What is agricultural transformation

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Agricultural transformation lies at the core of poverty reduction, food security, and improved nutrition. With few exceptions, countries that have moved toward middle-income status have been initially driven along that path of economic growth by the transformation of their agriculture sector.

Agricultural transformation is the process by which an agri-food system 3 transforms over time from being subsistence-oriented and farm-centered into one that is more commercialized, productive, and off-farm centered (Timmer, 1988).May 8, 2019

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Why agricultural transformation is important?

Agricultural transformation is essential to the future well-being of developing nations and therefore also to a world with more equitable economic development. We hope that this article contributes to the thinking about agricultural transformation and encourages governments and other stakeholders to reflect on the steps they should take next.

Is the agricultural transformation a uniform process?

Introduction The agricultural transformation has been a remarkably uniform process when viewed from outside the agricultural sector itself.

Can agricultural transformations meet multiple agricultural goals simultaneously?

This is especially true in an era in which governments are seeking agricultural transformations that meet multiple goals simultaneously.

What are the core elements of an agricultural transformation plan?

What to do: Six core elements of an agricultural transformation plan Prioritized and differentiated strategies Market-driven opportunities for farmers Change agents identified and mobilized Finding the right starting points for scale Pragmatic approach with an investor mind-set Progress on enabling policies

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What meant by agricultural transformation?

Agricultural transformation is the process that leads to increased farm productivity, making farming commercially viable and strengthening interlinkages with other sectors of the economy.


What are the stages of agricultural transformation?

The contemporary view recognizes the evolving role of agriculture in development, roughly definable in four phases: (i) Beginning phase—agricultural labor productivity starts to increase; (ii) Agricultural surplus—agricultural productivity growth generates surplus towards the development of the nonagricultural sector; …


How does agricultural transformation improve productivity?

The mechanisms by which agricultural growth promotes transformation in the wider economy includes: (a) Higher agricultural productivity of labor means that labor can be released from agriculture into employment in relatively well remunerated rural and urban non-agricultural sectors; (b) Increased demand for …


What is the transformation of agricultural products into food?

Food processing is the transformation of agricultural products into food, or of one form of food into other forms. Food processing includes many forms of processing foods, from grinding grain to make raw flour to home cooking to complex industrial methods used to make convenience foods.


Why do we need agricultural transformation?

Successful agricultural transformations can rapidly reduce poverty because they create powerful engines of rural economic growth. The dynamics of an agricultural transformation start with increasing the income of rural households, higher productivity on farms, and greater demand in local markets.


What do you mean by transformation of agriculture into agribusiness?

Agricultural transformation is defined as a process that leads to higher productivity farms that are commercially oriented, which strengthens the link between farming and other sectors of the economy.


What is the aim of agricultural development?

Agricultural development is defined with the help of continuous rise in the overall production of the agricultural products, constant rise in the farmers’ income, rise in the productivity and rise in the yield per hectare.


What are the ways to improve agriculture?

Ways to improve agricultural productionImplementation of land reforms. Land reforms are the first and most important point for improving productivity. … Interplant. … Plant more densely. … Manuring. … Plant many crops. … Water use and soil management. … Sustainable agriculture. … Raised beds.More items…•


How can we achieve agricultural development?

Agricultural development could be achieved by following methods:to increase the net cropped area.to increase the number of grown crops.to improve irrigation facilities.by using fertilisers.by using HYV (High Yeild Variety) of seeds.


What are the 3 types of food processing?

Food processing methods fall into three categories: primary, secondary and tertiary.


What are the different methods of food processing?

Food processing and preparation activities cover three main fields: (1) the preservation of foods by (a) modern methods such as refrigeration, canning and irradiation, and (b) traditional methods such as drying, salting, smoking and fermentation; (2) the development of protein – rich foods; (3) food additives.


What is the importance of food processing?

Processing makes food more edible, palatable and safe, and preserves it so it can be eaten beyond the harvest season. Food processing is also a tool that offers greater variety in foods and therefore increases the consumer’s choice.


How does change affect agriculture?

For example, improvements in agricultural extension and seed systems might enable farmers to switch to a more productive hybrid seed, but lack of access to fertilizer (upon which the hybrid depends) could prevent productivity increases and leave the farmer unwilling to buy hybrid seed next time. As in any complex economic system, when so many elements are interrelated, any one of them can become a constraint and stall progress.


How does a PMO help in agricultural transformation?

Our experience suggests that creating a project management office (PMO) can greatly increase the chances of carrying out a successful large-scale change program. A PMO can concentrate talent, monitor implementation, act as a source of truth, and, in general, help get things done. The office can apply accepted project management technologies to break the transformation into discrete initiatives, each with specific goals, timing, and responsibility. A PMO is also charged with engaging relevant stakeholders when problems arise.


What are the SDGs for agriculture?

In addition to traditional economic development and poverty reduction goals, governments are also focusing their agricultural transformation plans on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by considering, for example, climate-smart strategies, women’s economic empowerment, and biodiversity.


