What is agricultural crops


Top agricultural products, by individual crops (million tonnes) 2011 data

Sugar cane 1794
Maize 883
Rice 722
Wheat 704
Potatoes 374

May 24 2022


What is the best crop for small farms?


  1. Arugula. Lots of people grow leafy greens, but arugula is one of those leafy greens that is highly sought after.
  2. Corn. If corn surprises you with its appearance on this list, just wait a second. …
  3. Cherry Tomatoes. Just about anybody can grow a tomato, but cherry tomatoes are small, quick-maturing, and can make you a lot of money.
  4. Microgreens. …

What are the largest agricultural crops in US?

This gift represents the largest single donation in USU history. The Bastian family, in concert with USU Extension, has founded the Bastian Agricultural Center, which will be dedicated to educating the public about contemporary agriculture and inspiring …

What type of farming is growing crops?

  • Tomato
  • Leafy Greens
  • Herbs
  • Others By End Use
  • Food Service
  • Food Retail By Farming Technique
  • Hydroponics
  • Aeroponics
  • Aquaponics

What is crop vs. weeds in agriculture?

What are the Similarities Between Crop and Plant?

  • A crop is a plant.
  • They are photoautotrophs.
  • Both of them contain chlorophylls and chloroplasts.
  • Moreover, they are multicellular eukaryotic organisms.
  • They have a shoot system and a root system.

What is the meaning of agriculture crops?

crop, in agriculture, a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.

What are the main agricultural crops?

They include fruits, vegetables, grains, and tubers, like potatoes. Grains, which include crops like wheat, rice, and corn, are the most popular crops in the world, with wheat as the most widely grown crop overall. Feed crops are grown and harvested to feed livestock like cows, horses, pigs, and sheep.

What is crops and types of crops?

Solved Examples for YouKharif CropsRabi CropsSowing of seeds begins in the rainy season around JulyRabi seeds are sown at the beginning of autumn in November or DecemberHarvesting is done in September – OctoberHarvesting happens in June – JulyExamples: Rice, Maize, Bajra etcExamples: Wheat, Mustard, Peas etc2 more rows

What is a crop with example?

Most crops are harvested for food to humans and livestock. It is also planted for the domestic purpose of consumption. Rice, wheat, oats, millets, fruits, vegetables are some examples of crops.

What is the importance of crops?

What is the importance of crop production? Crop production supports the huge population of a country. All individuals depend on the crops for their food. It also provides employment to a large number of people.

What are agricultural products?

(1) Agricultural product The term “agricultural product” means any agricultural commodity or product, whether raw or processed, including any commodity or product derived from livestock that is marketed in the United States for human or livestock consumption.

What is crop short answer?

Answer: Crop is the term used to describe a plant that is grown in a field on a large scale. For example, cereal crops, pulses and fruit crops. The crops grown in India can be classified as kharif and rabi. Kharif crops are sown in the rainy season by June/July and are harvested by September/October.

What are the types of agriculture?

Top 12 Types of AgricultureSubsistence Farming: … Intensive Subsistence Farming (with or without Rice as a dominant crop): … Mediterranean Farming: … Commercial Grain Agriculture: … Arable Farming: … Shifting Cultivation: … Nomadic Herding: … Rudimentary Sedentary Tillage:More items…•

What are three types of crops?

India is geographically a vast country so it has various food and non-food crops which are cultivated in three main cropping seasons which are rabi, kharif and zaid. Food crops- Rice, Wheat, Millets, Maize and Pulses. Cash crops- Sugarcane, Oilseeds, Horticulture crops, Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cotton and Jute.

What is the difference between plants and crops?

Let us look at the differences between crops and plants. Crops are plants used commercially and grown in large quantities. Plants are eukaryotic, multicellular organisms that belong to the kingdom Plantae. All crops are domesticated plants.

What is agriculture?

1. Agriculture is an enterprise or business, activity, or practice. It is synonymous with farming.

What is agriculture in biology?

2. Agriculture is the growth of both plants and animals for human needs (Abellanosa, A.L. and H.M. Pava. 1987. Introduction to Crop Science. Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon: Publications Office. p. 238).

What is agricultural enterprise?

Agriculture, Agricultural Enterprise or Agricultural Activity means the cultivation of the soil, planting of crops, growing of fruit trees, including the harvesting of such farm products, and other farm activities and practices performed by a farmer in conjunction with such farming operations done by persons whether natural or juridical. (Sec. 3b, Chapter I, Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (R.A. No. 6657 as amended by R. A. 7881), Philippines. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from http://www.chanrobles.com/legal4agrarianlaw.htm.

What is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic?

Agriculture is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic gain.

What is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of?

3. Agriculture is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain. (Rubenstein, J.M. 2003. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. p. 496).

