What does the agriculture department do


  • Manages 19.3 million acres of natural forests and grasslands.
  • Inspects most of the animals Americans eat, including about 9 billion birds annually.
  • Hosts a massive science program.
  • Runs a bank with $220 billion in assets.
  • Maintains a large fleet of airplanes.
  • Finances multiple poverty related programs using some 70% of its budget (see below).

We provide leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related issues based on public policy, the best available science, and effective management.


What is the primary goal of the Department of Agriculture?

Who We Are

  • Our Secretary
  • Agencies
  • Mission Areas
  • Organization Chart (PDF, 306 KB)

How much does Department of Agriculture pay?

The average US Department of Agriculture salary ranges from approximately $34,926 per year for Student Trainee to $122,067 per year for Research Chemist. Average US Department of Agriculture hourly pay ranges from approximately $14.00 per hour for Agricultural Equipment Technician to $30.00 per hour for Volunteer.

What does it take to be a successful farmer?

  • Look for government-run programs that cover agriculture and farming . …
  • Join a beginning farmer training program. …
  • Find a summer job as a research assistant for a college or university that holds research trials on one or more research farms. …

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What to do with a degree in agriculture?

Typical employers include:

  • agricultural and agri-pharmaceutical consultancies
  • agricultural machinery firms
  • environmental consultancies
  • farm management and commercial ancillary companies
  • food processing companies
  • food retail companies
  • government and local authorities – in a range of advisory and administration roles
  • trade associations such as the NFU

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What is the Department of Agriculture responsible for?

United StatesUnited States Department of Agriculture / Jurisdiction

What is the role of agriculture?

Agriculture plays a major role in economic growth and development. As the provider of food it is a cornerstone of human existence. As a furnisher of industrial raw materials it is an important contributor to economic activity in other sectors of the economy.

What are the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.

What are the four branches of agriculture?

What are the different branches of agriculture?Agronomy.Horticulture.Agricultural engineering.Animal science.Agricultural economics.

What is the Department of Agriculture?

The United States Department of Agriculture has a wide array of duties relating to farming, ranching, nutrition, forestry, food safety, and rural mortgage lending. Food safety: Through the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service and the Food Safety and Inspection Service, the USDA oversees the safety of meat, poultry, and egg products, …

What is USDA in agriculture?

The United States Department of Agriculture, or USDA, is a cabinet-level agency in the federal government responsible for matters involving farming, food, forestry, rural development, and nutrition programs.

What is the role of USDA in the environment?

Natural resource management: Through the Forest Service and the National Resources Conservation Service, the USDA contributes to environmental preservation and sustainable industry within the nation’s rural lands. It works closely with the Department of the Interior and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to achieve these goals.

What agencies does USDA research?

Research: USDA agencies including the Agricultural Research Service, National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and National Agricultural Statistics Service conducts research related to farmers, ranchers, and food consumers.

Who is the head of USDA?

The USDA is led by the US secretary of agriculture, a cabinet-level officer who is nominated by the president and confirmed by a majority Senate vote. Recent agriculture secretaries include Tom Vilsack (who has served in the administrations of both Barack Obama and Joe Biden) and Sonny Perdue (who served in the administration of Donald Trump).

When was the USDA established?

The US Department of Agriculture was established in 1862 during the administration of Abraham Lincoln. Origins: The department was not originally a cabinet-level agency. It was first headed by New Jersey agriculturalist Isaac Newton, and in 1889, President Grover Cleveland elevated the USDA to cabinet-level status.

Which states have their own agriculture department?

Each state, as well as the territories of American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands, has its own Department of Agriculture that makes up the National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA). The head of each state’s department is called either the commissioner, secretary, or director-serves as …

What is the mission of the USDA?

The USDA continues the mission with which it was started: collecting and analyzing data pertaining to agricultural pursuits within the United States. Since its inception, however, the responsibilities of the department have grown exponentially. These responsibilities are carried out through the efforts of the department’s 29 agencies.

Why do farmers breed chickens?

Despite the negative effects on the welfare of the chickens, farmers continue to breed for faster growth and larger chickens to increase economic profit and to meet the demand for ever-larger chicken breasts by the average consumer in the United States.

How to access USDA website?

The USDA’s website can be accessed by navigating to www.USDA.gov. From there you can access a variety of resources including information pertaining to the different agencies of the department, contact information, and the USDA’s blog.

What is the agency responsible for implementing the legislation that is passed by Congress and signed by the president through the creation of

The agencies are responsible for implementing the legislation that is passed by Congress and signed by the president through the creation of rules. For example, the Animal Welfare Act requires that animal breeders and transporters be licensed by the USDA. It does not specify how that license is obtained or maintained by …

How many agencies are there in the USDA?

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is made up of a collection of 29 agencies and is part of the executive branch of government. The executive branch is headed by the president who nominates the head of the department, called The Secretary. The agencies are responsible for implementing the legislation that is passed by Congress …

What is the purpose of the USDA?

June 9, 2021. The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) primary function is to protect the interests of farmers and the agricultural sector, but it also seeks to ensure certain standards for animal welfare, public health, and conservation.

Who is the secretary of agriculture?

The Secretary of Agriculture is Tom Vilsack since February 24, 2021.

What is the USDA?

USDA.gov. The United States Department of Agriculture ( USDA ), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, rural economic development, and food. It aims to meet the needs of commercial farming and livestock food production, …

What is the USDA food and nutrition service?

Many of the programs concerned with the distribution of food and nutrition to people of America and providing nourishment as well as nutrition education to those in need are run and operated under the USDA Food and Nutrition Service. Activities in this program include the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, which provides healthy food to over 40 million low-income and homeless people each month. USDA is a member of the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness, where it is committed to working with other agencies to ensure these mainstream benefits have been accessed by those experiencing homelessness.

