what are the types of agriculture



6 main types of commercial agriculture in MDCs:
  • Mixed crop and livestock.
  • Dairy farming.
  • Grain farming.
  • Livestock ranching.
  • Mediterranean agriculture.
  • Commercial gardening and fruit farming.

Shifting Cultivation

 · Agriculture is the term used to describe the act of growing crops and raising livestock for human consumption and use. Since the development of agriculture, many different types of production have…

Nomadic Herding

 · What is types of crops? #2. Shifting Agriculture: #3. Plantation Agriculture: #4. Intensive Farming: #5. Dry Agriculture: #6. Mixed and Multiple Agriculture: #7. Crop Rotation: #8. Terrace Cultivation:

Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage

Table of contents for types of agriculture. Subsistence type of agriculture. Commercial type of agriculture. Plantation farming. Horticulture. Livestock Farming. Fallow farming system of agriculture. Communal farming. system Shifting Cultivation. Shifting cultivation is commonly practiced in the …

Commercial Plantations

5.2 Types of Agriculture Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial, which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions. One of the most significant divisions between more and less developed regions is the way people obtain the food they need to survive.

Subsistence Farming

The most common types of agriculture; What traditional agriculture is; What conventional agriculture is; What sustainable agriculture is; What Integrated agriculture is; What Organic agriculture is; What Vertical Agriculture is

What are the 5 types of farming?

Agriculture or farming is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago.

What are the different types of farming methods?

One of the oldest branches of agriculture is beekeeping. In recent times, agriculture has been divided into conventional and organic. 12 Farming Types 1. Arable Farming Arable soil in geography means land that can serve to grow agricultural crops. It is different from cultivated land, and includes jungles and has not been used for human use only.

What are the different types of agricultural practices?

There are currently eight types of agriculture in India: 1. Shifting agriculture: This farming practice is mainly used by tribal groups to grow tuber and root crops. Land is… 2. Subsistence farming: This is a widely-practiced farming technique can be seen all over India. The farmer and/or his… …

Why is agriculture important and its role in everyday life?


How many types are in agriculture?

Overall, there are 9 different types of agriculture or farming in India.

What are the 12 types of agriculture?

Top 12 Types of AgricultureSubsistence Farming:Intensive Subsistence Farming (with or without Rice as a dominant crop):Mediterranean Farming:Commercial Grain Agriculture:Arable Farming:Shifting Cultivation:Nomadic Herding:Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage:More items…•

What are the 8 types of agriculture?

#2. Shifting Agriculture:#3. Plantation Agriculture:#4. Intensive Farming:#5. Dry Agriculture:#6. Mixed and Multiple Agriculture:#7. Crop Rotation:#8. Terrace Cultivation:

What are the 10 types of agriculture?

Top 10 Types of Farming Practiced Across the WorldArable Farming. Arable farming involves growing of crops only in warm climate. … Pastoral Farming. … Mixed Farming. … Subsistence Farming. … Commercial Farming. … Extensive and Intensive Farming. … Nomadic Farming. … Sedentary Farming.More items…

What are the 4 main types of agriculture?

Agricultural Characteristics of LDCsPastoral Nomadism.Intensive Subsistence Agriculture.Plantation Farming.

What are the 9 types of agriculture?

What are the different types of agriculture?Wet farming.Dry farming.Subsistence farming.Terrace Agriculture.Intensive Agriculture.Shifting Agriculture.Extensive Agriculture.Plantation Agriculture.More items…

What are the 6 types of farming?

1. Subsistence farmingIntensive subsistence farming:-Primitive subsistence farming:-Shifting cultivation:-Commercial grain farming:-Commercial mixed farming:-Commercial plantation farming:-

What are the 5 types of cultivation?

Why Different Types of Cultivation in Agriculture are Popular?Subsistence Farming. … Nomadic Herding. … Livestock Farming. … Shifting Cultivation. … Terrace Farming. … Commercial Farming. … Arable Farming. … Mixed Farming.More items…•

What are the types of agriculture in India?

The farming systems that significantly contribute to the agriculture of India are subsistence farming, organic farming, industrial farming. Regions throughout India differ in types of farming they use; some are based on horticulture, ley farming, agroforestry, and many more.

What are the 2 main types of agriculture?

Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial, which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions.

What are the types of agriculture in Nigeria?

