What is apiculture in agriculture

Apiculture – the maintenance of honeybees and hives – provides farmers and hobbyists with a variety of enterprises including production of beeswax, honey and other edible bee products; crop pollination services and sale of bees to other beekeepers.


What does apiculture mean?

What does apiculture mean? The raising and care of bees for commercial or agricultural purposes. (noun)

What is the meaning of apiculture?

Meaning of Apiculture. Apiculture or beekeeping is defined as rearing, caring, and managing honey bees to obtain honey, wax, and other useful substances. In Apiculture, an area is selected for the commercial maintenance of bees in artificial beehives, and such areas are called apiaries.

How to pronounce apiculture?

apiculture. noun. /ˈeɪpɪkʌltʃə (r)/. /ˈeɪpɪkʌltʃər/. [uncountable] (specialist) jump to other results. the activity of owning and taking care of bees synonym beekeeping. Word Origin. mid 19th cent.: from Latin apis ‘bee’ + culture, on the pattern of words such as agriculture.

What is the history of apiculture?


  • Scientific study of honey bees. It was not until the 18th century that European natural philosophers undertook the scientific study of bee colonies and began to understand the complex and …
  • Invention of the movable comb hive. …
  • Evolution of hive designs. …

What is apiculture explain?

“Apiculture is the scientific method of rearing honeybees. “ The word ‘apiculture’ comes from the Latin word ‘apis’ meaning bee. So, apiculture or beekeeping is the care and management of honey bees for the production of honey and wax.

What is apiculture and example?

Apiculture is the practice of keeping bees as well as the manufacturing of honey and beeswax. Winnie-the-Pooh would have been thrilled to have a neighbor into apiculture, or the tending of bees and their honey.

What are major benefits of apiculture?

Advantages of beekeeping as an income generation activity Beekeeping has positive ecological consequences. Bees play an important role in the pollination of many flowering plants, thus increasing the yield of certain crops such as sunflower and various fruits. Honey is a delicious and highly nutritious food.

What is the other name of apiculture?

Beekeepers are also called honey farmers, apiarists, or less commonly, apiculturists (both from the Latin apis, bee; cf. apiary). The term beekeeper refers to a person who keeps honey bees in beehives, boxes, or other receptacles.

What is apiculture PDF?

The practice of rearing of the honey bees for the procurement of their by-products is called bee keeping or apiculture.

What is apiculture and pisciculture?

Apiculture :- The cultivation of bees on a commercial scale for production of honey. Pisciculture :- The breeding of fishes on a large scale (commercial) for production of fishes to sell in market.

What are the disadvantages of apiculture?

Disadvantages: There are only few disadvantages and these are:The equipment for rearing bees may sometimes get costlier.There may be issue with the people living around the bee farm.The flowering and harvesting of honey is dependent on climate.

What is the economic importance of apiculture?

The following are the economic importance of apiculture: Honey and beeswax are two major products of apiculture. Beeswax is used in cosmetics, ointments, and paints. The yield of crops increases because honey bees help in the pollination.

What are two disadvantages of bees?

Disadvantage of Bees: The Sting They only sting when feeling threatened (such as when protecting their hives), or when squished. To capitalize on the many benefits of bees, you can take a few simple precautions to avoid a bee sting: Don’t walk barefoot outdoors. Avoid touching live bees.

What is bee farming called?

The science and art of managing honey bees called apiculture or beekeeping is a centuries-old tradition. The first beekeepers were hunters, seeking out wild nests of honey bees, which often were destroyed to obtain the sweet reward, called honey, for which these insects are named.

What is the importance of bee culture?

Apiculture is an important occupation that involves taking care of bees and nurturing them for livelihood. Beekeeping has an important significance because some of the most useful products like honey, wax, and royal jelly come from bees. Several bee products like propolis and venom are used for medicinal purposes.

What is a bee scientist called?

Melittological societies Melittologists and apiologists are served by a number of scientific societies, both national and international in scope. Their main role is to encourage the study of bees and apicultural research.

How is apiculture done?

Apiculture is the act of rearing honeybees. In this method, the bees are bred commercially in apiaries. Apiary is an area where a large number of b…

What are the products obtained from apiculture?

The main products obtained from apiculture are honey and wax. These products are used in cosmetic industries, polishing industries and pharmaceutic…

What is the importance of apiculture?

