- 1 What is agriculture and its importance?
- 2 What are the 4 types of Agriculture?
- 3 What does it take to be a successful farmer?
- 4 What is the beginning of Agriculture?
- 5 What does Agricultural mean in history?
- 6 What is agriculture?
- 7 Why is agriculture important in history?
- 8 What is agriculture in one word answer?
- 9 What is agriculture and example?
- 10 What is a sentence for agriculture?
- 11 How has agriculture transformed human history?
- 12 Why is agriculture considered as one of the most significant inventions of human history?
- 13 When did agriculture begin in the past?
- 14 Why is it called agriculture?
- 15 What is agriculture Wikipedia?
- 16 What is agriculture by Brainly?
- 17 What is the origin of agriculture?
- 18 Why is agriculture important?
- 19 How does livestock affect the environment?
- 20 How does agriculture increase yield?
- 21 What are the effects of agriculture on New Zealand?
- 22 How many people were employed in agriculture in the 21st century?
- 23 What is the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples?
- 24 What is agriculture in the US?
- 25 Where did farming originate?
- 26 What was the Middle East’s agricultural revolution?
- 27 What is the early civilization?
- 28 How did farming start?
- 29 What were the crops of Mesoamerica?
- 30 When did agriculture start in North America?
- 31 Where did agriculture originate?
- 32 What is agriculture used for?
- 33 What tools did people use to make food?
- 34 How big was the average farm in 2007?
- 35 When did people start breding new plants?
- 36 What is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions?
- 37 What countries used old agriculture?
- 38 What is the history of agriculture?
- 39 Where did agriculture originate?
- 40 What is seed farming?
- 41 How did farming begin?
- 42 What is the hypothesis that plants are cultivated?
- 43 What is the term for the raising of domesticated animals and the planting, cultivation, and preservation of crops?
- 44 What is the dominant theme in the history of agriculture?
- 45 When did agriculture start?
- 46 How long has agriculture been around?
- 47 What was the difference between hunter-gatherer and agriculture?
- 48 What did people who didn’t need to be farmers do?
- 49 What was the driving force behind the growth of civilizations?
- 50 When was the plow used in Egypt?
- 51 What would have made agriculture a more viable lifestyle?
- 52 What is agriculture in science?
- 53 What are some examples of agriculture?
- 54 What is the origin of agriculture?
- 55 Why is agriculture a cultural phenomenon?
- 56 What are domesticated animals?
- 57 What is the process of domestication?
- 58 Why are domesticated animals more docile than wild animals?
- 59 Why do grasses have cultigens?
- 60 What happens to plants and animals over time?
- 61 When did agriculture begin?
- 62 Why do archaeologists study agricultural origins?
- 63 Where do dogs get their meat from?
- 64 What is plant and animal management?
- 65 Which Native American peoples developed complex methods to manage diverse sets of plants and animals?
- 66 Does agriculture have to be a response to food scarcity?
- 67 Overview
- 68 History
- 69 Etymology and scope
- 70 Types
- 71 Contemporary agriculture
- 72 Production
- 73 Crop alteration and biotechnology
- 74 Environmental impact
- 75 Prehistory
- 76 Early Civilization
- 77 Early to Modern Civilization
- 78 The Americas
- 79 Modern Farming
- 80 The Ecological Age
- 81 Origins of Agriculture
- 82 Ecologic Effects
- 83 Loss of Diversity
- 84 Selection and Breeding
Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago.
What is agriculture and its importance?
· Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their …
What are the 4 types of Agriculture?
History of Agriculture Background Agriculture, the cultivation of food and goods through farming, produces the vast majority of the world’s food supply.
What does it take to be a successful farmer?
mid-15c., “the tilling of land, act of preparing the earth for crops,” from Latin cultura “a cultivating, agriculture,” figuratively “care, culture, an honoring,” from past participle stem of colere “to tend, …
What is the beginning of Agriculture?
Definition of agriculture. : the science, art, or practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock and in varying degrees the preparation and marketing of the resulting …
What does Agricultural mean in history?
Agriculture, also known as farming, is the production of food, fiber, animal feed, and other goods by means of growing and harvesting plants and animals. Agriculture is practiced throughout the world.
