What is agricultural information technology

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Full
Answer

What are the latest technologies used in agriculture?

  • Basic research and development in physical sciences, engineering, and computer sciences
  • Development of agricultural devices, sensors, and systems
  • Applied research that assesses how to employ technologies economically and with minimal disruption to existing practices
  • Assistance and instruction to farmers on how to use new technologies

What are the examples of agricultural technology?

The A to Z of technology changing agriculture

  • A, B, C. In the future, farmers will grow more than just corn to produce advanced biofuels. …
  • D, E, F. The 2012 drought was the perfect time for companies to test new drought-tolerant corn hybrids. …
  • G, H, I. …
  • J, K, L. …
  • M, N, O. …
  • P, Q, R. …
  • S, T, U. …
  • V, W, X, Y, Z. …

What are the advantages of Technology in agriculture?

  • Through modern technology, we can develop those machines that can be used for harvesting of crops
  • We can increase the production through modifying crop
  • We can develop new verities and pest can be produce that can be used as bio-agent for the control of pest

More items…

What is new technology in agriculture?

  • The Green Revolution. …
  • Original single active ingredient Roundup ® Herbicide released. …
  • Rotary combines are introduced. …
  • First genetically modified plant cell. …
  • Satellite technology advances farming. …
  • Monsanto’s first GMO crops become commercially available. …
  • Software and mobile devices helps farmers have better harvests. …
  • Data revolutionizes farming potential. …
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How information technology is used in agriculture?

Information technology can be used in providing a precision agriculture package by developing e-farm production system based on Precision Agriculture techniques, Crop and livestock management (RFIDs), precision irrigation applications, Crop water and pest/disease management, Wireless moisture sensing networks, Wireless …


What is the meaning of agricultural technology?

(2) Agricultural technology The term “agricultural technology” means machinery and other equipment engineered for an applicable and novel use in agriculture, natural resources, and food relating to the research and development of qualified products and projects.


What is an example of agricultural technology?

An example of agricultural technology is satellite imaging that allows farmers to track the conditions of their crops without visiting a certain location or precision agriculture that provides more accurate methods necessary for seeding and growing crops.


What are two agricultural technology examples?

Types of agricultural technologyAgricultural drone.Satellite photography and sensors.IoT-based sensor networks.Phase tracking.Weather forecasting.Automated irrigation.Light and heat control.Intelligent software analysis for pest and disease prediction, soil management and other involved analytical tasks.More items…


What are the basics in agriculture technology?

They include machines for tilling the soil, planting seeds, irrigating the land, cultivating crops, protecting them from pests and weeds, harvesting, threshing grain, livestock feeding, and sorting and packaging the products.


Who is an agricultural technologist?

This is a responsible administrative/supervisory or specialized technical work associated with one or more agriculture disciplines or the delivery of programs related to livestock and crop production.


What are five new agriculture technologies?

7 Emerging Agriculture TechnologiesSoil and Water Sensors. Table of Contents. … Weather Tracking. … Satellite Imaging. … Pervasive Automation. … Minichromosomal Technology. … RFID Technology. … Vertical Farming.


What are 3 innovations of technology in agriculture?

Some major technologies that are most commonly being utilized by farms include: harvest automation, autonomous tractors, seeding and weeding, and drones. Farm automation technology addresses major issues like a rising global population, farm labor shortages, and changing consumer preferences.


Which country has the most advanced agriculture technology?

This high-quality agricultural production is the key to success achieved by Japan because agricultural technology is more advanced than in other countries. Japanese agricultural technology is arguably very comprehensive both from the planting process to the harvesting process.


What is the latest technology in agriculture?

Future agriculture will use sophisticated technologies such as robots, temperature and moisture sensors, aerial images, and GPS technology. These advanced devices and precision agriculture and robotic systems will allow farms to be more profitable, efficient, safe, and environmentally friendly.


What are the advantages and disadvantages of technology in agriculture?

