What is agricultural terracing

image

  • Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains to be used for crop cultivation.
  • Terrace farming is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia.
  • Terrace farming prevents the washing away of soil nutrients by the rains. …

More items…

Terracing is a soil conservation practice applied to prevent rainfall runoff on sloping land from accumulating and causing serious erosion. Terraces consist of ridges and channels constructed across-the-slope.

Full
Answer

What are the uses of terracing farming?

  • Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains to be used for crop cultivation.
  • Terrace farming is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia.
  • Terrace farming prevents the washing away of soil nutrients by the rains. …

More items…

Who used terraces and irrigation in their agriculture?

The Inca terraces are artificial agricultural terraces that serve to obtain fertile land for planting on the Andean slopes. The Inca terraces are a mechanism to take advantage of the rain as an irrigation system in the high areas of the mountains where it was very difficult to raise water by their own means.

What are the uses of a tractor in agriculture?

Switching the no-till agriculture has been one of the most visible … help farmers make sustainable changes. If the autonomous tractor allows farmers a better look at their lands and they use that information to make adjustments that are better for …

What does terracing mean in agriculture Dictionary?

Terrace farming is an important agricultural method that has made farming in mountainous parts of the world possible. Its absence would have led to most parts of Asia being unproductive. Hence it needs to be explored in other parts of the world such as Africa, America and other parts of the Asia that are not yet using it.

image


What is terracing in agriculture?

Terraces are earthen structures that intercept runoff on moderate to steep slopes. They transform long slopes into a series of shorter slopes. Terraces reduce the rate of runoff and allow soil particles to settle out. The resulting cleaner water is then carried off the field in a non-erosive manner.


What is an example of terrace farming?

Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains to be used for crop cultivation. Terrace farming is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia.


Where is agricultural terracing used?

Terraced paddy fields are used widely in rice, wheat and barley farming in east, south and southeast Asia, as well as the Mediterranean Basin, Africa, and South America.


What is terrace farming and what are its benefits?

In particular, terrace agriculture: Increases farmability and land productivity of sloped fields. Contributes to water conservation: slows down and reduces water runoffs, improves rainwater harvesting. Prevents soil erosion by decreasing rill formations.


What crops are grown in terrace farming?

Some typical crops grown in terraces include barley, wheat, potatoes, corn, tea, olive, grape vines, coffee, and rice. A terrace is typically about 2-3 meters wide and 50-80 meters long. Some terraces flood with rain water, such as those used to farm rice.


What are the advantages and disadvantages of terrace farming?

The primary advantage of terraces is improved soil erosion control. Secondary advantages of terraces include elimination of grass waterways that can be difficult to maintain and reductions in flooding. Disadvantages include the capital cost of building terraces, and the time required to maintain terraces.


How does terrace farming help prevent soil erosion?

In terrace farming, a terrace is a piece of the sloped plane that is cut into a series of successively receding platforms, that resemble steps. This prevents rain from washing away soil, hence preventing soil erosion. Thus the correct answer is option C.


How does terracing reduce soil erosion?

One important function of terraces is in limiting soil erosion by slowing and reducing the energy of runoff. Some terraces collect drainage water and direct the flow of water underground, rather than overland as runoff.


How do you terrace land?

2:573:50How to Terrace a Hill Landscape – YouTubeYouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipPlace timber in each side trench. And pack soil around it drill holes downward through the pieces ofMorePlace timber in each side trench. And pack soil around it drill holes downward through the pieces of timber near the ends of each piece pound metal spikes or pipes through the holes.


Definition of Terrace Farming

Terrace farming is a type of farming that was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. This farming method has made c…


How Does Terrace Farming Work?

Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains. When it rains, instead o…


The Advantages of Terrace Farming

Terrace farming prevents the washing away of soil nutrients by the rains. This leads to the growth of healthy crops. Secondly, it prevents the carr…


Disadvantages of Terrace Farming

Terrace farming can lead to rainwater saturation. This is dangerous since it causes the overflow of water during the rainy season. The consequence…


What is terracing in agriculture?

This leads to the growth of healthy crops. There are two types of terracing known as graded terracing and level terracing. Terrace farming was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. This farming method has made cultivation of crops in hilly or mountainous regions possible.


What is terrace farming?

Image credit: Thirawatana Phaisalratana/Shutterstock.com. Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains.


What are terraces used for?

