what is considered an agricultural enterprise



Agricultural enterprise means a business primarily engaged in the production of food and fiber, ranch- ing and raising of livestock, aqua- culture and all other farming and agri- culture-related industries.

Agricultural enterprises include businesses engaged in the production of food and fiber, ranching, and the raising of livestock, aquaculture as well as all other farming and agricultural related industries (as defined by Section 18(b) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C.May 7, 2020


What are the main types of agricultural enterprises?

You are the driving force behind your enterprise. If you think of an agricultural business as the automobile, then the make and model would be the agricultural enterprise. Each farm or ranch has different resource requirements (e.g., land, labor, financial obligations), as well as individual levels of associated risk and income potential.

What is the meaning of agri enterprise?

Accordingly, farms fall into one of the following groups: (1) hay and grain as the principal source of income; (2) miscellaneous; (3) livestock; (4) cotton; (5) vegetable; (6) fruit; (7) dairy produce; …

What is an agricultural enterprise in Hawaii?

Agriculture can be one of the most satisfying and rewarding ways to make a living. From farming and food production to forestry, agribusinesses contribute to the health of the population and …

What are the main sources of income for agricultural enterprises?

 · Beekeeping Qualifies as an Agricultural Use Enterprise. The new tax code change that now qualifies beekeeping as an agricultural use enterprise in Texas open-space land …


What is the definition of an agricultural enterprise?

SBA defines agricultural enterprises to include “those small business concerns engaged in the production of food and fiber, ranching, and raising of livestock, aquaculture, and all other farming and agricultural-related industries.” However, Congress clarifies in Section 101(c) of the Paycheck Protection Program and …

What are some agricultural enterprises?

Agricultural Business IdeasFarmer’s Market Vending. Whether you live in the city or country, you can take the food that you grow or produce and sell it at local farmers’ markets to earn an income. … Fruit Growing. … Poultry Farming. … Mushroom Farming. … Soy Production. … Fruit Canning. … Hatchery Operation. … Organic Gardening.More items…•

What is the main agricultural enterprise?

The main agricultural enterprise is crop cultivation.

What is an agricultural entity?

Farming entity means a body or association of persons other than an individual or partnership, engaged in the local production of livestock, fruits, vegetables, flowers or other crops, (floriculture and horticultural crop);

Is logging an agricultural enterprise?

While several states have made it quite clear that logging is considered an agricultural activity and offered up many of same exemptions and exceptions that our friends in agricultural currently enjoy at the State level, we are behind the curve in making our case at the national level.

What type of business is a farm?

Farmers form businesses under one of the five basic business structures: sole proprietorship, limited liability company, partnership, corporation or cooperative. The difference between entities boils down to ownership, governance, liability, taxes and farmers’ short and long-term goals.

What are the top 5 agribusiness companies in the world?

This is the complete list of the top agriculture companies in 2020 ranked by their revenues in USD billions….Cargill. … The Archer-Daniels-Midland Company (ADM) … Bayer. … John Deere. … CNH Industrial. … Syngenta. … DuPont. … Nutrien.More items…•

What is the biggest agricultural company?

Table of Rank The 8 World’s Largest Agricultural Companies in 2020RankCompanyRevenueUS Dollar1John Deere31.2 Billion2Tyson Food43.1 Billion3ADM64.5 Billion6 more rows

What are the 4 sectors of agribusiness?

Agribusiness sub- sector has four main market entities, these are: agricultural input suppliers, farmer-producers, processor-wholesaler-distributors, and retailers.

What is the difference between agribusiness and agriculture?

Agribusiness is a combination of the words “agriculture” and “business” and refers to any business related to farming and farming-related commercial activities. Agribusiness involves all the steps required to send an agricultural good to market, namely production, processing, and distribution.

What is an example of an agribusiness?

Agribusiness includes all economic activities related to the food production process, including: Farm equipment manufacturing. Pesticide and fertilizer supply. Agricultural research and development.


What is agricultural enterprise?

Agriculture, Agricultural Enterprise or Agricultural Activity means the cultivation of the soil, planting of crops, growing of fruit trees, including the harvesting of such farm products, and other farm activities and practices performed by a farmer in conjunction with such farming operations done by persons whether natural or juridical. (Sec. 3b, Chapter I, Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (R.A. No. 6657 as amended by R. A. 7881), Philippines. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from http://www.chanrobles.com/legal4agrarianlaw.htm.

What is agriculture?

1. Agriculture is an enterprise or business, activity, or practice. It is synonymous with farming.

What is the purpose of the plant?

It has two main divisions: plant or crop production and animal or livestock production; and its ultimate purpose is for food production, other human needs such as clothing, medicines, tools, artistic display, dwelling, and feed for animals, or for economic gain or profit.

