What fertilizers are used in agriculture


List of Common Agricultural Fertilizers

  • Urea. Urea is the most widely used solid nitrogen fertilizer and is usually applied as granules, although it is sometimes mixed with ammonium nitrate and dissolved in water to form …
  • Ammonium Nitrate. …
  • Ammonium Sulfate. …
  • Calcium Nitrate. …
  • Diammonium Phosphate. …
  • Monoammonium phosphate. …
  • Triple Super Phosphate. …
  • Potassium Nitrate. …
  • Potassium Chloride. …

The three major types of commercial fertilizer used in the U.S. are nitrogen, phosphate, and potash. Nitrogen (N) is found primarily in an organic form in soils but can also occur as nitrate.


Why is it necessary to use fertilizer in agriculture?

The use of these valuable materials can enhance:

  • water quality
  • pollution prevention
  • sustainable agriculture.

Do chemical fertilizers actually help in agriculture?

When it comes to the advantages of using fertilizers in agriculture, it’s all about efficiency. Chemical fertilizers allow growers to maximize their crop yield on a specific piece of land — the more the plant grows, the better. Fertilizer works to ensure that each piece of land produces as efficiently as possible.

What is used extensively for the production of fertilizers?

The uses of fertilizers are mentioned below:

  • They are used to providing additional nutrients to the plants.
  • They are added to improve the yield of the crops.
  • Nitrogen-rich fertilizers are used for the greening of lawns.
  • Organic fertilizers improve the texture and fertility of the soil.
  • Gardeners use fertilizers to address certain needs of the plants such as nutritional needs.

More items…

Why do farmers use agricultural waste as fertilizers?

  • The nutrients feed the soil
  • The soil feeds the plants
  • Plants feed animals and people

What is the most common fertilizers used in agriculture?

The most widely used solid inorganic fertilizers are urea, diammonium phosphate and potassium chloride.

What are agricultural fertilizers?

Fertilizers are generally defined as “any material, organic or inorganic, natural or synthetic, which supplies one or more of the chemical elements required for the plant growth.” Most fertilizers that are commonly used in agriculture contain the three basic plant nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

Which fertilizer is best for agriculture?

Quick Guide: 10 Natural Fertilizers to Improve Crop ProductionFish emulsion and hydrolyzed liquid fish. Processing fish or fish byproducts with heat or acid treatments creates fish emulsion. … Bone meal. … Compost. … Manure. … Rock phosphate. … Cottonseed meal. … Alfalfa meal. … Blood meal.More items…•

Which fertilizers are used in agriculture in India?

PRODUCTIONFertilizer productsProduction (‘000 tonnes)Ammonium chloride79Ammonium sulphate601CAN141DAP4 7094 more rows

What are the 4 types of fertilizers?

Types of FertilizerSlow- and Controlled-Release Fertilizers. Slow- and controlled-release fertilizers provide nutrients to plant roots over an extended period of time. … Inorganic Fertilizers. … Organic Fertilizers. … Dry Fertilizer. … Water-soluble Fertilizer.

What is the most commonly used fertilizer?

urea4.1. The most widely applied fertilizer grades are urea and 16-20-0. Urea is mainly used as a nitrogen source whilst 16-20-0 is applied primarily as a source of phosphorus. In some areas 18-46-0, and less commonly 14-14-14, are used instead of 16-20-0. Potassium is normally not regarded as a limiting nutrient.

What are the three main types of fertilizers?

Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, or NPK, are the “Big 3” primary nutrients in commercial fertilizers. Each of these fundamental nutrients plays a key role in plant nutrition.

What are the main types of fertilizers?

Types of fertilizerNitrogen fertilizers. Nitrate-based fertilizers are the most commonly used straight fertilizers in Europe. … Nitrogen fertilizers with inhibitors. … Phosphorus fertilizers. … Potassium fertilizers. … Calcium, magnesium and sulphur Fertilizers. … Micronutrient fertilizers. … Inhibitors.

Which is the best fertilizer?

Best Overall : Jobe’s Organics All Purpose FertilizerContains organic matter to enrich the soil.Balanced blend of nutrients.Gentle, non-burning formula.

Which fertilizer is used in India?

Demand for fertilisers in India India imports four types of fertilisers: urea, diammonium phosphate (DAP), muriate of potash (MOP) and nitrogen-phosphorous-potassium (NPK). It subsidises potash to make it more affordable for farmers.

What is NPK fertilizer?

NPK fertilizer provides all the essential nutrients required by plant – Nitrogen (N), Phosphorous(P) and Potassium (K). The nutrients for vegetative growth in stems, roots particularly during the early stages, root growth, seed and flower formation, bud growth and ripening of fruits.

