What are the two types of agriculture


Introduction To Farming

  • Subsistence Farming / Agriculture.
  • Shifting Agriculture.
  • Plantation Agriculture.
  • Intensive Farming / Agriculture.
  • Dry Farming / Agriculture. Mixed and Multiple Farming / Agriculture.
  • Crop Rotation. Permanent Agriculture Or Sedentary Cultivation.
  • Terrace Cultivation / Farming. Subsistence Farming (Pic Source by Independent Newspapers Nigeria). …

Depending upon the geographical conditions, demand of produce, labour and level of technology, farming can be classified into two main types. These are subsistence farming and commercial farming.

What are the 5 types of farming?

  • Peasant farming- In this system of farming, farmer himself is manager and he practices agriculture in his own way. …
  • Capitalistic farming– main objective is to maximize the profit. …
  • State farming- Such farming system is often practiced to carry out farm research work, demonstration and production of quality seeds, e.g. …

More items…

What are the different types of Agriculture?

What are the 8 types of agriculture?

  1. Shifting Agriculture:
  2. Plantation Agriculture:
  3. Intensive Farming:
  4. Dry Agriculture:
  5. Mixed and Multiple Agriculture:
  6. Crop Rotation:
  7. Terrace Cultivation:

What are the different types of farms?

What are the three major types of agriculture?

  • Subsistence farming: Majority of farmers in large parts of the country, practise subsistence farming.
  • Plantation agriculture: Plantation agriculture was introduced in India by the Britishers in the 19th century.
  • Shifting agriculture:

What are the different types of farming methods?

Top 10 Types of Farming Practiced Across the World

  1. Arable Farming. Arable farming involves growing of crops only in warm climate. …
  2. Pastoral Farming. Pastoral farming is the practice of rearing animals only in cold and wet climates not ideal for growing crops.
  3. Mixed Farming. …
  4. Subsistence Farming. …
  5. Commercial Farming. …
  6. Extensive and Intensive Farming. …
  7. Nomadic Farming. …
  8. Sedentary Farming. …
  9. Poultry Farming. …

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What are the types of agriculture?

Top 12 Types of AgricultureSubsistence Farming: … Intensive Subsistence Farming (with or without Rice as a dominant crop): … Mediterranean Farming: … Commercial Grain Agriculture: … Arable Farming: … Shifting Cultivation: … Nomadic Herding: … Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage:More items…•

What is subsistence and commercial agriculture?

Subsistence and Commercial farming are the two types of farming practices. Subsistence agriculture is performed by the farmer for the survival of his own and the person’s dependent on him. On the contrary, commercial agriculture is nothing but an agricultural business, wherein crops are grown for trading purpose.

What are the two products of agriculture?

The major agricultural products can be broadly grouped into foods, fibers, fuels, and raw materials (such as rubber). Food classes include cereals (grains), vegetables, fruits, oils, meat, milk, eggs, and fungi.

What is primitive agriculture?

Primitive subsistence agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks, and family/ community labour. This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown.

What is traditional intensive agriculture?

intensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of cultivation using large amounts of labour and capital relative to land area.

What are the three types of farming?

The different types of farming are as follows: Dairy Farming. Commercial Farming. Plantation Farming.

How many types of farming are there?

From Subsistence to Commercial, from mixed to terrace.

What are the 3 types of crops?

There are three types of crops based on seasons:Kharif Crops.Rabi Crops.Zaid Crops.

What are the two types of agriculture?

Currently, agriculture is divided into two different types, including industrialized agriculture and subsistence agriculture. Let’s explore and learn more about these two types of agriculture. 8:41.

What are the most common crops grown in the same field?

For this type of agriculture, the most common crops are rice and vegetables, which are grown in the same fields using the polyculture method. The second most common kind of subsistence agriculture is shifting cultivation, and this occurs in Brazil, Venezuela, Columbia, Nigeria, Senegal and Indonesia.

How does industrial agriculture increase yield?

The chemical fertilizers that are used in industrialized agriculture often add inorganic nutrients to the soil to increase yield and plant size. The use of pesticides is also common in industrialized agriculture, and most pesticides help increase yield by killing pests that are harming or consuming the crops. Another farming technique that is used in industrialized agriculture is the method of growing monocultures, which is when a single crop is planted on a large scale. Although planting monocultures can increase overall yield, this method of farming is also more susceptible to disease and causes a reduction in the dietary variation of consumers.

Why is subsistence agriculture labor intensive?

This type of agriculture is very labor-intensive because all of the work is done by humans and animals and only hand tools and simple machines are used to work the land. Subsistence agriculture does not rely on chemical fertilizers or pesticides and instead utilizes more natural techniques.