What is agriculture especially convenient?

Nevertheless, I find this elucidation on what is agriculture especially convenient is where its coverage is limited to crop production (agronomy and horticulture) and livestock production even knowing that some definitions include fisheries, forestry, and other activities. Further, the science of agriculture is dynamic.

What is the purpose of the plant?

It has two main divisions: plant or crop production and animal or livestock production; and its ultimate purpose is for food production, other human needs such as clothing, medicines, tools, artistic display, dwelling, and feed for animals, or for economic gain or profit.

What is the science of agriculture?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products.

Where did agriculture originate?

The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia (now Iraq and Iran) and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire.

How do farmers protect their crops from pests?

Traditionally, farmers have used a variety of methods to protect their crops from pests and diseases. They have put herb-based poisons on crops, handpicked insects off plants, bred strong varieties of crops, and rotated crops to control insects. Now, almost all farmers, especially in developed countries, rely on chemicals to control pests. The definition of “pest” ranges from insects to animals such as rabbits and mice, as well as weeds and disease-causing organisms—bacteria, viruses, and fungi. With the use of chemicals, crop losses and prices have declined dramatically.

How did agriculture help people?

Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.

What tools did people use to make food?

Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.

How did agriculture contribute to the rise of civilizations?

Start of Agriculture. Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants.

When did people start farming?

About 11,500 years ago , people gradually learned how to grow cereal and root crops, and settled down to a life based on farming. By 2,000 years ago, much of the Earth’s population had become dependent on agriculture.

What is a crop?

A crop is a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvest ed for profit or subsistence. By use, crops fall into six categories: food crops, feed crops, fiber crops, oil crops, ornamental crops, and industrial crops. Food crop s, such as fruit and vegetable s, are harvested for human consumption. Grain s, such as corn, wheat, and rice, are …

What are the crops that animals need to grow?

Feed Crops. Feed crop s, such as oats and alfalfa, are harvested for livestock consumption. These crops contain nutrient s that animals need to develop. They are grown in agricultural fields but can also be found in natural meadow s and pasture s. Forage crops are important for livestock farming.

What are the crops that are harvested from the Amazon rainforest?

Almost 70 percent of land cleared from the Amazon rainforest, for instance, has been turned over to grazing. Fiber Crops. Fiber crop s, such as cotton and hemp, are harvested for textile and paper products.

What is the best crop for livestock?

Animals feed directly on forages, such as grasses. Forages that are cut and fed to livestock while they are still fresh are called green chop. Alfalfa is a popular crop fed to livestock as green chop. Some forages are cut, allowed to dry in the field, and stored.

Why is crop rotation important?

In crop rotation, one crop is planted one year, then a different crop is planted the next year on the same land. This helps preserve the soil and reduce the chance for disease. Crop rotation and fertilization, which makes soil more productive, allowed farmers to grow more crops on less land.

Where are ornamental crops grown?

Ornamental crops are most often grown in nurseries, where they are purchased for residential or commercial settings. Ornamental crop production has deep historical roots. The tulip crop of the Netherlands, for example, has become a symbol of that country.

Where are Native American seeds located?

Native Seeds, founded in the southwestern United States, helps Native American s locate seeds for growing traditional crops, such as orach, or “mountain spinach,” and amaranth, once widely used for food and fiber in Mexico. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault, the world’s most diverse seed bank, was established in 2008.

What are the products of agriculture?

Fuel. Agricultural products can also be used to produce fuel. Ethanol—produced from corn, sugarcane, or sorghum —is the agricultural fuel product in widest use. Agricultural production byproducts can be used in industrial applications such as textiles or used to reinforce plastics. 2 .

What is considered an agricultural product?

The basic guideline for what constitutes an agricultural product is as follows: Any agricultural commodity or product, whether raw or processed, including any commodity or product derived from livestock, that is marketed in the United States for human or livestock consumption. 3 .

How Does Agricultural Production Work?

Land is used to grow crops that have an intended use in one of the four categories. The crops are purchased by businesses that specialize in processing them for their expected purposes and then sold to manufacturers or distributors.

What are crops and animal products used for?

Crops and animal products are used for food, animal feed, and non-food products used by humans.

What are the four groups of crops?

Agricultural crops turned into products fall into one of four groups: foods, fuels, fibers, or raw materials . Roughly 11% of the planet’s land is dedicated to crop production, and close to 26% is being used for animal pastures. 1 .

What are some examples of food products?

Some examples of food products are grains and cereals. Some of the crops are turned into feed and fed to animals, which then produce dairy products like milk or are turned into food for humans or other animals. Honey and farmed fish are also some examples of food products.

What is the meaning of “storing raw materials”?