What are the types of organic fertilizers?

Basic Types of Organic Fertilizers:Manure. It is made from animal excreta(cow dung & goat droppings). … Compost. It is organic matter decomposed through composting. … Rock Phospate. It is sedimentary rock which contains high amount of phosphate minerals. … Chicken Litter. … Bone Meal. … Vermicompost.

What is commercial fertilizer?

Commercial fertilizer. Commercial Fertilizer Purchased – Fertilizer is a primary source of nitrogen and phosphorus. It often reaches surface and groundwater systems through farm or urban/suburban runoff or infiltration.

What are the three basic nutrients that are used in fertilizer?

Fertilizers made from wastes. Most fertilizers that are commonly used in agriculture contain the three basic plant nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Some fertilizers also contain certain “micronutrients,” such as zinc and other metals, that are necessary for plant growth. Materials that are applied to the land primarily …

What is biosolid fertilizer?

Fertilizers made from domestic septage and sewage sludge (biosolids) Biosolids are nutrient-rich organic materials resulting from the treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment facility. When treated and processed, these residuals can be recycled and applied as fertilizer to improve and maintain productive soils and stimulate plant growth.

What are the sources of nitrogen and phosphorus pollution?

Sources and Solutions: Agriculture – Animal manure, excess fertilizer applied to crops and fields, and soil erosion make agriculture one of the largest sources of nitrogen and phosphorus pollution in the country.

What is soil amendment?

Materials that are applied to the land primarily to enhance soil characteristics (rather than as plant food) are commonly referred to as soil amendments. wastes, such as sewage sludge and certain industrial wastes. Overuse of fertilizers has resulted in contamination of surface water and groundwater.

What is the EPA’s role in recycling biosolids?

EPA offers guidance and technical assistance for the beneficial recycling of biosolids as soil amendments and fertilizer. The use of these valuable materials can enhance: water quality. pollution prevention. sustainable agriculture.

What are the three basic nutrients in agriculture?

Agriculture Nutrient Management and Fertilizer. Most fertilizers that are commonly used in agriculture contain the three basic plant nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Some fertilizers also contain certain “micronutrients,” such as zinc and other metals, that are necessary for plant growth. Materials that are applied …

What is fertilizer used for?

Fertilizers are commonly used among both professional farmers and home gardeners. But its not always clear what the uses of fertilizers in agriculture are. In some cases, the soil itself does have all the necessary nutrients that allow the plants to grow.

Why do we use leaves for gardening?

Last but not least, by using your leaves for gardening instead of packing them to a bag and send it off as waste, you will help the environment and become more self-sustainable. To top it all, you will also save money you would usually spend on factory produced fertilizers.

Why are leaves good for plants?

The benefits of leaves go beyond just feeding your plants. They will also attract more useful microbes an warms and allow usually sandy soil to retain significantly more moisture. Additionally, they will also protect delicate plants from the cold weather. The exact nutrients you can find in leaves depend on the tree, but each tree has it’s own benefits and can be used for composting purposes.

Do you have to be an expert to make compost?

Now to the practical part of the article. You don’t have to be an expert to create your own organic compost, if you follow our simple but effective methods. There are two main options, where one is quicker and simpler, while the other preserves more nutrients in the long run.

Can you reuse leaves for compost?

Thus many experts recommend the citizens to also use their leaves instead of marking them as garbage. With a few simple steps, you can repurpose them for composting, and improve your soil and water quality.

What are the chemicals used in fertilizer?

They are also termed as Inorganic fertilizers. Usually, the chemicals used are- Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium. Modern scientists have devised a new term for the combined use of fertilizers, as mentioned above. It is also known by the name of NPK fertilizer. Mineral fertilizers can be further categorized as:

What are the elements that make up fertilizer?

Apart from NPK few other elements also form the mineral fertilizers. These are Magnesium, Sulphur, and Calcium. Calcium is used in the form of calcium sulphate and calcium nitrate. Magnesium is used in the form of magnesium sulphate.

What is nitrogen fertilizer?

Nitrogen fertilizers: From the name, we can understand that it is based on Nitrogen and its compounds. The fertilizers derived from Nitrogen are Calcium ammonium nitrate, Ammonium nitrate. Urea, formed from Nitrogen, is a very efficient product used as fertilizer. As Nitrogen is the fundamental protein source in living organisms, it is considered an essential element for growth. Nitrogen and hydrogen react to form Ammonia. Thus fertilizers from Ammonia produce the best results.

