What are the two branches of agriculture

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The major branches of agriculture are To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows:

  • Agronomy
  • Horticulture
  • Agricultural engineering
  • Animal science
  • Agricultural economics

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Answer

What are the five main branches of Agriculture?

branches of agriculture

  • Livestock production
  • Crop production
  • agricultural economics
  • agricultural engineering.

What are the branches of Agriculture and their definitions?

The major branches of agriculture are

  • Agronomy. Agronomy is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water science, soil science, pest management, genetics, etc. ...
  • Horticulture. Horticulture is the science that also includes the art of growing plants (vegetables, fruits, flowers).
  • Agricultural Engineering. ...
  • Animal Science. ...
  • Agricultural economics. ...

What are the different branches of Agriculture?

branches of agriculture. There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely; Livestock production. Crop production. agricultural economics. agricultural engineering. a) Livestock production. a)nomadic pastralism..this is the keeping of cattle,while moving from one region in search of pasture and clean water.

What are the different areas of Agriculture?

  • Scale
  • Type of crop
  • Livestock combinations
  • Intensity
  • Means of distribution of farm produce
  • Level of mechanization
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What are the types of agriculture?

Top 12 Types of AgricultureSubsistence Farming: ... Intensive Subsistence Farming (with or without Rice as a dominant crop): ... Mediterranean Farming: ... Commercial Grain Agriculture: ... Arable Farming: ... Shifting Cultivation: ... Nomadic Herding: ... Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage:More items...•


Which of the following is a branch of agriculture?

Agriculture comprises of the following main branches: 1) Agronomy – Deals with the production of various crops which includes food crops, fodder crops, fibre crops, sugar, oil seeds, etc. 2) Horticulture – Deals with the production of fruits, vegetables, flowers, ornamental plants, spices, condiments and beverages.


What is agriculture and discuss its main branches?

Agriculture includes several fields like horticulture, seed growing, dairy farming, and animal husbandry, use of land as pastures, grasslands, vegetable gardens, and forest nurseries, and the use of land for forests where they are used for agricultural purposes and use of land for agricultural purposes. ”


Which is the best branch of agriculture?

Some top specializations are listed below:Agronomy.Horticulture.Floriculture.Agriculture Economics.Forestry.Plant Breeding.Agriculture Genetics.Hydroponics.More items...


How many branches agriculture are there?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely; Livestock production. Crop production. agricultural economics.


Is forestry a branch of agriculture?

These seven branches of agriculture are as follows: Agronomy. Horticulture. Forestry.


What are seven branches of agriculture?

Summary:Agriculture involves growing of crops and rearing of animals for family consumption and profit making.Agriculture has five branches namely; agricultural engineering, agricultural economics, animal husbandry, horticulture and agronomy.It plays a positive role in the improvement of the economy.More items...


What are the branches of agricultural engineering?

Semester 6:Instrumentation and Control Engineering.Operation Research.Post-harvest and Storage Engineering.Tractors and Power Units.Soil and Water Conservation Engineering.Crop Process Engineering.Irrigation Engineering.


What is the importance of branches of agriculture?

The agriculture sector acts as a wall in maintaining food security and in the process, national security as well. The allied sectors like horticulture, animal husbandry, dairy and fisheries, have an important role in improving the overall economic conditions and health and nutrition of the rural masses.


What is horticulture in agriculture?

Horticulture Defined Horticulture is defined as that branch of agriculture concerned with growing plants that are used by people for food, for medicinal purposes, and for aesthetic gratification. Horticulture is divided into specializations.


Is agronomy a branch of agriculture?

agronomy, branch of agriculture that deals with field crop production and soil management. Agronomists generally work with crops that are grown on a large scale (e.g., small grains) and that require relatively little management.


Is agriculture a branch of science?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world's food and fabrics.


What are the major branches of agriculture?

The major branches of agriculture are. To be very concise, there are five major branches as follows: Agronomy. Horticulture.


What are the factors of agriculture?

Agricultural sciences comprise research, development as well as a study on the following factors: Minimizing the harmful effects of pests on the crop as well as animal production systems. Improvement of productivity of agriculture in terms of both quantity and quality.


What is the role of agronomy in crop production?

Agronomy takes into consideration the entire range of influences on crop production, which typically includes climate as well as adaptation, soil, water availability, the typical properties of the soil, and also mentions how the soil will interact with the growing crop.


What is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water science, soil science

Agronomy: Agronomy is the science that uses several applications of biology, economics, chemistry, ecology, water science, soil science, pest management, genetics, etc. to improve and manage the main food crops of the world. It is quite different from the plant sciences of pomology, horticulture, range science, ...


What is the role of agronomy in the environment?

Agronomy considers how to grow the crops effectively and profitably and also helps in the conservation of natural resources and protection of the environment. It requires the combined integration of many sciences, including collaborations among various diverse fields, which includes the soil, plant, or weed sciences.


What is the science that views agriculture from an integrated and holistic perspective?

They are also sometimes called ‘field crops’. They comprise a large majority of the agricultural acreage as well as crop revenue. Agronomy is the science that views agriculture from an integrated and holistic perspective, imposing a practical decision that pertains to food production.


What is an agronomic crop?

