What do agricultural workers do


Agricultural workers typically do the following:

  • Harvest and inspect crops by hand
  • Irrigate farm soil and maintain ditches or pipes and pumps
  • Operate and service farm machinery and tools
  • Spray fertilizer or pesticide solutions to control insects, fungi, and weeds
  • Move shrubs, plants, and trees with wheelbarrows or tractors
  • Feed livestock and clean and disinfect their pens,…

They plant, seed, prune, irrigate, and harvest crops, and pack and load them for shipment. Farmworkers also apply fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides to crops. They repair fences and some farm equipment.Apr 18, 2022


What skills do you need to be a farm worker?

Top Skills Needed for Organic Farming Success

  • A Healthy Body. Farmers spend long days standing, lifting, pulling and on-the-go, moving quickly from one task to the next.
  • Organizational Skills. …
  • Management Skills. …
  • Organic Integrity. …
  • Business Savvy. …
  • People Skills. …
  • Life Long Learner. …
  • Analytical and Critical Thinking Skills. …
  • A Mechanical Mind. …
  • A Cool Head. …

What is the minimum wage for a farm worker?

The employers that have made the list have failed to pay their staff £1.2 million in total, breaching the National Minimum Wage law and collectively leaving around 12,000 workers out of pocket. Named companies vary from multinational businesses and large high street names to SMEs and sole traders.

What jobs do farm workers have?

What Type of Work Is Done on a Farm?

  • Managing the Land. No farm can be successful unless the land is managed for maximum fertility. …
  • Growing and Harvesting Crops. A farmer might grow a variety of crops or focus on a single crop such as corn. …
  • Tending to Livestock and Farm Animals. …
  • Handling Maintenance and Repair. …
  • Running the Farm Business. …

What is considered agricultural work?

  • Retail work
  • Office work
  • Work performed off of the farm premises
  • Post-harvest work including: Cleaning, inspecting, sorting, and weighing produce Packing produce in bags or boxes General cleaning work like sweeping

What is an example of work done in agriculture?

Primary duties: Also known as farmhands, farm workers perform essential manual labor tasks under the supervision of farmers and ranchers. They may harvest or inspect crops, assist with irrigation systems or apply fertilizer and pesticide to encourage crops to grow while controlling weeds and insects.

What are some agricultural activities?

Agricultural Production ActivitiesAgriculture: cultivating soil; planting; raising, and harvesting crops; rearing, feeding, and managing animals.Aquaculture: raising private aquatic animals (fish)Floriculture: growing flowering plants.Horticulture: growing fruits, vegetables, and plants.Maple syrup harvesting.More items…•

Why are agricultural workers important?

They take pride in who they are and their indispensable role in providing food for the nation, and work hard to provide a bright future for themselves and their families. Many farmworkers work with local, regional and national organizations to improve conditions and health for all farmworkers and their families.

What are the different tasks of a farmworker?

General farm workers plant, cultivate and harvest crops, raise livestock and poultry and maintain and repair farm equipment and buildings. General farm workers perform some or all of the following duties: Plant, fertilize, cultivate, spray, irrigate and harvest crops. Feed and tend livestock and poultry.

What is agriculture used for?

Agriculture provides food, clothing, and shelter. It helps people to enjoy a higher quality of life.

What are the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.

How much do agriculture jobs pay?

How much does agriculturist earn per month? The basic salary of a BSc Agri graduate will start from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 50,000 per month.

What is paid employment in agriculture?

The art of getting money through the use of one’s skills to work for another person, organization or government. Examples of paid employment in agriculture are: (a) Government ministries or establishments. Eg Ministries of Agriculture, Federal Prisons Service, etc.

What are the three employment opportunities in agriculture?

Careers in Agriculture You can ConsiderAgricultural Economist.Agricultural Food Scientist.Agricultural Engineer.Aquatic Ecologist.Farm/Agricultural Manager.Wastewater Engineer.Perennial Scientist.Conservation Planner.More items…

What do agricultural farmers do?

