Agricultural output is the main measure of individual crop and livestock output. It comprises:
What is an example of an agricultural output?
Common agricultural outputs include milk, foodstuffs, and raw-materials for manufacturing industries like cotton. Become a Study.com member to unlock this answer! Create your account
How do you measure agricultural output?
While individual products are usually measured by weight, their varying densities make measuring overall agricultural output difficult. Therefore, output is usually measured as the market value of final output, which excludes intermediate products such as corn feed used in the meat industry.
What are inputs and outputs in the production process?
The successful completion of the production process in different industries requires the inputs to be processed to outputs. Common agricultural outputs include milk, foodstuffs, and raw-materials for manufacturing industries like cotton.
What does agricultural productivity mean to farmers?
For many farmers (especially in non-industrial countries) agricultural productivity may mean much more. A productive farm is one that provides most of the resources necessary for the farmer’s family to live, such as food, fuel, fiber, healing plants, etc.
What does agricultural output mean?
Final agricultural output measures the value of agricultural products which, free of intra-branch consumption, is produced during the accounting period and, before processing, is available for export and/or consumption.
What is output agribusiness?
The agribusiness output sector includes any agribusiness that affects an agricultural commodity between production and the consumer.
What is input and output agriculture?
The inputs in agriculture are seeds, fertilisers, machinery, labour, etc. The operations involved in agriculture are ploughing, sowing, irrigation, weeding, and harvesting. As outputs of the farming activity, a farmer gets crops, wool, dairy products, and poultry products.
How is agricultural output calculated?
Total harvest of the plot is obtained by multiplying total number of units harvested by the average unit weight. Crop productivity can then be calculated by dividing total production by the area from where the production came from.
Why are agricultural output important?
Agricultural productivity is an important component of food security. Increasing agricultural productivity through sustainable practices can be an important way to decrease the amount of land needed for farming and slow environmental degradation and climate change through processes like deforestation.
What are crop outputs?
Crop output comprises sales, changes in stock levels, and crop products used as animal feedstuffs, or for processing and own final use by the producers.
How do you increase agricultural output?
Land reforms are the best method to increase production.Interplant. Interplanting is a practice in which different crops are growing together at the same time. … Plant more densely. … Plant many crops. … Raised beds. … Heat Tolerant Varieties. … Improved seeds. … Plant protection.
What is agriculture input?
Agricultural inputs are defined as products permitted for use in organic farming. These include feedstuffs, fertilizers and permitted plant protection products as well as cleaning agents and additives used in food production.
What is a input process and output?
A computer receives an input, processes the information, then performs an output. For example, sending a text message from a mobile phone: input – type in the message and press send. process – the phone’s hardware and network process the message. output – the message goes to the receiver.
What affects agricultural output?
The actual yield that is captured on farm depends on several factors such as the crop’s genetic potential, the amount of sunlight, water and nutrients absorbed by the crop, the presence of weeds and pests.Agricultural output | OECD iLibraryhttps://www.oecd-ilibrary.org › indicator-grouphttps://www.oecd-ilibrary.org › indicator-group
What is the amount of crop output?
Explanation: Crop yield means total output from a given area. The unit of it is (tons per hectare, or pounds per acre, etc.).What is the amount of crop output from a given area of planted land called?https://socratic.org › questions › what-is-the-amount-of-cr…https://socratic.org › questions › what-is-the-amount-of-cr…
What is the difference between production and yield?
The difference between yield and production is that yield refers per area harvest and, production is total harvest measured in tonnes per hectare. Crop yields are the harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products.Difference between production and yield in agriculture – Brainly.inhttps://brainly.in › questionhttps://brainly.in › question
What are agricultural products used for?
The agricultural products are also used in other processes, such as the manufacture of clothes in textile industries as well as papers. The agricultural outputs go through the manufacturing process, which is commonly known as value addition.
What is an agricultural society?
An agricultural society is one that is centered on and revolves around farming. Explore the definition and concept of an agricultural society, including its social order, resources, and economy.