What are the elements of transformation readiness?

First, there are elements of “transformation readiness.”. Changes to a country’s institutional framework, governing mechanisms, and political environment can significantly influence the likelihood of accelerating an agricultural transformation. Second, the quality of the national agricultural plan or strategy is critical.


What do farmers do in developing countries?

Farming households in developing countries balance a portfolio of crops, livestock, and nonfarm work. Because they feed their families with some of the farm output as well as sell into markets, they make decisions based on their potential profit, risk, and cash flow across family food consumption as well as sales.


Which countries have doubled their agricultural output?

Recent examples include Brazil, China, and Vietnam, each of which at least doubled the value of its agriculture sector within 20 years of starting its transformation. Many other countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America are earlier on the path of transformation.


Is high value farming a viable option?

In some cases, high-value crops or livestock will not be a viable opportunity for farmers, and promoting the intensification of row crops makes more sense. Even then, the focus should be profitability for the farmer, including attention to sustainability, quality, storage, and processing.


What is agricultural transformation?

Agricultural transformation lies at the core of poverty reduction, food security, and improved nutrition. With few exceptions, countries that have moved toward middle-income status have been initially driven along that path of economic growth by the transformation of their agriculture sector. Yet many countries today remain stalled in their journey.


When was the Agricultural Transformation Agency created?

Still other metrics shifted some years later, after a government agency, the Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA), was created in 2010 and charged with strategy and delivery of the policies and investments that drive an agricultural transformation.


What are the indicators of economic transformation?

The classic indicators of economic transformation are a decline in a country’s agricultural output as a percentage of total GDP and a drop in the percentage of economically active people engaged in agriculture as a share of the total workforce.


How can agriculture reduce poverty?

Successful agricultural transformations can rapidly reduce poverty because they create powerful engines of rural economic growth. The dynamics of an agricultural transformation start with increasing the income of rural households, higher productivity on farms, and greater demand in local markets.


Is readiness for agricultural transformation hard to measure?

These components of a country’s readiness for agricultural transformation are often hard to measure. While we can reasonably measure changes in policies and the allocation of government expenditures, readiness also depends on hard-to-measure shifts in political commitment and institutional innovation. With this body of work, the McKinsey Center …


How does agriculture evolve?

From both historical and contemporary cross-section perspectives, the agricultural transformation seems to evolve through at least four phases that are roughly definable. The process starts when agricultural productivity per worker rises. This increased productivity creates a surplus, which in the second phase can be tapped directly, through taxation and factor flows, or indirectly, through government intervention into the rural-urban terms of trade. This surplus can be utilized to develop the nonagricultural sector, and this phase has been the focus of most dual economy models of development. For resources to flow out of agriculture, rural factor, and product markets must become better integrated with those in the rest of the economy. The progressive integration of the agricultural sector into the macro economy, via improved infrastructure and market-equilibrium linkages, represents a third phase in agricultural development. When this phase is successful, the fourth phase is barely noticeable; the role of agriculture in industrialized economies is little different from the rote of the steel, housing, or insurance sectors. But when the integration is not successfully accomplished—and most countries have found it extremely difficult for political reasons—governments encounter serious problems of resource allocation and even problems beyond their borders because of pervasive attempts by high-income countries to protect their farmers from foreign competition.


What becomes essential if any Ch. 8: The Agricultural Transformation 297 output is going to leave the farm for

Transportation becomes essential if any Ch. 8: The Agricultural Transformation 297 output is going to leave the farm for consumption by others or if inputs, such as modern seeds, fertilizer, pesticides, or machinery, are to be used on the farm to raise output.


What percentage of GDP was agricultural in 1970?

Among countries where the agricultural share of GDP was greater than 20 percent in 1970, agricultural growth in the 1970s exceeded 3 percent a year in 17 of the 23 countries whose GDP growth was above 5 percent a year [see Table 8.1].


What was the effect of the lowly turnip on the economy?

As a result, more food could be grown with much less manpower.


Which countries protect their agricultural sectors from international competition?

Nearly all rich countries protect their agricultural sectors from international competition, and countries no farther along in the development process than Malaysia, Indonesia, Zimbabwe, and Mexico protect key food-producing sectors during periods of depressed world prices. 2.


What happens to the economy if the capitalist sector produces no food?

The logic of the classical model of economic growth requires it: Now if the capitalist sector produces no food, its expansion increases the demand for food, raises the price of food in terms of capitalist products, and so reduces profits.


Food and AgriCultural Transformation

InFACT is a proud co-sponsor of “Food Pyramid Scheme” with Christopher Carter, Assistant Professor of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of San Diego.


Food and AgriCultural Transformation

Small-acreage farming is a tough business in the best of times. The COVID-19 pandemic, as it has for many businesses around the country, has left many farmers uncertain of where and how they’ll sell their products this season.


Food and AgriCultural Transformation

Small-acreage farming is a tough business in the best of times. The COVID-19 pandemic, as it has for many businesses around the country, has left many farmers uncertain of where and how they’ll sell their products this season.

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