What is extension education in agriculture

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Scope of Extension Education:

  • Increasing efficiency in agricultural production.
  • Increasing market efficiency, distribution and utilization of agricultural inputs.
  • Proper management on the farm and at home.
  • Improve rural development.
  • Conservation, development and use of natural resources.
  • Better family living.
  • Attract rural youths toward agriculture.

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Extension provides non-formal education and learning activities to people throughout the country — to farmers and other residents of rural communities as well as to people living in urban areas.

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Answer

What is AG extension education?

Agricultural Extension Agriculture Extension is the process of transferring the advance agriculture technology to farming community. Importance and scope of Extension Education: The available improved agriculture technology has the potential of raising the yields of agriculture products in the country at least twice or thrice.

What is the aim of Agriculture Extension?

The aim of agriculture extension is to carry the results of research to the farmers so that they can increase the agricultural production by the application of latest techniques developed at the Agricultural Research Centre. This enterprise can function effectively when;

What is extension education?

(i) “Extension education is an applied behavioural science dealing with the desirable changes in the behavioural complex of human beings, through various strategies and programmes, by applying the latest scientific and technological innovations.”

When did the first agricultural extension program start?

It is not known where or when the first extension activities took place. It is known, however, that Chinese officials were creating agricultural policies, documenting practical knowledge, and disseminating advice to farmers at least 2,000 years ago.

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What is the extension education?

Extension education means that type of education which is stretched out into the villages and fields beyond the limits of the schools and colleges to which the formal type of education is normally confined. That the word extension came to be used in this sense originally in USA during 1914.


What do you mean by extension in agriculture?

– Extension is a process of working with rural people in order to improve their livelihoods. This involves helping farmers to improve the productivity of their agriculture and also developing their abilities to direct their own future development.


What is the importance of extension teaching in agriculture?

Agricultural extension (also known as agricultural advisory services) plays a crucial role in boosting agricultural productivity, increasing food security, improving rural livelihoods, and promoting agriculture as an engine of pro-poor economic growth.


What is the importance of extension education?

The extension workers act as guide and educate them how to use new knowledge, skills and attitudes in solving their problems. The extension education helps all classes of people men, women and youth to solve their present and future economic, social and cultural problems.


Who is father of extension education?

J. P. Leagans of USAJ. P. Leagans of USA is known as the father of extension, whereas Dr. K. N. Singh is known as father of Extension in the Indian context. The teaching of extension education at undergraduate level started in the year 1950 at the College of Agriculture, Calcutta University.


What is the importance of extension?

Extension helps in studying and solving the rural problems. Extension increases farm yields and improve the standard of living of farmers. Extension makes good communities better and progressive. Extension contributes to national development programmes.


What is the main objective of agricultural extension?

General Objectives General objective of agricultural extension is to improve the quality of our farmer’s life through sustainable agriculture. To bring about desirable changes in the human behavior, which includes change in knowledge, skill and attitude.


What are the types of agricultural extension?

The agricultural extension service providers who have a stake in the NAEP can be grouped in three main categories: GOs, NGOs, and private sector and agribusiness enterprises.


How many types of extension education are there?

there are mainly three types of education, namely, Formal, Informal and Non-formal.


What are characteristics of extension education?

4. Principles of Extension Education:(i) Principle of interest and need:(ii) Principle of cultural difference:(iv) Principle of adaptability:(v) The grass roots principle of organisation:(vi) The leadership principle:(vii) The whole-family principle:(viii) Principle of co-operation:More items…


6 Main Steps in Extension Teaching – Your Article Library


Principles of Extension Education – Agriculture


Overview

Agricultural extension is the application of scientific research and new knowledge to agricultural practices through farmer education. The field of ‘extension’ now encompasses a wider range of communication and learning activities organized for rural people by educators from different disciplines, including agriculture, agricultural marketing, health, and business studies.
Extension practitioners can be found throughout the world, usually working for government agen…


Extension terminology

The use of the word ‘extension’ originated in england in 1866.Modern extension began in Dublin, Ireland in 1847 with Lord Clarendon’s itinerant instructors during the great famine. It expanded in Germany in the 1850s, through the itinerant agricultural teachers Wanderlehrer and later in the USA via the cooperative extension system authorized by the Smith-Lever Act in 1914. The term was later adopted in the United States of America, while in Britain it was replaced with “advisory …


Historical definitions

The examples given below are taken from a number of books on extension published over a period of more than 50 years:
• 1949: The central task of extension is to help rural families help themselves by applying science, whether physical or social, to the daily routines of farming, homemaking, and family and community living.


History

It is not known where or when the first extension activities took place. It is known, however, that Chinese officials were creating agricultural policies, documenting practical knowledge, and disseminating advice to farmers at least 2,000 years ago. For example, in approximately 800 BC, the minister responsible for agriculture under one of the Zhou dynasty emperors organized the teaching …


Communication processes

The term “extension” has been used to cover widely differing communication systems. Two particular issues help to define the type of extension: how communication takes place, and why it takes place.
The related but separate field of agricultural communication has emerged to contribute to in-depth examinations of the communication processes among various actors within and external to the …


Four paradigms of agricultural extension

Any particular extension system can be described in terms of both how communication takes place and why it takes place. It is not the case that paternalistic systems are always persuasive, nor is it the case that participatory projects are necessarily educational. Instead there are four possible combinations, each of which represents a different extension paradigm, as foll…


See also

• Cooperative extension service
• Diffusion of innovations
• Extension agency
• Farmer Field School
• Farmer Research Committee


External links

• Extension pages at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
• Extension at the National Institute of Food and Agriculture
• Extension education

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