Apiculture is important for the following reasons: Apiculture provides products such as honey and wax that are used commercially. Honeybees are res…

How are the bees divided in a beehive? What work does each of them do?

The bees are divided into queen, drone and worker. The queen bee lays thousands of eggs, the worker bee collects nectar and the drone bee fertilize…

Name the varieties of bees reared by the beekeepers.

The beekeepers rear only the following varieties of bees because only they can produce honey: Apis florea Apis indica Apis   dorsata Apis mellifera

What is an Apiculturist?

An apiculturist is someone who keeps a beehive. This is also known as an apiarist, or more commonly, a beekeeper.

What is the meaning of apiculture in agriculture?

Apiculture is an imperative part of agriculture, as many food and forage sources are pollinated by bees. Many apiculturists keep commercial hives t…

What is the process of apiculture?

The process of apiculture is breeding and raising bees in a manmade hive. There are specific methodologies and practices surrounding apiculture to…

What is apiculture in agriculture?

Apiculture is the act of rearing honeybees. In this method, the bees are bred commercially in apiaries. Apiary is an area where a large number of beehives can be placed. Here, the bees are taken care of and managed to produce wax and honey.

What is apiculture in science?

Apiculture Meaning. “Apiculture is the scientific method of rearing honeybees. “. The word ‘apiculture’ comes from the Latin word ‘apis’ meaning bee. So, apiculture or beekeeping is the care and management of honey bees for the production of honey and wax. In this method, bees are bred commercially in apiaries, …

Why is apiculture important?

Apiculture is important for the following reasons: Apiculture provides products such as honey and wax that are used commercially. Honeybees are responsible for pollination and thus help in increasing the yield of the several plants.

What do beekeepers do?

The beekeepers mostly take care of only those bee species whose names start with “Apis”- as they are the only species which produce honey. Common species of honey bees that are reared are as follows:

Why is honey important?

Since ancient times, honey is used for treating several diseases, and it is an antioxidant, therefore beekeeping is an important activity.

How much honey does a rock bee produce?

Apis dorsata: It is also referred to as the rock bee. It is a giant bee and produces about 38 to 40 kg of honey per colony. Apis indica: It is also referred to as the Indian bee. It can be easily domesticated and is most commonly used for honey production. The annual yield of honey is 2 to 5 kg per colony.

What is the role of honey bees in the pollination process?

Plays an excellent role in pollination. Honey bees are the best pollinating agents which help in increasing the yield of several crops. According to the recent studies, the honey bee’s venom contains a mixture of proteins which can potentially be used as a prophylactic to destroy HIV that causes AIDS in humans.

What is Apiculture?

Apiculture or Beekeeping is the care and management of honey bees for the production of honey and wax on a commercial scale. The bees are kept and bred in apiaries set up in a monitored environment.

Importance of Apiculture (Beekeeping)

Apiculture is the scientific method of rearing bees for nurturing bee colonies and ensuring their livelihood in a safe and secure manner. Apiculture has different purposes, it is used for commercial, educational and reproductive purposes.

Role and Responsibilities of a Beekeeper

Beekeepers are professionally trained to carry on the tasks related to Apiculture. The job description of a may slightly vary depending on the production scale. Some of the core responsibilities of a beekeeper are listed below:

Courses in Apiculture

To bring diversity in courses and promote sustainable development of the planet, universities are stressing on the inclusion of agriculture-related courses and modern farming practices. Many specialized universities have been established to promote research and development in the field.

Beekeeper Education Requirements

This is a course where practical training is required more than theoretical knowledge. Some of the beehives offer certificates or classes to train the students. Beekeeping is becoming a popular course globally and now students are able to pursue an undergraduate degree and certificate courses as well.

Salary of Beekeeper

The salary of a beekeeper is hourly as well as monthly. Job opportunities for a beekeeper exist all over the world. In the USA, the Beekeeper salary ranges between $44,749 (INR 3324631). In the UK, the salary of a beekeeper is £37,417 (INR 3847685). In Australia, the beekeeper averagely earns $68932 (3851204).

Career Prospects

For those who wish to start their own business, a career in Apiculture can be good to start with a minimal capital of 1-2 lakh If you have expertise in beekeeping, the job is likely to be rewarding and fulfilling. The diversity in flora and fauna in India increases the opportunities for the development of the beekeeping industry.