What is agriculture?
The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming.
Why is agriculture important in history?
Humans invented agriculture. Farming enabled people to grow all the food they needed in one place, with a much smaller group of people. This led to massive population growth, creating cities and trade.
What is agriculture in one word answer?
Answer. Answer: Agriculture describes the practice of growing crops or raising animals.
What is agriculture and example?
The definition of agriculture is the science, art and business of farming and ranching. Commercial farms and ranches which provide vegetables and meat to the general public are examples of agriculture.
What is a sentence for agriculture?
Agriculture sentence example. Agriculture is the main industry, generally combined with cattle-raising. The region contains most of the country’s rain-fed agriculture . Agriculture is the main industry in this rural location.
How has agriculture transformed human history?
When early humans began farming, they were able to produce enough food that they no longer had to migrate to their food source. This meant they could build permanent structures, and develop villages, towns, and eventually even cities. Closely connected to the rise of settled societies was an increase in population.
Why is agriculture considered as one of the most significant inventions of human history?
The transition from hunter-gathering to farming is described as a revolution because it constituted the one crucial breakthrough from which all later human advances evolved, transforming every aspect of peoples’ lives. Types of farming, whether arable or mixed, are determined due to topography and climatic conditions.
When did agriculture begin in the past?
approximately 10,000 years agoAgricultural communities developed approximately 10,000 years ago when humans began to domesticate plants and animals. By establishing domesticity, families and larger groups were able to build communities and transition from a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle dependent on foraging and hunting for survival.
Why is it called agriculture?
The English word agriculture derives from the Latin ager (field) and colo (cultivate) signifying, when combined, the Latin agricultura: field or land tillage.
What is agriculture Wikipedia?
Agriculture or farming is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago.
What is agriculture by Brainly?
Answer: the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool, and other products.
What is the origin of agriculture?
The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, “field”, and cultūra, ” cultivation ” or “growing”. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.
Why is agriculture important?
Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, all of which can cause decreases in crop yield. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although some are banned in certain countries.
How does livestock affect the environment?
A senior UN official, Henning Steinfeld, said that “Livestock are one of the most significant contributors to today’s most serious environmental problems”. Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2. It produces 65% of human-related nitrous oxide (which has 296 times the global warming potential of CO 2) and 37% of all human-induced methane (which is 23 times as warming as CO 2 .) It also generates 64% of the ammonia emission. Livestock expansion is cited as a key factor driving deforestation; in the Amazon basin 70% of previously forested area is now occupied by pastures and the remainder used for feedcrops. Through deforestation and land degradation, livestock is also driving reductions in biodiversity. Furthermore, the UNEP states that ” methane emissions from global livestock are projected to increase by 60 per cent by 2030 under current practices and consumption patterns.”
How does agriculture increase yield?
Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.
What are the effects of agriculture on New Zealand?
Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, which cause decrease in crop yield.
How many people were employed in agriculture in the 21st century?
At the start of the 21st century, some one billion people, or over 1/3 of the available work force, were employed in agriculture. It constitutes approximately 70% of the global employment of children, and in many countries employs the largest percentage of women of any industry.
What is the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples?
Reindeer herds form the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples.
What is agriculture in the US?
Agriculture is defined as the cultivation and exploitation of animals, plants (including fungi) and other forms of organic life for human use including food, fiber, medicines, fuel and anything else. It is, and has been since there was an agricultural market, one of the largest employers of people; in the USA today, agriculture represents 20% of the US economy (1). Before organised agriculture, it is believed that the food supply could provide for just 4 million people globally (21).
Where did farming originate?
Archaeologists and palaeontologists have traced the origins of farming to around 10,000 years ago, to somewhere in the Indus Valley, and possibly as a separate development in China along the Yangtze River (6) .
What was the Middle East’s agricultural revolution?
The Middle East continued to see much innovation in the agricultural industries, something that historians refer to as The Arab Agricultural Revolution (10). This was thanks to the diversity of the local topographies, the crops grown in the Middle East and Indus Valley that European societies coveted, and later acted as a trade bridge between Far East and Europe (11).
What is the early civilization?
