What is agriculture in geography

image

Agricultural geography

Agricultural geography

Agricultural geography is a subdiscipline of human geography concerned with agriculture. It is traditionally considered the branch of economic geography that investigates those parts of the Earth’s surface that are transformed by humans through primary sector activities. It thus focuses …

is a sub-discipline of human geography concerned with the spatial relationships found between agriculture and humans. That is, the study of the phenomenons and effects that lead to the formation of the earth’s top surface, in different regions. Contents

Full
Answer

What is agriculture definition?

agricultural Cooperatives, or timber production or processing. This is a competitive grant where recipients can win $250 to $5,000. Awards will be announced in March. Proposals that fall into the definition priority will be of particular interest including …

How is agriculture defined?

MOODY’S DEFINES CREDIT RISK AS THE RISK THAT AN ENTITY MAY NOT MEET ITS CONTRACTUAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS AS THEY COME DUE AND ANY ESTIMATED FINANCIAL LOSS IN THE EVENT OF DEFAULT OR IMPAIRMENT.

What are facts about agriculture?

  • Ninety-nine percent of all U.S. …
  • Farmers will have to grow 70 percent more food than what is currently produced to feed the world’s growing population by 2050.
  • Each American farmer produces food and fiber for 165 people annually, both in the U.S. …
  • Eight percent of U.S. …
  • One day’s production for a high-producing dairy cow yields 10.5 pounds of cheese.

More items…

What is the purpose of Agriculture?

The farm brings together volunteers from partner churches and refugee communities to grow and provide healthy foods for community members and learning opportunities for local students. Surplus produce goes to food banks and non-profit organizations like women’ shelters. “People call us the farmer and the Del,“ he said.

image


What are the two types of agriculture?

There are two types of agriculture, subsistence, and commercial . There are millions of subsistence farmers in the world, those who produce only enough crops to feed their families. Many subsistence farmers use the slash and burn or swidden agricultural method.


How much of the world’s population is involved in agriculture?

Types of Agriculture. About 45% of the world’s population makes their living through agriculture. The proportion of the population involved in agriculture ranges from about 2% in the United States to about 80% in some parts of Asia and Africa. There are two types of agriculture, subsistence, and commercial.


What were the European colonies’ sources of raw agricultural and mineral products?

The eighteenth century’s European colonies became sources of raw agricultural and mineral products for the industrializing nations. Now, many of the countries which were once colonies of Europe, especially those in Central America, are still heavily involved in the same types of agricultural production as they were hundreds of years ago.


What technologies did farmers use in the twentieth century?

Farming in the twentieth century has become highly technological in more developed nations with geographical technologies like GIS, GPS, and remote sensing while less developed nations continue with practices which are similar to those developed after the first agricultural revolution, thousands of years ago.


What was the second agricultural revolution?

In the seventeenth century, a second agricultural revolution took place which increased the efficiency of production as well as distribution, which allowed more people to move to the cities as the industrial revolution got underway.


Who developed the agricultural model?

J.H. Von Thunen developed a model in 1826 (which wasn’t translated into English until 1966) for the agricultural use of land. It has been utilized by geographers since that time. His theory stated that the more perishable and heavier products would be grown closer to urban areas.


Where are the wheat belts located?

Geographers commonly identify two major “belts” of crops in the U.S. The wheat belt is identified as crossing the Dakotas, Nebraska, Kansas, and Oklahoma.


What is agricultural geography?

Agricultural geography is a sub-discipline of human geography concerned with the spatial relationships found between agriculture and humans. That is, the study of the phenomenons and effects that lead to the formation of the earth’s top surface, in different regions.


How did agriculture originate?

According to article “How Does an Agricultural Region Originate?” English settlers who landed on American soil hundred of years ago greatly shaped American agriculture when they learned how to plant and grow crops from the Natives. Settlers continue to change the landscape by the demolishing wooded areas and turning them into pasteurized fields.


What is agricultural geography?

agricultural geography. A branch of geography that deals with areas of land cultivation and the effect of such cultivation on the physical landscape. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.


What is the branch of economic geography that studies the territorial distribution of agriculture and the factors and laws related to that distribution?

The territorial distribution of agriculture obeys a variety of laws characteristic of the social and economic structure within which it is practiced.


What was the development of agricultural geography in prerevolutionary Russia?