What is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic

Agriculture is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic gain.

What is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of

3. Agriculture is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain. (Rubenstein, J.M. 2003. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. p. 496).

What is agriculture in biology?

2. Agriculture is the growth of both plants and animals for human needs (Abellanosa, A.L. and H.M. Pava. 1987. Introduction to Crop Science. Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon: Publications Office. p. 238).

Is agriculture a business?

There can be no exact definition for everyone. Photo of a portion of a large pineapple plantation shows that agriculture is a business too

What are the indexes of intensive agriculture?

Almost all the indexes of intensive agriculture are above the average: the expenditure on fertilizers, the value of machinery, the value of livestock (a minor exception are the fruit-growing farms which lag behind the average, but are well ahead of the farms which derive their income chiefly from hay and grain).

Which type of farm has the least capitalistic development?

The next two groups, livestock and cotton, are an example of farms with the least capitalistic development (the expenditures for hired labour: 0.29 to 0.30 as against the average of 0.43), and the least intensive methods of agriculture. Their values of implements and machinery are the lowest and considerably lower than the average (0.66 and 0.53 as against 0.90). Farms whose principal source of income is livestock naturally have more livestock per acre than the average for the U.S.A. (4.45 as against 3.66), but appear to be engaged in extensive livestock raising: their expenditures for fertilizers are the minimum, they have the largest average acreage (226.9 acres) and the smallest proportion of improved acreage (86.1 out of 226.9). The cotton farms have a higher than-average figure for fertilizers, but other indexes indicative of intensive agriculture (the per-acre value of livestock and machinery) are very low.

What crop went up in 1900?

Let us examine the crop returns. From 1900 to 1910, the grain crop went up only 1.7%; beans, 122.2%; hay and forage, 23%; sugar-beets, 395.7%; sugar-cane, 48.5%; potatoes, 42.4%; grapes, 97.6%; there was a poor crop of berries, apples, etc., in 1910, but the orange and lemon crops, etc., were treble those of 1900.

What percentage of the US crop increased in 1900?

From 1900 to 1910, the acreage under grain increased by only 3.5% for the U.S.A.; under beans, peas, and the like, 26.6%; hay and forage, 17.2%; cotton, 32%; vegetables, 25.5%; sugar-beets, sugar-cane, etc., 62.6%. Let us examine the crop returns.

What crops were the principal source of income for 12.5% of all farms in the U.S.A. in 1900

Let us take all the special, or “commercial”, crops listed above under heads 5-14, namely, vegetables, fruit, dairy produce, tobacco, rice, sugar, flowers, nursery products, taro, and coffee. In 1900, these products were the principal source of income for 12.5% of all farms in the U.S.A.

Is the number of highly capitalist farms with specialized “commercial” crops negligible?

There will, of course, be the usual objection that the number of such highly capitalist farms with specialized “commercial” crops is negligible, as compared with the total. The answer is that, first, the number and the role, the economic role of such farms, are much greater than is generally realized; and secondly—and this is the most important point— it is such crops that are developed more rapidly than others in the capitalist countries. That is just why a reduction in farm acreage with the intensification of agriculture so often implies an increase and not a reduction in the scale of operations, an increase and not a decrease in the exploitation of hired labour.

Is grain an average or average?

It is clear that the first two groups of enterprises (hay and grain, and miscellaneous) may be classified as average both as regards the degree of their capitalist development (their expenditures for hired labour are nearest the average—0.35 to 0.47, as against an average of 0.43 for the U.S.A.) and the intensiveness of agriculture. All the characteristics of intensive operations—expenditures for fertilizers, the per-acre value of machinery and livestock—are nearest to the general average for the U S.A.

Who recommended that each appraisal district consult their local AgriLife Extension office concerning the number of acres and hives needed

Sansone said the Texas Comptroller’s office recommended that each appraisal district consult their local AgriLife Extension office concerning the number of acres and hives needed to fulfill the requirement.

Is commercial production of agricultural products required for open space land appraisal?

Commercial production of agricultural products, such as livestock or crops, is not required for land to qualify for open-space land appraisal under current law. The other option requires that the land be used for raising or keeping bees for pollination.”.

What is the process of sending an agricultural product to market?

Agribusiness involves all the steps required to send an agricultural good to market, namely production, processing, and distribution.

What is agribusiness?

Agribusiness is a combination of the words “agriculture” and “business” and refers to any business related to farming and farming-related commercial activities. Agribusiness involves all the steps required to send an agricultural good to market, namely production, processing, and distribution.

What are some examples of agribusiness?

Some examples of agribusinesses include farm machinery producers such as Deere & Company, seed and agrichemical manufacturers such as Monsanto, food processing companies such as Archer Daniels Midland Company, as well as farmer’s cooperatives, agritourism companies, and makers of biofuels, animal feeds, and other related products.

