What is double cropping in agriculture


Double cropping has a variety of benefits including:

  • You may prevent soil erosion by using the soil year round rather than keeping certain areas open for only specific crops
  • You can spread the cost of the land over the various crops, giving you a greater return on your investment per acre
  • You can sell a larger yield of crops
  • You may decrease the risk of pest and disease on your acreage

Double cropping—the harvest of two crops from the same field in a given year—is one form of intensification. Farmers double-cropped about 8.7 million acres of U.S. cropland in 2012.Jun 2, 2014


What are the disadvantages of double cropping?

There are many types of multiple cropping system:

  • Intercropping
  • Mixed cropping
  • Relay cropping
  • Sequential cropping
  • Ratoon cropping etc.

What does double cropping stand for?

Leila Harfuch, in Biofuels, Bioenergy and Food Security, 2019 Double cropping means planting several crops in the same area and in the same crop year so that the same land is used to generate more than one crop per year. In Brazilian agriculture, double cropping is practiced for maize, peanuts, potatoes, and beans.

What is the meaning of double cropping?

Double cropping is a way to double (or increase) the amount of produce you grow without increasing the size of your acreage. The most common crop to double crop is wheat, with soybeans being the next most popular crop to be double-cropped. In other words, once you harvest one crop, you immediately plant another in the same soil.

Where is double cropping practices?

Double cropping is a practice where farmers harvest one crop, and then plant and harvest a second crop in the same field all within the same year. It allows farmers to make the most out of the limited growing season. By double cropping soybeans after …


What is double cropping examples?

Double cropping system: The practice of consecutively producing two crops of either like or unlike commodities on the same land within the same year. An example of double cropping might be to harvest a wheat crop by early summer and then plant corn or soybeans on that acreage for harvest in the fall.

What is double and multiple cropping?

It can take the form of double-cropping, in which a second crop is planted after the first has been harvested. In the Garhwal Himalaya of India, a practice called barahnaja involves sowing 12 or more crops on the same plot, including various types of beans, grains, and millets, and harvesting them at different times.

What is double cropping Class 9?

Double cropping implies growing of two crops consecutively on the same piece of land in a single growing season.

What crops are double cropped?

Common double crop options are soybean, sorghum, and sunflower. Other possibilities include summer annual forages and specialized crops such as proso millet or other short-season summer crops – even corn. Cover crops are also an option for planting after wheat.

Where is double cropping common?

Viewed as shares of each region’s total cropland, double cropping was most common in the Northeast, Southeast, and Southwest regions.

What is triple cropping?

Triple cropping means planting and harvesting three crops in one year off of the same field. There are two main reasons why triple cropping is practiced. One is to obtain the most feed possible from same parcel of ground.

What is multiple cropping Class 10?

the practice of growing more than one crop on a same piece of land during a year.

WHO adopted double cropping system?

Double cropping means planting several crops in the same area and in the same crop year so that the same land is used to generate more than one crop per year. In Brazilian agriculture, double cropping is practiced for maize, peanuts, potatoes, and beans.

What is the meaning of mono cropping?

Monocropping, commonly practiced in commercial farms and in smallholder farms with relatively large areas for cultivation, is a practice where a field is used for production of pure stands of one crop only.

How is double cropping done?

Double cropping is a practice where farmers harvest one crop, and then plant and harvest a second crop in the same field – all within the same year. It allows farmers to make the most out of the limited growing season. By double cropping soybean after winter wheat, farmers can increase their net returns.

When did double cropping start?

Double-cropping wheat followed by soybeans has been a common, profitable option for farmers in most years because double-cropped soybeans yielding as well as full-season soybeans. Although, this is far from a new production practice; some farmers have been employing double-cropping since the 1970s.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of double cropping?

Double cropping has a number of advantages including: Protects soil erosion, maximizes your profit, and enhances the quality of your soil. Double crops protect soil against wind and water erosion. Root biomass from double crops enhances soil fertility by building organic matter.

What is the name of the new frontier in Brazil?

a. The MATOPIBA region is made up of the acronyms of Maranhão (MA), Piauí (PI), Tocantins (TO), and Bahia (BA), which is considered the new agricultural frontier in Brazil. From Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento (CONAB)—Série Histórica das Safras, 2017. Available at: https://www.conab.gov.br/info-agro/safras/serie-historica-das-safras?start=20. …

What is double cropping?

Double cropping means planting several crops in the same area and in the same crop year so that the same land is used to generate more than one crop per year. In Brazilian agriculture, double cropping is practiced for maize, peanuts, potatoes, and beans. In some regions, such as Southeast and Northeast Cerrado (MATOPIBA2 ), …

Is triticale a competitive substrate?

In fact, modern cultivars of triticale are a competitive substrate for ethanol production ( Eudes, 2006) due to the fact that triticale possesses an auto-amylolytic enzyme system able to convert large quantity of starch into fermentable sugar ( Pejin et al., 2009 ). View chapter Purchase book.

Which stage of wheat is most sensitive to water stress?