What is phosphorus fertilizer?

Phosphorus fertilizers: These types of fertilizers are based on Phosphorus and its compounds. The fertilizers derived from Phosphorus are Di-ammonium phosphate, Superphosphate, Triple superphosphate, etc. Phosphorus helps in the development of quality in the crops. Plants can fight against other diseases. Phosphorus also forms the DNA and stores energy in the form of ATP. Thus it is a necessary component.

What is the science of agriculture?

The part of science that is related to the production and management of crops is termed as Agriculture. Agriculture forms the primary sector of the Indian economy as nearly 40-45% of our entire population is involved in this sector. Agriculture and farm fertilizers are interdependent on each other as proper use of fertilizers can achieve superior agricultural activity. It is agriculture that helps to feed all the people of the world. Recently, development in agriculture has become an essential part of government schemes. Due to the increasing population, the land under agriculture has become too limited for large-scale cultivation. So, newer scientific technologies are in use to improve the agricultural scenario of the country.

What is commercial plantation?

Commercial Plantation: It includes the cultivation of crops for selling in the market.

What fertilizer is used for phosphorus?

Simple superphosphate, concentrated superphosphate, slag and rock phosphate are some of the straight phosphorus fertilizers typically used. A brief description of these fertilizers is given below.

What are the different types of nitrogen fertilizers?

There are four basic types of nitrogen fertilizers based on the chemical form in which the nitrogen is available: ammonium compounds, nitrate compounds, combined ammonium compound and nitrate compounds, and amide compounds.

How are multinutrient fertilizers made?

Multinutrient fertilizers are made by mixing powdered (or crystalline) straight fertilizers together on the farm , thereby reducing the number of fertilizer applications needed per field.

What is nitrogen fertilizer made of?

Nitrophosphates are fertilizers made by nitrifying phosphate rock with nitric acid or a mixture of nitric and sulphuric acids, followed by ammoniating the resulting slurry. Afterwards, the slurry is granulated or prilled. Additional nitrogen can then be added, in the form of ammonium nitrate, along with potassium chloride or sulphate, to achieve the desired NPK analysis.

What is the K in fertilizer?

Potassium (K) is an essential nutrient for plant growth. The potassium content of fertilizers is commonly expressed in terms of potassium oxide (K2O) or “potash”.

What are the nutrients in NPK fertilizer?

Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium are contained in varying proportions in solid NPK fertilizers. Generally, they are easy to handle and apply, free flowing and granular in structure. Various grades are produced and marketed depending on soil and crop needs.

Why is availability of essential nutrients important?

Role of availability of essential nutrients is vital for good crop health and higher crop yields.

How are fertilizers used?

Fertilizers are added to crops in order to produce enough food to feed the human population. Fertilizers provide crops with nutrients like potassium, phosphorus, and nitrogen, which allow crops to grow bigger, faster, and to produce more food. However, plants and animals cannot use the nitrogen gas in the air.

How is fertilizer applied to crops?

Fertilizer can be applied in several ways including broadcast (with or without incorporation), seed-placed, banded, foliar, or fertigation. Broadcast applications, especially without incorporation, carry the greatest risk of nutrient loss.

What is the importance of fertilizer?

The role of fertilizers is to increase yield and ensure healthy produce by supplying the right balance of nutrients to the soil. “Without fertilizers, the soil would be depleted and therefore plants would be particularly difficult to grow. They cannot survive on water alone, and nor can we.

What are fertilizers give examples?

Examples of naturally occurring organic fertilizers include manure, slurry, worm castings, peat, seaweed and guano. Green manure crops are also grown to add nutrients to the soil. Naturally occurring minerals such as mine rock phosphate, sulfate of potash and limestone are also considered Organic Fertilizers.

Why do farmers use inorganic fertilizers?

Farmers turn to fertilizers because these substances contain plant nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Regardless of the source of the fertilizer, all plants use the same inorganic forms of fertilizer in the soil.

What are three types of fertilizers?

Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are made from natural and organic materials—mainly manure, compost, or other animal and plant products.

Which fertilizer is used for top dressing?

Mineral fertilizers that are quickly soluble in water are most often used for topdressing. These include nitrogen fertilizers, including ammonium nitrate, urea, an aqueous solution of ammonia, and sodium nitrate (for sugar beets); all potassium fertilizers; and superphosphate.

Why are farmers planting less corn?

are likely to plant less corn and use less nitrogen fertilizer on their fields for next year’s growing season due to high fertilizer prices and short supplies.

Is farmland price going up?

Farmland prices continue to surge. More money in the bank is spurring increased prices.


Leave a Comment