What is agricultural specialization


Specialization of agricultural production means reducing the assortment of diversity, or increasing the production of the selected product, which is accompanied by maintaining the production of the remaining


How did agriculture lead to job specialization?

How did the first agricultural revolution lead to specialization? Since there was no need for all residents to devote themselves full time to producing food, specialization within society was made possible. The surplus food that agricultural systems could generate allowed for people to live in larger, more permanent villages.

What are some careers in agricultural science?

  • Aid reforestation plans at all levels
  • Understand and participate in large scale clearing operations, site excavations, and rock crushing
  • Assess sites for forest reclamation and rehabilitation work
  • Manage inventory and work resources that include nurseries, sites, seeding, planting, controlling weeds, and pruning

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What are the examples of agricultural technology?

The A to Z of technology changing agriculture

  • A, B, C. In the future, farmers will grow more than just corn to produce advanced biofuels. …
  • D, E, F. The 2012 drought was the perfect time for companies to test new drought-tolerant corn hybrids. …
  • G, H, I. …
  • J, K, L. …
  • M, N, O. …
  • P, Q, R. …
  • S, T, U. …
  • V, W, X, Y, Z. …

Is agricultural engineering easy?

Yes, Agriculture engineering is easy and it has ample opportunities. Unfortunately, our agriculture universities have not revised the course syllabus and its structure with changing time. But there is new branch, B.Tech. in Agriculture Information Technology Course Admission, Eligibility, Fees-2018-19.


What was agricultural specialization?

Agricultural specialization is defined as the process of concentrating resources (labor, capital,1 and land) on producing a limited variety of goods, and concentration is the process of consolidation of specialized production across time, space, and socioeconomic dimensions.

How does specialization impact agriculture?

While crop yields per acre have increased, some studies have shown gross food produced per acre per year has decreased under the specialization model. This specialization impacted American farms in several ways: Created nutrient depletion in the soil (same few crops, no livestock)

What are some benefits of specialization in farming?

By eliminating less profitable crops and enterprises, you have more time, energy, and resources to focus on the things that are working best for you and your farm. A specialized operation will be more economically sustainable, more efficient, and more successful — and ultimately more rewarding in the long term.

What are 5 examples of agriculture?

Agricultural Production ActivitiesAgriculture: cultivating soil; planting; raising, and harvesting crops; rearing, feeding, and managing animals.Aquaculture: raising private aquatic animals (fish)Floriculture: growing flowering plants.Horticulture: growing fruits, vegetables, and plants.Maple syrup harvesting.More items…•

What do you mean specialization?

Definition of specialization 1 : a making or becoming specialized. 2a : structural adaptation of a body part to a particular function or of an organism for life in a particular environment. b : a body part or an organism adapted by specialization.

What are two advantages to specialization?

Specialization can increase productivity and provide a comparative advantage for a firm or economy. Microeconomic specialization involves the individual actors and economic components, and macroeconomic specialization involves the broad advantage an economy holds in production.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of farming?

In substantiating the issues surrounding intensive farming, let’s take a close look at its advantages and disadvantages.Advantages of Intensive Farming. High crop yield. It means more variety of food can be produced. … Disadvantages of Intensive Farming. Poor living conditions and hygiene for livestock.

What are the importance of irrigation in agriculture?

Irrigation is the process through which controlled amount of water can be supplied through artificial means such as pipes, ditches, sprinklers etc. the main objectives of irrigation systems is to help agricultural crop growth, landscape maintenance, reduce the effect of inadequate rainfall etc.

Why is crop yield important in agriculture?

Sometimes crop yield is referred to as “agricultural output.” In a global economy, crop yield data is vital to measure if crops that are produced can adequately provide enough food for a nation’s food supply, livestock feed, and energy sources.

What are the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.

What are the 11 types of agriculture?

Top 11 Types of Agricultural PracticesPastoral Farming.Arable Farming.Shifting Agriculture.Mixed Farming.Nomadic Agriculture.Sedentary Agriculture.Subsistence Farming.Commercial Agriculture.More items…•

What type of industry is agriculture?

Agriculture, known also as husbandry or farming, is the science of cultivating plants, animals, and other life forms for food, fiber, and fuel. The agricultural industry, which includes enterprises engaged in growing crops, raising fish and animals, and logging wood, encompasses farms, dairies, hatcheries, and ranches.


For the Ph.D. degree, a specialization in agricultural extension education can be earned by taking a graduate course in the following areas: instructional methods, program planning, technology transfer, program evaluation, and administration. Additionally, the dissertation research must be related to agricultural extension education.

Courses Associated with Special Programs

All courses are associated with their own programs, and may restrict enrollment of students outside the major. Two important on-line programs which have restrictions are GPIDEA YOUTH and GPIDEA Community Development.

What is agricultural specialization?

Agricultural specialization is a complex multidimensional process, with multiple drivers and consequences. In this chapter specialization—focusing largely on an “Eastern European/North American” perspective—is discussed in the context of the related notions of agricultural intensification and agricultural concentration. The primary drivers of agroecosystem specialization, including mechanization, economies of size and scale, technological innovations, comparative advantage, market forces and “productionist” agricultural policies are described. Next, agricultural specialization is related to farms and farmland characteristics, notions of efficiency, and the geographic scale of specialization. The relations between multiscalar specialization and multiscalar ecologic simplification are outlined. Finally the consequences of specialization are assessed in terms of their potential ecologic and economic impacts on four key agroecosystem system properties: productivity, stability, persistence, and justice.

What are the three processes of agricultural intensification?

Three tightly related processes within the agricultural sector—intensification, specialization, and concentration ( Ilbery and Bowler, 1998 )—led to unprecedented changes in agroecologic systems during the 20th century ( Blaxter and Robertson, 1995, Bowler, 1985 ), where agricultural intensification is defined here as a process whereby an increase in agricultural production per unit area (yield) is achieved via increased application of labor, external inputs (such as fertilizers and pesticides), machinery, or technology. Agricultural specialization is defined as the process of concentrating resources (labor, capital, 1 and land) on producing a limited variety of goods, and concentration is the process of consolidation of specialized production across time, space, and socioeconomic dimensions. All three processes (intensification, specialization, and concentration) led to profound changes in both the socioeconomic and ecologic functioning of agroecologic systems ( Stoate, 1995b, Firbank, 2005 ).


IAD students create their field of specialization and choose courses for it with approval from their advisor. Sample field of specializations with associated courses are listed below. This list not exhaustive, but intended to give students a sense of the breadth of possible specializations and courses.

Method Courses

EDU 238 Introduction to Participatory Action Research Methods (4)
GEO 200DN Socio-Spatial Analytic Geography (4)
LDA 202 Methods in Design and Landscape Research (4)
NUT 258 Field Research Methods in International Nutrition (3)
PLS 205 Experimental Design & Analysis (5)
PLS 206 Applied Multivariate Modeling in Agricultural & Environmental Sciences (4)
SOC 207A Methods of Quantitative Research (4)
WMS 200B Feminist Methods (4).


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