Agronomic crops are those crops which occupy a large area and form the bases of the food production systems of the world, which are often mechanized.


What are the branches of agriculture?

Branches of agriculture include aqua farming, farming, apiculture or beekeeping, fishing, forestry, ranching and whaling. Forestry is further divided into the four categories of agroforestry, analog forestry, forest gardening and forest farming. Agronomy is the science of producing plants for uses such as food, fuels, fiber and feed.


Which type of agriculture is most commonly used in the United States?

The use of pesticides is either reduced or eliminated. In the United States, conventional agriculture is the type of agriculture most used. Some crops are grown with a specific type of agriculture. Soybeans and wheat are more likely to be grown through conventional agriculture .


How does sustainable agriculture help the environment?

Sustainable agriculture promotes maintaining the natural environment of the land using techniques that promote ecological principles.


What is the science of producing plants for uses such as food, fuels, fiber and feed?

Agronomy is the science of producing plants for uses such as food, fuels, fiber and feed. Animal husbandry refers to raising and breeding livestock. Agriculture is classified by the type of life produced or harvested, and it is thought of as sustainable or conventional.


What are the branches of agriculture?

There are 5 branches of agriculture .#N#1. Agronomy: Agronomy is about the soil, and how the crops will grow in different kinds of soil#N#2. Agriculture Engineering: Agriculture Engineering is learning about how the different machines work.#N#3. Horticulture: Horticulture is all about the fruits and vegetables and how to grow them.#N#4. Agricultural Economics: Agricultural Economics is about the money and business that the farm will bring.#N#5. Animal Science: Animal Science is how to take care of animals, as well as how to breed them. This is learned for certain reasons. These reasons are for milk, food, skins, fur, etc.


What is animal science?

Animal Science: Animal Science is how to take care of animals, as well as how to breed them. This is learned for certain reasons. These reasons are for milk, food, skins, fur, etc. Answer link.


What is the name of the branch of soil science that deals with the production of crops?

These minerals are usually essential plant nutrients and are referred to as agrominerals. Agrology – branch of soil science dealing with the production of crops. Agrominerals – minerals of importance to agriculture and horticulture, and are usually essential plant nutrients.


What is the difference between agricultural land and labor?

Agricultural land – denotes the land suitable for agricultural production, both crops and livestock. It is one of the main resources in agriculture. Labor (economics) – measure of the work done by human beings. Water – chemical substance with the chemical formula H2O.


What is farm equipment?

Farm equipment – any kind of machinery used on a farm to help with farming. Baler – piece of farm machinery used to compress a cut and raked crop (such as hay, cotton, straw, or silage) into compact bales that are easy to handle, transport and store.


What is a farm facility?

Farming facilities. Crops – non-animal species or variety that is grown to be harvested as food, livestock fodder, fuel or for any other economic purpose. Orchard – intentional planting of trees or shrubs that is maintained for food production. Farm –. Greenhouse – building in which plants are grown.


What is cash crop?

Cash crop – agricultural crop which is grown for sale for profit. Agricultural products. Food – any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. Natural fibers – class of hair-like materials that are continuous filaments or are in discrete elongated pieces, similar to pieces of thread.


What is agricultural education?

Agricultural education – instruction about crop production, livestock management, soil and water conservation, and various other aspects of agriculture. Farmers acquire adequate knowledge required on the correct amount use of agrochemicals and other agriculture related technologies.


What is a plough used for?

Plough – is a tool (or machine) used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting. It has been a basic instrument for most of recorded history, and represents one of the major advances in agriculture.


What is agricultural science?

Agricultural science is a broad multidisciplinary field of biology that encompasses the parts of exact, natural, economic and social sciences used in the practice and understanding of agriculture. It covers topics such as agronomy, plant breeding and genetics, plant pathology, crop modelling, soil science, entomology, production techniques and improvement, study of pests and their management, and study of adverse environmental effects such as soil degradation, waste management, and bioremediation.


What is the origin of agriculture?

The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, "field", and cultūra, " cultivation " or "growing". While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.


What were staple food crops?

Staple food crops were grains such as wheat and barley, alongside industrial crops such as flax and papyrus. In India, wheat, barley and jujube were domesticated by 9,000 BC, soon followed by sheep and goats. Cattle, sheep and goats were domesticated in Mehrgarh culture by 8,000–6,000 BC.


How does industrialized agriculture depend on fossil fuels?

Industrialized agriculture depends on fossil fuels in two fundamental ways: direct consumption on the farm and manufacture of inputs used on the farm. Direct consumption includes the use of lubricants and fuels to operate farm vehicles and machinery. Agriculture and food system share (%) of total energy.


How much of the world's land is used for livestock production?

Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2.


How does agriculture increase yield?

Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.


How does agriculture affect the environment?

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, which cause decrease in crop yield. Agriculture is one of the most important drivers of environmental pressures, particularly habitat change, climate change, water use and toxic emissions. Agriculture is the main source of toxins released into the environment, including insecticides, especially those used on cotton. The 2011 UNEP Green Economy report stated that agricultural operations produced some 13 per cent of anthropogenic global greenhouse gas emissions. This includes gases from the use of inorganic fertilizers, agro-chemical pesticides, and herbicides, as well as fossil fuel-energy inputs.

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