banned in certain countries.


What is the origin of agriculture?

The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, “field”, and cultūra, ” cultivation ” or “growing”. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.


How does livestock affect the environment?

A senior UN official, Henning Steinfeld, said that “Livestock are one of the most significant contributors to today’s most serious environmental problems”. Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2. It produces 65% of human-related nitrous oxide (which has 296 times the global warming potential of CO 2) and 37% of all human-induced methane (which is 23 times as warming as CO 2 .) It also generates 64% of the ammonia emission. Livestock expansion is cited as a key factor driving deforestation; in the Amazon basin 70% of previously forested area is now occupied by pastures and the remainder used for feedcrops. Through deforestation and land degradation, livestock is also driving reductions in biodiversity. Furthermore, the UNEP states that ” methane emissions from global livestock are projected to increase by 60 per cent by 2030 under current practices and consumption patterns.”


What is the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples?

Reindeer herds form the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples.


How does agriculture increase yield?

Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.


What was the Arab agricultural revolution?

The Arab Agricultural Revolution, starting in Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain), transformed agriculture with improved techniques and the diffusion of crop plants.


How many people were employed in agriculture in the 21st century?

At the start of the 21st century, some one billion people, or over 1/3 of the available work force, were employed in agriculture. It constitutes approximately 70% of the global employment of children, and in many countries employs the largest percentage of women of any industry.


What is the purpose of agriculture?

Agriculture Definition. Deliberate modification of the earth’s surface for the cultivation of plants and rearing of animals and livestock is termed as agriculture. Food production is the major purpose of agricultural activities. It includes rearing of animals, plants and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, …


What are the factors that affect agriculture?

Other factors include production systems, financial support, water reservoirs, animal husbandry, and marketing.


How did agriculture contribute to the development of the human civilization?

Agriculture in the past played a key role in the rise and development of sedentary human civilization. Whereas the domestication of animals created food in surplus that nurtured the development of the human civilization. Agriculture is more than farming. Its primary purpose has always been to feed the population.


What are the roles of animals in agriculture?

Hands-on activity, animals trained to aid the production of food and fertilizers also play a major role in agriculture. Large scale capital and mechanization have come together to do massive industrialized farming. We have taken advanced steps that are incredibly productive, such as modified productive methods, genetically modified seeds, etc.


What are the two types of plant cultivation?

Previously there were mainly two types of plant cultivation. First was vegetative planting and second was seed agriculture .


What is agriculture 3916?

3916. Agriculture is the backbone of human civilization. Agriculture consists of numerous farm-related activities. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years in time. Around the globe, agricultural developments largely depend on climates, cultures, and technology. In the civilized world, industrial agriculture based on large scale …


Why was agriculture important to the development of the world?

Agriculture allowed spare time to develop religions, belief systems, infrastructure for the overall development and much more. Farming created a surplus of food that allowed people to explore other aspects of life. Thus, life was simple and secure.


What are the major branches of agriculture?

The major branches of agriculture are. To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows: Agronomy. Horticulture.


What are the factors of agriculture?

Agricultural sciences comprise research, development as well as a study on the following factors: Minimizing the harmful effects of pests on the crop as well as animal production systems. Improvement of productivity of agriculture in terms of both quantity and quality.


What is the role of agronomy in crop production?

Agronomy takes into consideration the entire range of influences on crop production, which typically includes climate as well as adaptation, soil, water availability, the typical properties of the soil, and also mentions how the soil will interact with the growing crop.


What is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water science, soil science?

Agronomy: Agronomy is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water science, soil science, pest management, genetics, etc. to improve and manage the main food crops of the world. It is quite different from the plant sciences of pomology, horticulture, range science, …


What is the role of agronomy in the environment?

Agronomy considers how to grow the crops effectively and profitably and also helps in the conservation of natural resources and protection of the environment. It requires the combined integration of many sciences, including collaborations among various diverse fields, which includes the soil, plant, or weed sciences.


What is the science that views agriculture from an integrated and holistic perspective?

