What is cross compliance in agriculture

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Cross Compliance aims at ensuring the safe production of food, the welfare of animals, the sustainable use of land, the maintenance of natural resources and limiting climate change. Cross Compliance requirements were first introduced in 2000 in a limited format and developed further under the 2003 Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform.

The term Cross-Compliance refers to the requirement for farmers to comply with a set of Statutory Management Requirements (SMRs) and keep their land in Good Agricultural and Environmental Condition (GAEC) in order to quality for full payments under the following schemes.

Full
Answer

What does cross compliance mean for farmers?

This system is known as cross compliance. The regulations farmers need to follow are called Statutory Management Requirements (SMRs). These are set down in EU legislation Directives and Regulations. When does Cross Compliance apply?

What is cross-compliance and why is it important?

Cross-compliance plays a role in making European farming more sustainable. In order to receive EU income support, farmers must respect a set of basic rules. The interplay between this respect for rules and the support provided to farmers is called cross-compliance. Rules farmers are expected to comply with include:

What is cross compliance with Rural Payments?

Cross compliance. If you’re a farmer or land manager and claim rural payments, you must follow a set of rules called cross compliance. Cross compliance is made up of ‘Statutory Management Requirements’ (SMRs) and standards for ‘Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions of land’ (GAECs).

Where can I find information about the cross compliance requirements?

Details of the Cross Compliance requirements are available on the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine website. DAFM publications relating to Cross Compliance are available at DAFM Publications on Cross Compliance.

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What is conservation cross compliance?

The two provisions, collectively referred to as conservation compliance, require that in exchange for certain U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) program benefits, a producer agrees to maintain a minimum level of conservation on highly erodible land and not to convert wetlands to crop production.


What does GAEC stand for in farming?

Good agricultural and environmental conditionsGood agricultural and environmental conditions, abbreviated as GAEC, refers to a set of European Union (EU) standards (described in Annex II of Council Regulation No 1306/2013 defined at national or regional level), aiming to achieve a sustainable agriculture.


Who inspects farms under the cross compliance scheme in the UK?

APHA only inspects claimants who keep farmed animals. Cross compliance checks are also carried out during cattle, sheep and goat identification inspections. less than 48 hours before the inspection, and RPA will include a list of the records that the inspector needs to check as part of the inspection.


How many statutory requirements must farmers observe under cross compliance?

13 Statutory Management RequirementsCross Compliance involves two key elements: A A requirement for farmers to comply with 13 Statutory Management Requirements (SMRs) set down in EU legislation on public health, animal and plant health, animal welfare and the Environment.


What is a cross compliance inspection?

Cross Compliance Inspections: Cross Compliance inspections involve two key elements: Verification that farmers comply with the 13 SMRs set down in EU legislation on the public health, animal and plant health, animal welfare, and the environment.


Aims of cross-compliance

Through cross-compliance, farmers are encouraged to comply with high EU standards for public, plant, and animal health and welfare. Cross-compliance plays a role in making European farming more sustainable.


Cross-compliance explained

In order to receive EU income support, farmers must respect a set of basic rules. The interplay between this respect for rules and the support provided to farmers is called cross-compliance.


Statutory management requirements

All farmers, whether receiving CAP support or not, have to respect statutory management requirements (SMR).


Good agricultural and environmental conditions

In addition to the statutory management requirements, farmers receiving CAP support have to respect EU standards on good agricultural and environmental condition of land (GAEC).


Penalties for non-compliance

Under the cross-compliance system, farmers not respecting EU rules can see the following support reduced.


New CAP: 2023-27

In June 2021, following extensive negotiations between the European Parliament, the Council of the EU and the European Commission, agreement was reached on reform of the common agricultural policy (CAP). The new CAP will begin on 1 January 2023.


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Part of an evaluation of the CAP’s impact on natural resources, this study assesses the CAP’s contribution to fostering sustainable management of soil.


What is cross compliance?

Cross Compliance aims at ensuring the safe production of food, the welfare of animals, the sustainable use of land, the maintenance of natural resources and limiting climate change. Cross Compliance requirements were first introduced in 2000 in a limited format and developed further under the 2003 Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform.


Who is responsible for cross compliance?