Positive and negative impacts of modern farming technologyPositiveNegativeFewer workers so less wages for farmer to payAs people become unemployed, they move away to find work leading to rural depopulationCrops are harvested faster so they are fresherMachines are expensive to buy and repairs can be costly3 more rows


What are negative impacts of Agricultural Technology?

(i) Limits or destroys the natural habitat of most wild creatures, and leads to soil erosion. ADVERTISEMENTS: (ii) Use of fertilizers can alter the biology of rivers and lakes.


Why is information technology important for farmers?

Information technology plays a vital role in ensuring the farmers get access to this information, regardless of their agro ecological location.


What is information technology?

Information technology refers to the utilization of computers along with other telecommunication equipment for the storage, retrieval, transmission, and manipulation of data, among other tasks, which are aimed to improve the efficiency of different sectors. Among the sectors that utilize IT Is agriculture.


Why is location important in farming?

The location of a farm is very important, as it dictates the varieties of seed to be used, the amount of irrigation to be used and above all the type of crop to be plante d. With the use of IT, It is easier to locate a farm, even if it is miles away. This is made possible by the use of Information technology through the global positioning system (G.P.S )Which has also enabled professionals in the agricultural field to be able to classify different areas into different agro ecological zones


Why is agriculture important?

Agriculture is a major sector which is vital for the survival of modern man. Plants are the producers in the food chain, and without them, the life cycle would just not be possible. Agriculture is a wide field which requires the support of disciplines from other sectors for it to fully thrive.


How can community involvement in agriculture be increased?

When a community adopts modern methods for agriculture, the production of local goods can be increased. There are some places where people greatly benefit from the land and their resources for agriculture, and with IT, there can be improved union in local farmers which can lead to their community’s overall improved production that may lead to better income for everyone involved.


What is the role of weather forecasting in agriculture?

Weather forecasting and climate smart farming. The climate and weather play a vital role in farming. With the use of IT infrastructure, farmers are able to receive weather forecasts, and therefore they plan when to irrigate, or when to plant, and how much water should be used for irrigation. This plays a vital role in the agricultural production.


Is information technology incorporated in agriculture?

Information technology is an integral part of the day to day activities in the modern world.It must therefore be incorporated in all the sectors including Agriculture.


What is biofortification in agriculture?

Biofortification is a new approach to improving the nutritional value of crops. It involves breeding for increased levels of key vitamins and essential minerals in several staple crops relied on by the world’s poor. Proof of this principle was accomplished by Potrykus, Beyer and colleagues, 34 who used molecular biological techniques to produce Golden Rice with as much as 35 µg/g β-carotene in the endosperm. This pioneering work involved the insertion into the rice genome of two of the three 35 genes needed for β-carotene synthesis ( Fig. 19.9 ): PSY (phytoene synthase) from daffodil ( Narcissus pseudonarcissus ), and CRT1 from a soil bacterium ( Erwinia uredovora ). Simon and colleagues used visual color-scoring in breeding a biofortified carrot particularly high in β-carotene. 36


How has ATMA been successful?

ATMA has been successful in bringing recognition to the importance of extension systems in India, which can be seen through the increased funding and human resources. For the case of rice cultivation, ATMA has been able to expand the range of extension activities and be more responsive to various stakeholders, thus lending credibility to the system of extension provision. Furthermore, ATMA has managed to achieve convergence among different programs implemented by the Department of Agriculture (DoA) and improve the relationship of the DoA with other line departments (i.e., agricultural engineering, animal husbandry, and fisheries). This has been particularly beneficial for rice farmers engaging in income-earning activities beyond rice cultivation. Through its bottom-up model, ATMA has expanded the reach of public extension systems to rural areas.


What is ATMA in India?

