What are the problems facing agriculture in tanzania


Challenges on the agriculture industry of Tanzania include climate change and the resulting droughts, floods, and agriculture temperature shocks and a lack of agricultural technology.

Challenges on the agriculture industry of Tanzania include climate change and the resulting droughts, floods, and agriculture temperature shocks and a lack of agricultural technology.


What are the challenges faced by the agriculture sector?

Despite these facts, the sector continues to face decades-long challenges including poor access and low use of improved seeds and fertiliser; limited access to financing for adoption of modern technologies; unreliability of rainfall in some regions; poor prioritisation of marketing of the produce; and under-investment by the relevant authorities.

What is the history of cooperative agriculture in Tanzania?

The first marketing cooperative of native among peasant farmers. Subsequently, cooperatives grew in size and number, but they were confined to regions producing ex port crops (Baffes, 2003). The coffee co-operatives comprised of among the most dominant kind of agricultural co-operatives in Tanzania. Tanzania Coffee Board figures in 2015 indicate

What problems do farmers face on a daily basis?

Insects, poverty, and lack of irrigation facilities are only a few of the issues that farmers face on a daily basis. Even in developed countries, it is not difficult to spot farmers who lack basic financial and technical support.

Is land in Tanzania the scarcest commodity of all?

There is no doubt that land in Tanzania is becoming the scarcest commodity of all and agricultural productivity has been falling mainly due to population pressure, land degradation and climate change. While subsistence farming dominates, marketled economy has ushered in a flurry of large scale commercial farming enthusiasts.


What are the problems facing agriculture?

There are increasing pressures from climate change, soil erosion and biodiversity loss and from consumers’ changing tastes in food and concerns about how it is produced. And the natural world that farming works with – plants, pests and diseases – continue to pose their own challenges.

What are the 10 problems of agriculture?

10 Major Agricultural Problems of India and their Possible…Small and fragmented land-holdings: … Seeds: … Manures, Fertilizers and Biocides: … Irrigation: … Lack of mechanisation: … Soil erosion: … Agricultural Marketing: … Inadequate storage facilities:More items…

What is the biggest problem facing agriculture today?

Climate Change Major storms and weather events, rising temperatures, and changes in local weather trends all lead to unpredictable seasons for farmers. Climate change affects every crop and every farmer’s ability to survive and build a profitable agricultural business.

What are three major issues in agriculture today?

Top 10 Issues for Farmers in 2020Climate change.The ongoing trade war between the United States and China.Rapidly depleting reserves of freshwater around the world.The looming food crisis.Economic insecurity in the United States.More items…•

What are the problems of agriculture in Africa?

With the threat of a lack of employment, food-related problems, conflicts, exoduses and desertification, the third challenge is how to manage to make these efforts to develop and promote sustainable, both in the field and in the whole economy.

What is the main source of livelihood in Tanzania?

About 73% of its people living in rural areas, their main source of livelihood depends solely on subsistence farming where land becomes the most important commodity.

Is Tanzania a sub-Saharan country?

Additionally, it is also shaped by a long history of changes in land use. Tanzania is one of the ten most populous countries in sub-Saharan Africa, with more than 70 % of the population inhabiting rural areas and mainly on subsistence farming (Kimaro & Hieronimo, 2014; GIZ, 2019).

What is the agricultural sector in Tanzania?

Agriculture is a critical economic sector , representing 29.1 percent of Tanzania’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and almost three quarters of the productive workforce. Moreover, it is the main source of food, industrial raw materials and foreign exchange earnings. Since Tanzania is endowed with a diversity of climatic and geographical zones, farmers grow a wide variety of annual and permanent crops. This includes food and cash crops as well as fruits, vegetables and spices. Major agricultural exports include tea, coffee, tobacco, cotton, and cashew nuts. In addition, some farmers raise livestock including cattle, goats, sheep, pigs and chicken as well as small numbers of turkeys, ducks, rabbits, donkeys and horses.

What is the main crop in Tanzania?

Corn is Tanzania’s primary staple crop and production is widely distributed across agricultural development zones and regions, adapted to agro-ecologies ranging from near sea level to 2,400 meters (m) above sea level, depending on the variety. Corn productivity is very low in spite of its importance to the country’s food security and economic well-being. The main agro-ecologies, however, fall within 500-1500 m. The Southern Highlands Zone and Lake Zone occupy approximately 26 percent and 25 percent, respectively, of Tanzania’s corn harvesting area. These are followed by Eastern (13 percent), Northern (12 percent), Western (10 percent), Southern (8 percent), and Central (6 percent) zones. Small-scale farmers produce 85 percent of national production while medium and large-scale farmers make up ten and five percent respectively.

Why does Tanzania produce only 58 percent of its sugar?

Tanzania produces only 58 percent of its sugar consumption due to the high cost of production, processing inefficiencies, and inadequate marketing. The 42% demand gap is met by about USD 132 million in sugar imports from other countries, primarily Brazil and India. Because Tanzania’s sugar tariff at 10% is lower than the EAC common external tariff of 25-100%, it is less protectionist than some other countries. The market is less protected from imported sugar than in other countries. Despite this fact, the GOT has consistently claimed that it wants to attract new investments into the sector.

