- 1 What are the byproducts of Agriculture?
- 2 What are the main sources of agricultural production emissions?
- 3 What are the most common agricultural fuel products?
- 4 What is agricultural production?
- 5 Is O2 a greenhouse gas?
- 6 Is CO2 a greenhouse gas?
- 7 Is nitrogen a greenhouse gas?
- 8 Is ozone a greenhouse gas?
- 9 Is methane a greenhouse gas?
- 10 Which gases are called greenhouse gases?
- 11 What are the 5 main greenhouse gases?
- 12 Is Sulphur a greenhouse gas?
- 13 Why CO2 is called greenhouse gas?
- 14 What is ozone gas?
- 15 Is argon a greenhouse gas?
- 16 What is methane fuel?
- 17 What are the products of agriculture?
- 18 What is not included in Agricultural Production?
- 19 What are some examples of agricultural products that NOP can certify?
- 20 What are crops and animal products used for?
- 21 What is raw material?
- 22 What is a livestock product?
- 23 What are the four groups of crops?
- 24 What is the largest contributor to the production cost of ammonia?
- 25 Which feedstock is the most hydrogen rich?
- 26 How much ammonia was produced in 2000?
- 27 What is the second largest chemical product in the world?
- 28 How is syngas generated?
- 29 What are the uses of ammonia?
- 30 When was ammonia and urea first produced?
- 31 What are the two major sources of agricultural emissions?
- 32 Where do most agricultural emissions come from?
- 33 What is the effect of enteric fermentation on agriculture?
- 34 What is the role of agriculture in global and national emissions?
- 35 How does agriculture affect the environment?
- 36 Which country has the most agricultural emissions?
- 37 How much of the world’s carbon budget will be absorbed by agriculture by 2050?
- 38 Why is natural gas important for farming?
- 39 Why is it important for agriculture to lock down the lowest rates possible on natural gas and other types of fuel?
- 40 What is the primary fuel of choice for the irrigation systems, farming equipment and transportation vehicles that drive agricultural processes?
- 41 What are the alternatives to oil in agriculture?
- 42 Why is natural gas used in homes?
- 43 How does natural gas affect the supply chain?
- 44 Why is natural gas used for irrigation?
What are the byproducts of Agriculture?
Byproducts of the torrefaction process include any of the gaseous volatiles released with the torr-gas as well as the impurities and trace compounds found in the feedstock that are not bound in the cellulose, hemicellulose, or lignin. An example of the trace compound would be chlorine, which may be of concern.
What are the main sources of agricultural production emissions?
· A new study reveals that a byproduct of farming is devastating the ozone layer. Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is produced when …
What are the most common agricultural fuel products?
Production of Major Agricultural Chemicals (1997) Ammonia (28.4 billion lbs) Nitric Acid (13.5 billion lbs) Ammonium Nitrate ( 12.3 billion lbs) Urea (11.8 billion lbs) Ammonium Sulfate (4.1 billion lbs) Sulfuric Acid (71.4 billion lbs) Phosphoric Acid (9.9 billion lbs) Ammonium Phosphates (18.9 billion lbs) Super Phosphates (3.4 billion lbs)
What is agricultural production?
· Ethanol—produced from corn, sugarcane, or sorghum—is the agricultural fuel product in widest use. Agricultural production byproducts can be used in industrial applications such as textiles or used to reinforce plastics. 2 Fiber Fiber crops include cotton (one of the top 10 crops produced in the U.S. every year), wool, and silk.
Is O2 a greenhouse gas?
O2 and N2 are not greenhouse gases. All molecules of three or more atoms are infrared active. A greenhouse gas has a stronger impact on the radiative balance of the earth if it interacts with light in the middle of the earth-light spectrum.
Is CO2 a greenhouse gas?
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the primary greenhouse gas emitted through human activities. In 2020, CO2 accounted for about 79% of all U.S. greenhouse gas emissions from human activities.
Is nitrogen a greenhouse gas?
Neither nitric oxide nor nitrogen dioxide are greenhouse gases, although they are important in the process of creation of tropospheric ozone which is a greenhouse gas. There are several sources of nitrous oxide, both natural and anthropogenic (human), to the atmosphere with many of these sources difficult to measure.
Is ozone a greenhouse gas?
Ozone is technically a greenhouse gas, but ozone is helpful or harmful depending on where it is found in the earth’s atmosphere.
Is methane a greenhouse gas?