The ATMA is currently the flagship program for providing extension services in India. It exists at the district level where it directs extension activities based on a Strategic Research and Extension Plan (SREP) prepared using the participatory rural appraisal (PRA) technique by each district. The ATMA project director chairs …


What are the factors that drive the impact of ATMA?

Variations in leadership and commitment are the main factors that drive differences in ATMA’s impact. Ensuring that staff positions are filled at all times and the provision of adequate incentives to retain staff are common problems faced by ATMA. The linkages with Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs, Farm Science Centers) need to be proactively strengthened to make better use of the existing research capacity. Delays often occur in the release of funds from the center to the states and this affects the implementation of the SREP and SEWP. Some of the central government schemes do not have sufficient resources for knowledge support, hence presenting an untapped opportunity for ATMA to fill the knowledge gap. ATMA also needs to develop collaborative crop-specific research programs to bring increased focus onto the productivity of important crops, such as rice. Lastly, farmers’ influence on decision-making at the block level remains low despite the FF initiative and therefore capacity building of the village-level representatives and farmer interest groups needs more investment.


Why are agricultural technologies important?

Agricultural technologies are developed to increase production, resolve chemo-physical, biological, and socioeconomic constraints related to crop production systems. During the past three decades, there has been an increasing realization that technologies need to be tailored to the circumstances of farmers as well as to future sustainability goals including climate change projections. Climate projections from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change have shown skewed future rainfall patterns with shortened growing seasons (leading to intermittent and terminal droughts) and extremes of temperature all of which threaten agriculture production. Current threats require advanced analysis of best-fit solutions in order for agricultural technologies to serve smallholder farmers’ needs. Climate smart agriculture defined as agricultural practices that sustainably improve production, resilience of production systems, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions is required to overcome climate extremes and variability. Future food production systems will rely heavily on the successful integration of a range of technologies that are climate responsive and environmentally enhancing. Robust policies that will shape institutions to deliver more agricultural produce and financial gains in the long term are needed. Although there are clear extension messages for scaling up already, further research and refinement are still required for adaptation to climate extremes and mitigation of emissions.


How can agriculture improve the quality of food?

Agricultural technologies can increase the bioavailable vitamin contents of foods . Increasing vitamin content has not been an explicit goal of crop improvement, which has centered on economically important traits such as those directly related to yield and disease resistance. However, that narrow attitude has changed with the recognition of the “hidden hunger” of micronutrient malnutrition – i.e., the persistent, debilitating shortages of vitamins and essential minerals in the face of remarkable gains in the global production of total staple foods and total calories. That one-sixth of the world’s population does not have access to the foods necessary for a nutritionally balanced diet has made it impossible to overlook shortages of vitamin A, folate, iron, iodine, and zinc, particularly among the world’s poor. The international agricultural community has responded with a number of coordinated efforts to use modern breeding techniques to enhance the micronutrient contents of selected staple foods. This effort has been called field fortification and biofortification. 33


What are the causes of nutrition security?

Thus, the immediate causes of nutrition security are dietary intake of macronutrients (energy, protein, and fat), micronutrients, and the health status of individuals. Adequate nutrition security for children results in the development of healthy adolescents and adults and contributes to the quality of human capital.


How does agricultural advancement affect the world?

Agricultural practices and advancements differ globally—since plants have their own differences and the location plays a role on their development as well. But through the exchange of knowledge from different agriculturally-involved individuals from all over the world, improvement of techniques can be experienced as well. It has made an impact on how information is shared, and being able to use this information for the advancement of the agricultural sector gives a great positive impact that is beneficial for everyone.


Why is it important to share information about agricultural breakthroughs?

Sharing information to help everyone progress is made much easier through resources made available and accessible by IT.


Why is agriculture important?

Plants are the producers in the food chain, and without them, the life cycle would just not be possible. Agricultural produce, though highly perishable compared to other food sources, is essential for survival.


How are crops used in agriculture?

