What are the roles of government in agricultural development


Roles of Government in Agriculture

  1. Provision of educational structures to farmers
    As we all know, knowledge is key to everything that had been…
  2. Provision of financial assistance
    The government should provide financial assistance in the form of subsidies, loans…
  3. Provision of agro-chemicals
    Agro-chemicals are substances or chemicals that are used for…

At the state level, government agencies promote local agricultural products, provide food safety and inspection services, soil conservation and environmental protection. State policies regulate the production, transportation, processing, and marketing of commodities.


What is the role of government in the agricultural economy?

The consensus on the appropriate role of government in the agricultural economy has shifted over time toward less direct management of economic activities and fewer controls on prices and quantities of factors and outputs.

How can the government help farmers in developing countries?

The government should provide financial assistance in the form of subsidies, loans and grants to farmers to boost agriculture in each state of a country. Please read on the Methods of Payment through Commercial Banks here.

What are the measures taken by the government to promote agriculture?

The government should set up agricultural schools and institutes in these rural communities in order to increase the quality and quantity agriculture produce. Education is always the key to a prosperous nation. 2. Provision of financial assistance

What is the role of the government in the development process?

It is a government that supports development intelligently, by diagnosing accurately and continuously problems that emerge and playing a facilitating or enabling role for the sector’s growth. It is a government whose institutions are strong and have developed out of a country’s own historical experience and social context.


What is the roles government in agriculture development in Nigeria?

Functions of a LGC in the area of agriculture include: establishment, maintenance and regulation of slaughter houses, slab, markets, gardens, parks; participation in the development of agriculture and natural resources, other than the exploitation of minerals.

What is the role of agriculture in development?

According to Muir, “Agricultural progress is essential to provide food for growing non-agricultural labour force, raw materials for industrial production and saving and tax revenue to support development of the rest of the economy, to earn foreign exchange and to provide a growing market for domestic manufactures.”

What is the role of government in agriculture in India?

In every five years the government of India works out plans for national economic develpoment, which are called as Five Year Plans . One of the principal objective of these plans is Improvement in the agricultural sector. These plans aimed to increase agricultural productivity.

Does the government play a major role in improving agricultural productivity?

Governments have long been involved in supporting and influencing agricultural production, mainly to support farmer livelihoods and food security. For example, 40% of maize traded on the global market is produced in the United States due to heavy subsidies to maize growers [13].

What is the role of agriculture in developing countries?

Agriculture can be important for developing countries in several ways; where food security is weak it can be a vital source of nutrition, it provides income for farmers and farm workers and thus revenues for rural areas, job opportunities in related areas such as processing and in some cases export revenue and thus …

What is the role of agriculture in rural development?

Agriculture also plays an important part in rural development, especially due to land use, in countries where the sector is of less economic significance. 3. The main potential contributions of farming to rural development are in terms of supporting employment, ancillary businesses, and environmental services.

How does the government help farmers in agriculture in India?

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana will give a boost to productivity by ensuring irrigation facilities. The Vision is to ensure access to some means of protective Irrigation to all agricultural farms. Farmers are being educated about modern irrigation methods to give ‘Per Drop More Crop’.

How does the government help farmers in the development of agriculture Class 8?

Provision of straightforward farming loans from the banks at a low rate of interest. Insurance of their cultivation. Provision of supported fertilizers, pesticides, and HYV seeds. Farming faculties and facilitates ought to be provided at no value.

What is the main role of agriculture?

It provides raw materials to industries ,food to entire population and feed and fodder to livestock. Agriculture is also an important source of finance of Central and State governments.

What is the role of government in sustainable agriculture?

Additionally, there are many government grants that support scientific research that promotes eco-friendly and sustainable business practices. Elected officials can play a very important role within agricultural sustainability: they create, negotiate and pass the laws and regulations that protect our environment.

What is the role of government in farmers?

Governments have employed various measures to maintain farm prices and incomes above what the market would otherwise have yielded. They have included tariffs or import levies, import quotas, export subsidies, direct payments to farmers, and limitations on production.

In what way can government improve agricultural production?

