- Develop high-yield crops. Increased research into plant breeding, which takes into account the unique soil types of Africa, is a major requirement.
- Boost irrigation. With the growing effects of climate change on weather patterns, more irrigation will be needed. …
- Increase the use of fertilizers. As soil fertility deteriorates, fertilizer use must increase. …
- Improve market access, regulations, and governance. Improving rural infrastructure such as roads is crucial to raising productivity through reductions in shipping costs and the loss of perishable produce.
How can Africa’s agriculture be improved?
Develop high-yield crops Increased research into plant breeding, which takes into account the unique soil types of Africa, is a major requirement. A dollar invested in such research by the CGIAR consortium of agricultural research centres is estimated to yield six dollars in benefits. 2. Boost irrigation
What does Farm Africa do?
Farm Africa provides forecasts, insurance and small-scale irrigation systems to protect farmers against unexpected weather events. Farm Africa gives farmers access to important inputs. For example, fertilizers, drought-tolerant or disease-resistant seeds, and storage for their crops.
How can we help farmers in developing countries?
Make better use of information technology Information technology can support better crop, fertilizer and pesticide selection. It also improves land and water management, provides access to weather information, and connects farmers to sources of credit.
What are some interesting facts about agriculture in Africa?
10 Facts About Agriculture in Africa. Agriculture in Africa is the cornerstone of sub-Saharan Africa, generating almost 23 percent of the continent’s GDP. Here, women are the backbone of the industry; yet, one in every four malnourished people in the world lives in Africa, and land laws are not as favorable to women as they are to men.
How can we improve agriculture in Africa?
8 ways Africa can raise farm productivity and boost growthDevelop high-yield crops. … Boost irrigation. … Increase the use of fertilizers. … Improve market access, regulations, and governance. … Make better use of information technology. … Adopt genetically modified (GM) crops.More items…•
What can be done to improve agriculture?
How to Improve Farming ProductivityImplementation of land reforms. For improving the production, land reforms are the first and predominant point. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Smart water management. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Use nitrogen.More items…•
How can we solve agricultural problems?
Below are the top solutions to the Problems of Agriculture: Provision of Adequate Education to Farmers. … Provision Large Area of Land to Farmers. … Reducing of the Cost Farmer Inputs to Farmers. … Encouragement of the Gender and Age in Farming Sector. … Farmers should be Encourage to Join Co-operative Society.More items…•
What are the solution to the problems of agriculture in West Africa?
One of the solutions to the problems of agricultural production is to undertake land reforms. The ownership of land in English speaking West Africa is a problem. The reforms must be geared toward the easy acquisition of land.
How can we improve agricultural production and become self sufficient?
To increase agricultural production and become self-sufficient with regard to food grains Green revolution was initiated. In took place in the 1960’s under the leadership of agricultural scientist MS Swaminathan.
What are the problems of agriculture in Africa?
With the threat of a lack of employment, food-related problems, conflicts, exoduses and desertification, the third challenge is how to manage to make these efforts to develop and promote sustainable, both in the field and in the whole economy.
What are the solution to the problem of agricultural development in Nigeria?
Fertilizers and manure should be used to increase production of crops in the available land. Crop rotation should be practiced by farmers. The land use decree of 1978 should be fully implemented to minimize the problems of land tenure. Farmers should form co-operative societies for easy allocation of farm lands.
How can we prevent agricultural land loss?
Avoid soil compaction beyond the elasticity of the soil. Maintain or improve soil organic matter during rotations until reaching an equilibrium level. Maintain organic cover through crop residues and cover crops to minimize erosion loss by wind and/or water. Maintain balanced nutrient levels in soils.
How can the government solve the agricultural problems of the country?
Governments have employed various measures to maintain farm prices and incomes above what the market would otherwise have yielded. They have included tariffs or import levies, import quotas, export subsidies, direct payments to farmers, and limitations on production.
How can we improve agriculture in Nigeria?
Use of agro-based loans by the government to encourage farmers: The government of Nigeria should encourage farmers by giving loans for agricultural activities. This will help farmers meet up with financial needs in terms of purchasing some seeds, hiring machines etc thereby boosting agriculture in Nigeria.