They are also sometimes called ‘field crops’. They comprise a large majority of the agricultural acreage as well as crop revenue. Agronomy is the science that views agriculture from an integrated and holistic perspective, imposing a practical decision that pertains to food production.


What is the purpose of pest control?

Minimizing the harmful effects of pests on the crop as well as animal production systems. Improvement of productivity of agriculture in terms of both quantity and quality. Transforming the primary products into end-consumer products.


What are the four branches of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely; Livestock production. Crop production. agricultural economics. agricultural engineering. a) Livestock production. a)nomadic pastralism..this is the keeping of cattle,while moving from one region in search of pasture and clean water.


What is agriculture engineering?

Agriculture engineering is a branch of agriculture that deals with use and maintenance of farm tools, machinery and structures.


What is olericulture in agriculture?

Olericulture is the growing of vegetables such as French beans, Cabbages and Tomatoes.


What are the main components of sustainable agriculture?

The main components of both sustainable farming and conventional farming are exactly the same: soil management, crop management, water management, disease/pest management and waste management.


What is the term for agriculture that only produces one crop, year after year?

In sustainable agriculture, soil fertility is maintained and improved through a careful rotation of crops and generous amounts of compost and green manure, which are cover crops that are plowed back into the soil to enrich organic matter. Monoculture is the term for agriculture that only produces one crop, year after year.


What is sustainable agriculture?

Sustainable agriculture employs a broad crop diversity and careful rotation, so that nutrients are replenished naturally and no single pest or disease is allowed to get out of control.


What is monoculture in agriculture?

Monoculture is the term for agriculture that only produces one crop, year after year. The danger of monoculture is that it requires more and more chemical fertilizer to replenish lost nutrients, and more and stronger chemical pesticides and fungicides to kill off the bugs and diseases that evolve alongside the same crop year after year. …


Why is sustainable farming important?

In sustainable farming, plants and animals are encouraged to use their natural resistance rather than chemical solutions. Animals that freely graze on a healthy diet are more resistant to infection and disease. Healthy plants grown in microbe- and nutrient-rich soil are more resistant to invading bugs and disease.


How to maintain soil fertility?

On a conventional farm, managing and maintaining soil fertility is as simple as running a soil test and applying the recommended doses of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other nutrients to meet cro p needs. In sustainable agriculture, soil fertility is maintained and improved through a careful rotation of crops and generous amounts …


Do dairy farms use manure?

Dairy farms, in particular, create an impressive amount of manure. In a sustainable waste management plan, the manure would be properly composted (which requires sufficient internal heat and turning of the compost piles) and applied to field or food crops.


Why did people start farming?

In the Near East, for example, it’s thought that climatic changes at the end of the last ice age brought seasonal conditions that favored annual plants like wild cereals. Elsewhere, such as in East Asia, increased pressure on natural food resources may have forced people to find homegrown solutions. But whatever the reasons for its independent origins, farming sowed the seeds for the modern age.


What was the farming revolution?

Taking root around 12,000 years ago, agriculture triggered such a change in society and the way in which people lived that its development has been dubbed the ” Neolithic Revolution.”. Traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyles, followed by humans since their evolution, were swept aside in favor of permanent settlements …


Where did wheat come from?

The wild progenitors of crops including wheat, barley and peas are traced to the Near East region. Cereals were grown in Syria as long as 9,000 years ago, while figs were cultivated even earlier; prehistoric seedless fruits discovered in the Jordan Valley suggest fig trees were being planted some 11,300 years ago.


What is the meaning of “fruit and tree”?

fruit and tree native to Asia. genetic mutation. Noun. change to the genetic structure of an organism. harvest. Noun. the gathering and collection of crops, including both plants and animals. hunter-gatherer.


How long does a plant live?

plant with a life cycle of no more than one year, and often much less.


When did rice and millet farming start?

The origins of rice and millet farming date to around 6,000 B.C.E.

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Overview


Branches of agriculture

• Agronomy – science and technology of producing and using plants for food, fuel, feed, fiber, and reclamation.
• Animal husbandry – agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock.
• Aquaculture – farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants.
• Mariculture – specialized branch of aquaculture involving the cultivation of marine organisms for food and other products i…


What type of thing is agriculture?