For those requirement regarding the identification, registration and welfare of animals, it is the herd keeper/herd owner who is responsible for compliance.


What is the sanction for a breach of cross compliance?

If an applicant is found to be in breach of Cross Compliance through negligence, a sanction of 3% of the support payment will generally apply but this can be increased to 5% or decreased to 1% depending on the extent, severity and permanence of the infringement. However, not every breach of the requirements or standards results in an automatic financial sanction. Where the breach is considered to be minor and remedial action is taken within the stipulated period, no sanction will apply.


What is the EU regulation 1305/2013?

REGULATION (EU) No 1305/2013 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 17 December 2013 on support for rural development by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD)-OJ L 347 of 20/12/2013.


How are cases selected for inspection?

Cases selected for inspection are chosen by risk analysis. Approximately 20-25% of cases are selected randomly with the remainder selected using risk criteria appropriate to that SMR/GAEC. Examples of risk criteria include previous penalty cases or people with a track record of notifying the AIMS Database late. Risk Analysis results are reviewed on an annual basis and risk categories are modified as appropriate e.g. risk categories that perform are kept but underperforming ones are either dropped or amended and new ones may also be added.


Who is responsible for ensuring that the Cross Compliance rules are met?

The beneficiary is the person responsible for ensuring the Cross Compliance rules are met and must make sure that the following people also meet the rules: Persons acting for them (or under their control) on their holding e.g. contractor/farm employee.


What are the requirements of GAEC?

GAEC requires land to be kept in good agricultural and environmental condition and consists of seven standards related to soil, protection and maintenance of soil organic matter, protection of habitats and protection of water sources.


Background

To receive a payment under the Single Payment Scheme farmers must comply with a variety of regulations on the environment, public health, animal health, plant health, animal welfare and land maintenance. This system is known as cross compliance. The regulations farmers need to follow are called Statutory Management Requirements (SMRs).


When does Cross Compliance apply?

Since 01 January 2005 it has been necessary for applicants under the Single Payment Scheme, and now the Basic Payment Scheme (2015-2020), to maintain all their land in Good Agricultural and Environmental Condition (GAEC). The current SMRs are in place since the strat of 2015.


How does cross compliance fit into this conceptual framework?

How does cross compliance fit into this conceptual framework? In all countries farmers are required to respect certain environmental regulations, whether or not cross compliance approaches are used. In the countries where cross compliance approaches are used, in the European Union (EU), a link is established between agricultural support payments and the respect of environmental regulations and standards aiming at ensuring the “good agricultural and environmental condition”(GAEC) of agricultural land and landscape conservation, such that support payments can be reduced or withdrawn for non-respect of these rules. In this case, due to the introduction of GAEC, the reference level of environmental quality for cross compliance is higher than defined by the environmental regulations. In the case of the United States and Switzerland the reference level of environmental quality is the same level as defined by environmental regulations, and all farmers are obliged to ensure that farm practices conform to the regulation, but for cross compliance agricultural support payments are conditional on meeting specific environmental practice or performance objectives that go beyond the regulations. In all countries, where farmers voluntarily enter into a contract with the government to provide environmental quality beyond what is required (the reference level) and for which no market return exists (public good), then they would be entitled to a compensation or incentive a payment as long as they complied with specified criteria. Country case studies for Switzerland and the United States are provided in Annex 1.


Who wrote the background report on environmental cross compliance?

It was written by Wilfrid Legg and Dimitris Diakosavvas, respectively Head and Senior Economist in the Agricultural Policies and Environment Division of the Trade and Agriculture Directorate. Françoise Bénicourt, Theresa Poincet and Louise Schets prepared the report for publication.


What are the payments for wine cultivation on steep slopes?

The payments for areas of wine cultivation on steep slopes aim at preserving vineyards in steep and terraced locations. In order to meet the conditions of the eligible areas of wine cultivation, steep and particularly steep locations and terraces on retaining walls are differentiated when assessing the payments. A gradient of at least 30% is a prerequisite for receiving payments for areas of wine cultivation in steep and terraced locations.


How many cases of non-compliance were recorded in the first 6 years of the Sodbuster provision?

