What is agricultural processing

Processing in agriculture involves the biological, physical, mechanical, and biochemical manipulation of agricultural produce in other to preserve it for further use. It involves the series of operations taken to change agricultural products into a consumer-finish product.

Title: Agricultural and Food Products Processing. Definition: A program that prepares individuals to receive, inspect, store, process, and package agricultural products in the form of human food consumables, animal or plant food, or other industrial products.


What is agricultural processing?

“Agricultural processing or agroprocessing defined as the set of manufacturing that process raw materials and intermediate product derived from the agricultural sector” In other words, transforming products from the raw agricultural.

What is minimal processing in agriculture?

  • Greater efficiencies and lower prices
  • Safer growing conditions and safer foods
  • Reduced environmental and ecological impact

What is agro food processing?

Agro processing could be defined as set of technoeconomic activities carried out for conservation and handling of agricultural produce and to make it usable as food, feed, fibre, fuel or industrial raw material.

Why is AG important to your community?

The importance of agriculture to the community cannot be overstated. For one, it creates jobs for members of the community, boosts the community’s economic growth, sustains the community by the food source, and other raw materials. Basically, agriculture has more positive impacts on the community than most people fathom.

What is the meaning of processing in agriculture?

Agricultural processing means 1 or more of the operations that transform, package, sort, or grade livestock or livestock products, agricultural commodities, or plant or plant products into goods that are used for the intermediate or final consumption including goods for nonfood use.

What is the main purpose of agricultural processing?

Processing makes food more edible, palatable and safe, and preserves it so it can be eaten beyond the harvest season. Food processing is also a tool that offers greater variety in foods and therefore increases the consumer’s choice.

What is an example of agricultural processing?

Cooking, canning, smoking and drying are among the various methods used in the processing industry. Many farm products must be processed before they can be used by the general public or by farmers. For example, most fruits and vegetables are cleaned, graded and stored or processed before they enter the retail market.

What is agricultural food processing?

FOOD PROCESSING. Page 1. 1. FOOD PROCESSING. Food Processing is the conversion of agricultural product to substances which have particular textural, sensory and nutritional properties using commercially feasible methods.

What is the importance of processing agricultural product?

Processing makes food more edible, palatable and safe, and preserves it so it can be eaten beyond the harvest season. Food processing is also a tool that offers greater variety in foods and therefore increases the consumer’s choice.

What are the activities involved in agricultural processing?

Agriculture: cultivating soil; planting; raising, and harvesting crops; rearing, feeding, and managing animals. Aquaculture: raising private aquatic animals (fish) Floriculture: growing flowering plants. Horticulture: growing fruits, vegetables, and plants.

What is agricultural processing equipment?

Agricultural machinery is machinery used in farming or other agriculture. There are many types of such equipment, from hand tools and power tools to tractors and the countless kinds of farm implements that they tow or operate. Diverse arrays of equipment are used in both organic and non-organic farming.

What is the meaning of food processing?

Food processing generally includes the basic preparation of foods, the alteration of a food product into another form (as in making preserves from fruit), and preservation and packaging techniques.

What are the different types of food processing?

Types of food processingUnprocessed or minimally processed foods. Unprocessed foods include the natural edible food parts of plants and animals. … Processed culinary ingredients. … Processed foods. … Ultra-processed foods. … Decoding the ingredients list on a food label.

What are the benefits of food processing?

The benefits and drawbacks of food processingIncreasing availability and convenience. Want to keep. … Ensuring food safety. Having safe food to eat is something we take for granted. … Personalised nutrition and health. … Preserving nutritional quality. … Fortification and enrichment. … Glossary.

What is agro processing?

Agro processing could be defined as set of technoeconomic activities carried out for conservation and handling of agricultural produce and to make it usable as food, feed, fibre, fuel or industrial raw material.

What is the purpose of food processing?

Processing of perishable food products is to a large extent to use it for longer time and it helps to preservation as well as to enhance the market by transporting to long distances.

What is crop science?

Crop science involves eveeyrhing from seed selection, soil health, plant health, crop protection, disease management, insect management and many more things. Agronomy is literally the science of raising crops. By using crop science principles, you help the farmer be productive and profitable. Without using crop science, the US qould not be able to feed itself, let alone the world. Only 2% or less of the US is farmers and we have the cheapesr, most plentiful food in the world.

How to add value to a farm?

Ask the orchardist if you can run chickens (or geese or ducks) between his rows, they will scratch out tons of pests, eat fallen (potentially pes-ridden) fruit, and build fertility in the land. Win for the farmer, win for you. Because you proposed it to the farmer, and promised to take care of the animals, you might get a large cut of the animals or eggs, or even the entire cut. Now you’re an entrepreneur without setting out to be one.

Can land be mortgaged other than agriculture?

