what is agroforestry in agriculture

Contents

image

Depending on the situation and application, agroforestry practices can:

  • provide protection for valuable topsoil, livestock, crops, and wildlife;
  • increase productivity of agricultural and horticultural crops;
  • reduce inputs of energy and chemicals;
  • increase water use efficiency of plants and animals;
  • improve water quality;
  • diversify local economies and on-farm income;
  • enhance biodiversity;

More items…

Agroforestry is the intentional integration of trees or shrubs with crop and animal production.Apr 25, 2019

Full
Answer

What are the principles behind agroforestry?

Simply put, agroforestry means combining agriculture and trees. Agroforestry is a land management approach with multiple benefits. Planting trees, shrubs and hedges on farms can give farmers healthier soil and higher yields – not to mention creating vital homes for wildlife. A symbiotic relationship

What are the disadvantages of agroforestry?

3 rows · interest in this approach to agriculture. Agroforestry can be thought of as Working Trees with …

How is agroforestry similar to traditional farming?

Agroforestry is a land-use system that combines trees, shrubs, or perennial vines with other agricultural crops and/or livestock.

How to become an agroforester?

 · Agroforestry is a traditional land use system that incorporates the planting, cultivation and conservation of woody vegetation (that’s trees!) alongside food crop and/or livestock farming. At the systems level, it’s a model of land management that integrates more sustainable methods of agricultural production together with the planting of native tree species …

image

What is the meaning agroforestry?

Agroforestry is a collective name for land-use systems and technologies where woody perennials (trees, shrubs, palms, bamboos, etc.) are deliberately used on the same land-management units as agricultural crops and/or animals, in some form of spatial arrangement or temporal sequence.

What is agroforestry and how does it work?

Agroforestry is a traditional land use system that incorporates the planting, cultivation and conservation of woody vegetation (that’s trees!) alongside food crop and/or livestock farming.

What is an example of agroforestry?

Taungya. Taungya is an agroforestry system that comes from Burma. Seasonal crops are planted in tree plantations or orchards during the early stages while trees are small and still developing, which leaves lots of unused space.

What is agroforestry and why is it important?

Agroforestry allows landowners to intentionally grow trees and shrubs with crops and/or animal farming systems, which creates a more diverse agricultural operation and helps to boost their profits.

What are the three benefits of agroforestry?

Benefits of Agroforestry Reduction of pressure on forest. More efficient recycling of nutrients by deep-rooted trees on the site. Better protection of ecological systems. Reduction of surface run-off, nutrient leaching and soil erosion through impending effect of tree roots and stems of these processes.

How does agroforestry help crops?

Agroforestry Farming Systems Alley cropping means planting crops between rows of trees to provide income while the trees mature. The system can be designed to produce fruits, vegetables, grains, flowers, herbs, bioenergy feedstocks, and more.

What are types of agroforestry?

There are three basic types of Agroforestry systems viz: Agrisilviculture (Crops + trees), silvopastoral (Pasture/animal + trees); and Agrosilvopastoral (crops + pasture + trees).

What crops can be grown in agroforestry?

On this farm we grow crops of wheat, barley, clover, and field scale vegetables. And we’ve established the largest agroforestry system in the UK, growing apple trees with field scale crops growing in between. So, we established the agroforestry system here for a number of reasons.

What crops are grown using agroforestry?

You can grow hay, wheat, soybeans and corn, as well as many vegetables and such specialty crops as St. John’s Wort, a popular medicinal herb. Consider planting a ground cover, such as a grass-legume mix, under the tree rows in a strip extending to the width of the tree crowns.

image

What is agroforestry?

Agroforestry is a land management approach with multiple benefits . Planting trees on farms can give farmers healthier soil and higher yields – not to mention creating vital homes for wildlife.

How does agroforestry help the environment?

As well as a massive positive impact on the soil, the environment and wildlife, agroforestry also boosts productivity. Diverse systems are more productive than monocultures. Tree roots reach down below those of cereals or vegetables which means you can get more crops from the same acre.

Why are short term farm tenancies bad?

Short-term farm tenancies are also a problem, because they discourage farmers from making long-term investments. It can be years before trees start to bear fruit or can be harvested to pay themselves off. Luckily, these challenges can be overcome. More and more UK farmers are beginning to experiment with agroforestry, and they’re already starting to see improvements in resilience, biodiversity and soil health.

What is the term for farming in 3D?

2. Silvo-arable agroforestry: where crops are grown beneath trees, often in rows which are large enough for a tractor to tend to the crops without damaging the trees. This is farming in 3D, the trees and the crops occupy different levels above ground, and also below ground where the tree roots will reach down deeper than the crops.

Why are trees important to farmers?

Trees also provide vital habitats for wildlife. They help farmers by housing natural predators to many common crop pests, thus reducing the need for pesticides.

How do tree roots help the soil?

Tree roots reach deep into the ground, releasing much-needed carbon into the soil. They cycle nutrients and bind the soil together , preventing it from being eroded by the wind or the rain.

What are the two types of agroforestry?

There are two main types of agroforestry: 1. Silvo-pastoral agroforestry: which means the grazing of animals under trees. The animals enrich the soil while the trees provide shelter and fodder for the animals. 2.

What is forest farming?

Forest Farming:In forest farming, high-value specialty crops are grown under the protection of a managed forest canopy. Crops such as ginseng, shiitake mushrooms, ramps, goldenseal, and pine straw can be profitably produced with this practice.