Ways of improving agricultural production are: (ii) Mechanization. (iii) Provision Quantity of goods consumed of credit facilities to farmers. (iv) Introduction of better species of plants and animals. (v) Provision of extension services: The farmers should be trained on the use of modern equipment.

How does finance help the agricultural sector?

The research finds that finance systems most effectively meet the agricultural sector’s needs when governments design policies that supplement instead of replace credit provided by private institutions. In the absence of private institutions, informal moneylenders, who can charge untenably high interest rates, typically hold the majority of farm debt. But governments in Germany, the United States, and South Korea have successfully created inroads for viable commercial lenders by passing regulations that prevent usury and waging campaigns to boost agricultural productivity and increase rural populations’ familiarity with formal financial services. Still, disproportionate government involvement can limit commercial lenders’ presence, potentially stunting markets and leading to problematic over-reliance on state support. For example, in South Korea, decades of extensive government credit subsidies led to the near-absence of commercial banks in rural areas, limiting the longer term competitiveness of the country’s agricultural sector.

Who was the first president to promote agriculture?

In his 1913 inaugural address, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson vowed to improve “agricultural activities never yet given the efficiency of great business undertakings…or afforded the facilities of credit best suited to their practical needs.”.

What is the role of government in agriculture?

Government plays a major role In the development of agriculture.government provides loans to the farmers so that farmers utilize that loan according to their need in the field and they educate farmers about modern farming. 1.1K views. ·. View upvotes.

What is agriculture?

Agriculture is basically an interaction of humans with nature basically acting on the land mass, garnering consumables from plant life. The process involves use of an agricultural technology.

When did agriculture schools start?

In the US, agriculture schools have played an key role since the passage of the Morrill Act in 1862 set up the land grant university system.

Do ag schools play a role in agriculture?

It’s safe to say that the US ag schools still play, and will continue to play, a key role in the development of agriculture.

What is the role of government in agriculture?

Roles of Government in Agriculture: Government plays an important role in the development of agriculture. Every government has an annual budget and agriculture happens to be a major sector to which an annual financial allocation is given. Using the nation Nigeria as a reference, the country once depended almost entirely on agriculture …

What is the responsibility of the government to provide agricultural research institutes?

It is the responsibility of government to provide agricultural research institutes ( which will carry out studies and researches in food and animal breed). The goal is to improve the level of food and animal breed in agriculture. Some of the research institutes present in Nigeria include:

Why should the government provide an efficient quarantine measure?

Government should provide an efficient quarantine measures to check and control the inflow of agricultural materials like seeds, animals and animal products.

Why should the government provide agrochemicals to farmers at a subsidized rate?

The government should provide agro-chemicals to farmers at a subsidized rate in order to improve agricultural activities.

What happens if the government is corrupt in agriculture?

If the agencies responsible for all the aforementioned government roles in agriculture are corrupt, little or no progress will be seen in the agricultural sector . The government should set up necessary institutions to punish corrupt officials according to the law.

What happens if the agencies responsible for all the aforementioned government roles in agriculture are corrupt?

If the agencies responsible for all the aforementioned government roles in agriculture are corrupt, little or no progress will be seen in the agricultural sector.

What is the purpose of agricultural research institutes?

The goal is to improve the level of food and animal breed in agriculture.

How can information technology be used in agriculture?

The information and communication technology can be used in making farmers to respond to challenges in agricultural marketing.

What is agricultural marketing?

Agricultural marketing involves all the activities of moving the products from farm to consumers. Agriculture is creating commodities needed by human being. Marketing is the business done by people to provide the targeted products to the targeted customers. Agriculture employs nearly 170 million work force.Agricultural sector has seen nearly 26 % …

What are secondary market functionaries?

The secondary market functionaries include financial agencies and processing agencies. The terminal market functionaries include commercial agencies and shipping agencies. Problems and challenges Some of the major problems stated in the paper are poor quality, lack of transport facility and lack of storage facility.


Agri cultural activities are controlled or directed in one way or the other by government through their ministries of agriculture.


Non-governmental organizations are organizations established and owned by a person or a group of people whose primary objective is to find solutions to problems facing humanity. Examples of NGOS include:


State two major objective each of the agri cultural programmes listed in (1) above.

