what is crop agriculture

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crop, in agriculture, a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.

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What is a crop?

 · What are Crops? Crops are plants grown by the farmers. Agriculture plays a very important role in the Indian economy. It is the backbone of our country. 70% of the Indian population depends on agriculture for food and money. It is the major occupation in the rural areas. The cultivation of crops depends primarily on the weather and soil conditions.

What is agriculture?

USDA strives to sustain and enhance economical crop production by developing and transferring sound, research-derived, knowledge to agricultural producers that results in food and fiber crops that are safe for consumption. Crop Acreage and Yield Crop Acreage and Yields USDA produces charts and maps displaying crop yields, crop weather, micromaps, and crop acreage animations.

How should crops be crop cultivated?

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What are the types of crops?

 · Crop rotation is the practice of “rotating crops,” or sequentially planting different crops on the same plot of land. This rotation improves soil health, optimizes soil nutrients, and combats pests and weeds. Farmers seek to plant consecutive crops that compliment each other.

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What is the meaning of crop in agriculture?

crop, in agriculture, a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence.

What are the 3 types of crop?

Kharif crops- Grown in June- July, e.g., rice, cotton.Rabi crops- Grown in October-November, e.g., wheat, potato.Zaid crops- Grown between March- June, e.g., cucumber, pumpkin.

What is crop and examples?

Rice, wheat, barley and potato are the examples of food crops…. Now the definition.. It is a cultivated plant that is grown on a large scale commercially, especially a cereal, fruit, or vegetable. Biology. Science for Eighth Class.

What is called crop?

A crop is a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvested for profit or subsistence. By use, crops fall into six categories: food crops, feed crops, fiber crops, oil crops, ornamental crops, and industrial crops.

What are the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.

What are the 6 types of crops?

Based on the utility crops are further divided into six types.Food Crops. Cereals: The first known crop, tall grasses grown for their nutritious seeds are known as cereals. … Feed and Forage Crops. Among types of crops, forage crops are mainly grown for animal feed. … Oilseed Crops. … Fiber Crops.

What are the importance of crops?

Importance of Crop Production Agronomic crops provide the food, feed grain, oil, and fiber for domestic consumption and are a major component of U.S. export trade. Horticultural plants — those grown specifically for human use — offer variety to human diets and enhance the living environment.

What are the example of agricultural crops?

sugar cane, wheat, rice, corn (maize), white potatoes, sugar beets, barley, sweet potatoes, cassava, soybeans, wine grapes, tomatoes, bananas, legumes (beans and peas), and oranges. Most farm crops are managed as annual plants, meaning they are cultivated in a cycle of one year or less.

What are major crops?

Major crops can be classified into- Food crops- Rice, Wheat, Millets, Maize and Pulses. Cash crops- Sugarcane, Oilseeds, Horticulture crops, Tea, Coffee, Rubber, Cotton and Jute.

What is types of crops?

The major crops can all be divided into four main categories depending on their usage.Food Crops (Wheat, Maize, Rice, Millets and Pulses etc.)Cash Crops (Sugarcane, Tobacco, Cotton, Jute and Oilseeds etc.)Plantation Crops (Coffee, Coconut, Tea, and Rubber etc.)Horticulture crops (Fruits and Vegetables)

How do crops grow?

After deciding what to grow, farmers often till the land by loosening the soil and mixing in fertilizers, which are nutrient rich. Then, they sow seeds or plant seedlings. When the crops are growing, farmers must water (or rely on rainfall), weed and kill crop pests.

What is the most important crop in agriculture?

Rice is the primary crop and food staple of more than half the world’s population.

What are some different types of crops?

CropsCorn and Other Feedgrains. Corn is the most widely produced feed grain in the United States, with most of the crop providing the main energy ingredient in livestock feed.Cotton & Wool. … Fruit & Tree Nuts. … Rice. … Soybeans & Oil Crops. … Sugar & Sweeteners. … Vegetables & Pulses. … Wheat.