What is the difference between industrialized and subsistence farming?

Another major difference between industrialized and subsistence agriculture is what is being planted.

How does industrialization affect crop yield?

Industrialized agriculture also increases crop yield by investing in large irrigation systems and by using chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The chemical fertilizers that are used in industrialized agriculture often add inorganic nutrients to the soil to increase yield and plant size.

Why is industrialized agriculture important?

Industrialized agriculture is important because it makes it possible to produce large amounts of food to feed the growing human population. Subsistence agriculture is equally as important because it provides food to people on the smaller scale and also involves a great deal of family participation and history in the production of the food.

What are the two divisions of agriculture?

Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial , which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions. One of the most significant divisions between more and less developed regions is the way people obtain the food they need to survive. Most people in less developed countries are farmers, producing the food they and their families need to survive. In contrast, fewer than 5 percent of the people in North America are farmers. These farmers can produce enough to feed the remaining inhabitants of North America and to produce a substantial surplus.

What is the most abundant type of agriculture?

The most abundant type of agriculture practiced around the world is intensive subsistence agriculture , which is highly dependent on animal power, and is commonly practiced in the humid, tropical regions of the world. This type of farming is evidenced by significant efforts to adapt the landscape to increase food production. As the word implies, this form of subsistence agriculture is highly labor-intensive on the farmer using limited space and limited waste. This is a widespread practice in East Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia where population densities are high, and land use is limited. The most common form is wet rice fields, but could also include non-wet rice fields like wheat and barley. In sunny locations and long growing seasons, farmers may be able to efficiently get two harvests per year from a single field, a method called double cropping.

What was the second agricultural revolution?

The second agricultural revolution coincided with the Industrial Revolution; it was a revolution that would move agriculture beyond subsistence to generate the kinds of surpluses needed to feed thousands of people working in factories instead of in agricultural fields. Innovations in farming techniques and machinery that occurred in the late 1800s and early 1900s led to better diets, longer life expectancy, and helped sustain the second agricultural revolution. The railroad helped move agriculture into new regions, such as the United States Great Plains. Geographer John Hudson traced the major role railroads, and agriculture played in changing the landscape of that region from open prairie to individual farmsteads. Later, the internal combustible engine made possible the mechanization of machinery and the invention of tractors, combines, and a multitude of large farm equipment. New banking and lending practices helped farmers afford new equipment. In the 1800s, Johann Heinrich von Thünen (1983-1850) experienced the second agricultural revolution firsthand— because of which he developed his model (the Von Thünen Model), which is often described as the first effort to analyze the spatial character of economic activity. This was the birth of commercial agriculture.

How does change in demand affect farmland?

Changes in demand for farm products often have dramatic impacts on land uses. For example, when fuel production companies demanded dramatically increased quantities of corn to produce ethanol, and the price of corn rose accordingly, farmers responded by shifting from other food crops to ethanol-producing corn. As a result, land well suited for corn production now sells at premium prices (in Iowa and other corn-producing states, an acre of farmland may bring $12,000.00 or more). Currently, there is little extra farmland available upon which an expansion might take place. Therefore, changes in demand typically result in farmers shifting to crops that will bring the highest return.

How have advances in technology tended to drive down the relative costs associated with shipping farm produce?

Furthermore, inventions such as refrigerated rail cars and trucks have eliminated some of the land- use constraints that once limited the locational choices of farmers who produced perishable goods. Less expensive haulage costs, decreased transit times, and better handling and processing methods have all served to make transportation systems more efficient and, hence, less expensive.

What is subsistence agriculture?

Subsistence agriculture is the production of food primarily for consumption by the farmer and mostly found in less developed countries. In subsistence agriculture, small-scale farming is primarily grown for consumption by the farmer and their family. Sometimes if there is a surplus of food, it might be sold, but that is not common. In commercial agriculture, the primary objective is to make a profit.

How do transportation technologies affect agriculture?

New technologies in transportation, agricultural production, and the processing of food and fiber often have substantial impacts on the use of rural land. Technological changes mainly influence transportation. For example, the construction of the rail lines that connected the Midwestern United States with the market centers of the East made it possible for farmers in Iowa, Illinois, and other prairie states to improve their profits by feeding the corn they grew to hogs which they then shipped to the markets in the east. This is because the value of a pound of pork has always been far greater than the value of a pound of corn. Thus, by feeding the corn to the hogs, and then shipping the hogs, the farmers could earn greater profits because the shipping costs of their product were lower. In a sense, the farmers were selling corn on the hoof. Without easy access to railheads, this profitable agricultural scheme would not have been possible.