Notwithstanding deficiencies in the data, rates of compliance are considered to be very high. In the first 6 years of the sodbuster provision, 1 185 cases of non-compliance were recorded, resulting in a loss of USD 6.4 million of programme benefits. Claassen, et al. (2004) suggest that many farmers are in compliance even though support payments per hectare of HEL cropland are modest for some farms. This might be attributable to the fact that flexible standards helped to keep costs low and, in addition, the most widely adopted practices in cross-compliance systems are inexpensive (e.g. conservation cropping, conservation tillage and seasonal crop residue management).


When will farmers have to follow cross compliance rules?

Farmers and land managers must follow these cross compliance rules from 1 January 2021 for the whole year if they claim for the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS), a stewardship scheme or the English Woodland Grant Scheme (EWGS) in 2021.


What are the regulations for cross compliance?

The main regulations relating to cross compliance are as follows (this is not a complete list): The Direct Payments to Farmers and Cross Compliance (Simplifications) (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2020.

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Schemes Coming Into Effect from 2015 Onwards

  1. Basic Payment Scheme;
  2. Young Farmers Scheme;
  3. Environmental Farming Scheme;
  4. Forestry Expansion Scheme;
  1. Basic Payment Scheme;
  2. Young Farmers Scheme;
  3. Environmental Farming Scheme;
  4. Forestry Expansion Scheme;


Northern Ireland cross-compliance Verifiable Standards

  • These booklets provide details of the Northern Ireland Cross-Compliance requirements. 1. Cross-Compliance 2018 2. Cross-Compliance 2019 3. Cross-Compliance 2020 4. Cross-Compliance 2021 5. Cross-Compliance 2022

See more on daera-ni.gov.uk


cross-compliance Penalties

  • These related documents set out the penalty framework that applies in Northern Ireland for calculating penalties to be applied for breaches of the Cross-Compliance standards.

See more on daera-ni.gov.uk


Related Items

  • These documents are the matrices used for fixing payment reductions for negligent or intentional Cross-Compliance breaches: 1. Negligent Penalty Matrix 2. Intentional Penalty Matrix

See more on daera-ni.gov.uk


Aims of cross-compliance

  • Through cross-compliance, farmers are encouraged to comply with high EU standards for public, plant, and animal health and welfare. Cross-compliance plays a role in making European farming more sustainable.

See more on ec.europa.eu


cross-compliance Explained

  • In order to receive EU income support, farmers must respect a set of basic rules. The interplay between this respect for rules and the support provided to farmers is called cross-compliance. Rules farmers are expected to comply with include: 1. statutory management requirements, these apply to all farmers whether or not they receive support under t…

See more on ec.europa.eu


Statutory Management Requirements

  • All farmers, whether receiving CAP support or not, have to respect statutory management requirements (SMR). The SMR include EU rules on public, animal and plant health; animal welfare; and the environment.

See more on ec.europa.eu


Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions

  • In addition to the statutory management requirements, farmers receiving CAP support have to respect EU standards on good agricultural and environmental condition of land (GAEC). These standards are designed to: 1. prevent soil erosion by defining minimum soil cover and minimum land management practices; 2. maintain soil organic matter and soil structure; 3. maintain perm…

See more on ec.europa.eu


Penalties For Non-Compliance

  • Under the cross-compliance system, farmers not respecting EU rules can see the following support reduced. 1. Direct payments (decoupled or coupled). 2. Most rural development payments: area based payments including agri-environmental measures, areas with natural constraints, NATURA 2000measures, afforestation measures, forest environmental payments, a…

See more on ec.europa.eu


New Cap: 2023-27

  • In June 2021, following extensive negotiations between the European Parliament, the Council of the EU and the European Commission, agreement was reached on reform of the common agricultural policy (CAP). This agreement was formally adopted on 2 December 2021, and the new CAPwill begin on 1 January 2023 Under the new CAP, changes will be made to the existing condi…

See more on ec.europa.eu


Rules

  • Cross-compliance is governed by: 1. rules on the financing, management and monitoring of the common agricultural policy (EU Regulation 1306/2013, EU Implementing Regulation 809/2014, EU Delegated Regulation 640/2014).

See more on ec.europa.eu

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