What is Tanzania’s goal for 2025?

Tanzania aims to transit from low to middle-income economy by 2025. This means the consumption habits of the population will transform to a large extent bringing about a wider market for green agricultural products. To achieve these objectives Tanzania under the previous Kikwete administration had adopted the Big Results Now (BRN) initiative which had the following goals in the agricultural sector.

What are the main drivers of Tanzania’s economy?

Supermarkets are gradually becoming popular, especially in big cities like Dar es Salaam, Mwanza and Arusha. Tanzanians spend one-fifth of their income on consumer-packaged goods (CPG), driven largely by food. Personal care essentials (e.g. Toothpaste) and beverages (e.g., carbonated soft drinks, tea, energy drinks) are the most popular categories. Prime drivers for purchase decisions include recommendation, affordability, availability and familiarity.

What is the textile industry in Tanzania?

The sector has great investment potential in establishing fully integrated textile mills as well as plants for cotton ginning, yarn fabric production (spinning, weaving and printing) and cut, make and trim (CMT) units. With the high level of unemployment and the high availability of raw material there is great potential for establishing clothing factories that can produce garments for export.

What are the main fruits and vegetables grown in Tanzania?

The main vegetables include tomatoes, okra and chilies. Annual Tanzania production is 2.75 million of tons of fruits and vegetables but only 4 percent is processed. There is a significant potential for provision of heavy equipment for commercial farming and processing of fruits and vegetables for the locals as well as export markets.

How many people are in Tanzania?

million) of the country population which is currently estimates to be 40 million. Tanzanian Arabica

What happens if a farmer is not involved in collective organizations?

not being involved in collective organizations, the individual small farmer is left in a weak position. This

What is AMCOS in Tanzania?

The agricultural and marketing cooperatives societies (AMCOS) in Tanzania deal with production, processing, transporting and marketing of various crops. Given the changes in the natural, economic and business environment in the world, the changes have created both benefits and severe challenges to the AMCOS dealing with coffee.

What are the three co-operatives in Njari?

made from the three co-operatives of Mweka Sungu, Mruwia and Uru North Njari co-operatives.

What is the problem with agriculture?

This problem of agriculture is faced by people all over the world. The steady industrial growth coupled with the ever-increasing urbanization is leaving little to no room for any agricultural land. Deforestation and concrete jungles are taking up maximum area leaving little to no room for farming.

What are the problems farmers face?

Insects, poverty, and lack of irrigation facilities are only a few of the issues that farmers face on a daily basis. Even in developed countries, it is not difficult to spot farmers who lack basic financial and technical support.

Why do farmers need to upgrade their machinery?

The machinery for farming also need to be upgraded if one intends to see agriculture growing as a capital sector.

Why is agriculture important?

Agriculture was and will always be one of the most important occupations since it is responsible for feeding the world and providing sustenance.

Is agriculture a good business idea?

This article is just to inform you and not to discourage you. I am sure you already know that agriculture or farming in particular is a good business idea.

Is the storage of crops finite?

The storage facilities for crops, after harvesting, are also finite. The number of people willing to actually go out there are toil in the fields is decreasing day by day. If nothing else, the machinery and equipment needed for farming are also scarce in most countries.

Can agriculture improve?

Until the issue of enough availability of agricultural land exists, one cannot expect significant improvement in this sector.



Agriculture is the main part of Tanzania’s economy. As of 2016, Tanzania had over 44 million hectares of arable land with only 33 percent of this amount in cultivation. Almost 70 percent of the poor population live in rural areas, and almost all of them are involved in the farming sector. Land is a vital asset in ensuring food security, and among the nine main food crops in Tanzania are m…

Soil and topography

Tanzania has an area of 945,000 square kilometres (365,000 sq mi) with inland lakes covering 6 percent of that (59,000 square kilometres (23,000 sq mi)). The Great Rift Valley runs north to south and contains most of the country’s lakes. The country is home to the highest point in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the lowest point in the continent, Lake Tanganyika.
Soil types vary drastically throughout the country. There are six main types of soil types in the co…


Tanzania produced in 2018:
1. 5.9 million tons of maize;
2. 5 million tons of cassava (12th largest producer in the world);
3. 3.8 million tons of sweet potato (4th largest producer in the world, second only to China, Malawi and Nigeria);

Cash crops

Coffee is grown on a large scale on both estates and by smallholders that form co-operatives and involves over 400,000 farmers. Coffee has been grown in the country since the colonial times and is a major export crop, earning over 17 percent of the country’s foreign exchange. Tanzania mainly grows the arabica type; however, small farms in the Kagera Region grow Robusta coffee. Tanzani…

Food Crops

The 11 food crops grown in Tanzania are as below list;
1. Bean
2. Cassava
3. Maize
4. Millet

Herbs, vegetables and spices in Tanzania

Herbs, vegetables and spices in Tanzania include in the list below;
1. Cabbage
2. Capsicum
3. Carrot
4. Clove

Fruits in Tanzania

Fruits in Tanzania include in the list below;
1. Avocado
2. Banana
3. Coconut
4. Clementine

See also

• Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives
• Tanzania Mercantile Exchange

Leave a Comment