Types of Farming in NigeriaMaize Farming.Snail Farming.Plantain Farming.Poultry Farming.Fish Farming.Rice Farming.

Whats are the branches of agriculture?

Agriculture includes several fields like horticulture, seed growing, dairy farming, and animal husbandry, use of land as pastures, grasslands, vegetable gardens, and forest nurseries, and the use of land for forests where they are used for agricultural purposes and use of land for agricultural purposes. ”


What are the first things you think of when you think of agriculture?

When you think of agriculture, the first things that likely come to your mind are farmland and crops. If you live in the city and decide to drive in the country, you look at the empty fields and farms. Therefore, the first thing that comes to your mind is the term “agriculture.” However, it is not uniform, and there are several methods to classify it as well. A few things in the criteria regarding agriculture are the intensity, type of crop, scale, the means of distribution of the produce grown on the farm, and mechanization level. Let’s now go into further detail about the different types of agriculture.

What is subsistence farming?

When you see some large crops or livestock in the countryside, and there is a farmhouse in the middle of the field, then there is a good chance that is an example of subsistence farming. That is when the farmer keeps the crops and livestock for their families and sells the surplus produce or animal products privately or may trade them. Preindustrial agricultural worldwide have practiced this form of farming, and it is still quite common today. However, it is not as common as it once was due to the changes in farming in Russia, where this form of farming was the most commonly practiced.

What are the products grown in the tropical or subtropical regions of the world?

The tropical or subtropical areas of the world grow rice and coffee, tea, palm oil, and rubber. The products developed in these lands are essential for their commercial value, so it is necessary to keep the grounds fertile to produce the products that much of the world needs. Regions in Latin America, Africa, and tropical areas in Asia are responsible for growing these products in other parts. Heavy precipitation is required to maintain the rice, especially.

What are the crops that farmers grow in the Mediterranean?

The Mediterranean region has rugged land, and the crops that farmers grow there are wheat, citrus fruits, and vineyards. Their livestock consists of small animals as well. The ideal time for growing crops in this region is during the winter, as the Mediterranean receives plenty of rain during the colder months. It is a rarity for the area to end up with snow. Another significant activity in this region is horticulture. Therefore, farmers do not only grow crops and manage livestock as they are producing plenty of flowers.

Is there farmland in urban areas?

There is very little farmland when it comes to highly urbanized and dense areas such as cities like New York City, London, or Paris. Therefore, farmers in urban areas have to create specialized garden plots to grow flowers and crops. They are small, and they are not your typical definition of farmland because there is only so much room in urban settings. However, specialized horticulture can be the same as large garden settings that you can see at parks or residential properties. This form of agriculture is quite successful in urban areas of France and Hungary when farmers use it for vineyard cultivation.

What are the two types of agriculture?

Currently, agriculture is divided into two different types, including industrialized agriculture and subsistence agriculture. Let’s explore and learn more about these two types of agriculture. 8:41.

What are the most common crops grown in the same field?

For this type of agriculture, the most common crops are rice and vegetables, which are grown in the same fields using the polyculture method. The second most common kind of subsistence agriculture is shifting cultivation, and this occurs in Brazil, Venezuela, Columbia, Nigeria, Senegal and Indonesia.

What is shifting cultivation?

Farmers that utilize shifting cultivation clear plots of the forest for planting and use the land for several years. When the land becomes less fertile, the farmers clear a new plot in the forest and begin growing in the new location.

Where is subsistence agriculture practiced?

Currently, there are several kinds of subsistence agriculture that are still occurring. The most common type is intensive subsistence agriculture, which is often referred to as traditional subsistence agriculture. This type of agriculture is practiced in India, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Mexico and Peru.

What is the difference between industrialized and subsistence farming?

Another major difference between industrialized and subsistence agriculture is what is being planted.

What animals are used to fertilize plants?

Most farmers have animals, including chickens, goats and cows, and the manure from these animals is used to fertilize the plants. The crops produced are then consumed or sold, and the inedible parts of the plants are used to feed the livestock. This creates a closed circuit within the farm where nothing goes to waste.

Why is subsistence agriculture labor intensive?

This type of agriculture is very labor-intensive because all of the work is done by humans and animals and only hand tools and simple machines are used to work the land. Subsistence agriculture does not rely on chemical fertilizers or pesticides and instead utilizes more natural techniques.