What are the three 3 branches of horticulture?

5. Horticulture supports environmental enhancement through a special branch of horticulture called environmental or urban horticulture which includes home gardening, landscaping, arboriculture (growing of trees), and interior decorating with the use of plants.

What are the types of crops Class 8?

Pulses, Cereals, Oil seeds, Vegetables & fruits are different types of crop. Different crops need different climate for growth & productivity.

What are kharif rabi and Zaid crops?

Paddy, rice, sugarcane, cotton, groundnut are the examples of kharif crops. &nbps; Rabi crops are sown during the winters. These crops are harvested by the end of either March or April.

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What are new crops?

New crops and techniques are, in reality, modifications of the old. Soybeans, sugar beets, and grain sorghums, for example, all regarded as “new” cro ps, are new only in the sense that they are now grown in wider areas and have different uses…

What are new crop techniques?

New crop s and techniques are, in reality, modifications of the old. Soybeans, sugar beets, and grain sorghums, for example, all regarded as “new” crop s, are new only in the sense that they are now grown in wider areas and have different uses…

Why are food crops extinct?

Some 75 percent of food crops have become extinct since 1900, largely because of an overreliance on a handful of high-producing cropvarieties. This lack of biodiversity among crops threatens food security, because varieties may be vulnerable to disease and pests, invasive species, and climate change. Similar trends occur in…

What are some examples of new crop?

Soybeans, sugar beets, and grain sorghums, for example, all regarded as “new” crop s, are new only in the sense that they are now grown in wider areas and have different uses…. history of the organization of work: Crop specialization.

What was the agricultural work of ancient Greece?

Ancient agricultural work was also characterized by specialization in crops: vineyards and olive groves were concentrated in Greece and Italy, while cereals were cultivated in the richer soils of Sicily, North Africa, and Asia. Wine and oil required craftsmen to produce amphorae for…

What is a cash crop?

Cash Crops. A cash crop is the one that is cultivated to be sold in the market to earn profits from the sale. Most of the crops grown today worldwide are cash crops cultivated for selling in the national and international markets. Most of the cash crops grown in the developing nations are sold to the developed nations for a better price.

What are the cash crops grown in developing countries?

Well-known cash crops include coffee, tea, cocoa, cotton, and sugarcane.

How do leguminous crops help the soil?

These are leguminous crops and help in improving soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen. The human population depends upon crops for their food production. Therefore, the crops should be cultivated using proper production techniques and agriculture implements.

What is the best crop to grow in alluvial soil?

Maize: This Kharif crop is used as both food and fodder. It grows well in alluvial soil. Pulses: India is the largest consumer and producer of pulses in the world. Pulses can survive even in dry conditions. These are leguminous crops and help in improving soil fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen.

What are the crops grown in Kharif?

Millets: The important millets grown in the country include jowar, bajra and ragi. They are highly nutritious and are known as coarse grains. It grows in the regions which experience rainfall throughout the year. Maize: This Kharif crop is used as both food and fodder. It grows well in alluvial soil.

What is the most important food crop in the north and north-western parts of the country?

Rice: It is the staple food crop in a majority of regions in the country. Rice is a Kharif crop that requires high temperature, heavy rainfall and high humidity for proper growth. The areas with less rainfall use irrigation for rice cultivation. Wheat: It is the most important cereal crop in the north and north-western parts of the country.

What are the biotic factors that affect crop production?

Plants and animals are biotic factors that affect crop production. Even pests impact crop production, often with negative implications.

What is agriculture?

1. Agriculture is an enterprise or business, activity, or practice. It is synonymous with farming.

What is agriculture in biology?

2. Agriculture is the growth of both plants and animals for human needs (Abellanosa, A.L. and H.M. Pava. 1987. Introduction to Crop Science. Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon: Publications Office. p. 238).

What is the purpose of the plant?