According to current and old acts land can not be mortgaged other than agriculture purposes.

Is farming a good job?

If you are the type of person who can do anything – a jack of all trades – and you love working outside, farming might be for you. If you additionally have a strong entrepreneurial drive, or you’re a geek about plants and animals, farming is definitely your thing.

Does crop varies from crop to crop?

It varies from crop to crop. Take the example below of a plant and a tree from our farm,

Why is processing agricultural products important?

This happens because this activity is connected with food production and products that help people and their immediate needs.

What is the main feature of processing?

Main feature of processing is the use of agricultural products of the primary sector as raw material which results in food shape for consumers after the end of processing. Crafts, packaging industries and product processing industries, e.g. production units such as: agricultural, farming, piscatorial and fish cultivation units are included in …

Why is it important for farmers, livestock breeders and processing industry to work together?

It is necessary for them to work together to cover the needs of all consumers for Organic – Traditional – Local and Fresh products thus satisfying consumers’ gastronomy.

What is AKP in agriculture?

Kiosk – AKP. Processing of Agricultural Products. It is the process applied on an agricultural product and the process used for creating an agricultural product. This procedure does not include farm work that is necessary to prepare a product of plant or even animal origin so it can be sold. Processing. Processing of agricultural products is one of …

Is processing raw material an investment?

To process raw material by using ecological methods at all costs. So the question arises if it is advantageous for someone to invest in processing. Processing, and especially in agricultural products, is an advantageous investment for the following reasons: It uses a range of products of one or more areas as raw material thus manufacturing products …

What is agro processing unit?

The Agro-processing Unit started as a Pilot Project in 1999 with the collaboration of the Republic of China (ROC), Taiwan Technical Mission in Belize. The main objective was to enhance food processing technology and the application of food science concepts in Belize. By 2002, the ROC, Taiwan Technical Mission had already introduced equipment …

Is agro processing a stronger application of basic agro-processing concepts?

As a result of this, an extension to the agro- processing building was constructed. In the last seven years, the agro-processing program has successfully achieved a stronger application of basic agro-processing concepts and introduced some of the newest technology for e.g, vacuum fried technology and air-dried technology in Belize.

What are the products of agriculture?

Fuel. Agricultural products can also be used to produce fuel. Ethanol—produced from corn, sugarcane, or sorghum —is the agricultural fuel product in widest use. Agricultural production byproducts can be used in industrial applications such as textiles or used to reinforce plastics. 2 .

What is not included in Agricultural Production?

Tree and sod farms (if products are sold at retail and not replanted elsewhere by the grower) Agricultural production does not include: Storing or preserving raw materials before the start of the production process. Storing, preserving, handling, or moving finished goods.

What are some examples of agricultural products that NOP can certify?

Examples of agricultural items that the NOP can certify include such things as textiles, flowers, food, seed, plants, and feed. Items intended for other uses are not certified as organic. The basic guideline for what constitutes an agricultural product is as follows:

What are crops and animal products used for?

Crops and animal products are used for food, animal feed, and non-food products used by humans.

What is raw material?

Raw Materials. Raw materials are the products not refined or processed for use in one of the other categories. Many of the crops grown are used to feed animals that become other agricultural products.

What is a livestock product?

Any agricultural commodity or product, whether raw or processed, including any commodity or product derived from livestock, that is marketed in the United States for human or livestock consumption. 3 

What are the four groups of crops?

Agricultural crops turned into products fall into one of four groups: foods, fuels, fibers, or raw materials . Roughly 11% of the planet’s land is dedicated to crop production, and close to 26% is being used for animal pastures. 1 .

What were the changes in agriculture?

Other recent changes in agriculture include hydroponics, plant breeding, hybridization, gene manipulation, better management of soil nutrients, and improved weed control.

What is the main input for farming?

Such farming involves large fields and/or numbers of animals, large resource inputs (pesticides, fertilizers, etc.), and a high level of mechanization.

What is the difference between subsistence farming and commercial intensive farming?

Subsistence farming, who farms a small area with limited resource inputs, and produces only enough food to meet the needs of his/her family. At the other end is commercial intensive agriculture, including industrial agriculture.

What is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired products?

Agriculture. Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). The practice of agriculture is also known as “farming”, while scientists, inventors and others devoted to improving farming methods …

Can modified seeds be grown in an extended growing area?

Modified seeds germinate faster, and thus can be grown in an extended growing area .

What is product in agriculture?

In Agriculture, product refers to processed agricultural produce which has been turn into finish goods either for human/animal consumption or for industrial uses.

Why is mechanization important in agriculture?

Energy use in Agriculture and food processing is high; hence, mechanization is essential to reduce the level of drudgery especially in the local processing factories and mills. Rice and oil palm processing will be discussed in details during the course of survey. Aims / objectives of the Survey .