Early Civilization. Early civilization can be considered a boom time in agricultural science and technology. Around 5500 BC (7, p26-28), the Sumerian civilization of the Middle East and other early pre Greco-Roman civilizations understood the need for a specialized agricultural workforce for their societies to thrive.
How did farming start?
The three field crop rotation system was replaced with a four field system and sweeping enclosure acts regulated land management, selective cross-breeding began on an industrial scale to increase crop size as well as yields creating several cultivars in the process. Animal husbandry also improved, leading to a greater surplus than had been permissible under the old system. It is said that these changes permitted the industrial revolution and even greater concentration of urban development, fueling the empire. How so? More crops for fewer workers, better methods of keeping and replacing nutrients in the soil meant that more people could work in industry. When the Corn Laws in England were repealed, it began the global food economy; about the same time, Charles Darwin’s Theory of Evolution put agriculture on the modern path of a science as we began to understand the development of crops.
What were the crops of Mesoamerica?
In Mesoamerica and South America, with the Inca, the Maya, Olmecs and the Aztecs, relatively early development of agriculture permitted the building of enormous cities that impressed the European colonizers; it was quickly identified that these civilizations had an impressive agriculture-based economy that stood on a par with Europe, challenging what was then understood about the development of civilization. In Mesoamerica it was corn and in South America it was the humble potato (18) – today the staple crop of most people in the western world, along with coca and the domestication of animal species such as llama and alpaca.
When did agriculture start in North America?
It is likely that agriculture came to the North America relatively late, perhaps between 2500 and 2000 BC and we see it extensively with such civilizations as the Hohokam, the Anasazi and ancient Pueblos (17), possibly developing in Mesoamerica around 6000 BC with the domestication of maize.
Where did agriculture originate?
The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia (now Iraq and Iran) and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire.
What is agriculture used for?
Agriculture also provides wood for construction and paper products. These products, as well as the agricultural methods used, may vary from one part of the world to another. Start of Agriculture. Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations.
What tools did people use to make food?
Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.
How big was the average farm in 2007?
The size of an average farm in the United States in 2007 was 449 acres, or about the size of 449 football fields. agriculture. Noun. the art and science of cultivating land for growing crops (farming) or raising livestock (ranching). aquaculture.
When did people start breding new plants?
For centuries, people have bred new types of plants and animals by random experimentation. During the 1950s and 1960s, scientists developed new strains of high-yield wheat and rice. They introduced them into Mexico and parts of Asia. As a result, production of grain soared in these areas. This bold experiment in agriculture has been called the ” Green Revolution .”
What is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions?
Agriculture includes such forms of cultivation as hydroponics and aquaculture. Both involve farming in water. Hydroponics is the science of growing plants in nutrient solutions. Just one acre of nutrient solution can yield more than 50 times the amount of lettuce grown on the same amount of soil.
What countries used old agriculture?
Farmers in Asia, Australia, Africa, and South America continued to use old ways of agriculture. Agricultural Science. In the early 1900s, an average farmer in the U.S. produced enough food to feed a family of five. Many of today’s farmers can feed that family and a hundred other people.
What is the history of agriculture?
The history of agriculture (the production of food by plant cultivation and animal husbandry and control of productivity) can be organized around several themes (such as time, productivity, environmental impact, and genetic diversity). The most obvious is time and the sequence of events from gathering wild plants for food to crop plant …
Where did agriculture originate?
The origin of agriculture was around ten thousand years ago or approximately four hundred human generations back in time and prehistory, before written records were kept. What is known is based on evidence gathered from archaeological sites. Agriculture started independently in at least three places in the world, each with a distinctive cluster of plants drawn from the local flora: Mesoamerica (Mexico/Guatemala: corn, beans, squash, papaya, tomatoes, chili, peppers), the Fertile Crescent ( Middle East from the Nile Valley to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers: wheat, barley, grapes, apples, figs, melons, lentils, dates), and north China (mid-reaches of the three-thousand-mile-long Yellow River: rice, soybeans, peaches, Chinese cabbages such as bok choy). From these regions and possibly others, notably Africa (sorghum, cowpeas, yams, oil palm), South America (potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava, peanuts, pineapples), and a broad band of tropical southeast Asia (oranges, mangoes, bananas, coconuts, sugarcane), the invention of agricultures spread to encompass the entire world by two thousand years ago.
