What are the principles of sustainable agriculture

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Here are the seven principles for sustainable agriculture listed in Greenpeace’s report:

  1. Supply chain Ecological Farming supports a world where producers and consumers, not corporations, control the food chain.
  2. Food sovereignty Sustainable agriculture contributes to rural development and fighting poverty and hunger, by enabling livelihoods in rural communities that are safe, healthy, and economically viable.
  3. Food production and consumption Smarter food production and consumption are possible today without impacts on the environment and health to ensure food safety and fight food waste. …
  4. Biodiversity Ecological Farming promotes nature’s diversity during all steps of the supply chain, from the seed to the plate through different actions, from seed production to consumption education.
  5. Soil fertility Ecological Farming protects and increases soil fertility, by promoting suitable farming practices and eliminating those that consume and contaminate the soil.
  6. Ecological pest management Ecological Farming enables farmers to control pests and weeds – without the use of expensive chemical pesticides that can harm our soil, water and ecosystems, and …
  7. Strengthen agriculture
Here are the seven principles for sustainable agriculture listed in Greenpeace’s report:
  • Supply chain. …
  • Food sovereignty. …
  • Food production and consumption. …
  • Biodiversity. …
  • Soil fertility. …
  • Ecological pest management. …
  • Strengthen agriculture.
May 20, 2015

What are the practices of sustainable agriculture?

implementing sustainable or regenerative practices that reduce carbon emissions can produce a little extra revenue in an emerging carbon credit market. Representatives of some of the major companies looking to agriculture to produce carbon offset credits …

What is sustainable agriculture and why is it important?

Sustainable agriculture is designed with the intention of preserving the environment, expanding the earth’s natural resources, all while creating a quality of life for animals and humans. Sustainable agricultural allows for the desires of society’s food and textile needs to be met without the fear of inhibiting the earth’s natural …

What is sustainable farming and best sustainable farming practices?

The hard work of our farmers paired with a dedicated agri-food value chain where innovation, technology and agricultural mechanization work together are the milestones to deliver more sustainable farming practices … can check our Best Of Video here.

What are cons of sustainable agriculture?

What are the pros and cons of sustainable agriculture?

  • No GMOs.
  • Supports healthy soil.
  • More nutrition and flavor.
  • Supports pollinators.
  • Healthier working environment for farmers.
  • Resistance to pests and diseases.
  • Fertilizers are created on-site.
  • Opportunity for specializing.
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What are the three principles of sustainable agriculture?

Practitioners of sustainable agriculture seek to integrate three main objectives into their work: a healthy environment, economic profitability, and social and economic equity.


What are the five principles of sustainable agriculture?

5 key principles of sustainability for food and agricultureIncrease productivity, employment and value addition in food systems.Protect and enhance natural resources.Improve livelihoods and foster inclusive economic growth.Enhance the resilience of people, communities and ecosystems.Adapt governance to new challenges.


What are principles in agriculture?

The Principles of Health, Ecology, Fairness, and care are the roots from which organic agriculture grows and develops. They express the contribution that organic agriculture can make to the world, and a vision to improve all agriculture in a global context.


What are 4 sustainable agriculture practices?

Building healthy soil and preventing erosion. Managing water wisely. Minimizing air and water pollution. Storing carbon on farms.


What are the importance of sustainable agriculture?

In addition to preserving the earth’s natural resources, sustainable agriculture benefits the environment through helping maintain soil quality, reducing erosion, and preserving water.


What is sustainable agriculture PDF?

Sustainable agriculture refers to the ability of a farm to produce food indefinitely, without causing severe or irreversible damage to ecosystem health.


How many types of sustainable agriculture are there?

There is a debate on the definition of sustainability regarding agriculture. The definition could be characterized by two different approaches: an ecocentric approach and a technocentric approach.


What do you mean by sustainable agriculture?

A sustainable agriculture approach seeks to utilize natural resources in such a way that they can regenerate their productive capacity, and also minimize harmful impacts on ecosystems beyond a field’s edge.


How can we keep agriculture sustainable?