Apart from rice cultivation, terraces are also used to grow rice, potatoes, and maize. Terrace farming is also commonly used in islands such as the Canary Islands, because they have hilly terrains.


How does terrace farming affect soil quality?

The consequence of overflowing water is that it causes more dangerous water runoffs.Terraces may also result in mudslides if not well managed. Another limitation of terrace farming is that there’s need for huge inputs of labor to construct and maintain the terraces. Hence it is expensive as it is labor intensive. However, it can be cheap if there’s access to cheap labor. Terrace farming also leads to the reduction in soil quality due to the leaching process.


Why is terrace farming important?

Its absence would have led to most parts of Asia being unproductive. Hence it needs to be explored in other parts of the world such as Africa, America and other parts of the Asia that are not yet using it.


Where is terraced rice field?

Terraced Rice Field in Chiangmai, Thailand. Image credit: Chatrawee Wiratgasem/Shutterstock.com. Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains to be used for crop cultivation. Terrace farming is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, …


How does a terrace help?

Sometimes rain water carries away the crops leading to low crop yield. Thirdly, terraces help in reduction of soil erosion and water loss.


What is terracing in agriculture?

Terracing is an agricultural practice that suggests rearranging farmlands or turning hills into farmlands by constructing specific ridged platforms. These platforms are called terraces. The essential (and distinguishing) feature of terracing agriculture is excavating and moving topsoil to form farmed areas and ridges.


Why is bench terracing used in agriculture?

Bench terracing in agriculture is most common for growing rice since bench terraces allow retaining water. For this reason, such a terracing layout is not suitable in the cases like: crops are sensitive to waterlogging, e.g., potatoes; lands are prone to sliding;


What is contour terracing?

Contour Terracing. Like in contour strip farming, these terracing systems follow the relief contour. Terraces consist of point rows and grassed waterways. Even though such platforms require less input to arrange them, they are difficult for farming activities due to space irregularities.


Why is terrace farming important?

Yet, its advantages are multifold. The importance of terrace farming goes far beyond cultivating lands that are not suitable for agriculture otherwise. Furthermore, terrace farming prevents soil erosion and contributes to soil conservation.


How does terracing help the environment?

In particular, terrace agriculture: Increases farmability and land productivity of sloped fields. Contributes to water conservation: slows down and reduces water runoffs, improves rainwater harvesting.


Why is terracing important for crop monitoring?

If a farmer sees visible signs of erosion or has decreased yields season by season, and the field elevation is uneven (sloped), it is worth opting for terracing to stop erosion and boost yields. With Crop Monitoring, farmers can get data on field elevation and how the productivity of the field has changed over time.


Where did terrace farming originate?

The technique is credited to ancient Incas, who developed the farming method of terracing in the Andes. Today, terracing is typical for mountainous rice paddies in Asia. Yet, terrace farming advantages make it a beneficial experience to borrow for any hilly terrains, both paddies or drylands, with various crops to grow.


What is terrace farming and what are its benefits?

Terrace Farming is a common agriculture practice followed in mountain regions by creating terraces. Terraces are horizontal human-made spaces created for the cultivation of crops on the slopes of hills and mountains. Terracing helps in the reduction of water flow, soil erosion, and increases water holding capacity.


What is terrace farming and who used it?

Terrace farming is a technique in farming where a sloped surface is cut into flat layers, resembling a series of steps. It was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. The terrace farming method has made cultivation of crops in mountainous or hilly regions possible.


What is meant by terrace farming?

Terrace cultivation, method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Though labour-intensive, the method has been employed effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.


What is terrace farming give example?

It is used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice. Example: most well-known use of terrace farming are the rice paddies of Asia. Rice needs a lot of water, and a flat area that can be flooded is best. Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming.


Is terracing good or bad?

Terracing is one of the oldest means of saving soil and water. Existing literature and information shows that terraces can considerably reduce soil loss due to water erosion if they are well planned, correctly constructed and properly maintained. If not maintained, they can provoke land degradation.


What are the advantages and disadvantages of terrace farming?

The primary advantage of terraces is improved soil erosion control. Secondary advantages of terraces include elimination of grass waterways that can be difficult to maintain and reductions in flooding. Disadvantages include the capital cost of building terraces, and the time required to maintain terraces.


How do we use terrace farming today?