What is subsistence agriculture?

Subsistence agriculture is when a farmer lives on a small amount of land and produces enough food to feed his or her household and have a small cash crop. The goal of subsistence agriculture is to produce enough food to ensure the survival of the individual family. If there is excess food produced, it is sold locally to other families or individuals.

How does industrial agriculture affect food production?

The shift towards machines has increased the use of fossil fuels on industrial farms, and, therefore, the price of food can fluctuate as the price of oil changes. Industrialized agriculture also increases crop yield by investing in large irrigation systems and by using chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

Why is subsistence agriculture labor intensive?

This type of agriculture is very labor-intensive because all of the work is done by humans and animals and only hand tools and simple machines are used to work the land. Subsistence agriculture does not rely on chemical fertilizers or pesticides and instead utilizes more natural techniques.

How to tell the difference between genetically engineered and conventionally grown produce?

You can only see the difference between genetically engineered and conventionally grown produce when you compare the DNA of each plant.

How do farmers replenish nutrients in the soil?

Farmers replenish nutrients in the soil by rotating crops and applying manure and compost.

Why are genetically engineered crops important?

Farmers decide to grow engineered crops for many reasons, including increased production and the convenient management of insects, diseases, and weeds. Genetically engineered crops account for most of the canola, corn, and soybean plantings in Canada and the United States.

Do farmers have to sign an annual agreement with seed suppliers?

Farmers who want to buy patented seeds must sign an annual agreement with the seed supplier. One requirement is that the farmer cannot keep seed from the current year’s crop for planting the following season.

What crops grow on dry land?

Crops grown on dry land may include winter wheat, corn, beans, sunflower or even watermelon. Successful cultivation of dry land is possible with only 9 inches rainfall per year; higher rainfall increases crop diversity.

When did agriculture start?

But according to the remains and archeological finds, agriculture originated somewhere in the period from 10,000 to 7,000 BC., when it came down to collecting fruit from shrubs and trees.

What is the process of producing substances for human and animal consumption?

Agriculture (farming) is the systematic process of producing substances for human and animal consumption (we call them food), and other substances through the cultivation of plants and animals. Agriculture is an economic activity that, through cultivated plants and domestic animals.

What is farming base?

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What is arable soil?

Arable soil in geography means land that can serve to grow agricultural crops. It is different from cultivated land, and includes jungles and has not been used for human use only. Today, arable land covers about 19 million miles. Although limited by mass and topology, the amount of total arable land, regionally and globally, fluctuates due to human and climatic factors such as irrigation, deforestation, desertification, landfills, and urban expansion.

What are the natural resources that humans exploit?

In addition to human labor, exploits natural resources (soil, water, climate) to obtain plant and animal products used in human and animal nutrition and as raw materials for further processing. It is divided into crop production (crop production, fruit growing, viticulture, horticulture, etc.) and livestock (cattle, pig, poultry, sheep, horse breeding, etc.).

When did organic farming start?

Only during the 20th century did the use of large quantities of artificial chemicals in food production begin. The organic farming movement was created in the 1940s in response to the industrialization of agriculture and is known as the Green Revolution.

What is multiple farming?

As the name implies, multiple farming is the process of growing multiple crops on the same land, usually with different growth periods to eliminate competition for nutrients and soil space. Your garden is an example of multiple farming.

What is the traditional method of farming?

A very traditional method now used primarily by shepherds, this is a method where livestock grazes from an area for a time, then are herded to a new area once the current land no longer has enough food for the livestock.

What did tribes use to create fresh farmland?

Prior to the discovery of crop rotation, tribes used this method as a means of early agriculture. This method clearcuts or razes small forested areas to create fresh farmland.

What is the purpose of planting crops in the remaining segments?

After harvest, the crops are planted in the remaining segments and the previously used segments are used to plant crops that reintroduce the depleted nutrients . As a result, no extra fertilizers or chemicals are necessary to maintain the land.

What is the point of crop rotation?

The point of crop rotation is to divide land into segments (usually three to four). Crops are planted in half of the segments which draw nutrients from the soil.

What occupation allowed our ancestors to stop migrating and create the first villages?

Perhaps the oldest occupation known to mankind (followed very closely by parenting), farming allowed our ancestors to stop migrating and create the first villages. In modern times, we’ve developed a wide range of farming techniques our forebears could never have imagined.

What is dry farming?

Dry farming is a technique where the farmer focuses on drought-resistant crops, producing a lower yield but requiring far less water than other methods. 5. Industrial Farming. Also known as intensive farming, this method requires high amounts of fertilizer and pesticide.


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