The development of agricultural geography in prerevolutionary Russia was closely related to work on agricultural regionalization. The regionalization was done according to environmental features important for agriculture; it was simultaneously used for studying the nature of the existing agriculture.


Why was land use important in the 1930s?

Land use and organization of agricultural territory became important objects of economic-geographic study in the United States in the 1930’s in connection with the need to control soil erosion. The historical-geographic study of agriculture spread in France, Belgium, Great Britain, and West Germany.


What are territorial differences in agriculture?

The territorial differences of agriculture are caused by differences in the natural conditions prevailing in the various localities and by differences in the objective economic conditions on which the level of efficiency of production of different products by various methods depends. The territorial distribution of agriculture in …


Why is small scale agriculture important?

In economically weakly developed countries, especially in the former colonies, the forms of small-scale commodity agriculture are important, along with the existence at the same time of both capitalist and precapitalist relations. The diversity of regional types of agriculture in the capitalist countries is largely caused by …


What is territorial distribution?

The territorial distribution of agriculture obeys a variety of laws characteristic of the social and economic structure within which it is practiced. In socialist countries, the territorial distribution of agriculture is based on the principle of the law of planned proportional development of the national economy.


What is agricultural geography?

Rural geography includes a breadth of topics relevant to rural areas and small towns, from social issues to natural resources management and land use. Traditional agricultural geography focused on spatial patterns and varying agricultural systems, particularly from a basis in economic geography and/or land use. As time has gone on, some connections have become mostly via human–environment perspectives on natural resources, sustainability, health, and food systems. In addition to shifting broad social concerns affecting work related to agricultural geography, modern industrial agriculture has spread to other world regions, with perhaps greater variability within particular regions (e.g., sub-Saharan Africa) than between regions. Broader considerations of social and economic conditions related to farming also have become more apparent since the 1970s. Agricultural geography today focuses specifically on farms (including ranches) and farming; production of food, fiber, and fuel; economic, policy, and resource issues related to agriculture; and farm household and livelihood concerns. There are connections between agricultural geography and related disciplines, particularly rural sociology and agricultural economics. It must be noted that, with the exception of the descriptive work by geographers in the Global North addressing conditions in the South, most of the work in agricultural geography has been produced in North America and Europe, with much less analytical work on agricultural conditions in other world regions. The works mentioned here are drawn from the English-language literature and are admittedly biased toward researchers based in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand.


Where is agricultural geography produced?

It must be noted that, with the exception of the descriptive work by geographers in the Global North addressing conditions in the South, most of the work in agricultural geography has been produced in North America and Europe, with much less analytical work on agricultural conditions in other world regions.


Does industrial agriculture spread to other regions?

In addition to shifting broad social concerns affecting work related to agricultural geography, modern industrial agriculture has spread to other world regions, with perhaps greater variability within particular regions (e.g., sub-Saharan Africa) than between regions.


Is rural geography dated?

Much of rural geography no longer places a strong focus on agricultural geography as a broad area of study, and many of the general background works are older. Because of this, they often are somewhat dated in terms of their descriptions of geographic patterns and the status of agricultural practices in different world regions.


What does agriculture mean in geography?

Agricultural: to do with farming. The work of growing crops or rearing animals.


What is definition of agriculture?

Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities.


What is agriculture Short answer?

Agriculture describes the practice of growing crops or raising animals. Someone who works as a farmer is in the agriculture industry. The Latin root of agriculture is agri, or “field,” plus cultura, “cultivation.” Cultivating a piece of land, or planting and growing food plants on it, is largely what agriculture means.


What is the types of agriculture?

Agriculture is the term used to describe the act of growing crops and raising livestock for human consumption and use. Currently, agriculture is divided into two different types, including industrialized agriculture and subsistence agriculture.


What is agriculture and its importance?

Agriculture plays an essential role in sustaining and driving the economy. It’s the backbone of everything that drives us. In addition to providing food and other raw materials, it also provides employment opportunities. Safe to say the importance of agriculture cannot be overstated.


What is agriculture with example?

The science of cultivating land, producing crops, and raising livestock. The definition of agriculture is the science, art and business of farming and ranching. Commercial farms and ranches which provide vegetables and meat to the general public are examples of agriculture.


What is agriculture in your own words?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics.