Crops are used to produce several food sources by themselves or through by-products such as bread, powders, organic additives to other goods and the like. The produce from agriculture drives trade from one country to another, brings income for farmers, makes productive use of otherwise idle land, and brings food on the table.


How can community involvement in agriculture be improved?

When a community adopts modern methods for agriculture, the production of local goods can be increased. There are some places where people greatly benefit from the land and their resources for agriculture, and with IT, there can be improved union in local farmers which can lead to their community’s overall improved production that may lead to better income for everyone involved.


What are techniques and secrets for efficiency and increased yields?

Techniques and secrets for efficiency and increased yields are also part of the knowledge passed on from one generation to another. Agricultural practices and advancements differ globally—since plants have their own differences and the location plays a role on their development as well.


How does information technology help farmers?

The exchange of knowledge from various countries and organization also helps farmers be more aware of factors to consider before making their decisions.


What is ICT in agriculture?

Information and communication technology in agriculture ( ICT in agriculture ), also known as e-agriculture, focuses on the enhancement of agricultural and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. ICT includes devices, networks, mobiles, services and applications; these range from innovative Internet-era technologies and sensors to other pre-existing aids such as fixed telephones, televisions, radios and satellites. Provisions of standards, norms, methodologies, and tools as well as development of individual and institutional capacities, and policy support are all key components of e-agriculture.


How can ICT help agriculture?

Many ICT in agriculture or e-agriculture interventions have been developed and tested around the world to help agriculturists improve their livelihoods through increased agricultural productivity and income, or by reducing risks . Some useful resources for learning about e-agriculture in practice are the World Bank’s e-sourcebook ICT in agriculture – connecting smallholder farmers to knowledge, networks and institutions (2011), ICT uses for inclusive value chains (2013), ICT uses for inclusive value chains (2013) and Success stories on information and communication technologies for agriculture and rural development have documented many cases of use of ICT in agriculture.


Why is mobile technology important in agriculture?

The use of mobile technologies as a tool of intervention in agriculture is becoming increasingly popular. Smartphone penetration enhances the multi-dimensional positive impact on sustainable poverty reduction and identify accessibility as the main challenge in harnessing the full potential (Silarszky et al., 2008) in agricultural space. The reach of smartphone even in rural areas extended the ICT services beyond simple voice or text messages. Several smartphone apps are available for agriculture, horticulture, animal husbandry and farm machinery.


What is the FAO?

In August 2003, the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), the UK Department for International Development ( DFID) and the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization ( FAO) joined together in a collaborative research project to look at bringing together livelihoods thinking with concepts from information and communication for development, in order to improve understanding of the role and importance of information and communication in support of rural livelihoods.


What is GIS used for?

Geographic information systems, or GiS, are extensively used in agriculture, especially in precision farming. Land is mapped digitally, and pertinent geodetic data such as topography and contours are combined with other statistical data for easier analysis of the soil. GIS is used in decision making such as what to plant …


What are the applications of wireless technology in agriculture?

One major usage is the simplification of closed-circuit television camera systems; the use of wireless communications eliminates the need for the installation of coaxial cables.


When was the first e-agriculture workshop held?

FAO hosted the first e-agriculture workshop in June 2006, bringing together representatives of leading development organizations involved in agriculture. The meeting served to initiate development of an effective process to engage as wide a range of stakeholders involved in e-agriculture, and resulted in the formation of the e-Agriculture Community, a community of practice. The e-Agriculture Community’s Founding Partners include: Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research ( CGIAR ); Technical Centre for Agriculture and Rural Development ( CTA ); FAO; Global Alliance for Information and Communication Technologies and Development ( GAID ); Global Forum on Agricultural Research ( GFAR ); Global Knowledge Partnership (GKP); Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (now called Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, GIZ); International Association of Agricultural Information Specialists (IAALD); Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA); International Fund for Agricultural Development ( IFAD ); International Centre for Communication for Development ( IICD ); United States National Agricultural Library (NAL); United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs ( UNDESA ); the World Bank .