What act provided for the federal funding of agricultural experiment stations in each state?

In 1887, the Hatch Act provided for the federal funding of agricultural experiment stations in each state. The Smith-Lever Act of 1914 then funded cooperative extension services in each state to teach agriculture, home economics, and other subjects to the public.

Where is the USDA headquarters?

The Jamie L. Whitten Building in Washington D.C. is the current USDA headquarters. On May 15, 1862, Abraham Lincoln established the independent Department of Agriculture to be headed by a commissioner without Cabinet status. Agriculturalist Isaac Newton was appointed to be the first commissioner.

When did the Department of Agriculture and Labor get its Cabinet status?

In 1887 , the House of Representatives and Senate passed separate bills giving Cabinet status to the Department of Agriculture and Labor, but the bill was defeated in conference committee after farm interests objected to the addition of labor.

What was the effect of the discrimination against black farmers?

The effect of this discrimination has been the reduction in the number of African-American farmers in the United States. Many black farmers across the nation experienced discrimination in their dealings with in-state USDA agencies. Across the nation, black farmers alleged, and the USDA later agreed, they were denied access to loans and subsidies provided by the government. On a national level, farm subsidies that were afforded to white farmers were not afforded to black farmers. Since they were denied government loans, emergency or disaster assistance, and other aid, many black farmers lost their farms and homes.

What is production agriculture?

Production Agriculture: Protects agricultural crops, such as citrus and cotton, from harmful pests and diseases. Facilitates trade and market development of agricultural commodities ranging from livestock to crops to ensure Texas remains the nation’s leader in the production of cattle, cotton, hay, sheep, wool, goats, mohair and horses. …

What percentage of Texas’ economy is agriculture?

Advocates for policies at the federal, state, and local level that are beneficial to the $106 billion agriculture sector, which comprises 10% of the Texas economy.

What does TDA do?

What does the Texas Department of Agriculture (TDA) do? Download a small booklet that describes and defines over 101 things that TDA does for the state of Texas. Regulates all weights and measures devices, such as grocery store scales and retail price scanners, to ensure consumers are charged advertised prices.

What is economic development?

Economic Development: Provides tools for communities to attract businesses and pursue other economic development opportunities. Leads in the development of statewide broadband services. Administers the Certified Retirement Community program to attract retirees to the second leading retirement state in the U.S.


ARS delivers scientific solutions to national and global agricultural challenges.


Global leadership in agricultural discoveries through scientific excellence.

Core Values

Scientific excellence, creativity, innovation, integrity, leadership, collaboration, accountability, transparency, diversity, respect, inclusiveness, and public service.


The ARS Administrator is Dr. Chavonda Jacobs-Young. Dr. Steven M. Kappes is the Associate Administrator, National Programs. Dr. Simon Liu is the Associate Administrator, Research Management and Operations. For more information see Biographical Sketches of our Administrators.


ARS will deliver cutting-edge, scientific tools and innovative solutions for American farmers, producers, industry, and communities to support the nourishment and well-being of all people; sustain our nation’s agroecosystems and natural resources; and ensure the economic competitiveness and excellence of our agriculture.

Plans and Reports

We follow a strategic plan we develop to meet our stakeholders’ needs and support USDA’s mission. We check our progress in carrying out that plan, and we modify it as circumstances require. See all of our Plans and Reports

Research, Education and Economics

ARS is one of four agencies in USDA’s Research, Education and Economics (REE) mission area. The others are National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), Economic Research Service (ERS), and National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).



The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is the federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, rural economic development, and food. It aims to meet the needs of commercial farming and livestock food production, promotes agricultural trade and production, works to assure food safety, protects natural resources, fosters rural communities and works to end hunger in the United States and i…


The USDA is divided into different agencies:
• Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS)
• Agricultural Research Service (ARS)
• Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)


The standard history is Gladys L. Baker, ed., Century of Service: The first 100 years of the United States Department of Agriculture (U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1963).
Early in its history, the American economy was largely agrarian. Officials in the federal government had long sought new and improved varieties of seeds, plants and animals for import into the United States. In 1829, by request of James Smithson out of a desire to further promulgate and di…

Organization and Component Staff Level

USDA’s offices and agencies are listed below, with full-time equivalent staff levels according to the estimated FY2019 appropriation, as reported in USDA’s FY2020 Congressional Budget Justification.
• Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS) (became part of the Farm Service Agency in 1994)


Allegations have been made that throughout the agency’s history its personnel have discriminated against farmers of various backgrounds, denying them loans and access to other programs well into the 1990s. The effect of this discrimination has been the reduction in the number of African American farmers in the United States. Though African American farmers have been the most hit by discriminatory actions by the USDA, women, Native Americans, Hispanics, and other minorities h…

Environmental justice initiatives

In their 2012 environmental justice strategy, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) stated an ongoing desire to integrate environmental justice into its core mission and operations. In 2011, Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack emphasized the USDA’s focus on EJ in rural communities around the United States, as well as connecting with Indigenous Tribes and ensuring they understand and receive their environmental rights. USDA does fund programs with social and en…


USDA formalized a relationship with the Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) in 2018. GFSI is a private organization where members of the Consumer Goods Forum have control over benchmarking requirements in recognition of private standards for food safety. In August 2018, USDA achieved Technical Equivalence against Version 7.1 of the GFSI Benchmarking Requirements for their Harmonized GAP Plus + certification programme, where Technical Equival…

Related legislation

Important legislation setting policy of the USDA includes the:
• 1890, 1891, 1897, 1906 Meat Inspection Act
• 1906: Pure Food and Drug Act
• 1914: Cotton Futures Act

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