The gross value of production (GVP) of a cash crop enterprise is the total value of the production from that enterprise. It is calculated as follows:
GVP here is the total production value of livestock products plus trading income plus the livestock inventory change. It is calculated as follows:
Sundry farm income
This includes: income derived from contract work; bonus on turnover; farm produce sold that is difficult to place in other categories or of minor importance (a maize farmer, for example, might keep a few cows and sell the milk to the neighbours); income from veld leased out and hay sold.
Why does agricultural output fall?
Agricultural output falls slightly because of the decline in demand due to the drop in real household income.
What percentage of agricultural output is cereal?
Cereals accounted for about 55% of the total value of agricultural output, while legumes accounted for about 12% among both small and large households.
What is the main factor behind agricultural expansion?
The statistical analysis shows that increased agricultural output prices, in particular for annual crops, is a major factor behind agricultural expansion.
How to induce investments in soil conservation?
Another way to induce investments in soil conservation, at least according to cost-benefit analysis, is by increasing the future price of agricultural output.
Which is the most significant factor in the economic model without population?
In the models without population, agricultural output prices are the economically most significant factor.
Can agricultural and output be used together?
These words are often used together. You can go to the definition of agricultural or the definition of output . Or, see other combinations with output .
What is the importance of crop production?
Crop production depends on the availability of arable land and is affected in particular by yields, macroeconomic uncertainty, as well as consumption patterns; it also has a great incidence on agricultural commodities’ prices. The importance of crop production is related to harvested areas, returns per hectare (yields) …
What is crop yield?
Crop yields are the harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. In most of the cases yield data are not recorded, but are obtained by dividing the production data by the data on area harvested.
What are the factors that determine the yield of a crop?
The actual yield that is captured on farm depends on several factors such as the crop’s genetic potential, the amount of sunlight, water and nutrients absorbed by the crop, the presence of weeds and pests. This indicator is presented for wheat, maize, rice and soybean.
How did crop production increase?
Until the early years of the 20th century, most of the world’s increase in crop production came either from an increase in land under cultivation or from an increase in the amount of labour used per unit of land. That generally involved a shift to crops that would yield more per unit of land and required more labour for their cultivation.
How does land affect agriculture?
The relationship between land, population, and farm production is a complex one. In traditional agriculture, where methods of production have changed little over a long period of time, production is largely determined by the quality and quantity of land available and the number of people working on the land. Until the early years of the 20th century, most of the world’s increase in crop production came either from an increase in land under cultivation or from an increase in the amount of labour used per unit of land. That generally involved a shift to crops that would yield more per unit of land and required more labour for their cultivation. Wheat, rye, and millet require less labour per unit of land and per unit of food output than do rice, potatoes, or corn (maize), but generally the latter yield more food per unit of land. Thus, as population density increased, the latter groups of crops tended to be substituted for the former. That did not hold true in Europe, where wheat, rye, and millet expanded at the expense of pasture land, but those crops yielded more food per acre than did the livestock that they displaced.
What is the instability of farm prices?
The instability of farm prices is accompanied by instability of farm income. While gross income from agriculture generally does not vary as much as do individual farm prices, net income may vary more than prices. In modern agriculture, costs tend to be relatively stable; the farmer is unable to compensate for a drop in prices by reducing his payments for machinery, fertilizer, or labour.
Why did the government control the agricultural sector?
In the second half of the 20th century, governments undertook to control both prices and output in the agricultural sector, largely in response to the pressures of the farmers themselves. In the absence of such control, farm prices tend to fluctuate more than do most other prices, and the incomes of farmers fluctuate to an even greater degree. Not only are incomes in agriculture unstable, but they also tend to be lower than incomes in other economic sectors.
Why is the cost of farming so stable?
In modern agriculture, costs tend to be relatively stable; the farmer is unable to compensate for a drop in prices by reducing his payments for machinery, fertilizer, or labour. The incomes of farm workers are generally below those of other workers. There are two major reasons for that inequity.
How does modernization affect agriculture?
