What is agriculture in india


Largest agricultural products in India by value

Rank Commodity Value (US$, 2016) Unit price (US$ / kilogram, 2009) Most productive country (tonnes per hect …
1 Rice $70.18 billion 0.27 Australia
2 Buffalo milk $43.09 billion 0.4 India
3 Cow milk $32.55 billion 0.31 Israel
4 Wheat $26.06 billion 0.15 Netherlands

May 30 2022


What are the problems of Agriculture in India?

Yogesh Singh

  1. Rural- Urban Divide. India’s most of the farming is done in rural parts of the country. …
  2. Lack of Investment in Agriculture. There has been a paucity of fresh investments in agriculture sectors. …
  3. Lack of Effective Policies. …
  4. Negligence of Natural resources. …
  5. Impact of Demonetization. …
  6. Excessive Interventions on Prices. …
  7. Irrigation Facilities. …

More items…

What is the best agricultural business in India?

There are three basic things you can do with land:

  • If you want to wait for price appreciation, then it really depends on the location, the fertility of the land, future developments etc.
  • Safeguarding the property will also be a challenge. You will need to construct a boundary around your land, and regular physical checks are also advised.
  • If you are looking to rent it out,

How to build a career in agriculture in India?

  • Structuring of the farms
  • Designing in agriculture layout
  • Research and development
  • Surveyor
  • Providing consultancy services to various government and private organizations

How many types of agriculture are there in India?

  • Scale
  • Type of crop
  • Livestock combinations
  • Intensity
  • Means of distribution of farm produce
  • Level of mechanization

How long has agriculture been around in India?

Agriculture in India has an extensive background which goes back to ten thousand years. At present, India holds the second position in the world in agricultural production. It also contributes a major share in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country. In addition, the sector recruits about 50% of the entire manpower.

What is the importance of agriculture in India?

Agriculture is an important economic sector in India and it also offers plenty of employment opportunities. It is also the key development of civilization.

What are the three seasons of India?

Seasonal Patterns: There are three distinct agricultural or cropping seasons in India – kharif, rabi and zaid. Some specific crops are only grown during a particular season, for instance, rice is a kharif crop and wheat is rabi crop.

How did the Green Revolution affect India?

One of the biggest impacts is soil exhaustion which means depletion of nutrients in the soil due to farming of same crops again and again.

Why are animals important in India?

Importance of Animals: In India, animals play an important role in agricultural activities such as irrigation, ploughing, threshing and transportation of agricultural products. The full-fledged mechanisation of agriculture in India is a distant dream and active participation of animals in agricultural activities will continue in future.

What are the salient features of agriculture?

Salient Features of Agriculture. There are certain salient features of agriculture in India. Some of these are: Subsistence Agriculture: In India, usually the farmers, along with their family members, grow crops in their small plot of land.

What are the main industries in India?

In India, farming and associated industries such as lumbering, forestry, and fishing represent a high percentage of the Gross Domestic Product of the country. These industries also recruited about 50% of the overall manpower of India.

What is the agriculture industry in India?

The agriculture industry in India reached a value of INR 63,506 Billion in 2020. The agriculture industry represents an important component of the Indian economy both in terms of its contribution to the GDP as well as a source of employment to the majority of the country’s population. This sector is currently showing immense opportunities, with India presently being one of the world’s largest agricultural producers by value. A number of transformations have taken place in this sector over the past few decades. These include – rising penetration of the organized sector, growth in contract farming, agriculture becoming more mechanized, easy loan facilities, rise of exports, use of agrochemicals and high yielding seeds, and an increasing role of the private sector in processing, branding and marketing, etc. Looking forward, IMARC Group expects the agriculture industry in India to reach a value of INR 125,350 Billion by 2026, exhibiting a CAGR of 12% during 2021-2026.

How much of India’s population is dependent on agriculture?

Additionally, more than 50% of India’s population is dependent on agricultural products which is further promoting the growth of the market. Over the past few years, India’s GDP has been growing at a steady pace which has resulted in a rise in the disposable incomes of the consumers.

How has rural banking and credit system played a pivotal role in the growth of the agriculture industry?

The establishment of rural banking and credit system has also played a pivotal role in the growth of the agriculture industry. The transformation of agriculture from subsistence to commercialisation requires investment on the farm along with the use of modern inputs. With the availability of credit, the constraint on certain inputs like seed, fertilizer, pesticides, hired labour, etc. has been reduced.

How has India’s GDP impacted the consumer?

It has enabled farmers to invest more in advanced agricultural infrastructure such as irrigation facilities, quality seeds, equipment’s, fertilizers, warehousing, cold storage, etc. It has also increased the consumers purchasing power creating a positive impact on the domestic demand of agriculture products.