Terrace farming is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia. Terrace farming prevents the washing away of soil nutrients by the rains. This leads to the growth of healthy crops. There are two types of terracing known as graded terracing and level terracing.


What is terrace farming?

Terrace Farming is a common agriculture practice followed in mountain regions by creating terraces. Terraces are horizontal human-made spaces created for the cultivation of crops on the slopes of hills and mountains.


Why is terracing important?

Terracing helps in the reduction of water flow, soil erosion, and increases water holding capacity. It can create various micro-climates that protect crops from high winds and can increase the intensity …


How does terrace farming improve soil fertility?

Improve land productivity and soil fertility: Due to the reduction in soil erosion and having high water holding capacity , terrace farming improves soil fertility and land productivity. Example: In rice terraces, Irrigation is designed not only for supplying water to paddy crops but has various other purposes as well.


How does terrace farming affect the environment?

1. Terrace farming boosts water Conservation and runoff reduction: Terraces act as many micro-watersheds across the whole slope. Therefore, it directly reshapes the micro-topography of hill slopes. These factors enhance the efficiency of rainwater harvesting by changing hydrological pathways.


How does terrace farming help the mountain?

Terrace farming ensures food security and increases crop yield by water and soil conservation. Thus it reduces soil erosion. In terrace farming, the interaction between water and fertilizer increase results in high yield.


How does terracing affect soil erosion?

2. Soil conservation and Control of Soil Erosion: Terracing weakens rainfall-runoff effects by reducing the water velocity and total amount of debris flow. This leads to an increase in biomass and surface cover. Terraces have embankments or ridges which increases the efficiency of soil conservation.


What is cultural landscape?

Cultural landscapes, defined as “distinctive geographical areas or unique properties that represent the combined work of nature and man” by the World Heritage Committee.


What is anthrosolization in agriculture?

Anthrosolization is the alteration of soil by human use , such as buildings, roads, cesspits, garbage dumps, terracing, and plowing. Archeological ruins and artifacts are important clues to prior occupation of a site, but many sites also contain impressive amounts of mollusk shells and mammal and fish bones. A distinctive soil structure of subsoil pockets of laminated clay between large soil clods is produced by moldboard plows. The primitive or ard plow also tends to disrupt the natural crumb structure to a fixed depth (plow line). Phosphorus content is an indicator of human use. Many soils have trace amounts of phosphorus (10–20 ppm by weight) but occupation floors and long-used garden soils and middens have large amounts of phosphorus (1000–2000 ppm). Anthrosolization is locally common worldwide in cities and fields, both ancient and new, but is scattered and local in deserts, polar regions, and high mountains.


What is green manure?

A crop is grown in a separate field and cut and carried to provide organic matter ( Cooper et al., 1996 ); green manures are leguminous crops planted with the field crop, or in rotation.


What is terracing agriculture?

In short, terracing agriculture is the most widespread traditional technique to enable farming in topographically difficult regions.


Where is terracing important?

Along with the Mediterranean Basin, significant historical examples were found in Asia, Africa, and South America.


What allowed for the reconstruction of terraces supported by governmental policies and NGOs?

The relative post-war stability, however, allowed for the reconstruction of terraces supported by governmental policies and NGOs. Besides conflicts, the initial hefty investment into terracing a region in need would require a continuous injection of funds over several years and constant supervision.


What is the lack of manpower in terracing?

For terracing, the lack of manpower means the slow erosion of the terrace by sheet wash, creating gullies that will carry the topsoil to valleys downstream . Developing countries are also more likely to suffer from political instability. Terraces are infrastructure of strategic importance and likely worth fighting for.


What is precision farming?

Precision farming employs modern technology such as planes, GPS, and robotized devices to minimize the use of fertilizer and herbicide. Although such technology has mostly been applied to strip-cropping plains farming, it would surely be beneficial for terraces as well.


Where do donkeys graze?

Donkeys graze on terraces in Nepal. In traditional sci-fi fashion, the passage of time now accelerates: around us harvests come and go, villages and cities are created, expanded, and deserted. Paths, then roads link communities together and witness increasing traffic as well as full-scale migrations.


Is terrace destruction bad for landscape sustainability?

There is indeed much at stake: studies are unanimous in reporting that terrace destruction is worse for landscape sustainability than not building these terraces in the first place. A terraced valley in Taray, Cusco, Peru. As previously stated, terraces are an obvious solution for agriculture in high declivity terrain.

image

Leave a Comment