Key principles are linked to sustainable agriculture:Develop efficient, self-sufficient and economical production systems that provide decent incomes.Preserve and protect biodiversity and territories.Optimize the use of natural resources.Manage the quality of air, water and soil.More items…


What is sustainable farming?

1. Sustainable farmers anticipate change ­– they recognize, accept, plan for, and create change.


Why are sustainable farmers practical?

Sustainable farmers have a passion for farming reflected in their dedication, integrity, and honesty as professionals, but their passion is practical because they understand that the success of the business makes it possible to pursue their passion.


Why is quality important for farmers?

Farmers see quality as a key to a successful and sustainable business operation. They create loyal customers who appreciate the value of a high-quality product and identify markets that demand high-quality products.


Why are farms run as a business?

The farms are run as a business first because the success of the business is what allows the farmers to pursue other personal and social goals.


Why are employees important to a farm?

Employees are a critical key to a farm’s success and are as seen as a critical asset. Farmers foster an environment that enhances the work experience for their employees, including living wages and benefits, financial rewards, and allowing employees to be a part of the decision-making process.


What is a farmer?

Farmers are planners and have clear long-term plans. Many interviewed could articulate clear farm goals with timelines. They took limited risks to accommodate opportunities. These farmers were fiscally conservative but not risk avoiders.


What are the components of a successful management plan?

Diversity, efficiency and effectiveness are all critical components of a successful management plan, and the farmers use several techniques to improve management, including allocating responsibility, stressing clear and precise operating procedures and expectations, and giving the employees the freedom to make independent management decisions.


What are the principles of sustainable agriculture?

Here are the seven principles for sustainable agriculture listed in Greenpeace’s report: 1. Supply chain. Ecological Farming supports a world where producers and consumers, not corporations, control the food chain. 2.


How does agriculture contribute to rural development?

Sustainable agriculture contributes to rural development and fighting poverty and hunger, by enabling livelihoods in rural communities that are safe, healthy, and economically viable. 3. Food production and consumption.


Why do politicians need to shift subsidies towards ecological farming practices?

Politicians must act and shift subsidies towards ecological farming practices to meet people and farmers’ demand for healthy food and healthy farming”, stated Federica Ferrario, the leader of Greenpeace Italy’s campaign for sustainable agriculture.


Why is ecological farming important?

Ecological Farming enables farmers to control pests and weeds – without the use of expensive chemical pesticides that can harm our soil, water and ecosystems, and the health of farmers and consumers .


How does ecological farming promote biodiversity?

Ecological Farming promotes nature’s diversity during all steps of the supply chain, from the seed to the plate through different actions, from seed production to consumption education. 5. Soil fertility.


What is the Greenpeace report on ecological farming?

Greenpeace says how to do it in the report “Ecological Farming: the seven principles of a food system that has people at its heart”. The idea of a farming method respectful of the environment and the people who work within it is often unfairly linked to obsolete and less productive – almost anachronistic – farming systems.


How does ecological farming help the economy?

Ecological Farming strengthens our agriculture, and effectively adapts our food system to changing climatic conditions and economic realities.


How is nutrient provision, sustainability and safety of feed ensured?

The nutrient provision, sustainability and safety of feed is ensured by ensuring farms producing ingredients for animal feed meet the PSA. Feed is stored in conditions to ensure quality and avoid contamination. 18.


What are the principles of animal health and welfare?

Animal health and welfare principles apply to all animals on a farm, including animals used for harvest or transport work, or as livestock to produce agricultural ingredients or products for the Coca-Cola Company.


What is the purpose of conservation of forests?

12. Conservation of Forests: Promote sustainable forest management and help protect woodlands from deforestation and illegal harvesting. New production areas are not established in natural habitats/ecosystems including forests or high-value conservation areas and do not cut through wildlife corridors or routes used for migration. Forests are not cut or burned for conversion to new production. There is no deliberate use of fire for land clearance.


How to improve the supply chain?

Maintain records of practices and procedures, as well as proof of compliance with all applicable laws and regulations. Increase transparency throughout the supply chain and work collaboratively to adopt and broaden sustainable practices. Set targets for improvement.


How is organic waste managed?