Types of agriculture and branches

agriculture is divided into two different types, including industrialized agriculture and subsistence agriculture


This is the type of agriculture where the farmer produces food just enough for his family consumption. In time of good harvest the surplus is sold for extra cash.


This type of agriculture is where the farmer produces crops for the sole purpose of making money 💵


Here I am going to try and list the various character of this system of farming as a type of agriculture. Don’t get bored but if you are please stay on a little while I treat this subject a little

pastural or pastoral type of agriculture

This type of agriculture involves the growing of pastures and grasses for commercial purposes like selling them to ranch.

What are the two divisions of agriculture?

Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial , which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions. One of the most significant divisions between more and less developed regions is the way people obtain the food they need to survive. Most people in less developed countries are farmers, producing the food they and their families need to survive. In contrast, fewer than 5 percent of the people in North America are farmers. These farmers can produce enough to feed the remaining inhabitants of North America and to produce a substantial surplus.

What is the most abundant type of agriculture?

The most abundant type of agriculture practiced around the world is intensive subsistence agriculture , which is highly dependent on animal power, and is commonly practiced in the humid, tropical regions of the world. This type of farming is evidenced by significant efforts to adapt the landscape to increase food production. As the word implies, this form of subsistence agriculture is highly labor-intensive on the farmer using limited space and limited waste. This is a widespread practice in East Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia where population densities are high, and land use is limited. The most common form is wet rice fields, but could also include non-wet rice fields like wheat and barley. In sunny locations and long growing seasons, farmers may be able to efficiently get two harvests per year from a single field, a method called double cropping.

What is commercial agriculture?

More developed nations tend to have commercial agriculture with a goal to produce food for sale in the global marketplace called agribusiness. The food in commercial agriculture is also rarely sold directly to the consumer; rather, it is sold to a food-processing company where it is processed into a product. This includes produce and food products.

What was the second agricultural revolution?

The second agricultural revolution coincided with the Industrial Revolution; it was a revolution that would move agriculture beyond subsistence to generate the kinds of surpluses needed to feed thousands of people working in factories instead of in agricultural fields. Innovations in farming techniques and machinery that occurred in the late 1800s and early 1900s led to better diets, longer life expectancy, and helped sustain the second agricultural revolution. The railroad helped move agriculture into new regions, such as the United States Great Plains. Geographer John Hudson traced the major role railroads, and agriculture played in changing the landscape of that region from open prairie to individual farmsteads. Later, the internal combustible engine made possible the mechanization of machinery and the invention of tractors, combines, and a multitude of large farm equipment. New banking and lending practices helped farmers afford new equipment. In the 1800s, Johann Heinrich von Thünen (1983-1850) experienced the second agricultural revolution firsthand— because of which he developed his model (the Von Thünen Model), which is often described as the first effort to analyze the spatial character of economic activity. This was the birth of commercial agriculture.

What is subsistence agriculture?

Subsistence agriculture is the production of food primarily for consumption by the farmer and mostly found in less developed countries. In subsistence agriculture, small-scale farming is primarily grown for consumption by the farmer and their family. Sometimes if there is a surplus of food, it might be sold, but that is not common. In commercial agriculture, the primary objective is to make a profit.

What is the difference between emerging countries and developed countries?

An interesting difference between emerging countries and most developed countries (MDC) regarding agriculture is the percent of the workforce that farm. In emerging countries, it is not uncommon that over half of the workforce are subsistence farmers. In MDCs like the United States, the workforce that is farmers are far fewer than half. In the United States alone, less than 2 percent of the workforce are farmers, yet have the knowledge, skills, and technology to feed the entire nation.

What is the origin of agriculture?

The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, “field”, and cultūra, ” cultivation ” or “growing”. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.

Why is agriculture important?

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, all of which can cause decreases in crop yield. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although some are banned in certain countries.

How does livestock affect the environment?

A senior UN official, Henning Steinfeld, said that “Livestock are one of the most significant contributors to today’s most serious environmental problems”. Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2. It produces 65% of human-related nitrous oxide (which has 296 times the global warming potential of CO 2) and 37% of all human-induced methane (which is 23 times as warming as CO 2 .) It also generates 64% of the ammonia emission. Livestock expansion is cited as a key factor driving deforestation; in the Amazon basin 70% of previously forested area is now occupied by pastures and the remainder used for feedcrops. Through deforestation and land degradation, livestock is also driving reductions in biodiversity. Furthermore, the UNEP states that ” methane emissions from global livestock are projected to increase by 60 per cent by 2030 under current practices and consumption patterns.”