How are drones revolutionizing agriculture?

An article published in 2016 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) identified Six Ways Drones Are Revolutionizing Agriculture. These techniques , including soil and field analysis, planting, and crop monitoring, will be key to improving crop yields and moving the agribusiness sector forward.

What are the challenges of farming?

Countries with farming industries face consistent pressures from global competition. Products such as wheat, corn, and soybeans tend to be similar in different locations, making them commodities. Remaining competitive requires agribusinesses to operate more efficiently, which can require investments in new technologies, new ways of fertilizing and watering crops, and new ways of connecting to the global market.

How does agribusiness work?

Agribusiness treats the different aspects of raising agricultural products as an integrated system. Farmers raise animals and harvest fruits and vegetables with the help of sophisticated harvesting techniques, including the use of GPS to direct operations. Manufacturers develop increasingly efficient machines that can drive themselves. Processing plants determine the best way to clean and package livestock for shipping. While each subset of the industry is unlikely to interact directly with the consumer, each is focused on operating efficiently in order to keep prices reasonable.

What happens if agribusiness fails?

If that fails, they may not be able to compete and remain in business. Climate change has placed intensifying pressure on many companies in the agribusiness industry to remain relevant, and profitable, while adapting to the threats posed by large-scale shifts in weather patterns.

How to choose an alternative agricultural enterprise?

It is important to spend time identifying the goals of the family and farmer when considering an alternative agricultural enterprise. Small farmers should choose alternative enterprises based on their farms’ natural, physical, financial, and human resources. Increasing profitability is a common goal, but many other factors often play a role in this process on small farms. Other goals may include decreasing financial risk, reducing investment, bringing in another family member or partner, providing opportunities to keep labor busy year round, using other natural resources on the farm, and increasing involvement of the community in the farm. This document has been developed to help farmers begin the decision-making process of evaluating alternative enterprises.

What are alternative enterprises?

Alternative enterprises vary in their potential to return high profits back to the farm. Although profit may not always be a major factor in choosing an enterprise, it usually is the main motivation. Generally those enterprises with the greatest potential returns are also the ones with the greatest risk or the greatest capital investment required. In addition, a farmer must determine the desired time frame for the returns to be realized. Some enterprises, many vegetable crops, for instance, result in income in just a few months. Other enterprises, like fruit trees, certain nursery crops, large livestock, or forestry products, may not result in any returns for a few years.

What is the USDA market page?

The USDA has market pages for crops and livestock that list the market price of many commodities. If the data are available, plot the market price for your product over the last decade. What are the trends? What were the high and low prices and when did they occur?

Do farmers markets require food safety certification?

Certain markets require a food safety certification or a third party audit for the farm ( http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceRegulation/FSMA/default.htm ). Selling at a community farmers’ market will usually require memberships and farmer certification through that market. Farm laborers must follow certain requirements. Proper worker requirements may include: determination of lawful age for certain tasks, certification of legal alien status, wage and compensation requirements, and social security requirements.

What are the regulations for agriculture in Florida?

County government personnel handle building permits and therefore would be a logical place to start learning regulations. Enterprises involved in processing of foods require licensing and inspection by the state (Handbook of Florida Agricultural Laws , https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fe113 ). Farmers applying restricted-use pesticides require certification and license renewal through the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services ( http://www.florida-agriculture.com/ ).

What is operating cost?

Operating costs, also called variable or direct costs, are associated with producing a commodity for a specific production cycle, which is usually one year. These costs will occur only if the commodity is produced and includes such things as seed, transplants, heating/cooling costs, feed, labor, veterinary and breeding services, fertilizer, pest control, machinery operating costs (such as labor, fuel, and repairs), harvesting, hauling, and marketing.

What are the responsibilities of a small farm?

Farm management responsibilities on small farms often reside with a single individual. This is a serious challenge to many modern-day small farmers because the tasks are diverse (for instance, record keeping, keeping up with certifications and permits, and maintaining quality assurance and food security).

What is agritourism?

Agritourism is a field that is growing in popularity as producers try to diversify and increase profits. By combining agriculture and tourism, agritourism offers new sources of revenue but also presents potential problems and legal complications to agritourism operators.

What is an invitee in agritourism?

Invitees are persons who enter upon the premises with the permission of the landowner or operator. Invitees provide an economic benefit to the landowner or operator and are owed the highest duty of care. The landowner must warn invitees of potential dangers and must keep the premises relatively safe for them. The term “invitees” not only includes paying customers at the agritourism operation, but may also include employees that are staffing the event. This heightened standard for invitees necessitates the creation of a risk management plan to address issues before they become a problem.

What is a licensee in a landowner’s land?