Why did farmers adopt enhanced technologies and methods in dairy, fisheries and livestock?

This rise has prompted the farmers to adopt enhanced technologies and methods in dairy, fisheries and livestock in order to meet the diversified food needs of the people.

How does contract farming affect agriculture?

Contract farming reduces the load on the central and state level procurement system by increasing the private sector investments in agriculture.

What percentage of the world population is in India?

India is the second-largest populated country accounting for 18% of the total world population. With an increase in the population, the need for various agricultural products has increased significantly. This rise has prompted the farmers to adopt enhanced technologies and methods in dairy, fisheries and livestock in order to meet the diversified food needs of the people. Additionally, more than 50% of India’s population is dependent on agricultural products which is further promoting the growth of the market.

What is the agriculture sector in India?

The agriculture sector is one of the most important industries in the Indian economy, which means it is also a huge employer. Approximately 60 percent of the Indian …

How much of India’s population works in agriculture?

The real gross value added by agricultural sector in India in fiscal year 2018 amounted to about 20.7 trillion Indian rupees.

What percentage of India’s agricultural production is cereals?

Production of cereals is one of the primary contributions of the agricultural sector to India. Cereals account for almost 46 percent of the Indian agricultural market. The annual yield of coarse cereals was about 1,784 kilograms per hectare in fiscal year 2017.

How much land is India cultivated?

The total cultivated land area in India in fiscal year 2016 was approximately 1.5 million hectares. According to the World Bank, as of 2015, approximately 38 percent of the land area in India is suitable for agriculture. This value is decreasing continuously due to urbanization.

What are the main food sources of Indians?

Rice and wheat are the two main food staples for Indians. India is the second largest producer of both rice and wheat across the world. Even though farming makes up a large share of agriculture in the country, livestock rearing along with fishing also contribute significantly to feeding India’s population as well its economy.

How big is organic farming?

It started mostly as trial operations on farms less than one acre in size. The total organic area is about 5.71 million hectares. Sugar crops are mainly cultivated using this method.

What is the history of agriculture in India?

The history of Indian agriculture dates back to the Indus Valley civilization. Today, India features as the second largest country engaged in farming and ranks seventh in agricultural exports in foreign nations. This article discusses the different factors pertaining to agriculture in India. It describes agricultural land utilization, types …

How much land is used for agriculture in India?

The agricultural land in India features around 157.35 million hectares, only next to the U.S.A. Next, the agriculture land use in India depends upon the following factors: The quality of land: It should be of good quality in order to bear fruitful agricultural produce.

What is land utilization?

Land utilization refers to the process of using agricultural land effectively in order to produce a cultivable yield. The land utilization procedure is inclusive of the production of goods such as crops, and services such as forest lands engendering rich biodiversity.

What are the factors that determine land use in India?

Some other factors governing land use in India are as follows: Size of the economy. Composition of the economy. Population and demography of a specific region. Division of land shares under forests, cultivable lands, fallow lands, and permanent pastures. Employment and occupation in the agricultural sector.

How long does it take for a crop to rotate?

The time duration for crop rotation may be one year or even beyond that. Usually, it starts with cereal crops like wheat and rice followed by pulses and legumes. Legumes have an effective nitrogen-fixing ability. Crops like tobacco and sugarcane can be grown afterward in cereal crops with the use of fertilizers.

Why is agriculture shifting in India?

After clearing up forest land, farmers carry the agricultural activities on it for the next 2-3 years. This is because of the retardation in the fertility and soil quality of the farmland.

What is animal husbandry?

Animal Husbandry refers to an associate business in agricultural activities in India. It typically denotes the rearing of animal fisheries and the forest sector. It supports around 55% of the rural population. India is one of the world’s largest livestock owners with around 535.78 million investment.

How does India affect agriculture?

Developing markets, agricultural credit and public expenditures: India’s legacy of extensive government involvement in agricultural marketing has created restrictions in internal and external trade, resulting in cumbersome and high-cost marketing and transport options for agricultural commodities. Even so, private sector investment in marketing, value chains and agro-processing is growing, but much slower than potential. While some restrictions are being lifted, considerably more needs to be done to enable diversification and minimize consumer prices. Improving access to rural finance for farmers is another need as it remains difficult for farmers to get credit. Moreover, subsidies on power, fertilizers and irrigation have progressively come to dominate Government expenditures on the sector, and are now four times larger than investment expenditures, crowding out top priorities such as agricultural research and extension.

How does agriculture affect India’s economy?