Farmers and ranchers oversee and contribute to every step of the ranging process and crop production to include herding, planting, harvesting, and fertilizing. They purchase farm machinery, seed, fertilizers, and other supplies and ensure machinery and equipment are in good repair and well-maintained.

What skills are needed for agricultural work?

Here are some examples of different skills you need as a farmer:Problem-solving. As a trial-and-error profession, farming requires strong problem-solving skills. … Mechanical and repairing. … Interpersonal. … Time management. … Health and physical stamina. … Organizational. … Management. … Adaptability.More items…•

What are the duties of a field worker?

Field Workers are employed in the agricultural sector and perform a variety of duties: planting vegetables, using hand tools, applying fertilizers, weeding, pruning crops, applying pesticides, harvesting crops, and irrigating fields.

What are the duties of an agricultural worker?

Duties. Agricultural workers typically do the following: Plant, inspect, and harvest crops. Irrigate farm soil and maintain ditches or pipes and pumps.

How many hours do agricultural workers work?

Agricultural workers usually do their tasks outdoors in all kinds of weather. Most work full time, and some work more than 40 hours per week.

What do farmworkers do?

Farmworkers also apply fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides to crops. They repair fences and some farm equipment. Nursery and greenhouse workers prepare land or greenhouse beds for growing horticultural products, such as trees, plants, flowers, and sod. They also plant, water, prune, weed, and spray the plants.

What is seasonal schedule in agriculture?

Seasonal schedules typically include longer periods of work during planting or harvesting or when animals must be sheltered and fed.

What do nursery workers do?

Nursery and greenhouse workers prepare land or greenhouse beds for growing horticultural products, such as trees, plants, flowers, and sod. They also plant, water, prune, weed, and spray the plants. They may cut, roll, and stack sod; stake trees; tie, wrap, and pack plants to fill orders; and dig up or move field-grown shrubs and trees.

How long does it take to get a farm worker training?

Many agricultural workers receive short-term on-the-job training of up to 1 month. Employers instruct them on how to use simple farming tools and complex machinery while following safety procedures. Agricultural equipment operators may need more extensive training before being allowed to operate expensive farming equipment.

What do agricultural operators use?

Agricultural equipment operators use a variety of farm equipment to plow and sow seeds, as well as to maintain and harvest crops. They may use machines such as tractors, balers, conveyor belts, fertilizer spreaders, and threshers. Workers also may adjust and make minor repairs to the machines and equipment.

How do agricultural workers help the economy?

Agricultural workers support the $1.109 trillion agricultural industry in the U.S. [2] Some studies noted a rise in agricultural workers over the last decade, and the presence of agricultural workers increased the overall economic output of their agricultural regions. [4] Eliminating the agricultural workers or switching to less labor-intensive crops negatively impacts agricultural regions and reduces the number of jobs available to permanent local residents. [4] Research conducted on Michigan’s agricultural economy found that agricultural workers contributed over $23.3 million dollars to the state’s annual economy by enabling farmers to produce higher-value crops, after the deduction of agricultural workers’ wages and housing costs. [5] Strict immigration laws passed in several states have demonstrated the severe impacts of farm labor shortages. [6] A University of Georgia study found that House Bill 87, passed in April 2011, adversely affected the state’s agricultural output. Georgia lost over $181 million in less than a year due to increased labor shortages. [7]

How old are agricultural workers?

Agricultural workers in the United States have an average age of 38 years. 34 % are 45 years of age or older. 49 % are between 25 and 44. 11 % are between 20 and 24. 7% are between 14 and 19. The average level of completed education was 8th grade. 4 % had not completed any formal schooling.

What are the barriers to accessing health care for agricultural workers?