What was carried out in the Oral Interview on agricultural machine usage?

Oral interview on agricultural machine usage was carried out. Field trip to different areas where agricultural produce is been processed was undertaken . Practical assessment of educational background of the agric product processing workers, working environment including challenges of the agric processing unit were examined. And consultation of relevant research findings literature was the methods used in collection and collation of data for this investigation.

Where is the Department of Agronomy located?

Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Cross River University of Technology, Obubra Campus, Nigeria

Why is it important to preserve local food crops?

As part of the effort to combat global food shortages in the face of climate change, then the need for processing and storage of our food crops becomes imperative. The concern about local food wastages has been raised, creating fear that the level of human hunger may be raised if this is not tackle. This book seeks a way locally produced food crops can be preserved, giving practical guide to storage methods using locally available materials. The text seems appropriate for students, agricultural practitioners, researchers and farmers.

What is a hammer mill?

The blocks contains harmers. As the hammer rotates, the block will rotates as well, then the product will be mill by pressure of the hammer. It is used to mill crops whose moisture content is reduced e.g rice.

What is agricultural processing?

For purposes of this paper, the agricultural processing sector is defined as the horizontal set of activities engaged exclusively in the production of processed products from the processing of agricultural raw materials. Many economists believe the agricultural processing sector constitutes an important thrust for development in LDCs for the different accomplishments that it can bring about, such as: (1) increasing GDP through the provision of additional goods and new processed products in the country; (2) providing income and employment in rural areas, because of their strong backward linkage to primary agriculture, thus reducing uneven income distribution and diminishing ongoing rural-urban migration problems; (3) creating a source of exports and foreign exchange; (4) providing training to unskilled new employees, as well as fringe benefits, thus upgrading the level of education and living standards prevailing in underdeveloped areas; and (5) stimulating agricultural production by creating new stable intermediate markets for raw agricultural products and assisting producers in improving their farming now-how in some processing activities through vertical integration and production contracts with processors.

Which country is the largest agricultural processing country in the European Community?

Processing industries had a prominent participating role in the industrialization of large developed countries like the United States and France, the largest agricultural processing country in the European Community. In LDCs, their role is even decisively more important because of their heavy dependency in agriculture.

Why should poultry processing plants be expanded?

Poultry Processing Plants: Expansion of current poultry dressing plant capacity, and installation of new poultry processing plants, will be required to meet growing national and tourist demand for fresh dressed chickens. Elsewhere I have proposed (Ricardo 2003) that the number of chickens (broilers) produced per year in Cuba should be limited on a per farm basis. This should be done for two reasons: sanitation and disease control, and to secure that small farmers interested in growing broilers have an option to operate a profitable enterprise. Poultry processors in the US are usually integrated with mixed feed manufacturers and broiler growers. The poultry industry is the most industrialized sub-sector of U.S. agriculture, with 95% of growers using production contracts in which growers provide the land, poultry houses, fuel and labor, while the contractors provide the baby chicks, feed, medicines, and veterinarian services.

What are the characteristics of a processing industry?

A very important characteristic of processing industries is its strong relationship with other important sectors of the economy, like the grocery and wholesale sectors, that create thousand of jobs, as well as with the service sector and the growing tourist industry, that bring about a vigorous expanding demand for food processed products. Agricultural processing industries providing relatively sizable amount of employment in Colombia in 1968 were bakeries, beer and soft drink manufacturers, textiles, and the coffee industry (coffee hullers and roasters).

Why is raw material important in agriculture?

Because of the strong functional interaction (backward linkages) between processing industries and the primary production sub-sector , agricultural raw material availability is a critical constraint. In many industries, difficulties in raw material procurement sets a limit to the size of processing plants, and often explains why existing plants are not being used to full capacity. In the case of canning or freezing fruit and vegetables, a year-round regular supply of the raw material is required for plants to work at full capacity. Even with reduced-scale plants, suppliers—but especially small farmers—in LDCs have difficulties in supplying processors with the required quantities and qualities of the raw material. Fruits are sometimes either too green or too ripe, or too small or too big. Thus, grading and handling in most LDCs increases the processing costs. This stems in part from the lack of government grades and standards and from the seasonal characteristics of the production of some agricultural raw materials.

Why are per unit production costs higher?

Per unit production costs may be higher if processing plants are small and therefore do not capture the advantage of economies of scale inherent in modern food processing technology. Likewise, costs are higher if plants are not utilized to full capacity.

What is agricultural production?

Agricultural production is a series of activities that result in a product that will ultimately be sold at retail. field_block:node:guide:field_paragraph.

What are the businesses involved in agriculture?

Businesses involved in agricultural production include: Breeding operations. Farms, including crops and certain animals. Greenhouses and nurseries that grow their products to be sold at retail. Ranches.

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