Methane is also a greenhouse gas (GHG), so its presence in the atmosphere affects the earth’s temperature and climate system. Methane is emitted from a variety of anthropogenic (human-influenced) and natural sources.
Which gases are called greenhouse gases?
Greenhouse gases that occur both naturally and from human activities include water vapor, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and ozone (O3).
What are the 5 main greenhouse gases?
The main gases responsible for the greenhouse effect include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and water vapor (which all occur naturally), and fluorinated gases (which are synthetic). Greenhouse gases have different chemical properties and are removed from the atmosphere, over time, by different processes.
Is Sulphur a greenhouse gas?
Sulfur dioxide is not considered a direct greenhouse gas because sulfur dioxide does not absorb and trap infrared radiation as it attempts to return…
Why CO2 is called greenhouse gas?
That’s because the glass walls of the greenhouse trap the Sun’s heat. The greenhouse effect works much the same way on Earth. Gases in the atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide, trap heat similar to the glass roof of a greenhouse. These heat-trapping gases are called greenhouse gases.
What is ozone gas?
Ozone (O3) is a highly reactive gas composed of three oxygen atoms. It is both a natural and a man-made product that occurs in the Earth’s upper atmosphere. (the stratosphere) and lower atmosphere (the troposphere). Depending on where it is in the atmosphere, ozone affects life on Earth in either good or bad ways.
Is argon a greenhouse gas?
Argon makes up about percent of the Earth’s atmosphere . Argon is not a greenhouse gas because it allows the sun light radiations to pass through them which further doesn’t promote the rise in temperature of earth as the infrared radiations aren’t trapped in the blanket of gases of our atmosphere surrounding earth.
What is methane fuel?
As the major constituent of natural gas, methane is important for electricity generation by burning it as a fuel in a gas turbine or steam generator. Compared to other hydrocarbon fuels, methane produces less carbon dioxide for each unit of heat released.
What are the products of agriculture?
Fuel. Agricultural products can also be used to produce fuel. Ethanol—produced from corn, sugarcane, or sorghum —is the agricultural fuel product in widest use. Agricultural production byproducts can be used in industrial applications such as textiles or used to reinforce plastics. 2 .
What is not included in Agricultural Production?
Tree and sod farms (if products are sold at retail and not replanted elsewhere by the grower) Agricultural production does not include: Storing or preserving raw materials before the start of the production process. Storing, preserving, handling, or moving finished goods.
What are some examples of agricultural products that NOP can certify?
Examples of agricultural items that the NOP can certify include such things as textiles, flowers, food, seed, plants, and feed. Items intended for other uses are not certified as organic. The basic guideline for what constitutes an agricultural product is as follows:
What are crops and animal products used for?
Crops and animal products are used for food, animal feed, and non-food products used by humans.
What is raw material?
Raw Materials. Raw materials are the products not refined or processed for use in one of the other categories. Many of the crops grown are used to feed animals that become other agricultural products.
What is a livestock product?
Any agricultural commodity or product, whether raw or processed, including any commodity or product derived from livestock, that is marketed in the United States for human or livestock consumption. 3
What are the four groups of crops?
Agricultural crops turned into products fall into one of four groups: foods, fuels, fibers, or raw materials . Roughly 11% of the planet’s land is dedicated to crop production, and close to 26% is being used for animal pastures. 1 .
What is the largest contributor to the production cost of ammonia?
The production of ammonia synthesis gas, consisting of pure hydrogen and nitrogen, is the largest single contributor of the production cost of ammonia. Hence, in contrast to the ammonia-synthesis section, dramatic changes have been made over the years in the technology for the generation of synthesis gas.
Which feedstock is the most hydrogen rich?
Natural gas accounts for more than 95% of ammonia tonnage. Natural gas is the preferred feedstock primarily because: It is intrinsically the most hydrogen rich and, therefore, contributes more hydrogen compared with other feedstocks on a unit weight basis.
How much ammonia was produced in 2000?
In year 2000, ammonia was a 131 million metric tons per year industry. Worldwide annual growth is anticipated to be approximately 1.6 to 2%. Urea is a 107 million metric tons per year industry directly derived from ammonia. The end uses for urea are:
What is the second largest chemical product in the world?
Ammonia is the second largest chemical product produced in the world, behind sulfuric acid. The demand for ammonia is driven by the demand for fertilizers. Of the world’s nitrogen demand, 85% is for fertilizer primarily derived from ammonia in the form of: Urea. Ammonium nitrate.