A licensee is someone who is on the property with permission but does not provide any economic benefit to the landowner, such as a hunter or fisherman who does not compensate the landowner for hunting or fishing on the land. Generally, licensees must be told of hidden dangers and the landowner owes a duty of care to not act in a way that would harm the licensee.

What are the legal issues associated with agritourism?

Agritourism enterprises may involve a variety of other legal issues, depending largely on the activities involved and the laws of the state where the business is located . Producers who provide food stands or restaurants must consider local food safety and public health laws that may apply and laws governing liquor licenses if alcohol is served on the premises. For more information on food safety, please visit the Food Safety Reading Room . In addition, agritourism operators should be aware that many of their activities may not be covered by standard farm insurance policies and that additional liability coverage may be needed to cover injuries arising from agritourism activities.

Do agritourism operators have to post warning signs?

Many states require that agritourism operators post warning signs with specific language that is included in the statute. Failure to comply with the agritourism statute may limit its usefulness as a defense. For more information regarding these laws, visit the Agritourism State Laws Compilation Map.

What is agritourism liability?

Liability is a significant concern for farmers, ranchers, and others who operate agritourism enterprises. Simply stated, a landowner who opens his or her land to the public faces the risk that he or she could be considered liable if an entrant is injured while on the property.

Why is agritourism important?

Importance of Agritourism. Agritourism presents a unique opportunity to combine aspects of the tourism and agriculture industries to provide a number of financial, educational, and social benefits to tourists, producers, and communities. Agritourism gives producers an opportunity to generate additional income and an avenue for direct marketing

What is source in agriculture?

Although an agricultural commodity may have several “sources”, the “source” excludes the point at which the commodity is processed to such an extent that it is no longer in its original form or does not otherwise meet the definition of an agricultural commodity in 49 CFR 395.2.

What is the exception for agricultural commodities?

The 395.1 (k) (1) “Agricultural commodity” exception applies to all portions of a round-trip involving agricultural commodities that occur within the 150 air-mile radius of the source, regardless of whether the CMV is loaded or empty, or whether the destination is outside the 150 air-mile radius.

When a driver loads some of an agricultural commodity at a “source” and then loads more of that commodity at

Guidance: When a driver loads some of an agricultural commodity at a “source” and then loads more of that commodity at additional stops, the first place where the commodity was loaded is the measuring point for the 150 air-mile radius.

Does the exception apply to transportation within 150 air miles?

Guidance: Yes, the exception applies to transportation during the initial 150 air-miles from the source of the commodity, regardless of the distance to the final destination. Once a driver operates beyond the 150 air-mile radius of the source, 49 CFR part 395 applies.

How far can you transport agricultural commodities?

The 395.1 (k) (1) “Agricultural commodity” exception is available to a driver transporting agricultural commodities for a distance up to 150 air-miles from the source, regardless of the distance between the source and final destination or place of delivery. However, upon crossing the 150 air-mile point, the driver is subject to …

What is the exemption for 150 air miles?

The “Agricultural commodity” regulatory guidance primarily focuses on the application of the 150 air-mile radius exemption for the transportation of agricultural commodities, 49 CFR 395.1 (k) (1). It does not address “farm supplies for agricultural purposes” under § 395.1 (k) (2) or (3). This regulatory guidance is issued to ensure consistent understanding and application of the exception by motor carriers and State officials enforcing hours of service (HOS) rules identical to or compatible with FMCSA’s requirements.

Can you drive on duty on a non-agricultural trip?

Guidance : Yes, provided that the trip does not involve transporting any non-agricultural cargo and the sole purpose of the trip is to make a pick-up or delivery of agricultural commodities , as defined in § 395.2. In that case, driving and on-duty time are not limited, nor do other requirements of 49 CFR part 395 apply.

Review of Other Definitions of Agriculture

It is admitted that no definitioncan be exacting for everybody and for all purposes. Nevertheless, I find this elucidation on what is agriculture especially convenient is where its coverage is limited to crop production (agronomy and horticulture) and livestock production even knowing that some definitions include fisheries, forestr…

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Summation of The Meaning and Concept of Agriculture

  • The first 3 are scientific and practical definitions while numbered 4 to 8 are legal definitions and meaning of agriculture. These last 5 give more details on what is agriculture by enumerating the activities covered by the enterprise or practice. That contending parties have found the necessity to elevate to the Courtcontroversies in relation to what is agriculture only underscores the uncert…

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Big Revamp on What Is Agriculture

  • This page may be one, if not the most, important content of this site. After all, this site is about agriculture or farming. This page is the very foundation of this site. It has to stand erect, robust, and strong to be able to carry the heavy load of content that it carries. It has to withstand the ravages of time and remain unblemished for eternity. It ought to remain alive and proud even wit…

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