Agriculture can be described as all of the following:
• A type of work
• An academic discipline
• A science
• An industry


History of agriculture

History of agriculture – developed at least 10,000 years ago, although some forms of agriculture such as forest gardening and fire-stick farming date back even earlier to prehistoric times.
• Agriculture in ancient Greece
• Agriculture in Mesoamerica
• Ancient Egyptian agriculture


Agriculturally based manufacturing industries

Food industry – complex, global collective of diverse businesses that together supply much of the food energy consumed by the world population.
• Bakery – establishment which produces and sells flour-based food baked in an oven such as bread, cakes, pastries and pies.
• Brewing – production of beer through steeping a starch source (commonly cereal grains) in water and then fermenting with yeast.


Agricultural markets

• Agricultural marketing – services involved in moving an agricultural product from the farm to the consumer.
• Wholesale marketing – transactions made through wholesale markets
• Supermarket – self-service store offering a wide variety of food and household merchandise, organized into departments.


Prominent agricultural scientists

• Robert Bakewell (farmer) – first to implement systematic selective breeding of livestock.
• Norman Borlaug – American agronomist, humanitarian, and Nobel laureate who has been called “the father of the Green Revolution”.
• Luther Burbank – American botanist, horticulturist and am pioneer in agricultural science. He developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants over his 55-year career.


See also

• Agribusiness –
• Extensive farming –
• Factory farming –
• Free range –
• Industrial agriculture –


Overview

Agriculture or farming is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farmers began to plant them around 11,500 years ago. Pigs, sheep, and cattle were do…


History

The development of agriculture enabled the human population to grow many times larger than could be sustained by hunting and gathering. Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa, in at least 11 separate centers of origin. Wild grains were collected and eaten from at least 105,000 years ago. From around 23,000 years ago, the eight Neolithic founder crops, emmer and einkorn wheat, hulled barley, peas, lentils, bitter vetch, chick …


Etymology and scope

The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager ‘field’ and cultūra ‘cultivation’ or ‘growing’. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years. Agriculture is defined with varying scopes, in its broadest sense using natural resources to “produce commodities which maintain life, including food, fiber, forest products, horticultural crops, and their related services”. Thus defined, it includes arable farming, horticulture, animal husbandry and fores…


Types

Pastoralism involves managing domesticated animals. In nomadic pastoralism, herds of livestock are moved from place to place in search of pasture, fodder, and water. This type of farming is practised in arid and semi-arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia and some parts of India.
In shifting cultivation, a small area of forest is cleared by cutting and burning the trees. The cle…


Contemporary agriculture

From the twentieth century, intensive agriculture increased productivity. It substituted synthetic fertilizers and pesticides for labour, but caused increased water pollution, and often involved farm subsidies. In recent years there has been a backlash against the environmental effects of conventional agriculture, resulting in the organic, regenerative, and sustainable agriculture movements. One of the major forces behind this movement has been the European Union, whi…


Production

Overall production varies by country as listed.
Cropping systems vary among farms depending on the available resources and constraints; geography and climate of the farm; government policy; economic, social and political pressures; and the philosophy and culture of the farmer.
Shifting cultivation (or slash and burn) is a system in which forests are burnt, releasing nutrient…


Crop alteration and biotechnology

Crop alteration has been practiced by humankind for thousands of years, since the beginning of civilization. Altering crops through breeding practices changes the genetic make-up of a plant to develop crops with more beneficial characteristics for humans, for example, larger fruits or seeds, drought-tolerance, or resistance to pests. Significant advances in plant breeding ensued after the work of geneticist Gregor Mendel. His work on dominant and recessive alleles, althoug…


Environmental impact

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, which cause decrease in crop yield. Agriculture is one of the most important drivers of environmental pressures, particularly habitat change, climate change, water use and toxic emissions. Agriculture is the main source of toxins released into the environment, including insecticides, especially those used on cotton. The 201…

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