These results indicated that the stem extension stage was the most sensitive growth stage of wheat to water stress. However, in short-term field experiments, the most sensitive stages of wheat to water stresses were extended from stem extension to grain filling stage.

Is triticale a green crop?

Triticale has found utility as animal feed and has potential as a ‘green’ crop due to its ability to capture nitrogen in double-cropping systems. Although used primarily for animal feed, triticale is believed to have the necessary attributes to become an important food cereal for humans in the future ( Naeem et al., 2002 ).There is a great potential for triticale products in the speciality markets, particularly in western countries where a healthier diet is becoming increasingly popular and commercialized.

What is double cropping?

A form of intensification, double cropping is defined as planting two different crops in the same field during a single year. Unlike using a cover crop, the growing cycle of the crops that are planted are opposite; only one crop at a time occupies the field. When the first crop’s growing season has come to an end, …

What plants can be double cropped?

Other plants work well with strawberries for double cropping include cantaloupe, cucumbers, zucchini, and squash. Georgia: Peanuts are king in Georgia, and they are a good candidate for double cropping as they are typically planted in early to mid-May and harvested in the fall.

What fruit pairs well with strawberries in Florida?

Florida: In The Sunshine State, strawberries are nearly as popular as citrus; they also pair well with another red-hued fruit: watermelon. Florida strawberry farmers are getting watermelon plants started in their berry fields in the middle of the berry-picking season in late winter.

Why do farmers plant two different crops?

The first is obviously the added income brought in by the second crop. It adds an extra layer of income, like a safety net, for when drought, disease, pests, or market fluctuations affect the farm’s main cash crop.

When did double cropping occur in the southeast?

Southeastern Double Cropping. A study by the USDA’s Economic Research Service found that, from 1999 to 2012, the greatest amount of double cropping was occurring in southeastern states.

What is intercropping in agriculture?

Intercropping. 1. Sequential cropping system: Definition: Growing two or more crops in sequence on the same field per year is called sequential cropping . The next crop is planted after the preceding crop has been harvested; crop intensification is only in the time dimension; there is no intercrop competition.

What is ratoon cropping?

Ratoon cropping: cultivation of crop regrowth after harvest, although not necessarily for grain. 2. Intercropping system: Definition: Growing two or more crops simultaneously on the same field is called intercropping.

How does intercropping help the soil?

It helps in arranging a balanced diet, reduces labor peak, and minimizes crop failure risk. It has also been suggested that intercropping reduces pests’ adverse effects, provides higher returns, and protects the soil against erosion.

What is multiple cropping?

Multiple cropping is a philosophy of maximum crop production per land area with a minimum of soil health deterioration.

What is dual culture?

Dual culture: It is cultivating two types of crops grown together or two types of enterprises on a piece of land in a crop season, such as rice+fish, rice+azolla. Monoculture: It is cultivating a single crop in a given field in a crop season, such as rice, jute, sugar cane, cotton, tobacco, potato, or green gram.

How is multiple cropping index determined?

When the operational holding is considered, the multiple cropping index (MCI) is determined by the total area planted divided by the total arable (culturable) area. When the value is three or more, it is a most promising farm; this is also called intensive cropping.

What are the different types of intercropping?

Examples/Types of Intercropping. Intercropping may also be of four types: Mixed intercropping: growing two or more crops simultaneously with no distinct row arrangement. Row intercropping: growing two or more crops simultaneously; one or more crops planted in rows.

How does cropping affect soil erosion?

Cropping and tillage systems have major impacts on potential soil erosion. Less row cropping, delayed tillage, and greater crop residues on the soil surface all serve to reduce potential soil losses. Erosion can be reduced with the use of conservation tillage.

Why are multiple cropping systems important?

Today’s research provides a scientific support for the diversified agricultural systems as they maintain soil quality (SOM, soil fertility), low insect and disease occurrence, and high plant productivity.

How can crop diversity be achieved?

Farm-level crop diversity can be achieved both in space (e.g., through multicropping) as well as in time (e.g., through crop rotation). Crop rotations typically form an integral part of organic management, as sequential cultivation of different types of crops is used to suppress pests and diseases, to maintain soil fertility, and to prevent soil erosion and nutrient losses. Most organic regulations require or recommend multiannual crop rotations that include green manures and sometimes cover crops ( Seufert et al., 2018 ). Census data on the actual use and types of crop rotations and crop associations used by organic farmers is not available to date. Ponisio et al. (2015) showed that in 13% of studies examining yields of organic agriculture for annual crops organic systems had longer crop rotations than conventional systems (while the remaining 85% of studies had similar rotation lengths), while 24% of the 92 studies on annual crops included in their analysis did not use any crop rotation in the organic system. Similarly, in 15% of the yield studies, organic systems used multicropping (i.e., the cultivation of more than one crop species on the same field within a growing season), while conventional systems did not (while the use of multicropping was the same in the remaining 85% of studies). Given the importance of crop rotations for organic management and given the crop rotation requirements in many organic regulations, this appears like a small difference. This data comes, however, both from experimental field trials as well as from farmer’s fields, and it is thus not necessarily representative of the entire organic farm population. Some primary studies have observed slightly higher diversity of crops in organic than in conventional farms ( Belfrage et al., 2005; Kragten and de Snoo, 2008; Weibull et al., 2003 ). Organic farms appear thus to often but not always have higher crop diversity than conventional farms.