While agriculture’s share in India’s economy has progressively declined to less than 15% due to the high growth rates of the industrial and services sectors, the sector’s importance in India’s economic and social fabric goes well beyond this indicator. First, nearly three-quarters of India’s families depend on rural incomes. Second, the majority of India’s poor (some 770 million people or about 70 percent) are found in rural areas. And third, India’s food security depends on producing cereal crops, as well as increasing its production of fruits, vegetables and milk to meet the demands of a growing population with rising incomes. To do so, a productive, competitive, diversified and sustainable agricultural sector will need to emerge at an accelerated pace.

How to increase agricultural productivity?

Water resources are also limited and water for irrigation must contend with increasing industrial and urban needs. All measures to increase productivity will need exploiting, amongst them: increasing yields, diversification to higher value crops, and developing value chains to reduce marketing costs.

How can agriculture help the poor?

This program promotes the formation of self-help groups, increases community savings, and promotes local initiatives to increase incomes and employment . By federating to become larger entities, these institutions of the poor gain the strength to negotiate better prices and market access for their products, and also gain the political power over local governments to provide them with better technical and social services. These self-help groups are particularly effective at reaching women and impoverished families.

What are the challenges of agriculture in India?

Three agriculture sector challenges will be important to India’s overall development and the improved welfare of its rural poor: 1. Raising agricultural productivity per unit of land: Raising productivity per unit of land will need to be the main engine of agricultural growth as virtually all cultivable land is farmed.

What is the Maharashtra Agricultural Competitiveness Project?

Improved farmer access to agriculture markets through policy reforms and investments under the Maharashtra Agricultural Competitiveness Project which aims to reform regulated wholesale markets and provide farmers with alternative market opportunities.

What are the most important needs of India?

1. Enhancing agricultural productivity, competitiveness, and rural growth. Promoting new technologies and reforming agricultural research and extension: Major reform and strengthening of India’s agricultural research and extension systems is one of the most important needs for agricultural growth. These services have declined over time due …

What is the agricultural sector in India?

India is an agrarian economy with half of its labor market representing agriculture-related sectors and more than 54 percent of the nation’s land categorized as arable. India is among the world’s leaders in terms of production volume for various commodities such as rice, wheat, cotton, sugar, horticulture, and dairy. Agriculture and related sectors such as forestry and fisheries account for 19.9 percent of the country’s GDP. Consequently, the agricultural sector plays an important role in Indian economics, politics, and society.

What are the agri-tech companies in India?

Some key Indian start-ups in this space include Ninjacart, Agrostar, Stellops, Cropin, and Jumbotail.

How much is the level of farm mechanization in India?

Recent studies by PricewaterhouseCoopers indicate that the current level of farm mechanization in India averages around 40 percent (compared to 90 percent across other developed nations). Stronger emphasis is being placed on increasing productivity by moving away from traditional farming methods and adopting powered equipment. In addition, the Indian government has laid out an ambitious goal of doubling farmers’ incomes by 2022. The government is working to provide farmers with easier access to credit by developing farmer-friendly policies aligned with the new and growing trend of collaborative farming.

How much food is wasted in India?

Food wastage remains a critical challenge, with an estimated 40 percent of perishable produce going to waste. The government of India has plans to reduce wastage of agricultural produce by 50 percent in the next two years.  To address rising concerns of food wastage and to position the country as a food processing hub, the government is facilitating policy reforms, capital subsidies, tax rebates, reduced custom duties, and access to credit for entrepreneurs investing in food processing units.  The Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI) has sanctioned the establishment of 41 mega food parks in the country, with 22 operationalized as of April 2020.  American companies providing solutions such as high-pressure processing technology, frozen food technologies, individual quick freezing (IQF), vacuum frying, freeze drying, and sugar reducing technologies should explore opportunities in India.

What are the technologies used in precision agriculture?

companies offering equipment and technology for precision agriculture such as satellite positioning systems, remote sensing, geo-mapping, and protected cultivation solutions such as greenhouse structures, soil-less cultivation, hydroponics, and aeroponics should explore opportunities in India.

How many craft beer breweries are there in India?

The Indian craft beer market is poised for tremendous growth, though it is still considered niche. There are more than 200 operating microbreweries and brew pubs across India, up from only 45 in 2016. Supplying ingredients such as malt, hops, and yeast for these businesses, and supplementing the breweries/pubs with imported beers is an emerging market opportunity as evidenced by growing trade and industry demand.  Preferences for, and acceptance of, craft beers is expanding as the sector sees growth and market penetration across India in states that allow alcohol consumption. The microbrewery sector accounts for one percent of the total beer sector.  A handful are expanding production lines and adding bottled or canned craft beers.

What is India’s biggest export?

Leading exports consisted of Basmati rice, carabeef/beef frozen shrimp and prawns, cotton, and refined sugar.