A study conducted in New York in 2007 found that poverty, frequent mobility, low literacy, language and cultural barriers impede agricultural workers’ access to social services and cost-effective primary health care. [27] The small percentage of agricultural workers who do take advantage of health services face more issues: a limited means of transportation, language and cultural barriers, no health coverage, cost of services, the lack of time-efficient healthcare delivery methods and the medical referral system. [28] For over 55 years, health centers have provided primary care services to agricultural workers via the federal Health Center Program. [29] Health centers are community-based and patient-directed organizations that serve populations with limited access to health care. These include low-income populations, the uninsured, those with limited English proficiency, agricultural workers, individuals and families experiencing homelessness, and those living in public housing. [30] Some Health Centers receive federal funds to provide health services to agricultural worker patients. In 2019, the Health and Resources Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reported that the health center program provided health services to 1,031,049 agricultural workers (including family members) as reported by all Community Health Centers; of which 903,842 received services from 175 centers with specific funds to help agricultural workers. [31] According to HRSA’s Health Center Data, the following are the most common diagnoses reported by Health Centers for this set of patients in 2019. [22] (See NCFH’s fact sheet on Farmworker Health for more detailed information about health issues among agricultural workers nationally.

Why are agricultural workers more challenged?

Because a worker’s benefits are state-dependent, agricultural workers are often more challenged by the qualifications and requirements of each state . Farmworker Justice compiled a chart of state-specific worker’s compensation coverage limitations for agricultural workers. [13] .

How much do agricultural workers contribute to Michigan’s economy?

Research conducted on Michigan’s agricultural economy found that agricultural workers contributed over $23.3 million dollars to the state’s annual economy by enabling farmers to produce higher-value crops, after the deduction of agricultural workers’ wages and housing costs. [5] .

How many years of farm experience do farmers have?

More than half (58%) of agricultural workers surveyed had more than 10 years of U.S. farm experience.

When was the Agricultural Worker Protection Standard enacted?

Agricultural Worker Protection Standard: Enacted in 1992 and revised in 2015, Environmental Protection Agency enforces this standard. [38] Primarily focused on the safe handling of pesticides, the standard now prohibits children under the age of 18 from handling pesticides, requires that workers do not enter areas recently sprayed with pesticides, and improves protection for workers from retaliation if they make complaints about violations of the standard.

What are the duties of an agricultural worker?

Agricultural workers typically do the following: Harvest and inspect crops by hand. Irrigate farm soil and maintain ditches or pipes and pumps. Operate and service farm machinery and tools. Spray fertilizer or pesticide solutions to control insects, fungi, and weeds.

Why are agricultural jobs so good?

Job prospects for agricultural workers—especially farmworkers and laborers and agricultural equipment operators—should be very good because workers frequently leave the occupation due to the intense physical nature of the work. Prospects are expected to be best for those who can speak both English and Spanish.

How many jobs did agricultural workers have in 2018?

Agricultural workers held about 876,300 jobs in 2018. Employment in the detailed occupations that make up agricultural workers was distributed as follows:

Why is effective listening important in agriculture?

Because they take instructions from farmers and other agricultural managers, effective listening is critical. Physical stamina. Agricultural workers need to be able to perform laborious tasks repeatedly. Physical strength. Agricultural workers must be strong enough to lift heavy objects, including tools and crops.

How do small farms help consumers?

Smaller farms that sell their products directly to consumers through venues such as farmer’s markets might create some new opportunities for agricultural workers. These direct-to-consumer farms have grown in popularity, and farmers at these operations may hire agricultural workers as an alternative to expensive machinery.

What do farmers use?

They may use tractors, fertilizer spreaders, balers, combines, threshers, and trucks. These workers also operate machines such as conveyor belts, loading machines, separators, cleaners, and dryers. Workers may make adjustments and minor repairs to equipment.

Why do veterinarians examine animals?

Examine animals to detect symptoms of illnesses or injuries and administer vaccines to protect animals from diseases

What are the jobs of agricultural workers?

Among their activities are planting and harvesting crops, installing irrigation, and delivering animals. While most agricultural workers have relatively few technical skills, some have college degrees that train them to breed animals with specific traits.

What are the working conditions of an agricultural worker?