What is the process of adding nutrients and trace elements to soil called?

Mechanical processing of soil so that it is in the proper physical condition for planting is usually referred to as tilling; adding nutrients and trace elements is called fertilizing. Both processes are important in agricultural operations.


What is a hardpan in tillage?

Tillage, particularly conventional plowing, may create a hardpan, or plow sole; that is, a compacted layer just below the zone disturbed by tillage.


What is the equipment used to break and loosen soil for a depth of six to 36 inches?

Primary tillage equipment . Equipment used to break and loosen soil for a depth of six to 36 inches (15 to 90 centimetres) may be called primary tillage equipment . It includes moldboard, disk, rotary, chisel, and subsoil plows. The moldboard plow is adapted to the breaking of many soil types.


Why is it important to till soil?

Soil is tilled to change its structure, to kill weeds, and to manage crop residues. Soil-structure modification is often necessary to facilitate the intake, storage, and transmission of water and to provide a good environment for seeds and roots. Elimination of weeds is important, because they compete for water, nutrients, and light.


What are the applications of IoT in agriculture?

The most common IoT applications in smart agriculture are: Sensor-based systems for monitoring crops, soil, fields, livestock, storage facilities, or basically any important factor that influences the production. Smart agriculture vehicles, drones, autonomous robots and actuators.


What are the benefits of the Internet of Things in agriculture?

In agriculture, however, these benefits don’t act as improvements, but rather the solutions for the whole industry confronting a range of dangerous problems.


What is smart agriculture?

Smart agriculture is a broad term that collects ag and food production practices powered by Internet of Things, big data and advanced analytics technology. When we talk about IoT, we generally refer to adding sensing, automation and analytics technology to modern agricultural processes. The most common IoT applications in smart agriculture are: 1 Sensor-based systems for monitoring crops, soil, fields, livestock, storage facilities, or basically any important factor that influences the production. 2 Smart agriculture vehicles, drones, autonomous robots and actuators. 3 Connected agriculture spaces such as smart greenhouses or hydroponics. 4 Data analytics, visualization and management systems. 5 Predictive modeling and planning.


What are the sensors used in agriculture?

There’s a wide range of IoT sensors used in agriculture, including soil, humidity, moisture, light, air temperature, CO2, solar energy sensor, and many others. Installed throughout the fields, in the IoT-based monitoring systems, on smart agriculture vehicles and weather stations, sensors continuously collect data and bring visibility and control into agriculture operations.


What are IoT sensors used for?

There’s a wide range of IoT sensors used in agriculture, including soil, humidity, moisture, light, air temperature, CO2, solar energy sensor, and many others. Installed throughout the fields, in the IoT-based monitoring systems, on smart agriculture vehicles and weather stations, sensors continuously collect data and bring visibility and control into agriculture operations.


How does IoT help farmers?

Thanks to real-time monitoring and prediction systems, farmers can quickly respond to any significant change in weather, humidity, air quality as well as the health of each crop or soil in the field.


How does data driven agriculture help farmers?

Using soil and crop sensors, aerial drone monitoring and farm mapping, farmers better understand detailed dependencies between the conditions and the quality of the crops. Using connected systems, they can recreate the best conditions and increase the nutritional value of the products.


Why is lack of knowledge of agricultural information important?

Lack of knowledge of agricultural information may weaken the support for public information funding as a major priority in agriculture. An increase in funding for public information should allow for an increase in the accessibility of public information to farmers.


What is Demiryurek’s theory of information systems?

Demiryurek (2000) also used agricultural information system theory to analyze the current information systems used by organic and non-organic hazelnut producers and found that the information systems for the two groups of farmers were largely separate.


What are the inputs for adoption?

These inputs may include fertilizers, improved variety of seeds and seedlings, feeds, plant protection chemicals, agricultural machinery, and equipment and water. An examination of the factors influencing the adoption and continued use of these inputs will show that information dissemination is a very important factor.