What is the intentional mixing of trees and shrubs into crop and/or animal production systems to create a gro

groforestry is the intentional mixing of trees and shrubs into crop and/or animal production systems to create

What are working trees used for?

Special Applications: Working Trees can be used to accomplish landowner objectives such as production of bionergy feedstock. Any Agroforestry practice can be designed to incorporate special needs such as wildlife habitat, annual income or carbon storage.

What is an alley crop?

Alley Cropping: An alley cropping system integrates crops such as vegetables in alleyways between high-value trees and shrubs. The agricultural crop provides annual income until the trees are able to yield a long-term income product.

What is the alley cropping system in Florida?

In Florida, this alley cropping system combines cotton in the alleyways between rows of pine trees. — Photo by Shibu Jose

What is a riparian forest buffer?

Riparian Forest Buffer: This practice uses trees, shrubs and other plants growing adjacent to streams, ponds, lakes and wetlands to protect water bodies from negative impacts of adjacent agricultural fields. These buffers can be designed to produce income while accomplishing their conservation purposes.

What is Agroforestry?

Agroforestry is a land-use system that combines trees, shrubs, or perennial vines with other agricultural crops and/or livestock.

How can Agroforestry Benefit California Farmers?

The majority of modern-day farmland around the globe—and within California—is occupied by relatively simplified and specialized cropping systems, often called “monocultures” or “monocrops.”

Agroforestry in Action: Farmer Profiles

Denis Flores and his wife are small-scale, direct market and U-pick organic vegetable and fruit farmers in southern France who have embarked on a grand experiment — growing vegetables under rows of tall timber trees. They call this approach “tree ratatouille,” after the popular French mixed vegetable stew. Continue reading…

Join our California Agroforestry Network!

SAREP is developing a research and communications partnership with farmers across California who are practicing agroforestry or are interested in adopting the practice.

1. Healthy crops support healthy trees

Our partners in Guatemala, The New Roots Foundation, shared a fun fact with us about how a recent batch of saplings will be planted on farms near coffee and cacao plants, which will help keep the soil and trees fertilized and free from pests.

2. Trees provide shelter and food for livestock

Trees also help reduce the animals’ stress, helping them feel more at ease in their environment. While livestock was often considered a part of forest farming early on, animals becoming less common in the practice of agroforestry.

3. River maintenance

Trees and shrubs planted along rivers and streams helps filter farm runoff, prevent erosion, and create better moisture balance in the area.
This is called a riparian forest buffer, and it is common practice around the world.

4. Forest farming

Forest farming is a method that cultivates specialty crops (such as ginseng, shiitake mushrooms, or medicinal herbs) under the protection of a forest canopy that has been modified to provide optimal shade level.

5. Eco-stability

Agroforestry practices often focus on the preservation of natural forests while also cultivating a productive agriculture system.

Plant Trees Where They’re Needed Most

As the need for reforestation is global and ever-changing, we feature where trees are most needed now. Today, we’re raising funds to jumpstart forest fire recovery in British Columbia. Learn more

How important is agroforestry?

Agroforestry’s importance in the 21st century will increase both in the U.S. and globally as a means to sustainably produce the food, fiber, and bioenergy demanded by a world-wide population that is expected to exceed 9 billion people by 2050 .

How can agroforestry be used to improve agriculture?

Trees and shrubs can be included into agricultural systems in many ways. Depending on the situation and application, agroforestry practices can: 1 provide protection for valuable topsoil, livestock, crops, and wildlife; 2 increase productivity of agricultural and horticultural crops; 3 reduce inputs of energy and chemicals; 4 increase water use efficiency of plants and animals; 5 improve water quality; 6 diversify local economies and on-farm income; 7 enhance biodiversity; 8 improve air quality and sequester carbon; and 9 support working lands at the landscape scale .

What are the benefits of agroforestry?

Depending on the situation and application, agroforestry practices can: provide protection for valuable topsoil, livestock, crops, and wildlife; increase productivity of agricultural and horticultural crops; reduce inputs of energy and chemicals; increase water use efficiency of plants and animals; improve water quality;

What is agroforestry?

Agroforestry describes a wide range of practices that integrate trees, forests, and agricultural production. These systems can be adapted to almost any site and condition, though considerations like climate, slope, soil characteristics, and grower goals will ultimately determine the crops that are appropriate for a specific piece of land.

Why is agroforestry important?

As the climate continues to shift, agroforestry is increasingly seen as a critical solution for farms and forested landscapes both in adapting to changes as well as mitigating impacts that further negative effects on our climate.

What is Cornell Agroforestry PWT?

The Cornell Agroforestry PWT works to elevate the status of agroforestry and legitimize its application in New York by identifying current practices and creating resources to expand them.

Why is it important to learn to identify trees?

Learning to identify the trees on your property will help you enjoy and better manage your land. Woodland owners who learn how to identify the trees and other vegetation on…

When was agroforestry first used?

While the word “agroforestry” was coined in the 1970s, many of the practices and knowledge has long been practiced around the world. While both indigenous and non-indigenous practitioners have developed agroforestry systems, often the focus is on more recent work and indigenous contributions are overlooked. Cultural sensitivity and recognition of these deep roots is important to understanding the long-term perspective needed to successfully implement agroforestry across landscapes. Some resources for further reading:

Can mushrooms grow in the forest?

Woodland Mushrooms can be grown in many forest conditions. Cornell has been researching these practices since the early 2000s.

Is ginseng a high value crop?

Ginseng is a high-value crop that can be grown in the right type of forest and ample patience on the part of the grower.

Leave a Comment