Why is apiculture important?

Apiculture is important because it provides bees with a safe place to work and live. Since bees pollinate many of our food sources, it’s important to keep the bee population healthy. Additionally, apiculture provides an environment in which to study bee habitat and behavior.

Why is it important to be an apiculturist?

One of the most important contributions by apiarists is providing colonies of bees a safe place to live and produce honey.

What do apiculturists collect from bees?

Another resource that apiculturists are concerned with is pollen. If you have ever seen a bee covered in yellow dust, you already know what pollen looks like. Pollen is the sperm of a male flower, and when bees rove from blossom to blossom, they collect the pollen to bring back to the hive as food.

What do bees make?

Not Just Honey. While most people automatically think of honey, bees also create a number of other products for apiculturists to collect. One such product is called propolis, a reddish sort of resin the bees make from tree buds. Bees create and use propolis to help seal small cracks in the honeycombs.

Why do apiculturists use human hives?

In fact, many wild hives have to be destroyed in order to collect the honey. Since wild harvesting is destructive and not very sustainable, most apiculturists use human-made hives to raise bees.

Why do bees use propolis?

Bees create and use propolis to help seal small cracks in the honeycombs. Propolis is touted by some as a natural remedy for skin infections. The FDA says otherwise, but this doesn’t stop people from purchasing the product. Another resource that apiculturists are concerned with is pollen.

How do apiarists keep bees?

Most of the time bees are housed in special wooden boxes that use mesh screens to separate the parts of the hive. In modern times, honey is usually not collected from the wild because it often requires the destruction of the hive.

What is Apiculture?

Albert Einstein is often attributed with the statement If the bee disappears from the surface of the Earth, man would have no more than four years left to live. While there is some controversy as to whether or not Einstein said this, the scientific sentiment behind it is true.

Benefits of Apiculture

Apiculture provides immense benefits not only to the beekeeper of a particular hive but to humanity as a whole. This lesson will cover some of the most important benefits of apiculture.

Apiculture: Discussion Questions

This activity will check your knowledge regarding the significance of bees in agriculture and the environment.

What is the meaning of apiculture?

Apiculture or beekeeping is a kind of occupation that involves nurturing and looking after bees for the purpose of acquiring bee products like beeswax, honey, royal jelly, flower pollen and bee pollen. Apiculture in general implies the maintenance of bees belonging to the genus apis that are honeybees.

What is apiculture in biology?

Apiculture in general implies the maintenance of bees belonging to the genus apis that are honeybees. However, in apiculture, even bees that are not likely to sting are kept for preservation. For example, stingless bees like Melipona are nurtured for honey in the bee colonies maintained by humans.

What is the person who collects honey called?

The person who has been given the responsibility to collect honey from bees is called an apiarist or a beekeeper . Their primary duties are to collect flower pollen, bee pollen, honey and beeswax for the purpose of fertilizing crops and to breed bees in order to sell them to other apiarists. An added interesting fact about apiculture is …

Why is apiculture important?

Apiculture is an important occupation that involves taking care of bees and nurturing them for livelihood. Beekeeping has an important significance because some of the most useful products like honey, wax and royal jelly come from bees. Several bee products like propolis and venom are used for medicinal purposes.

What is the location where bees are kept for livelihood called?

An added interesting fact about apiculture is that the location where bees are kept for livelihood is called a bee yard or an apiary. Products obtained in apiculture The role of bee products is immense in our daily lives as most of the products that we depend on, like honey and wax, are derived from bees.

What are the products of bees?

The Chief Bee Products that Form a Vital Part of Human Being’s Livelihood and Daily Diet are: Honey: As we all know, bees create honey from the nectar that they derive from flowers. However, not many are aware of the fact that they store the honey in a honey crop, which is an organ that resembles a stomach.

Why are bees useful?

In many ways, bee products are greatly useful because they can be used in combination with other materials, which in turn increases their credibility as products. The quality of bee products gets enhanced when they come into conjunction with other products and thus that increases their marketing value.

What is ISPAAD in agriculture?

