What is bush fallowing in agriculture

Bush fallow farming is a response and adaptation of farmers to this environment. It can be defined as an agricultural land use system and set of practices that is based on the rotation of land between different uses rather than a single permanent use, to achieve several agronomic goals.

What does Bush fallowing mean?

A system of farming in which bushes and trees are cleared from virgin land, which is then allowed to lie fallow for a while before cultivation begins.

What is Bush fallowing and shifting cultivation?

Shifting cultivation is a land-use system involving a form of rotational agriculture with a bush-fallow period, longer than the period of cultivation. The land is used for growing food crop, particularly upland rice for only one to a maximum of three years and fallowed for a relatively long period.

What is the meaning of Bush farming?

Related Definitions Bush farming means: Re-harvesting regrowth within the project’s lifespan from areas where aftercare was not applied. Aftercare must be implemented after harvesting.

What is crop rotation and bush fallowing?

Rotational bush fallow agriculture variously termed as shifting agriculture, slash and burn agriculture are commonly known in India asjhum is a traditional agricultural system of the humid tropics and is extensively practised by the tribes of the north-eastern hill region.

What is the method of bush fallowing?

Bush fallowing is a farming method, where a piece of land is cultivated for several years and left to fallow or rest of some years to allow it regain its fertility.

Why is land rotation also called bush fallowing?

THE PROCESS OF ALLOWING THE LAND TO REST IS CALLED FALLOWING. A fallowed land will have good vegetation and the leaves will fall and decompose to improve soil nutrients.

What are the advantages of bush fallowing?

All the following are advantages of the bush fallowing system in West Africa except that…A. allows land to regain its fertility during fallow.B. is very economical in the use of land.C. reduces the need for the use of artificial fertilizers.D. could lead to soil erosion.E. requires little technological input.

What is fallow method?

Fallow is a farming technique in which arable land is left without sowing for one or more vegetative cycles. The goal of fallowing is to allow the land to recover and store organic matter while retaining moisture and disrupting pest life cycles and soil borne pathogens by temporarily removing their hosts.

What is forest fallow?

Forest fallow is an intermediate class between forest and non-forest land uses. Part of the area which is not under cultivation may have the appearance of a secondary forest. Even the part currently under cultivation sometimes has the appearance of forest, due to presence of tree cover.

How does Bush fallowing promote soil fertility?

The fallow can act as a weed, pest, or disease break, and fallow vegetation accumulates nutrients in the aboveground biomass, improves soil physical properties through root penetration, and usually permits the recovery of soil macrofauna.

What is the 4 crop rotation?

Four-field rotations The sequence of four crops (wheat, turnips, barley and clover), included a fodder crop and a grazing crop, allowing livestock to be bred year-round. The four-field crop rotation became a key development in the British Agricultural Revolution.

What is mulching in agriculture?

Mulching is the addition of undecomposed plant materials such as straw, hay, or processors’ refuse to the soil under the plants. In orchards, mulching materials are most often applied under trees maintained in permanent sod.

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