What is the solution for agrarian reform?
The solution is for the government to follow the law and provide the necessary support services. But realizing the government’s poor track record in this area, the private sector must now get involved. Economies of scale, optimal technologies and market access must be promoted aggressively by the private sector.
How to improve the soil of Africa?
1. Develop high-yield crops. Increased research into plant breeding, which takes into account the unique soil types of Africa, is a major requirement. A dollar invested in such research by the CGIAR consortium of agricultural research centres is estimated to yield six dollars in benefits. 2.
Why is government support important for smallholder farmers?
Government support, crucial to coordinate the integration of smallholder farmers into larger cooperatives and groups, may be needed in other areas that aid integration with wider markets..
How can information technology help farmers?
It also improves land and water management, provides access to weather information, and connects farmers to sources of credit.
How did the Green Revolution affect the world?
The Green Revolution benefited most regions of the world , particularly East Asia and the Pacific, where cereal yields quadrupled between 1960 and 1990. But Africa missed out on this and the continued lack of progress in agricultural productivity has been blamed for holding back the region’s overall economic growth.
Is GM growing in Africa?
But with Africa’s rapid population growth, high-yield GM crops that are resistant to weather shocks provide an opportunity for Africa to address food insecurity.
Why is it important to reform Africa?
The United Nations World Food Programme warns that the number of people suffering from acute hunger in low and middle-income countries – including in Africa – could almost double this year, to 265 million, as a result of the pandemic. Strengthening Africa’s agriculture systems is vital to making the continent more self-reliant and resilient to future shocks. Otherwise, economies will remain stagnant, limiting tax revenues and leaving welfare systems unable to support people through crises such as COVID-19.
Why is agriculture important?
Agriculture is also crucial to successful economic transformations. There can be no global economic stability, green economy, or eradication of mass poverty if African and other developing countries do not industrialize. And as the United States, Europe, and Asia have demonstrated, industrialization first requires an agricultural revolution, which Africa has yet to experience.
Why is it important to strengthen food and agriculture sectors?
For starters, vibrant food and agriculture sectors are essential for preventing malnutrition – one of the leading global causes of illness – and strengthening them is important in managing pandemics as well. COVID-19 lockdowns and social-distancing measures failed in less developed countries with large informal economies, mainly because of concerns that such regulations would severely harm people’s ability to earn enough to feed their families.
How many people will live in Sub-Saharan Africa in 30 years?
LONDON – Over the next 30 years, Sub-Saharan Africa’s population will double to over two billion, and its economies will industrialize. Africa’s development will therefore be critical to the world’s future stability, prosperity, and health. Given this, the continent should be receiving much more international attention.
What is the African Green Revolution Forum?
This gathering is crucial in highlighting the need for Africa – backed by the international community – to step up its efforts to transform its agriculture and food systems in a way that will allow the world to achieve the targets established by the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals . This year’s forum focuses on how to feed Africa’s rapidly growing cities and urban centers – potentially the global economy’s greatest source of future growth.
Which countries need to process cocoa?
For example, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire need to process their cocoa into chocolate themselves, while Nigeria needs to mechanize its agriculture and transform its livestock sector. Mozambique needs to develop its various agricultural corridors, and Kenya has huge potential to be a global food-processing hub.
How can Africa improve its agricultural productivity?
Agricultural productivity expansion in Africa will need to ensure that while farmers use rainfall for their row crops, irrigation capability, using efficient irrigation systems can be deployed. A water saving, modern African agriculture system will need to employ best in class technology on efficient water use.
What are the natural resources used in agriculture?
All of agriculture requires the use of often finite natural resources, such as soil, and water and most inputs into agriculture like fertilizers also rely on non-renewable minerals. The future of modern agriculture in Africa therefore will require a judicious and considered use of natural resources in order for the promise …
What is regenerative agriculture?