What is the role of the government?

Role of the Government Can Broadly Be Divided Into Two Parts: 1. Direct Role: The government is a social-welfare organisation . It works for the benefits of the common people without making any motive to maximise profit. Hence, the main agenda of the government is welfare maximisation. ADVERTISEMENTS:

What are the government policies related to?

All the government policies related with public revenue and expenditures, i.e., taxes and subsidies, are related with fiscal policies. With the proper implementation of these policies the state tries to raise economic development of the country.

Why is the productivity of Indian agriculture so poor?

However, due to defective planning and improper implementation the productivity of Indian agriculture is very poor. Improper land tenure system, wrong landholding inadequate credit system, primitive technology and old system of ploughing and irrigation etc. are the main reasons behind low productivity of Indian agriculture. To overcome all these difficulties, government adopts several measures, including land reforms, new tenancy system, economic subsidy etc. for the growth of per hectare agricultural production.

What are the main reasons for the state to participate in the economy?

The state actively participates into the economy on the following grounds: (i) To maintain price stability or to control inflation; (ii) To stop black marketing, by the policy of price ceiling; ADVERTISEMENTS: (iii) Direct intervention during the time of political disorder or chaos;

What is the main occupation of India?

India is an agro-based country. The main occupation of the Indians is agriculture and its allied activities like farming, poultry, cattle rearing, fishing, animal husbandry etc. According to recent statistics, about 67 per cent of the labour force in India is engaged in agriculture . They are producing about 22 per cent of the country’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product).

How does the government regulate trade?

The government controls and regulates the trade policies by imposing tariffs, quotas, duties etc. The main intention of the trade policies to regulate exports and imports for improving the Balance of Payment (BOP) situations and increasing the stock of foreign exchange reserves.

What industries did the government of India focus on in the second five year plan?

In the Second Five Year plan the Government of India had given huge emphasis on the development of basic and heavy industries like steel, iron, cement, power etc. Although consumer goods industries are growing up properly, but the capital goods industries have lost their momentum. Most of the industries have become sick and weak.


Provision of Public Goods

Competitive Markets May Not Be Optimal

  • There … are goods and services that societies believe will either not be provided in adequate amounts by competitive markets owing to economies of scale (public utilities), or not be utilized in socially optimal amounts by certain segments of the population. The latter is the argument for providing free primary and secondary education… Because of the path-breaking work of. . . Theo…

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Development of Infrastructure

  • Rural infrastructure has not received the same attention and emphasis as it has in urban areas. This was especially the case in socialist countries where the neglect of roads left a high percentage of villages and farm households inaccessible .. . throughout the year, or for a large part of the year, owing to the poor quality of existing roads. . . .

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Support of Research

  • The recent unparalleled rates of growth of food production in developing countries owe much to the provision of a public good, agricultural research. There is overwhelming evidence of the high rates of return to investments in agricultural research (Evenson et al., 1979).

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  • Market information is essential for the efficient functioning of markets. In developing economies and those in transition, such information is unlikely to be adequately supplied by market institutions and, unfortunately, little is being done, especially in economies in transition, to provide it systematically.

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  • The definition of property rights can be expanded to include legislation and regulations that guarantee rights agreed to under contracts, such as regulations for bonded storage warehouses, rules for weights and measures in markets, legislation supporting land rental contracts, and bank supervision legislation for microfinance institutions. These an…

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Provision of Educational Structures to Farmers

Provision of Financial Assistance

Provision of Agro-Chemicals

Provision of Storage and Processing Facilities

Provision of Good Roads and Effective Transportation Network

Provision of Tractors and Other Agricultural Machineries

  • It is the government’s responsible to provide agricultural machines like tractors, ploughs, harvesters and planters to the large scale farmers. These farm machines may be subsidized to farmers since they can be quite expensive to purchase. Please read on agricultural tools and machines here. Note:Farm machineries are very crucial for the cultivatio…

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Provision of High Quality Agricultural Materials

Proper Quarantine Measures

Provision of Research Institutes

Establishment of River Basin Authorities

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