ISPAAD was introduced in 2008 as a replacement for the ARAP which was terminated in 1990, and its main aim was to improve food security in line with the objectives of the NPAD. The primary objectives of ISPAAD are to: (i) increase grain production, (ii) promote food security at both household and national levels, (iii) commercialize agriculture through mechanization, (iv) facilitate access to farm inputs and credit, and (v) improve extension outreach ( Ministry of Agriculture, 2008 ). While the program has been able to increase food production mainly through increase in area planted, productivity per hectare has not improved. This has necessitated the Government to change the focus of the program by focusing on improving productivity through the use of modern technology. For instance, in 2014/15 ploughing season only farmers who row planted received ISPAADD ploughing and planting packages.

How are insects adaptive?

Insects are highly adaptive and have undergone diverse adaptations across the planet. Their roles as pests are to be rated against the roles they take in balancing the pest community population in agriculture and in nature. Widely adaptive predatory and parasitic insects have earned human awe. In crop husbandry system, insects take the role of both depredatory pests as well as that of natural enemies of the crop pests, enabling biological/natural control of crop pests. In fact, insect science in the last century flourished more through scientific analysis of trophic relationships between prey–predator and host–parasite interactions. Global research efforts as well as those in the National Agricultural Research and Education System (NARES) under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) provided impetus and thrust to this mode of pest management in crops during the last few decades of the twentieth century ( Rajendran and Ballal, 2008 ).

What bees pollinate Japanese horse chestnuts?

Although the rather open flowers ( Fig. 6) of this species were visited by various bee groups ( Table 4 ), only bumblebees were effective pollinators (Kakutani, unpublished). Others were essentially nectar or pollen robbers. Aesculus turbinata is one of the most important nectar sources for the apiculture of European honeybees in Japan, and flowers in the study sites were visited by them from an apiary nearby. European honeybees are considered nectar robbers of A. turbinata because they rarely touch stigmas and stamens ( Fig. 6 ). Interestingly, Asian honeybees very rarely visited A. turbinata, although they should be able to take nectar from A. turbinata, as their morphology is similar to European honeybees. We found them on different flowers nearby during the flowering season of A. turbinata.

What is the purpose of pollination in plants?

Pollination of flowers as an evolutionary assurance for genetic improvement is the natural principle that plants adopted to sustain their generations without genetic breakdown. Floral biology and anatomy are tailored to suit the selection of pollinator species and enable effective pollination. A major component of the class of natural pollinators is insects. Their feeding habits, anatomy of mouthparts, and behavior has been tailored to the pollination needs of the flora that they visit. The natural flora has designed their flowering anatomy and biology to suit the favor that they call for from insect pollinators. Pollination service in nature has been undertaken in nature by many thousands of insect species. Although Hymenopteran insects have specialized in this job and are chartered by flower biology of flora, insects from orders such as Diptera, Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, and Neuroptera as well as several unknown orders of insects are recognized.

How many entomological societies were there in 1956?

In 1956, Curtis Sabrosky published a near-exhaustive list of entomological societies that had existed and/or were still in existence. By 1956, at least 70 entomological societies had begun, blossomed (or not), and then faded away. That year, there were 96 active regional or national entomological societies (not counting those devoted to applied aspects such as apiculture or pest control). Only 8 specialty societies, devoted to a taxonomic group or some other special, nonapplied aspect, were listed: 3 devoted to Coleoptera (in Austria, the United States, and Japan), 4 for Lepidoptera (3 in Japan and 1 in the United States), and 1 international society for the study of social insects. The post-1956 period has seen a huge development of specialty societies. Today, there are over 100 specialty societies (including 1 for conservation of invertebrates in general and 1 devoted to young entomologists). There has been increased worldwide interest in Lepidoptera; at least 22 new societies formed in the period from 1970 to 1999. Although there are specialty societies devoted to at least nine orders of insects, the majority are devoted to just three: Coleoptera (12), Lepidoptera (39), and Odonata (14). In addition, regular international symposia are held on other, smaller orders (e.g., Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera). Plecoptera and other aquatic order specialists have a base in the North American Benthological Society. Just as improved optics (binoculars, spotting scopes, cameras) and better field guides stimulated the mid-20th century interest in birdwatching, similar improvements in entomological materials (e.g., a recent series of books on identifying butterflies and dragonflies with binoculars) have made Lepidoptera and, more recently, Odonata popular subjects of observation and interest to larger numbers of people, who in turn have formed many new entomological societies devoted to their insect passions.