There are measures to properly manage organic waste with the goal of enhancing soil health, including through composting. All waste is managed separately according to its classification and disposed of in an authorized place or through waste disposal authorized service providers. 12.


Is agriculture sustainable?

Agriculture and livestock production should be resilient, environmentally sustainable, cause minimal damage, and, where possible, be restorative to the surrounding environment in all areas and activities on the farm. 8.


What is agricultural sustainability?

If a technology works to improve productivity for farmers and does not cause undue harm to the environment , then it is likely to have some sustainability benefits. Agricultural systems emphasizing these principles also tend to be multifunctional within landscapes and economies (Dobbs & Pretty 2004; MEA 2005). They jointly produce food and other goods for farmers and markets, but also contribute to a range of valued public goods, such as clean water, wildlife and habitats, carbon sequestration, flood protection, groundwater recharge, landscape amenity value and leisure/tourism. In this way, sustainability can be seen as both relative and case dependent and implies a balance between a range of agricultural and environmental goods and services.


How does sustainability affect agriculture?

Concerns about sustainability in agricultural systems centre on the need to develop technologies and practices that do not have adverse effects on environmental goods and services , are accessible to and effective for farmers, and lead to improvements in food productivity . Despite great progress in agricultural productivity in the past half-century, with crop and livestock productivity strongly driven by increased use of fertilizers, irrigation water, agricultural machinery, pesticides and land, it would be over-optimistic to assume that these relationships will remain linear in the future. New approaches are needed that will integrate biological and ecological processes into food production, minimize the use of those non-renewable inputs that cause harm to the environment or to the health of farmers and consumers, make productive use of the knowledge and skills of farmers, so substituting human capital for costly external inputs, and make productive use of people’s collective capacities to work together to solve common agricultural and natural resource problems, such as for pest, watershed, irrigation, forest and credit management. These principles help to build important capital assets for agricultural systems: natural; social; human; physical; and financial capital. Improving natural capital is a central aim, and dividends can come from making the best use of the genotypes of crops and animals and the ecological conditions under which they are grown or raised. Agricultural sustainability suggests a focus on both genotype improvements through the full range of modern biological approaches and improved understanding of the benefits of ecological and agronomic management, manipulation and redesign. The ecological management of agroecosystems that addresses energy flows, nutrient cycling, population-regulating mechanisms and system resilience can lead to the redesign of agriculture at a landscape scale. Sustainable agriculture outcomes can be positive for food productivity, reduced pesticide use and carbon balances. Significant challenges, however, remain to develop national and international policies to support the wider emergence of more sustainable forms of agricultural production across both industrialized and developing countries.


What makes agriculture unique?

What makes agriculture unique as an economic sector is that it directly affects many of the very assets on which it relies for success. Agricultural systems at all levels rely on the value of services flowing from the total stock of assets that they influence and control, and five types of asset—natural, social, human, physical and financial capital—are now recognized as being important. There are, though, some advantages and misgivings with the use of the term capital. On the one hand, capital implies an asset, and assets should be cared for, protected and accumulated over long periods. On the other hand, capital can imply easy measurability and transferability. Since the value of something can be assigned a monetary value, then it can appear not to matter if it is lost, as the required money could simply be allocated to purchase another asset or to transfer it from elsewhere. But nature and its wider values is not so easily replaceable as a commodity (Coleman 1988; Ostrom 1990; Putnam et al. 1993; Flora & Flora 1996; Benton 1998; Uphoff 1998, 2002; Costanza et al. 1997; Pretty 2003). Nonetheless, terms such as natural, social and human capital are useful in helping to shape concepts around basic questions such as what is agriculture for and what system works best. The five capitals are defined in the following ways:


How does agriculture affect the environment?

Agriculture can negatively affect the environment through overuse of natural resources as inputs or their use as a sink for pollution. Such effects are called negative externalities because they are usually non-market effects and therefore their costs are not part of market prices. Negative externalities are one of the classic causes of market failure whereby the polluter does not pay the full costs of their actions, and therefore these costs are called external costs (Baumol & Oates 1988; Pretty et al.2000, 2003a; Dobbs & Pretty 2004; Moss 2008).


How will the world food system change?