Storing or preserving raw materials before the start of the production process. Storing, preserving, handling, or moving finished goods. Storing or processing agricultural products at co-ops, grain elevators, dairies, or meatpackers. Raising animals for personal use.

What is the definition of agriculture?

the use and conservation of land and water resources; health, nutrition, and food consumption; development and maintenance of recreational resources; and. related economic, sociological, political, environmental, and cultural characteristics of the food and fiber system. Specific types of agriculture Include: Agricultural economics.

What is the science of agriculture?

Agriculture is the science, art, and occupation of producing crops, raising livestock, and cultivating the soil. Agriculture also includes: processing, financing, marketing, and distribution of agricultural products; farm production supply and service industries; the use and conservation of land and water resources;

What is the basis of civilization?

Agriculture is the basis of all civilization. It is part of everything from the food we eat to the clothing we wear. Agriculture shapes many of the traditions and values that this country was built on. Agriculture is the science, art, and occupation of producing crops, raising livestock, and cultivating the soil. Agriculture also includes:

What is the classification of corrupt crops?

There are many systems of classification of crops for example commercial, taxonomical and agricultural among the agriculture classification of corrupt crops is most widely accepted because it is commonly it covers the taxonomical and commercial and other aspects. Taxonomical classification deals with the taxonomical aspects …

What is the source of forage for animals?

The foliage of a number of trees and shrubs which are edib le to animals form another source of forage especially in dry areas and during the periods of scarcity.

What is cereal called?

Cereals. Ceres – the Roman Goddess of harvest. Wheat and barley were generally the offerings – called Cerealia munera. Subsequently, the grains used for food, especially for making bread were called Cerealia or cereals. Applicable to the grains obtained from the members of the family Poaceae.

What is a millet?

Rice, wheat, maize, sorghum, ragi, barley, pearl millet, fox-tail millet, rye, oats, etc. Millets – number of small grained cereals which are of minor importance as food . Pseudo-cereals – plants other than those of Poaceae.

What is the source of human food?

Important source of human food – next to the cereals. The term pulse is used for the seeds of leguminous plants. Pulses supply proteins and form chief source in vegetarian food. Leguminous plants fix nitrogen in root nodules – produced with the help of nitrogen fixing bacteria.

What are food adjuncts?

Food adjuncts – No distinct demarcation – food and Industrial usage. spices and condiments, beverages and narcotics. Disadvantage: It is possible that one crop which has been included as a food crop may figure also as an industrial crop. e.g. maize or tapioca. A better classification is the agricultural classification.

What are plants classified as?

Plants are classified according to the commercial purposes as Food crops, Industrial crops, Food adjuncts

How has agriculture changed?

Agriculture has changed dramatically, especially since the end of World War II. Food and fiber productivity soared due to new technologies, mechanization, increased chemical use, specialization and government policies that favored maximizing production. These changes allowed fewer farmers with reduced labor demands to produce the majority of the food and fiber in the U.S.

What is the goal of sustainable agriculture?

The goal of sustainable agriculture is to meet society’s food and textile needs in the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Practitioners of sustainable agriculture seek to integrate three main objectives into their work: a healthy environment, economic profitability, and social and economic equity.

What are the three areas of concern for sustainable agriculture?

The strategies are grouped according to three separate though related areas of concern: Farming and Natural Resources, Plant and Animal Production Practices, and the Economic, Social and Political Context. They represent a range of potential ideas for individuals committed to interpreting the vision of sustainable agriculture within their own circumstances.

How do consumers contribute to the food system?

Through their purchases, they send strong messages to producers, retailers and others in the system about what they think is important. Food cost and nutritional quality have always influenced consumer choices.

What is a systems approach?

A systems approach gives us the tools to explore the interconnections between farming and other aspects of our environment. Everyone plays a role in creating a sustainable food system. A systems approach also implies interdisciplinary efforts in research and education.

What is the principal resource that has helped agriculture and society to prosper?

Water . Water is the principal resource that has helped agriculture and society to prosper, and it has been a major limiting factor when mismanaged. Water supply and use. In California, an extensive water storage and transfer system has been established which has allowed crop production to expand to very arid regions.

What happens to the natural resources of ancient Mesopotamia?

When the production of food and fiber degrades the natural resource base, the ability of future generations to produce and flourish decreases. The decline of ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia, the Mediterranean region, Pre-Columbian southwest U.S. and Central America is believed to have been strongly influenced by natural resource degradation from non-sustainable farming and forestry practices.

What is cover crop?

Cover Crops. Cover crops can be broadly defined as any non-cash crop grown in addition to the primary cash crop. These crops have the potential to increase soil organic matter and fertility, reduce erosion, improve soil structure, promote water infiltration, and limit pest and disease outbreaks. There are numerous benefits to cover cropping, …

Why do farmers use cover crops?