What are the characteristics of commercial farming?

Commercial Farming The main characteristic of this type of farming is the use of high doses of modern inputs, example high yielding variety(HYV) seeds, chemical fertilizers, insecticides and pesticides in order to obtain high productivity. 13.


What are the main crops of plantations?

15.  Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Sugarcane, Banana etc. are important plantation crops. Since the production is mainly for market a well developed network of transport and communication connecting the plantation areas, processing industries and markets plays an important role in the development of plantations. 16.


What is the Zaid crop?

What is Zaid Crop In between the rabi and the kharif seasons, there is a short season during the summer months known as the Zaid season. Some of the crops produced during ‘zaid’ are watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber, vegetables and fodder crops. Sugarcane takes almost a year to grow. 21.


What is the staple food crop of India?

Rice It is the staple food crop of a majority of the people in India. Our country is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China. It is a kharif crop which requires high temperature, (above 25°C) and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm.


What is a plantation?

14.  Plantation is also a type of commercial farming.  In this type of farming, a single crop is grown on a large area. This plantation has a interface of agriculture and industry. Plantation covers areas of land using capital intensive inputs with the help of migrant laborers. 15.


Is sugarcane a tropical crop?

Sugarcane It is a tropical as well as a subtropical crop.  It grows well in hot and humid climate with a temperature of 21°C to 27°C and an annual rainfall between 75cm. and 100cm. Irrigation is required in the regions of low rainfall.


How is geography used to study agriculture?

From climate to key trade and shipping hubs, location has shaped the fortunes of states and agricultural production. For farmers, timing is critical in the obtainment of resources, such as fertilizer and seed, …


Why is timing important for farmers?

For farmers, timing is critical in the obtainment of resources, such as fertilizer and seed , but also forecasting likely weather in the coming season, informing on how much irrigation is needed as well as temperatures that can affect crop growth. [1] An agriculture field in California. Photo: U.S. Geological Survey.


What is agricultural geography?

Agricultural geography as a sub-discipline of Human and Eco­nomic geography has been shown in Figure 1.1. The geography of human activities is called as ‘economic geography’ which examines the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary activities of man.


What are the main objectives of agricultural geography?

Six main objectives of agricultural geography are as follows: (i) To examine the spatial distribution of crops, livestock and other agricultural activities. The cropping patterns and crop and livestock combinations vary in space and time.

image


Overview

Agricultural geography is a sub-discipline of human geography concerned with the spatial relationships found between agriculture and humans. That is, the study of the phenomenons and effects that lead to the formation of the earth’s top surface, in different regions.


History

Humans have been interacting with their surroundings since as early as man has been around. According to article “How Does an Agricultural Region Originate?” English settlers who landed on American soil hundred of years ago greatly shaped American agriculture when they learned how to plant and grow crops from the Natives. Settlers continue to change the landscape by the demolishing wooded areas and turning them into pasteurized fields.


Focus

It is traditionally considered the branch of economic geography that investigates those parts of the Earth’s surface that are transformed by humans through primary sector activities for consumption. It thus focuses on the different types of structures of agricultural landscapes and asks for the cultural, social, economic, political, and environmental processes that lead to these spatial patterns. While most research in this area concentrates rather on production than on consumpti…


Events

The war in Bosnia-Herzegovia from 1992-1995 affected a large majority of the country farming land due to the large number of land mines (approximately 1 million) that were planted and never were recovered or detonated. These areas with the landmines have become abandoned for obvious safety reasons. Much of the area where the landmines were planted was farming land, now residents of this country have to find another way to grow the crops they once planted there.


Research Studies

A research study was done in Uganda where the researchers selected four completely different types of environmental factors and those factors were: rain-forest with no animal interaction, rain-forest animal and human interaction, urban living, and rain-forest with animal interaction. After running several analyzing test using the top soil and rain water it was determined that the urban living areas had higher levels of nitrogen, calcium and pH levels.


See also

• Geography of food
• Agricultural sciences


Literature

• Robinson, G.M. (2003): Geographies of Agriculture: Globalisation, Restructuring and Sustainability. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-582-35662-7
• Grigg, D. (1995): An Introduction to Agricultural Geography. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-08443-7


External links

• Media related to Agricultural geography at Wikimedia Commons

Leave a Comment