It has two main divisions: plant or crop production and animal or livestock production; and its ultimate purpose is for food production, other human needs such as clothing, medicines, tools, artistic display, dwelling, and feed for animals, or for economic gain or profit.

What is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic

Agriculture is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic gain.

What is agricultural enterprise?

Agriculture, Agricultural Enterprise or Agricultural Activity means the cultivation of the soil, planting of crops, growing of fruit trees, including the harvesting of such farm products, and other farm activities and practices performed by a farmer in conjunction with such farming operations done by persons whether natural or juridical. (Sec. 3b, Chapter I, Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (R.A. No. 6657 as amended by R. A. 7881), Philippines. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from http://www.chanrobles.com/legal4agrarianlaw.htm.

What is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of

3. Agriculture is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain. (Rubenstein, J.M. 2003. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. p. 496).

Is agriculture a business?

There can be no exact definition for everyone. Photo of a portion of a large pineapple plantation shows that agriculture is a business too

How does the USDA help farmers?

USDA assists farmers by providing information on the planting and harvesting dates for major field crops by state.

Why is the Agricultural Statistics Book published?

The Agricultural Statistics Book is published each year to meet the diverse need for a reliable reference book on agricultural production, supplies, consumption, facilities, costs, and return.

What is the weekly report of the USDA?

USDA creates a weekly report during the growing season listing planting, fruiting, and harvesting progress and overall conditions in the major planting states.

What is the USDA report?

USDA creates an annual report outlining crop acreage, yields, areas harvested, and other production information.

What is the purpose of the USDA?

USDA strives to sustain and enhance economical crop production by developing and transferring sound, research-derived, knowledge to agricultural producers that results in food and fiber crops that are safe for consumption .

What information does the USDA provide?

USDA provides information such as crop bulletins, historical data, planting and harvesting dates, and plant hardiness zone maps to assist producers in planning and managing the production of their crops.

What is a crop?

A crop is a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvest ed for profit or subsistence. By use, crops fall into six categories: food crops, feed crops, fiber crops, oil crops, ornamental crops, and industrial crops. Food crop s, such as fruit and vegetable s, are harvested for human consumption. Grain s, such as corn, wheat, and rice, are …

What are the main feed crops?

Principle feed crops include corn, barley, wheat, and oats. Each of these crops has different properties that are better suited for some animals’ diet s over others. Barley, which is harder to digest, is most often fed to beef and dairy cattle because they have a tough, four-chambered stomach.

What is the most significant innovation in agriculture?

The development of agriculture led to more sophisticated methods of harvesting crops. Crop rotation was the most significant innovation. In crop rotation , one crop is planted one year, then a different crop is planted the next year on the same land. This helps preserve the soil and reduce the chance for disease.

Where are ornamental crops grown?

Ornamental crops are most often grown in nurseries, where they are purchased for residential or commercial settings. Ornamental crop production has deep historical roots. The tulip crop of the Netherlands, for example, has become a symbol of that country.

What is the best crop for livestock?

Animals feed directly on forages, such as grasses. Forages that are cut and fed to livestock while they are still fresh are called green chop. Alfalfa is a popular crop fed to livestock as green chop. Some forages are cut, allowed to dry in the field, and stored.

What are the crops that animals need to grow?

Feed Crops. Feed crop s, such as oats and alfalfa, are harvested for livestock consumption. These crops contain nutrient s that animals need to develop. They are grown in agricultural fields but can also be found in natural meadow s and pasture s. Forage crops are important for livestock farming.

What are the crops that are harvested from the Amazon rainforest?

Almost 70 percent of land cleared from the Amazon rainforest, for instance, has been turned over to grazing. Fiber Crops. Fiber crop s, such as cotton and hemp, are harvested for textile and paper products.

What is crop rotation?

Crop rotation is the practice of “rotating crops,” or sequentially planting different crops on the same plot of land. This rotation improves soil health, optimizes soil nutrients, and combats pests and weeds. Farmers seek to plant consecutive crops that compliment each other.

Why do farmers plant consecutive crops?