What is seed farming?
Planting seed broadcast across plowed fields typifies most cereals (50 percent of human calories). Vegetables, legumes , and corn are planted from seed in rows separated by furrows. Seed agriculture usually consists of annuals that are typically planted as genetically uniform monocultures . Agriculture of the humid tropics has been more vegeculture …
How did farming begin?
Farming began when people intentionally saved and planted seeds of their favorite plants. By selecting characteristics that make a plant a good crop, early farmers altered the genetic makeups of plant populations.
What is the hypothesis that plants are cultivated?
Cultivation of plants may have arisen accidentally. According to the “dump heap hypothesis,” wandering peoples discarded remains of plant foods in piles in cleared areas, then returned to the sites and discovered that the same types of plants they had eaten the year before grew again. Eventually, people connected the leaving of seed one season to finding of edible plants the next. Farming began when people intentionally saved and planted seeds of their favorite plants.
What is the term for the raising of domesticated animals and the planting, cultivation, and preservation of crops?
Agriculture is the raising of domesticated animals and the planting, cultivation, and preservation of crops.
What is the dominant theme in the history of agriculture?
A dominant theme in the history of agriculture has been crop improvement and yield advancement through selection and exploitation of genetic diversity within the species and its close relatives. And now, there is bioengineering where a gene can come from anywhere in the biological world (genetically modified crops).
When did agriculture start?
From as early as 11,000 BCE, people began a gradual transition away from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle toward cultivating crops and raising animals for food. The shift to agriculture is believed to have occurred independently in several parts of the world, including northern China, Central America, and the Fertile Crescent, a region in the Middle East that cradled some of the earliest civilizations. 1 By 6000 BCE, most of the farm animals we are familiar with today had been domesticated. 1 By 5000 BCE, agriculture was practiced in every major continent except Australia. 2
How long has agriculture been around?
It is thought to have been practiced sporadically for the past 13,000 years, 1 and widely established for only 7,000 years. 2 In the long view of human history, this is just a flash in the pan compared to the nearly 200,000 years our ancestors spent gathering, hunting, and scavenging in the wild. During its brief history, agriculture has radically transformed human societies and fueled a global population that has grown from 4 million to 7 billion since 10,000 BCE, and is still growing. 3
What was the difference between hunter-gatherer and agriculture?
Whereas hunter-gatherer societies generally viewed resources as belonging to everyone, agriculture led to a system of ownership over land, food, and currency that was not (and is still not) equitably distributed among the people. 1,16.
What did people who didn’t need to be farmers do?
Those who didn’t need to be farmers took on roles as soldiers, priests, administrators, artists, and scholars. As early civilizations began to take shape, political and religious leaders rose up to rule them, creating classes of “haves” and “have-nots.”.
What was the driving force behind the growth of civilizations?
For better or for worse, agriculture was a driving force behind the growth of civilizations.
When was the plow used in Egypt?
Grave chamber of an Egyptian public official, circa 1250 BCE. The plow is believed to have been used as early as 4,000 years ago in ancient Egypt. Although it brought tremendous gains in short-term productivity, it has also been a major contributor to soil erosion.
What would have made agriculture a more viable lifestyle?
Changing technology, such as domesticated seeds, would have made agriculture a more viable lifestyle. 5,11
What is agriculture in science?
: the science, art, or practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock and in varying degrees the preparation and marketing of the resulting products cleared the land to use it for agriculture.
What are some examples of agriculture?
Examples of agriculture in a Sentence. They cleared the land to use it for agriculture. the forest was cut down, and the land given over to agriculture. Recent Examples on the Web Metscher studied agriculture at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and earned a degree in soil science.
What is the origin of agriculture?
origins of agriculture, the active production of useful plants or animals in ecosystems that have been created by people. Agriculture has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of specific combinations of activities and organisms—wet-rice production in Asia, wheat farming in Europe, cattle
Why is agriculture a cultural phenomenon?
Because it is a cultural phenomenon, agriculture has varied considerably across time and space. Domesticated plants and animals have been (and continue to be) raised at scales ranging from the household to massive commercial operations.
What are domesticated animals?