What are the exports of Indian agriculture?

Exports in Agricultural commodities like rice, coffee, raw cotton, cashew, pulses and fruits recorded substantial pickup in the wake of strong demand reflecting potential of Indian agriculture.

How has agriculture increased?

This increase in agricultural production has been brought about by bringing additional area under cultivation, extension of irrigation facilities, the use of improved high-yielding variety of seeds, better techniques evolved through agricultural research, water management, and plant protection through judicious use of fertilizers, pesticides and cropping practices.

What is the Ministry of Food Processing Industries?

The Ministry of Food Processing Industries, set up in July 1988, is the central agency of the Government responsible for developing a strong and vibrant food-processing sector with a view to create increased job opportunities in rural areas , enable the farmers to reap benefit from modern technology, create surplus for exports and stimulating demand for processed food.

What is the apex body of agriculture?

The apex body for education, research, training and transfer of technology in the field of agriculture is the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), established in 1929. India’s transformation from a food deficit to a food surplus country is largely due to ICAR’s smooth and rapid transfer of farm technology from the laboratory to the land.

What is the most important sector of India’s economy?

Agriculture in India is the means of livelihood of almost two-thirds of the workforce in the country. It employees nearly 62% of total population and 42% of total geographical area. It is therefore considered to be the most important sector of India Economy.

Who coordinates agricultural education?

Besides, the programme of Agricultural Education is coordinated by ICAR with the curricula and other normative guidance given to the 26 agricultural universities and four national research institutes.

Is India self sufficient?

India today is not only self- sufficient in grain production but also has a substantial reserve. The progress made by agriculture in the last four decades has been one of the biggest success stories of free India.

Why is agriculture important in India?

India’s agrarian sector has been in a crisis for a while now. The economic importance of the agricultural sector in alleviating poverty and boosting development cannot possibly be overemphasised. Even though the sector is no longer the largest contributor to India’s gross domestic product (GDP), it still employs a majority of the country’s workforce. Every government that comes to power promises a better tomorrow for farmers in particular, and the agriculture sector in general. In 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi promised to “double farmers’ income” by 2022. But studies find that the required annual percentage of income growth to fulfil this objective is a “ distant dream. ” In this debate kit, we explore the various agricultural policies that have been recommended and implemented to revive the once-dominant industry.

What are the mainstays of the Indian rural economy?

Agriculture, one of the mainstays of the Indian rural economy, by its very nature, is dependent on natural resources such as land and water and other inputs like electricity. The growth of the agricultural sector and, as an extension, the rural economy, depends heavily on the availability of these resources.

Why are farmers suicides in India?

It has been well documented that India’s agricultural sector has been in distress for a while now. Farmer suicides are a direct result of the agrarian crisis that has seriously engulfed the nation. Despite various governments investing in technology and development, the agrarian crisis continues to squeeze employment opportunities and push agricultural labourers towards low wages and high debt. There is an increasing uncertainty regarding the returns on agricultural operations with input costs being disproportionate to the output prices. While indebtedness leads to economic impoverishment, it must be highlighted that small and marginal farmers and agricultural labourers who do not own any productive assets and farmers from the Scheduled Caste communities are even more economically vulnerable. The following papers stress the need to come up with policies that tackle income for agricultural labourers, revisit land reforms to help the small and marginal farmers and develop agro and allied enterprises that provide employment opportunities for the rural poor.

What is the MSP in agriculture?

The MSP originally was intended to ensure self-sufficiency in foodgrain and resulted in a shift in the pattern of foodgrain cultivation towards wheat and rice. But in recent years, the MSP has focused on increasing farmers’ incomes and pulses were also added to its ambit.

What is the scholarship on agriculture and farmers?

A substantial portion of the scholarship on agriculture and farmers focuses on farmer suicides —causes, trends, aftermath and solutions—with a special focus on states such as Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. In light of the agrarian distress, policy aims at improving farmers’ access to rural financial institutions.

What is the promise of the government to double farmers income?

Every government that comes to power promises a better tomorrow for farmers in particular, and the agriculture sector in general. In 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi promised to “double farmers’ income” by 2022.

How does crop insurance work?

Crop insurance essentially covers farmers’ yield losses due to unforeseen events such as a deficit in rainfall or cyclones that destroy crops before the harvesting season. It ensures the stability of farmers’ incomes and ensures a flow of credit to the agricultural sector, which in turn aids in food security and growth of the sector. Studies explore policy recommendations to improve the performance of these two schemes as well as that of the rural financial institutions. Findings suggest that the disbursement of compensation under both schemes occurs with a delay, indicating issues in the timely execution of these policies.


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