Farmers seek to plant consecutive crops that compliment each other. For example, a farmer may choose to plant beans after planting corn because the beans will return nitrogen to the soil that the corn uses up. Rotations can involve as little as two to three crops and as many as over a dozen.

How does food production increase?

Substantial food production increases with more efficient water use, improvement in organic matter accumulation and carbon sequestration, and reduced pesticide use.

What is the growing need for large farms to become the most efficient and profitable?

Growing need for large farms to become the most efficient and profitable. Increase yields, reduce waste, remain economically and environmentally sustainable. Traditional farming: planting, harvesting, irrigating, pesticides, and fertilizer decisions based on region and data.

What does “ever growing population” mean?

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/precision-farming/. Ever growing world population means an ever growing burden on farmers to produce more food. However, there is not enough arable land to account for the growing population. Growing need for large farms to become the most efficient and profitable.

How to estimate the yield of your crops?

Estimate the yield of your crops to manage your expectations and to make sure production is on track. Scout the fields, checking for soil conditions, any weeds, and that the crops are growing healthy. Ensure proper water drainage. Crops must get just enough water, not too much, and not too little.

Why is crop rotation so easy?

Cost-wise, crop rotation is easy to implement because there is no need to buy any technology and by rotating crops, fields are less dependent on chemicals for high yields, which brings down the overall cost. Unfortunately, there is little understanding of crop rotation.

What is cover crop?

Cover Crops. Cover crops can be broadly defined as any non-cash crop grown in addition to the primary cash crop. These crops have the potential to increase soil organic matter and fertility, reduce erosion, improve soil structure, promote water infiltration, and limit pest and disease outbreaks. There are numerous benefits to cover cropping, …

Why do farmers use cover crops?

Some reasons to implement cover crops into a crop management regime include to slow erosion, improve soil health, enhance water infiltration, smother weeds, control pests and diseases, and increase biodiversity. For organic farmers and farms that do not rely on chemical applications of fertilizer, a common reason for growing cover crops is to add nitrogen to the soil; leguminous cover crops can provide a substantial amount of nitrogen. Crops planted following a cover crop can more readily utilize this plant-available form of nitrogen. Conventional farming systems may include cover crops as a method of increasing soil organic matter and improving the physical structure of the soil. In these situations, farmers may choose rapidly growing grasses or species with extensive root systems as a cover crop.

Why are cover crops considered weeds?

While they can reduce the impact of specific pests and pathogens, some cover crops may act as reservoirs for other insects, rodents, weeds, or diseases. If improperly selected or managed, some cover crops can persist as weeds when the field is transitioned and prepared for subsequent plantings.

Why are cover crops left in the field?

Because cover crops are left in the field, there is no direct profit to the farmer for harvested crop products.

What are the factors that determine the success of a cover crop?

Site specification , timing, and cropping history are all factors in choosing the most appropriate cover crop species to introduce into a system.

When did cover cropping start?

Cover cropping was extensively used around the country in the first half of the 20th century. With the development of selective pre- and post-emergent herbicides, many farmers transitioned away from growing cover crops in the 1950s. In recent years the increased focus on soil quality and reducing chemical inputs has led to a renewed interest in the potential benefits of including cover crops in an agricultural production system.

Is cover cropping good for agriculture?

There are numerous benefits to cover cropping, though, as with any management technique, there are tradeoffs and limitations that must be considered. In many situations cover cropping can lead to a decreased reliance on fossil fuels and improved agricultural productivity.

What are some of the best cash crops?

The most popular culinary herbs include basil, chives, cilantro and oregano.

How much garlic per acre?

According to some studies, average yield of garlic per acre is between 10,000 and 12,000 pounds and yearly profit per acre is around $80,000 what makes this crop one of the best cash crops with the highest profit per acre. Another grower and customer favorite is Elephant garlic, whose large, mild cloves bring $6-$8 per pound.

How much does an acre of herb give you?