How is syngas generated?
This syngas is generated by steam reforming of natural gas under pressure. Sulfur compounds, if any, in the feed gas have to be removed before the reforming process. The basic reactions involved in the steam reforming of methane, which is the main constituent of natural gas, are represented by the following reactions:
What are the uses of ammonia?
Ammonium nitrate. Phosphate. Sulfate. Other uses of ammonia include fibers, resins, refrigeration, and pulp and paper industries. Ammonia can be produced from different hydrocarbon feedstocks such as natural gas, coal, and oil. Natural gas accounts for more than 95% of ammonia tonnage.
When was ammonia and urea first produced?
Ammonia and urea have been produced in large quantities from natural gas since approximately 1950. It is a mature technology with minimal technology risk. The ammonia/urea industry is characterized as a commodity producer in a mature market.
What are the two major sources of agricultural emissions?
These two processes from animal agriculture produce more than half of total agricultural production emissions. Rice cultivation and synthetic fertilizers are also major sources, each contributing more than 10% of agricultural production emissions.
Where do most agricultural emissions come from?
The majority of agricultural production emissions come from raising livestock . More than 70 billion animals are raised annually for human consumption. The biggest single source is methane from cow burps and manure. Enteric fermentation—a natural digestive process that occurs in ruminant animals such as cattle, sheep and goats— accounts for about 40% of agricultural production emissions in the past 20 years.
What is the effect of enteric fermentation on agriculture?
Manure left on pasture also causes agricultural emissions. It emits nitrous oxide, a greenhouse gas with a much stronger global warming impact per ton …
What is the role of agriculture in global and national emissions?
In 24 countries around the world, agriculture is the top source of emissions. Country.
How does agriculture affect the environment?
Yet food production has significant impacts on the environment through deforestation and water pollution. It’s also a major contributor of greenhouse gas emissions.
Which country has the most agricultural emissions?
In the 20-year period from 1996-2016, China was responsible for the most emissions from agricultural production, followed by India, Brazil and the United States. Together, these top four agricultural emitters were responsible for 37% of global agricultural production emissions.
How much of the world’s carbon budget will be absorbed by agriculture by 2050?
WRI research also showed that when factoring in land-use change, agricultural emissions under a business-as-usual scenario could eat up 70% or more of the world’s “carbon budget,” the amount of emissions the world can release by 2050 while still limiting global temperature rise to 2 degrees C.
Why is natural gas important for farming?
Fuel is necessary to ensure continued operations. Natural gas is one of the most reliable fuel types in this regard because of its abundance and efficiency.
Why is it important for agriculture to lock down the lowest rates possible on natural gas and other types of fuel?
Due to the unpredictable nature of the fuel market, it is crucial for entities in the agriculture industry to lock down the lowest rates possible on natural gas and other types of fuel. Often, farms end up paying unpredictable rates as market prices rise and fall on fuel. For the 41 percent of farms that account for more than 90 percent of agricultural productivity and energy consumption, fuel prices — which account for 15 percent of agricultural costs — are a major overhead concern.
What is the primary fuel of choice for the irrigation systems, farming equipment and transportation vehicles that drive agricultural processes?
From the time that the soil is first tilled and fertilized to the moment where fruits, vegetables, grains, meats, and dairy products arrive at supermarkets, natural gas has become the primary fuel of choice for the irrigation systems, farming equipment and transportation vehicles that drive agricultural processes. 1. Fertilizers.
What are the alternatives to oil in agriculture?
For the past century, fuel has been a driving force in the agriculture industry. As prices rise on imported oil, American farmers are turning to domestically-sourced, reasonably-priced fueling alternatives. Chief among these options is natural gas and compressed natural gas (CNG), which offer many agricultural benefits.
Why is natural gas used in homes?
Natural gas is used to fuel the heating systems in the homes of families that live on farms. With natural gas, families enjoy reliable supplies of heat throughout the colder months. If a storm occurs and the electricity goes down, these families remain warm because their heating systems do not rely on electrical power.
How does natural gas affect the supply chain?
Natural gas helps to ensure the irrigation of crops, even on days when power is down, and the crops might otherwise starve for water. 5. Greenhouse Heating.
Why is natural gas used for irrigation?
This can make the farming process more expensive and raise costs along the supply chain. With natural gas, irrigation becomes less costly and wasteful. Natural gas helps to ensure the irrigation of crops, even on days when power is down, and the crops might otherwise starve for water.