What are the benefits of biodiverse multicropping?

Biodiverse multicropping systems provide food for today and will impact broad future issues such as alleviation of poverty and hunger. They hold lessons from both structure and function that can inform design of larger scale farming systems that will be important sources of future food supplies.

What is a lower, shorter-duration crop?

Here, a lower, shorter-duration crop complements the upper canopy of the plantation species. Alternatively, they may be multipurpose home gardens containing a woody component alongside vegetables, staples, and fruits. Table 1. Different types of cropping system.

Why are cover crops important?

Cover crops are selected based on several attributes, including plant species that improve soil (e.g., depth of roots, type of organic matter produced, and legumes that fix atmospheric nitrogen), their effect on plant pathogens and their predators , or for their economic benefits.

Why is the growth of the second crop risky?

The growth of the second crop is often risky because of the limited amount of residual moisture. Typically includes legumes or oilseeds after paddy rice or rainfed cereals. Multicropping. Two or more species growing on the same piece of land, where at least part of the growth cycles of different species overlap.

What happens if a crop fails?

At worst, if the replanted crop fails, the policyholder still gets the same indemnity payment he or she would have had without replanting, but at least had the chance to earn a larger gain from the marketplace and preserve future crop guarantees.

How much of the indemnity is on the first crop?

2) receive 35 percent of the indemnity on the first insured crop, then plant and insure a second crop on the acreage. If the second crop does not suffer a loss, the policyholder can receive the remaining 65 percent indemnity on the first crop.

What is replant payment?

Replant payments are intended to mitigate losses that impact both the policyholder and taxpayer, as well as minimize disruptions to local agricultural economies. For policyholders, the replant payment provides the opportunity to replant the crop with the support of a replanting payment provided by the policy, as applicable.

What is practical to replant?

A. The definition of “practical to replant” is as follows: Practical to replant – Our determination, after loss or damage to the insured crop, that you are able to replant to the same crop in such areas and under such circumstances as it is customary to replant and that replanting the insured crop will allow the crop to attain maturity prior to …

How much indemnity do you get for replanting?

A. If the approved insurance provider determines it is not practical to replant, the policyholder can: 1) receive 100 percent indemnity on the first insured crop, then plant and elect not to insure a second crop on the acreage; or. 2) receive 35 percent of the indemnity on the first insured crop, then plant and insure a second crop on the acreage. …

Why is replanting important?

Finally, the replant payment provides stability to the local agricultural economy. Encouraging policyholders to replant their crops helps ensure a more consistent supply of the agricultural commodities that others depend on for their livelihoods, such as livestock producers and grain or food processors.

When to replant a crop after the final planting date?

3) the 10th day after the final planting date if the crop has a late planting period of 10 days or more. We will consider it practical to replant regardless of the availability of seed or plants, or the input costs necessary to produce the insured crop such as seed or plants, irrigation water, etc.

What is the best treatment for double cropping?

Burndown of summer annual weeds present at planting is essential for successful double-cropping. Glyphosate used to be effective, but if glyphosate-resistant kochia and pigweeds are present, alternative treatments such as paraquat may be required. Dicamba or 2,4-D may also be considered, if the soybean varieties with appropriate herbicide …

How many bushels per acre of soybeans in Kansas?

A long-term average of 20 bushels per acre is often mentioned when discussing double crop soybeans in central and northeast Kansas.

How many bushels per acre of sorghum?

No-till studies at Hesston documented 4-year average double crop sorghum yields of 75 bushels per acre compared to about 90 bushels per acre for full-season sorghum.

How many inches should I plant soybeans in a row?

Narrow row spacing (15-inch or less) has often resulted in a yield advantage compared to 30-inch rows in late plantings. Soybeans planted in narrow rows will canopy over more quickly than in wide rows, which is important when the length of the growing season is shortened.

Why do soybeans flower?

Soybeans flower in response to a combination of temperature and day length, so shifting to an earlier-maturing variety when planting late in a double crop situation will result in very short plants with pods that are close to the ground.

What can I use to reduce double crop sorghum?

Weed control can be important in double crop sorghum. Warm-season annual grasses, such as crabgrass, can reduce double crop sorghum yields. Using a chloroacetamide-and-atrazine pre-emergence product may be key to successful double crop sorghum production. Herbicide-resistant grain sorghum varieties will allow use of additional herbicides …

Why do I plant in narrow rows?

Narrow rows also offer the benefits of increasing early-season light capture, suppressing weeds and reducing erosion. On the other hand, the advantage of planting in wide rows is that the bottom pods will usually be slightly higher off the soil surface to aid harvest. The other consideration is planting equipment.


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