An acre will give you about 4 pounds, indicative of how lucrative the herb is. If you stay in a dry region with mild winters, this is probably the best crop to grow. It is suitable for commercial spice production and is in high demand both locally and internationally.

Is agriculture profitable per acre?

If YES, here are 10 best profitable agricultural crops per acre. Agriculture has been a profitable business since the dawn of time. This is because of the essential role food plays in the lives of human beings. Agriculture does not only provide food but also beautification for the environment. For this reason, there are plants …

Is mushroom a plant?

Gourmet Mushrooms. Mushrooms are not only delicious but are a good meal accompaniment. It is a fact that mushrooms in the wild are no longer sufficient, that is why it has to be grown, even though mushroom is not a plant per say.

Crop Information

  • To learn more about crop production online, please visit Ag 101. This introduction to American agriculture covers the primary commodities produced today and the methods of doing so. An entire chapter is dedicated to crop production, and includes such topics as: soil preparation, pla…

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Methyl Bromide

  • Methyl bromide is a fumigant used to control pests in agriculture and shipping. Along with other countries, EPA has agreed to restrict the use of methyl bromide and reduce the amount used each year because it depletes the ozone layer. Learn more about protecting the ozone layer. 1. Methyl Bromide 2. Agriculture and Air Quality

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Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture

  • Potential impacts of climate change on agriculture will be reflected most directly through the response of crops, livestock, soils, weeds, and insects, and diseases to the elements of climate to which they are most sensitive. Soil moisture and temperature are the climate factors likely to be most sensitive to change across large agricultural areas of North America.

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Air Quality Conservation Practices

  • Agricultural Air Quality Conservation Measures Reference Guide for Cropping Systems and General Land Management- This guide provides a compilation of conservation measures for air pollutant emissio…

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Fertilizers and Soils

  • Keeping the soil healthy is important for food production. Fertilizer overuse can contaminate the soil, surface water and groundwater. Alternatives to commercial fertilizers are available and tend to be much healthier for our environment and safer to use.

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Urban Agriculture

  • Urban Agriculture is part of a local food system where food is produced within an urban area and marketed to consumers within that area. Urban farming can also include animal husbandry (e.g., breeding and raising livestock), beekeeping, aquaculture (e.g., fish farming), aquaponics (e.g., integrating fish farming and agriculture), and non-food products such as producing seeds, cultiv…

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Pollinators

  • Pollinators are animals that pollinate plants, including vegetable and fruit crops. Examples of pollinators include bees, ants, birds, and lizards. Pollinator health is in decline so work is being done to protectthese creatures.

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Pesticides

  • Pesticides are widely used in the agriculture field to protect crops from pests. For more information about pesticides please visit the links below: 1. Pesticide Containers 2. Pesticide Label 3. Pesticide Storage 4. Pesticide Disposal 5. Pesticide Tolerances 6. Pesticide Worker Safety 7. Reducing Pesticide Drift 8. Soil Fumigants

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Review of Other Definitions of Agriculture

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It is admitted that no definitioncan be exacting for everybody and for all purposes. Nevertheless, I find this elucidation on what is agriculture especially convenient is where its coverage is limited to crop production (agronomy and horticulture) and livestock production even knowing that some definitions include fisheries, forestr…

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Summation of The Meaning and Concept of Agriculture

  • The first 3 are scientific and practical definitions while numbered 4 to 8 are legal definitions and meaning of agriculture. These last 5 give more details on what is agriculture by enumerating the activities covered by the enterprise or practice. That contending parties have found the necessity to elevate to the Courtcontroversies in relation to what is agriculture only underscores the uncert…

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Big Revamp on What Is Agriculture

  • This page may be one, if not the most, important content of this site. After all, this site is about agriculture or farming. This page is the very foundation of this site. It has to stand erect, robust, and strong to be able to carry the heavy load of content that it carries. It has to withstand the ravages of time and remain unblemished for eternity. It ought to remain alive and proud even wit…

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