Much of the work of farmworkers and laborers on farms and ranches is physically strenuous and takes place outdoors in all kinds of weather. Harvesting fruits and vegetables, for example, may require much bending, stooping, and lifting. Workers may have limited access to sanitation facilities while working in the field and drinking water may also be limited. Nevertheless, many agricultural workers enjoy the variety of their work, the rural setting, the satisfaction of working the land, and raising animals.

What are the duties of a nursery worker?

Farmworkers also apply pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers to crops and repair fences and some farm equipment. Nursery and greenhouse workers prepare land or greenhouse beds for growing horticultural products, such as trees, plants, flowers, and sod. Their duties include planting, watering, pruning, weeding, and spraying the plants. They may cut, roll, and stack sod; stake trees; tie, wrap, and pack plants to fill orders; and dig up or move field-grown and containerized shrubs and trees.

How many hours do farm workers work?

Farm work does not lend itself to a regular 40-hour workweek. In fact, about 16 percent of all agricultural workers have a variable schedule. Work cannot be delayed when crops must be planted or harvested or when animals must be sheltered and fed. Long hours and weekend work is common in these jobs. For example, farmworkers and agricultural equipment operators may work 6 or 7 days a week during planting and harvesting seasons.

What are the risks of working on a mechanized farm?

Farmworkers risk exposure to pesticides and other hazardous chemicals sprayed on crops or plants. However, exposure can be minimal if safety procedures are followed. Those who work on mechanized farms must take precautions to avoid injury when working with tools and heavy equipment. Those who work directly with animals risk being bitten or kicked.

What do nursery workers need to be?

Nursery workers who deal directly with customers must be friendly and tactful. Employers also look for responsible, self-motivated individuals because nursery workers sometimes work with little supervision.

What is agricultural education?

Agricultural education is instruction about crop production, livestock management, soil and water conservation, and various other aspects of agriculture. Agricultural education includes instruction in food education, such as nutrition. Agricultural and food education improves the quality of life for …more

What is a farm worker?

A farmworker is responsible for applying fertilizer, pesticides, and herbicides to crops and livestock. You will operate agricultural machinery under the direction of a rancher, farmer, or an agricultural manager. Your duties will typically include harvesting and inspecting crops manually, irrigating farm soil and maintaining pipes, pumps, d ditches, and feeding livestock. As a farmworker, you will operate milking machinery and other farm machinery such as plows and tractors, maintain farm buildings, and trim hedges. You are also expected to mend walls and fences and clear drainage ditches.

What are some other jobs that can be used to become a farm worker?

That’s why we looked into some other professions that might help you find your next opportunity. These professions include a cowboy, stable hand, ranch hand, and field hand.

What equipment is used to operate a farm?

Operateed farm equipment to include tractor and hay bailers.

What is a farm equipment operator?

Operate farm equipment to plow and disc fields for planting of crops, cutting, racking, and bailing of hay.

What percentage of farm workers are proficient in farm equipment?

We calculated that 32 % of Farm Workers are proficient in Farm Equipment, Animal Care, and Repair Equipment. They’re also known for soft skills such as Dexterity, Listening skills, and Physical strength.

How much do farm workers make?

On average, the farm worker annual salary is $25,534 per year, which translates to $12.28 an hour. Generally speaking, farm workers earn anywhere from $10,000 to $64,000 a year, which means that the top-earning farm workers make $54,000 more than the ones at the lower end of the spectrum.

What is a truck operator?

Operate trucks, pickups and farm equipment, as well as perform manual labor.

What are the jobs in agriculture?

Careers in agriculture also incorporate manufacturing, marketing and selling the products that result from crops and livestock as well as providing support and assistance throughout the field.

What is an agriculture career?

Agriculture careers are professionals paths related to farming, cultivation and animal husbandry. These career paths involve everything from growing crops and nurturing the soil to raising livestock like cattle, pigs and chickens. Careers in agriculture also incorporate manufacturing, marketing and selling the products that result from crops …

What is a farm worker?