Regenerative Agriculture, according to Regeneration International, refers to “farming and grazing practices that, among other benefits, reverse climate change by rebuilding soil organic matter and restoring degraded soil biodiversity – resulting in both carbon drawdown and improving the water cycle”. Practices such as , aquaculture, agroecology, agroforestry, biochar, composting, holistic planned grazing, no-till, pasture cropping, perennial crops and silvopasture are included in practices that promote regenerative agriculture. (Why Regenerative Agriculture? – Regeneration International, 2020). This holds a lot of hope for Africa.
What is circular economy?
According to the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, a circular economy refers to an economic system that builds and rebuilds system health, and supports waste and pollution elimination, product and materials utility and most importantly enhancing regenerative natural systems.
How does digital technology help farmers?
Digital technologies are now improving the ability of financial services providers to build credit profiles for smallholder farmers, facilitate access to funds using digital platforms, and distribute insurance products more efficiently than current channels. Therefore, the future of agriculture will see a more digitally enabled agrifinance ecosystem, which benefits from all the advantages of digital profiling and distribution.
How many crops are there in the world?
The recent report by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), (FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, 2019) indicates that, globally, our dietary choices are limited to no more than 200 crops (out of over 6000 plant species cultivated for food), that are responsible for feeding almost 7,8 billion people across the world. Out of this number only 9, are responsible for 66% of total crop production.
How does blockchain help in agriculture?
In the future agriculture will rely heavily on immutable information exchange about the movement of goods and services across the chain. In Africa where there is often a disproportionate concentration of value with middlemen and traders and not producers, blockchain technologies will come in handy in improving transparency and facilitating a better value distribution across the chain.
Why is agriculture important in Africa?
Agriculture, including animal production, has always been important to Africa and is likely to continue to be so. It has provided food for people and other products such as feed for livestock and raw materials for building and clothing, e.g. cotton, employment, fuel from dung and exports, for which there may be new opportunities.
Will food production increase?
Even so, food production will increase in importance, in a world facing population increase and climate change, with the prospect of devastating disease outbreaks reducing both crop and animal production and less reliable rainfall.
Solutions for sustainable agriculture in Africa
Several factors prevent a perfect outbreak of African agriculture. However, opportunities abound to address these difficulties.
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How does agriculture help Africa?
Agriculture is one of the most beneficial assets a country can have. It creates more jobs and helps eliminate poverty and hunger, which are immediate problems Africa is facing. Africa’s population will nearly double by 2050 and quadruple by 2100, making it harder to feed communities and generate wealth, but agriculture in Africa has the potential to flourish. In fact, Africa can add 20 percent more grain to the 2.6 billion tons of worldwide production, and nearly the same amount of fruits and vegetables. Agriculture also has the greatest potential to bring about gender and class equality by providing a source of income for women and the poor.
Why is agriculture important in Africa?
In fact, it is likely to bring about political rights, a steady economy and lower rates of poverty.
How many smallholder farms are there in Africa?
Smallholder farms are family farm s that are less than seven acres and form 80 percent of Africa’s farmland. There are 33 million family farms that are under four acres in Africa. Research shows that job creation is better capitalized, and investors receive more for their money on smallholder farms than industrial farms.
What is low risk in agriculture?
Low risk means access to credit and therefore valuable inputs that will increase yield. The success of many farms depends on financing and resources. A crucial resource to increasing Africa’s production and growth is giving farmers access to more inputs.
What is the purpose of Farm Africa?
Farm Africa’s initiative is to improve smallholder farm practices and alleviate poverty starts with the stakeholders.
Why is climate important for farming?
Climate is a deciding factor in the success or failure of a farm. Most of the continent’s irrigation resides in only five of the 54 countries, making farmers more vulnerable to weather fluctuations. Farm Africa provides forecasts, insurance and small-scale irrigation systems to protect farmers against unexpected weather events.
How much of Africa’s land is irrigated?
In fact, only six percent of arable land in Africa is irrigated. Producing more food, such as grain in Africa requires investment. In order for maximum output of crops, there should be approximately eight times more fertilizer, six times better seeds and funding of $8 billion for storage and $65 billion for irrigation.