Domesticated animals tend to have developed from species that are social in the wild and that, like plants, could be bred to increase the traits that are advantageous for people. Most domesticated animals are more docilethan their wild counterparts, and they often produce more meat, wool, or milk as well. They have been used for traction, transport, pest control, assistance, and companionship and as a form of wealth. Species with abundant domesticated varieties, or breeds, include the dog(Canis lupus familiaris), cat(Felis catus), cattle(Bosspecies), sheep(Ovisspecies), goat(Capraspecies), swine (Susspecies), horse(Equus caballus), chicken(Gallus gallus), and duckand goose(family Anatidae).
What is the process of domestication?
Domesticationis a biological process in which, under human selection, organisms develop characteristics that increase their utility, as when plants provide larger seeds, fruit, or tubers than their wild progenitors. Known as cultigens, domesticated plants come from a wide range of families (groups of closely related genera that share a common ancestor; seegenus). The grass(Poaceae), bean(Fabaceae), and nightshadeor potato(Solanaceae) families have produced a disproportionately large number of cultigens because they have characteristics that are particularly amenableto domestication.
Why are domesticated animals more docile than wild animals?
Domesticated animals tend to have developed from species that are social in the wild and that, like plants, could be bred to increase the traits that are advantageous for people. Most domesticated animals are more docile than their wild counterparts, and they often produce more meat, wool, or milk as well.
Why do grasses have cultigens?
The grass ( Poaceae ), bean ( Fabaceae ), and nightshade or potato ( Solanaceae) families have produced a disproportionately large number of cultigens because they have characteristics that are particularly amenable to domestication.
What happens to plants and animals over time?
Over time, some plants and animals have become domesticated, or dependent on these and other human interventions for their long-term propagation or survival.
When did agriculture begin?
The first agriculture appears to have developed at the closing of the last Pleistocene glacial period, or Ice Age (about 11,700 years ago).
Why do archaeologists study agricultural origins?
Because some resource management practices, such as intensively tending nondomesticated nut-bearing trees, bridge the boundary between foraging and farming, archaeologists investigating agricultural origins generally frame their work in terms of a continuum of subsistence practices.
Where do dogs get their meat from?
When considered in terms of food management, dogs may have been initially domesticated as hunting companions, while meat and milk could be obtained more reliably from herds of sheep, goats, reindeer, or cattle than from their wild counterparts or other game animals.
What is plant and animal management?
Plant and animal management was and is a familiar concept within hunting and gathering cultures, but it took on new dimensions as natural selection and mutation produced phenotypes that were increasingly reliant upon people.
Which Native American peoples developed complex methods to manage diverse sets of plants and animals?
For instance, Australian Aborigines and many of the Native American peoples of western North America developed complex methods to manage diverse sets of plants and animals, often including (but not limited to) cultivation.
Does agriculture have to be a response to food scarcity?
Notably, agriculture does not appear to have developed in particularly impoverished settings; domestication does not seem to have been a response to food scarcity or deprivation. In fact, quite the opposite appears to be the case.
The development of agriculture enabled the human population to grow many times larger than could be sustained by hunting and gathering. Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa, in at least 11 separate centers of origin. Wild grains were collected and eaten from at least 105,000 years ago. From around 23,000 years ago, the eight Neolithic …
Etymology and scope
The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager ‘field’ and cultūra ‘cultivation’ or ‘growing’. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetlehave been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years. Agriculture is defined with varying scopes, in its broadest sense using natural resources to “produce commodities which maintain life, including food, fiber, forest products, horticultural crops, and t…
Crop alteration and biotechnology
Early to Modern Civilization
Modern farming began around the 18thcentury in what is generally referred to as “The British Agricultural Revolution” when several advances and changes were made to farming in a short space of time that saw massive increases in yield and a more efficient process. The three field crop rotation system was replaced with a four field system and sweepin…
The Ecological Age
Origins of Agriculture
Loss of Diversity
Selection and Breeding
A dominant theme in the history of agriculture has been crop improvement and yield advancement through selection and exploitation of genetic diversity within the species and its close relatives. And now, there is bioengineering where a gene can come from anywhere in the biological world (genetically modified crops). The earliest stages of domestica…