Some farm workers also assist with herding livestock and operating farm machinery and tools. Farm workers often perform general tasks, but some specialize in crops or livestock. 2. Grower.

What are the primary duties of a food scientist?

Primary duties: Research scientists who specialize in agriculture often work as food scientists, who research and develop processes for manufacturing, storing and packaging food. They use biology, chemistry and other life sciences to assess the nutritional makeup of ingredients, research new sources of food and determine strategies for making foods healthier or more delicious.

How much does a crop manager make?

National average salary: $61,035 per year. Primary duties: Also known as farm managers, crop managers oversee the many steps in the crop production process. They supervise seed sourcing, planting processes and scheduling as well as fertilizing, irrigation and harvesting.

What are the duties of a grower?

Primary duties: Growers are responsible for raising crops, which involves managing their growing environment to keep them healthy. They plant seeds, fertilize and irrigate crops and devise schedules that allow them to achieve maximum yield. Some growers may also experiment with new types of seed or innovative growing methods.

What is an engineering job?

Engineering jobs: Engineering roles involve using high-level science and math to solve complex problems. These professionals evaluate, design, test and install systems a range of equipment and systems. They also oversee manufacturing and maintenance processes. In the agriculture field, most engineers specialize in mechanical, …


Working as an agricultural worker typically doesn’t require the use of high levels of intelligence in daily tasks.

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What’s the work environment for a farm worker like?

A lot of farm work takes place outside, including planting, caring for and harvesting crops. managing woodlands, tending to livestock and checking and maintaining machinery. Many farm workers specialize in one aspect of farm work and spend their time in specific areas of a farm such as a greenhouse.

What skills do you need to be a farm worker?

Farm workers usually need to be physically fit. Farm work often involves using heavy equipment, moving large items and sometimes handling animals, all of which require some degree of strength. Many farm workers use large machinery, so experience driving tractors, using plows and operating tillers and spreaders is often preferred.

What labor unions are available to farm workers?

Farm workers can join a number of labor unions and enjoy the benefits of support and advice, including the United Farm Workers of America and the Farm Labor Organizing Committee. They campaign for legislative change, fair treatment of workers and the power of workers to negotiate with their employers.

What kind of career progression is there for farm workers?

Many farm workers learn new skills as they gain experience in different areas of the business. This can enable them to progress into more senior positions and pursue qualifications, which will allow them to improve their prospects.

What are the career prospects for farm workers?

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the employment outlook for farm workers will remain steady over the coming decade. Increased demand for crops and produce will be matched by increasing technological efficiency.

What is joint employment in agriculture?

Joint employment means that both the contractor and the farmer are responsible for complying with the minimum wage, overtime, recordkeeping and youth employment provisions of the law. If either party fails to comply with the law both parties may be held liable.

What is FLSA in agriculture?

The FLSA is the federal law which sets minimum wage, overtime, recordkeeping, and child labor standards. Agriculture includes farming in all its branches when performed by a farmer or on a farm as an incident to or in conjunction …

How old do you have to be to be a hand harvester?

Non-local minors, 16 years of age or under, who are hand harvesters, paid on a piece rate basis in traditionally piece-rated occupations, employed on the same farm as their parent, and paid the same piece rate as those over 16.

Does agriculture include work performed on a farm?

Agriculture does not include work performed on a farm which is not incidental to or in conjunction with such farmer’s farming operation. It also does not include operations performed off a farm if performed by employees employed by someone other than the farmer whose agricultural products are being worked on.

Do agricultural workers have to pay minimum wage?

Although exempt from the overtime requirements of the FLSA, agricultural employees must be paid the federal minimum wage ( unless exempt from minimum wage as noted above). There are numerous restrictions on the employment of minors less than 16 years of age, particularly in occupations declared hazardous by the Secretary of Labor. Substantial civil money penalties are prescribed for violations of the monetary and child labor provisions of the law. The FLSA also requires that specified records be kept.


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