How does agriculture increase yield?

Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.

What are the effects of agriculture on New Zealand?

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, which cause decrease in crop yield.

How many people were employed in agriculture in the 21st century?

At the start of the 21st century, some one billion people, or over 1/3 of the available work force, were employed in agriculture. It constitutes approximately 70% of the global employment of children, and in many countries employs the largest percentage of women of any industry.

What is the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples?

Reindeer herds form the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples.

What crops grow on dry land?

Crops grown on dry land may include winter wheat, corn, beans, sunflower or even watermelon. Successful cultivation of dry land is possible with only 9 inches rainfall per year; higher rainfall increases crop diversity.

When did agriculture start?

But according to the remains and archeological finds, agriculture originated somewhere in the period from 10,000 to 7,000 BC., when it came down to collecting fruit from shrubs and trees.

Is urban farming a relic of the past?

Urban farming is not a relic of the past that will fade (urban agriculture grows as the city grows) nor is it brought to the city by rural immigrants who will eventually lose their rural habits. It is an integral part of the urban system. You can start urban farming almost everywhere. It can even be in your own apartment. If you would like to know more about it, read out text on Everything you need to know about ‘Urban Farming’ (agriculture, gardening)

What is urban farming?

Urban farming or agriculture or gardening can be briefly defined as the cultivation of plants and the cultivation of animals in and around cities. The most striking feature of urban agriculture , which distinguishes it from rural agriculture , is that it is integrated into the urban economic and ecological system: urban agriculture is embedded in – and interacts with – the urban ecosystem.

What is sedentarily farming?

Sedentary farming is a method of agriculture in which the same land is used every year. It’s the opposite of nomadic farming. This type of agriculture is practiced in one place, by a farmer who does not rotate the fields. This term was used for primitive farmers in tropical parts of Africa who farmed the same land over and over instead of occasionally rotating or changing it.

What is extensive cattle breeding?

Extensive cattle breeding represents livestock farming in pastures with very little investment and slightly more modest yields. Small family farms are a prime example. This usually means raising sheep and livestock in large areas with low agricultural productivity. Not much labor or money is used for it.

What is commercial farming?

Commercial farming involves raising animals and crops for sale on the market and making a profit. It is the pillar of the world’s agriculture industry. And while the commercial economy has existed for thousands of years, major changes have taken place in the last 100 years. Thanks to technological and scientific advances, crops can now be genetically modified to create a variety of resistance.

Which type of agriculture relies on machinery as opposed to a human labour force and raises one crop per year?

4. Extensive agriculture: This is the modern type of farming that can be seen largely in the developed world and in some parts of India. It relies largely on machinery as opposed to a human labour force and raises one crop per year.

What is plantation agriculture?

Plantation agriculture: This style is often used for crops which require a lot of space and a long growing period, such as rubber, tea, coconut, coffee, cocoa, spices, and fruits. Plantations are only capable of producing a single crop. Plantation agriculture is practised in Kerala, Assam, Karnataka, and Maharashtra.

What is the goal of commercial agriculture?

5. Commercial agriculture: The goal of commercial agriculture is a high yield, so that produce can be exported to other countries or areas for profit. Wheat, cotton, sugarcane, and corn are some commercial crops and they are grown in states including Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana, and Maharashtra.

How is shifting agriculture used in tribal communities?

1. Shifting agriculture: This farming practice is mainly used by tribal groups to grow tuber and root crops. Land is obtained by clearing a forested area and planting crops there. When the land is no longer fertile, another area of land is cleared and the crops are shifted there.

What are the crops that are grown in the northeast of India?

Well-irrigated areas, such as those in the northeast India and the Western Ghats, are suitable for farming rice, jute, and sugarcane.

What is subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming: This is a widely-practiced farming technique can be seen all over India. The farmer and/or his family grow grains for themselves or for sale at the local market.

How long has India been in agriculture?

India has a long agricultural history, which dates back approximately ten thousand years. Today, India has the second-highest crop output in the world and agriculture-related jobs employ nearly 60% of the total workforce. However, as India’s population grows, the country is having difficulties meeting the demand for food products like wheat and rice. There are currently eight types of agriculture in India:

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