As agriculture becomes modernized, its dependence upon land as well as upon human labour decreases. Animal power and machinery are substituted for human labour; mechanical power then replaces animal power. The substitution of mechanical power for animal power reduces the need for land. The increased use of fertilizer as modernization occurs also acts as a substitute for both land and labour; the same is true of herbicides and insecticides. By making it possible to produce more per unit of land and per hour of work, less land and labour are required for a given amount of output.
Which crops require less labour per unit of land?
Wheat, rye, and millet require less labour per unit of land and per unit of food output than do rice, potatoes, or corn (maize), but generally the latter yield more food per unit of land. Thus, as population density increased, the latter groups of crops tended to be substituted for the former.
How does agriculture contribute to economic growth?
Increases in agricultural productivity lead also to agricultural growth and can help to alleviate poverty in poor and developing countries, where agriculture often employs the greatest portion of the population. As farms become more productive, the wages earned by those who work in agriculture increase. At the same time, food prices decrease and food supplies become more stable. Labourers therefore have more money to spend on food as well as other products. This also leads to agricultural growth. People see that there is a greater opportunity to earn their living by farming and are attracted to agriculture either as owners of farms themselves or as labourers.
How does agricultural productivity affect human population?
Some critics claim that increasing agricultural productivity results in human overpopulation. They are argue that, like other species, human populations grow up to their carrying capacity. When a species reaches its carrying capacity, the number of poor and weak individuals who die from disease or starvation is equal to the number of individuals being added to the population via birth. Because innovation continues to improve agricultural productivity (specifically yields), however, the theoretical carrying capacity continues to increase, allowing the human population to continue to grow. These writers claim that there are too many people on Earth and that therefore growth in agricultural productivity is detrimental to the environment — if the carrying capacity was lower, the human population would reach an equilibrium at a lower number.
How does agriculture affect the world?
Agricultural productivity is becoming increasingly important as the world population continues to grow. As agricultural productivity grows , food prices decrease , allowing people to spend less on food, and combatting hunger. India, one of the world’s most populous countries, has taken steps in the past decades to increase its land productivity. In the 1960s North India produced only wheat, but with the advent of the earlier maturing high-yielding wheats and rices, the wheat could be harvested in time to plant rice. This wheat/rice combination is now widely used throughout the Punjab, Haryana, and parts of Uttar Pradesh. The wheat yield of three tons and rice yield of two tons combine for five tons of grain per hectare, helping to feed India’s 1.1 billion people.
How does increasing the productivity of farms affect the region’s prospects for growth and competitiveness?
Aside from providing more food, increasing the productivity of farms affects the region’s prospects for growth and competitiveness on the agricultural market, income distribution and savings, and labour migration. An increase in a region’s agricultural productivity implies a more efficient distribution of scarce resources.
What is productivity driven by?
Productivity is driven by changes in either agricultural technique or improvements in technology. Some sources of changes in agricultural productivity have included: See: Productivity improving technologies (historical) Section: 2.4.1: Mechanization: Agriculture, Section 2.6: Scientific agriculture.
Why is agricultural productivity important?
Increasing agricultural productivity through sustainable practices can be an important way to decrease the amount of land needed for farming and slow environmental degradation and climate change through processes like deforestation.
What are the factors that affect agricultural productivity?
Productivity is driven by changes in either agricultural technique or improvements in technology. Some sources of changes in agricultural productivity have included: 1 Mechanization 2 High yield varieties, which were the basis of the Green revolution 3 Fertilizers: Primary plant nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and secondary nutrients such as sulfur, zinc, copper, manganese, calcium, magnesium and molybdenum on deficient soil 4 Education in management and entrepreneurial techniques to decrease fixed and variable costs and optimise manpower 5 Liming of acid soils to raise pH and to provide calcium and magnesium 6 Irrigation 7 Herbicides 8 Genetic engineering 9 Pesticides 10 Increased plant density 11 Animal feed made more digestible by processing 12 Keeping animals indoors in cold weather