Is honey a natural product?

Honey is a natural product with recognized physical and chemical properties, which contribute to its biological activity. However, honey is currently being sold at low prices, making it imperative to find alternatives to make apiculture a viable national enterprise. One of these alternatives could be mead production.

Who started beekeeping in India?

In India, R. N. Mattoo was the pioneer worker in starting beekeeping with Indian honeybee ( Apis cerana indica) in the early 1930s. Beekeeping with European honeybee ( Apis mellifera) was created by Dr. A. S. Atwal and his team members, O. P. Sharma and N. P. Goyal Punjab in the early 1960s.

Where did beekeeping originate?

Beekeeping has also been practiced in ancient China since antiquity. In a book written by Fan Li (or Tao Zhu Gong) during the Spring and Autumn period there are sections describing the art of beekeeping, stressing the importance of the quality of the wooden box used and how this can affect the quality of the honey.

How long has honey been around?

Depictions of humans collecting honey from wild bees date to 10,000 years ago . Beekeeping in pottery vessels began about 9,000 years ago in North Africa. Domestication of bees is shown in Egyptian art from around 4,500 years ago. Simple hives and smoke were used and honey was stored in jars, some of which were found in the tombs of pharaohs such as Tutankhamun. It wasn’t until the 18th century that European understanding of the colonies and biology of bees allowed the construction of the movable comb hive so that honey could be harvested without destroying the entire colony.

What are the castes of bees?

Bee castes refer to a social colonies of bees made up of individuals who look different depending on their specialized function. A colony of bees consists of three castes of bee: 1 a queen bee, which is normally the only breeding female in the colony; 2 a large number of female worker bees, typically 30,000–50,000 in number; 3 a number of male drones, ranging from thousands in a strong hive in spring to very few during dearth or cold season.

When was beekeeping first used?

Rural beekeeping in the 16th century. Early forms of honey collecting entailed the destruction of the entire colony when the honey was harvested. The wild hive was crudely broken into, using smoke to suppress the bees, the honeycombs were torn out and smashed up — along with the eggs, larvae and honey they contained.

Who controlled beekeeping?

Beekeeping was considered a highly valued industry controlled by beekeeping overseers—owners of gold rings depicting apiculture scenes rather than religious ones as they have been reinterpreted recently, contra Sir Arthur Evans. Aspects of the lives of bees and beekeeping are discussed at length by Aristotle.

Where was the first bee hive found?

Oldest archaeological finds directly relating to beekeeping have been discovered at Rehov, a Bronze and Iron Age archaeological site in the Jordan Valley, Israel. Thirty intact hives, made of straw and unbaked clay, were discovered by archaeologist Amihai Mazar in the ruins of the city, dating from about 900 BCE.

How much does honey bee pollination add to the value of crops?

In fact, bee pollination accounts for about $15 billion in added crop value. Honey bees are like flying dollar bills buzzing over U.S. crops.

Where did honey bees come from?

aren’t New World natives either. Both the crops and the bees evolved together in other areas of the globe, and were brought here by European settlers. Information suggests that the first honey bee colonies arrived in the Colony of Virginia from England early in 1622.

What is beeswax used for?

Beeswax is popular for making candles and as an ingredient in artists’ materials and in leather and wood polishes. The pharmaceutical industry uses the substance as a binding agent, time-release mechanism, and drug carrier. Beeswax is also one of the most commonly used waxes in cosmetics.

What are the products of honey bees?

agriculture. These social and hardworking insects produce six hive products – honey, pollen, royal jelly, beeswax, propolis, and venom – all collected and used by people for various nutritional and medicinal purposes.

Is honey bees a threat to agriculture?

Honey bees are indispensable to U.S. agriculture, yet their future and the future of the dependent agricultural economies are perilous. The apiculture industry continues to battle multiple threats to the health and number of honey bee colonies. With three FDA-approved antibiotics available to control American foulbrood, beekeepers will hopefully lose fewer bees to this disease.

Can beekeepers treat foulbrood?

In the past, beekeepers could treat their bee colonies with antibiotics to control American foulbrood without a veterinarian’s supervision because the drugs used to be available over-the-counter. However, as of January 1, 2017, beekeepers must involve their veterinarian because the drugs are now available only by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

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