An important change in the world food system will come from the increased consumption of livestock products (Fitzhugh 1998; Delgado et al.1999; Smil 2000). Meat demand is expected to rise rapidly with economic growth and this will change many farming systems. Livestock are important in mixed production systems, using foods and by-products that would not have been consumed by humans. But increasingly animals are raised intensively and fed with cheap and energetically inefficient cereals and oils. In industrialized countries, 73% of cereals are fed to animals; in developing countries, some 37% are used in this way. Currently, per capitaannual demand in industrialized countries is 550 kg of cereal and 78 kg of meat. By contrast, in developing countries, it is only 260 kg of cereal and 30 kg of meat.


How much has food production grown since the 1960s?

Since then, aggregate world food production has grown by 145%. In Africa it rose by 140%, in Latin America by almost 200% and in Asia by 280%. The greatest increases have been in China, where a fivefold increase occurred, mostly during the 1980s–1990s. In industrialized countries, production started from a higher base; yet it still doubled in the USA over 40 years and grew by 68% in Western Europe (FAO 2005).


Is agriculture sustainable?

However, agricultural sustainability does not require that all assets are improved at the same time. One agricultural system that contributes more to these capital assets than the other can be said to be more sustainable, but there may still be trade-offs with one asset increasing as the other falls. In practice, though, there are usually strong links between changes in natural, social and human capital (Pretty 2003), with agricultural systems having many potential effects on all three.


What is sustainable agriculture?

A sustainable, thriving and resilient agricultural sector that protect the earth’s resources, human rights and animal welfare.


What is the role of agriculture in ecosystems?

Agriculture is both a beneficiary and provider of biodiversity and related ecosystem services. Diverse, healthy agricultural landscapes provide habitat


How does agriculture improve livelihoods?

Good practices which improve livelihoods include: • Provide payments which meet the living wage and living income levels for the region. Collaborate with organisations in the region to develop and implement living wage and income frameworks. Provide access to financial support and investments, directly or through partnerships with organisations and companies. Support farmers in creating the financial stability and record keeping required for many financial institutions. Identify opportunities and implement steps for business development, innovation and expansion. CONTEXT


What are the challenges of farming?

The rural, often isolated, nature of farming creates specific challenges. Farming communities are often limited in their access to education, healthcare, and mental health resources. Conflicts arise between cultural groups when land is obtained through involuntary resettlement or coercion, and/or communities are no longer able to access land that is relevant for cultural practices. Increasingly, youth are choosing to move from rural to urban areas, especially where barriers to entering the agricultural sector exist. Growing the agricultural workforce and ensuring long-term sustainability


What is SOLAW in agriculture?

for food and agriculture (SOLAW) – Managing systems at risk. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome and Earthscan, London. (also available at http://www. fao.org/3/i1688e/i1688e.pdf)


How much of the world’s land is agricultural?

crop production. Land dedicated to agriculture comprises 12% of global landmass, of which 25% is at risk of, or has already become, highly degraded1. Degraded land includes eroded soil, loss of fertility, and/or a loss of ecosystem function, as well as having a detrimental impact on the surrounding environment, for example decreased biodiversity, increased carbon emissions, and disruptions to the hydrological cycle and diminished water quality.


How to maintain soil sustainability?

• Minimise land use change, unless supported by the findings of a land assessment. • Promote healthy soils (high levels of microbial activity, higher levels of organic matter, and a good structure). Ways to retain, build and restore soil health include: no-till or reduced tillage; cover cropping; mulching; nutrient management; keeping the soil covered with plant material as much as possible; reducing soil disturbance; ensuring year-round plant cover; and using an appropriate crop rotation combined with cover crops. • Sequester carbon by planting trees, shrubs, and perennial plants with deep root systems. • Ensure choice of cultivation methodology takes into consideration soil type and topography, soil conditions, proximity to waterbodies, equipment limitations etc. • Implement practices for retaining water and preventing soil erosion, through permanent perennial cover such as hedgerows, planting native grasses in marginal land, buffer strips, etc. • Assess impact on the surrounding ecosystem and communities and identify co-beneficial activities which promote multiple positive outcomes, such as increased soil organic matter leading to improved biodiversity and reduced carbon footprint. • Identify and implement innovative carbon sequestration techniques.