Some reasons to implement cover crops into a crop management regime include to slow erosion, improve soil health, enhance water infiltration, smother weeds, control pests and diseases, and increase biodiversity. For organic farmers and farms that do not rely on chemical applications of fertilizer, a common reason for growing cover crops is to add nitrogen to the soil; leguminous cover crops can provide a substantial amount of nitrogen. Crops planted following a cover crop can more readily utilize this plant-available form of nitrogen. Conventional farming systems may include cover crops as a method of increasing soil organic matter and improving the physical structure of the soil. In these situations, farmers may choose rapidly growing grasses or species with extensive root systems as a cover crop.

Why are cover crops left in the field?

Because cover crops are left in the field, there is no direct profit to the farmer for harvested crop products.

When did cover cropping start?

Cover cropping was extensively used around the country in the first half of the 20th century. With the development of selective pre- and post-emergent herbicides, many farmers transitioned away from growing cover crops in the 1950s. In recent years the increased focus on soil quality and reducing chemical inputs has led to a renewed interest in the potential benefits of including cover crops in an agricultural production system.

Why are cover crops considered weeds?

While they can reduce the impact of specific pests and pathogens, some cover crops may act as reservoirs for other insects, rodents, weeds, or diseases. If improperly selected or managed, some cover crops can persist as weeds when the field is transitioned and prepared for subsequent plantings.

What are the factors that determine the success of a cover crop?

Site specification , timing, and cropping history are all factors in choosing the most appropriate cover crop species to introduce into a system.

Is cover cropping good for agriculture?

There are numerous benefits to cover cropping, though, as with any management technique, there are tradeoffs and limitations that must be considered. In many situations cover cropping can lead to a decreased reliance on fossil fuels and improved agricultural productivity.


Crop Information

  • To learn more about crop production online, please visit Ag 101. This introduction to American agriculture covers the primary commodities produced today and the methods of doing so. An entire chapter is dedicated to crop production, and includes such topics as: soil preparation, pla…

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Methyl Bromide

  • Methyl bromide is a fumigant used to control pests in agriculture and shipping. Along with other countries, EPA has agreed to restrict the use of methyl bromide and reduce the amount used each year because it depletes the ozone layer. Learn more about protecting the ozone layer. 1. Methyl Bromide 2. Agriculture and Air Quality

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Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture

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Air Quality Conservation Practices

  • Agricultural Air Quality Conservation Measures Reference Guide for Cropping Systems and General Land Management- This guide provides a compilation of conservation measures for air pollutant emissio…

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Erosion Control

  • Erosion control practices are necessary for agricultural operations to control runoff and reduce the amount of soil erosion caused by that runoff. In areas with good drainage, crops are better able to use nutrients and chemicals and will benefit from these optimum growing conditions. When building erosion control structures, newly-graded soil surfaces may be stabilized with mul…

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Fertilizers and Soils

  • Keeping the soil healthy is important for food production. Fertilizer overuse can contaminate the soil, surface water and groundwater. Alternatives to commercial fertilizers are available and tend to be much healthier for our environment and safer to use.

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  • Pollinators are animals that pollinate plants, including vegetable and fruit crops. Examples of pollinators include bees, ants, birds, and lizards. Pollinator health is in decline so work is being done to protectthese creatures.

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  • Pesticides are widely used in the agriculture field to protect crops from pests. For more information about pesticides please visit the links below: 1. Pesticide Containers 2. Pesticide Label 3. Pesticide Storage 4. Pesticide Disposal 5. Pesticide Tolerances 6. Pesticide Worker Safety 7. Reducing Pesticide Drift 8. Soil Fumigants

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Review of Other Definitions of Agriculture

It is admitted that no definitioncan be exacting for everybody and for all purposes. Nevertheless, I find this elucidation on what is agriculture especially convenient is where its coverage is limited to crop production (agronomy and horticulture) and livestock production even knowing that some definitions include fisheries, forestr…

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Summation of The Meaning and Concept of Agriculture

  • The first 3 are scientific and practical definitions while numbered 4 to 8 are legal definitions and meaning of agriculture. These last 5 give more details on what is agriculture by enumerating the activities covered by the enterprise or practice. That contending parties have found the necessity to elevate to the Courtcontroversies in relation to what is agriculture only underscores the uncert…

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Big Revamp on What Is Agriculture

  • This page may be one, if not the most, important content of this site. After all, this site is about agriculture or farming. This page is the very foundation of this site. It has to stand erect, robust, and strong to be able to carry the heavy load of content that it carries. It has to withstand the ravages of time and remain unblemished for eternity. It ought to remain alive and proud even wit…

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