What are the drawbacks of agricultural technology?

But agricultural technologies do not come without their own drawbacks, such as the overutilization of pesticides and fertilizers. This is why it is important that we take a closer look at the positive and negative impact of agricultural technology as a whole


When did agriculture start?

Agriculture is what our society was built on and it is also the mainstay of several economies around the world. Man first started farming around 12000 years ago , approximately around 10,000 BC when the first city-states took shape. Since then, agriculture and more specifically agricultural technology have evolved to become what it is today, a journey that started over 12 millennia ago. From the time that agriculture took root, so as to speak, it managed to change our very perception and the way we lived and went on to shape our culture, our lifestyle and even our history itself.


How does modern agriculture affect the environment?

Environmental impact: As some of the modern agricultural implements have now made it possible for farmers to plant seeds, plough the fields and even reap the crop within a short time frame, most farmers have now opted to clear some of the local forests so that they can expand their fields.


Why are farmers able to grow crops?

Cost: as a result of increased yield , farmers are able to grow various kinds of crops and are able to pass on the benefits to their consumers, resulting in fair and equitable rates. Early on, due to slower transportation methods, transforming vegetables and food crops over long distances was not viable. However, thanks to modern transportation methods, farmers can now export their products all over the world.


Why are farmers better able to protect their crops?

Yield increase: While earlier on, farmers had to make do with blight and other natural disasters which often wiped out their whole crops, with the advent of agricultural technology and advances in both pesticides and fertilizers, farmers are better able to protect their crops. As a result of this, they are able to increase their yield per acre.

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Overview

Information and communication technology in agriculture (ICT in agriculture), also known as e-agriculture, focuses on the enhancement of agricultural and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the rural domain, with a primary focus o…

Information and communication technology in agriculture (ICT in agriculture), also known as e-agriculture, focuses on the enhancement of agricultural and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICTs) in the rural domain, with a primary focus o…


Wireless technologies

Wireless technologies have numerous applications in agriculture. One major usage is the simplification of closed-circuit television camera systems; the use of wireless communications eliminates the need for the installation of coaxial cables.


Global Positioning System (GPS)

In agriculture, the use of the Global Positioning System provides benefits in geo-fencing, map-making and surveying. GPS receivers dropped in price over the years, making it more popular for civilian use. With the use of GPS, civilians can produce simple yet highly accurate digitized map without the help of a professional cartographer.


Geographic information systems

Geographic information systems, or GiS, are extensively used in agriculture, especially in precision farming. Land is mapped digitally, and pertinent geodetic data such as topography and contours are combined with other statistical data for easier analysis of the soil. GIS is used in decision making such as what to plant and where to plant using historical data and sampling.


Computer-controlled devices (automated systems)

Automatic milking systems are computer controlled stand alone systems that milk the dairy cattle without human labor. The complete automation of the milking process is controlled by an agricultural robot, a complex herd management software, and specialized computers. Automatic milking eliminates the farmer from the actual milking process, allowing for more time …


Smartphone mobile apps in agriculture

The use of mobile technologies as a tool of intervention in agriculture is becoming increasingly popular. Smartphone penetration enhances the multi-dimensional positive impact on sustainable poverty reduction and identify accessibility as the main challenge in harnessing the full potential (Silarszky et al., 2008) in agricultural space. The reach of smartphone even in rural areas extended the ICT services beyond simple voice or text messages. Several smartphone apps are available f…


RFID for Animal identification

RFID tags for animals represent one of the oldest uses of RFID. Originally meant for large ranches and rough terrain, since the outbreak of mad-cow disease, RFID has become crucial in animal identification management. An implantable RFID tag or transponder can also be used for animal identification. The transponders are better known as PIT (Passive Integrated Transponder) tags, …


E-commerce

Online purchasing order of agri-inputs and agri-equipments is a subset of E-commerce.

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