What is the goal of sustainable agriculture?

The goal of sustainable agriculture is to meet society’s food and textile needs in the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Practitioners of sustainable agriculture seek to integrate three main objectives into their work: a healthy environment, economic profitability, and social and economic equity.


Who can play a role in ensuring a sustainable agricultural system?

Every person involved in the food system—growers, food processors, distributors, retailers, consumers, and waste managers —can play a role in ensuring a sustainable agricultural system. There are many practices commonly used by people working in sustainable agriculture and sustainable food systems.


What are the three areas of concern for sustainable agriculture?

The strategies are grouped according to three separate though related areas of concern: Farming and Natural Resources, Plant and Animal Production Practices, and the Economic, Social and Political Context. They represent a range of potential ideas for individuals committed to interpreting the vision of sustainable agriculture within their own circumstances.


How do consumers contribute to the food system?

Through their purchases, they send strong messages to producers, retailers and others in the system about what they think is important. Food cost and nutritional quality have always influenced consumer choices.


What is a systems approach?

A systems approach gives us the tools to explore the interconnections between farming and other aspects of our environment. Everyone plays a role in creating a sustainable food system. A systems approach also implies interdisciplinary efforts in research and education.


What is the principal resource that has helped agriculture and society to prosper?

Water . Water is the principal resource that has helped agriculture and society to prosper, and it has been a major limiting factor when mismanaged. Water supply and use. In California, an extensive water storage and transfer system has been established which has allowed crop production to expand to very arid regions.


What happens to the natural resources of ancient Mesopotamia?

When the production of food and fiber degrades the natural resource base, the ability of future generations to produce and flourish decreases. The decline of ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia, the Mediterranean region, Pre-Columbian southwest U.S. and Central America is believed to have been strongly influenced by natural resource degradation from non-sustainable farming and forestry practices.


What does sustainable agriculture mean?

The term sustainable agriculture refers to agriculture that respects natural resources and does not use pollutants in order not to upset the environmental balance; it is a type of agriculture that is the opposite of intensive agriculture.


What are the principles of sustainable agriculture?

The 5 key principles to which sustainable agriculture must respond are set out by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), an organisation under the aegis of the United Nations.


What techniques and technologies does sustainable agriculture use?

The main techniques of sustainable agriculture come from the past and predate the era of massive industrialisation that revolutionised the agricultural world.


How many types of sustainable agriculture are there?

Sustainable agriculture consists of using farming techniques that respect the environment, biodiversity and the earth’s natural waste absorption capacity.


What is the CAP and what are its objectives?

The term CAP (Common Agricultural Policy) refers to the set of social, economic and environmental approaches that aim to achieve a sustainable and shared agricultural system within the European Union.


Agriculture 4.0 and precision farming for a sustainable future

The transition to a more sustainable future cannot be achieved without changes in techniques and methods of working the land.
This is why it is important for farms to embrace and adopt the new technologies available.

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Human and Workplace Rights


Environment and Ecosystems

  • Agriculture and livestock production should be resilient, environmentally sustainable, cause minimal damage, and, where possible, be restorative to the surrounding environment in all areas and activities on the farm. 8. Water Management: Ensure long-term sustainability of water resources in balance with community and ecosystem needs by measuring th…

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Animal Health and Welfare

  • Animal health and welfare principles apply to all animals on a farm, including animals used for harvest or transport work, or as livestock to produce agricultural ingredients or products for the Coca-Cola Company. 16. Animal Health and Welfare:Animals are treated with care, understanding and respect by qualified personnel. Ensure animals are healthy and there is an effective health care program in place. Animal Welfare practices on t…

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Farm Management Systems

  • Management systems are in place and records maintained to help ensure: the health, safety and integrity of all products and ingredients; and the business integrity and economic sustainability of the farm system. 20. Business Integrity and Economic Sustainability:Conduct business with integrity, respecting relevant laws and prohibiting bribes and fraudulent practices. Know the cost of production, and manage farms to increase productivity and pr…

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