what is extension services in agriculture


Agricultural Extension Services

  • To transmit the latest technical knowledge to farmers.
  • To provide feedback from farmers to extension officers / scientists on problems and constraints in agriculture.
  • To enhance professional competence of extension functionaries.
  • To strengthen linkage amongst farmers, extension officers and researchers.
  • To motivate farmers for overall development.

Extension provides non-formal education and learning activities to people throughout the country — to farmers and other residents of rural communities as well as to people living in urban areas.


What are agricultural extension services?

Agricultural Extension Services. The agricultural extension service is still conceptualized as a diffusion support process, starting from public-funded technology generation and ending with the adoption in the farm, and consequently suffers from being treated as a linear process that is supply-driven or top-down by design.

How to begin work in agriculture?

An agricultural extension service offers technical advice on agriculture to farmers, and also supplies them with the necessary inputs and services to support their agricultural production. It provides information to farmers and passes to the farmers new ideas developed by agricultural research stations.

What are the principles of agricultural extension?

 · Throughout the world, a wide range of public, state-run, and private institutions provide agricultural extension services. These services are typically related to three core competencies: Technology transfer – helping to disseminate new technologies from research institutions to end-users.

What is the function of an agricultural extension officer?

 · Agricultural Extension Agricultural extension (also known as agricultural advisory services) plays a crucial role in boosting agricultural productivity, increasing food security, improving rural livelihoods, and promoting agriculture as an engine of pro-poor economic growth.


What are the extension services?

Extension service means those entities in the country responsible for the transfer of information, technology and advice regarding the improvement of agricultural practices, including production, handling, storage and marketing of agricultural commodities.

What are the examples of extension services?

Agricultural Extension ServicesIntegrated Pest Management.Soil Health.Nongovernmental Organizations.Fertilizers.Livestock.Dairies.Highlands.

What is agricultural extension management?

Agricultural Extension is a service or system which assists farm people, through educational procedures, in improving farming methods and techniques, increasing production efficiency and income, bettering their levels of living, and lifting the social and educational standards of rural life.

What is research and extension services in agriculture?

Research and extension systems play a crucial role in agricultural and rural development. Moreover, they are central to realizing the potential of agricultural innovation. In developing countries, innovation can address most of the challenges facing agriculture and natural resources management.

What is the main objective of agricultural extension?

General Objectives General objective of agricultural extension is to improve the quality of our farmer’s life through sustainable agriculture. To bring about desirable changes in the human behavior, which includes change in knowledge, skill and attitude.

What is extension worker role in agricultural development?

Extension workers have some common roles: educating farmers and producers so that the farmers/producers can help themselves; linking farmers/producers with research-based information to improve agricultural production, productivity, processing and marketing of agricultural goods and services.

Why do we need agricultural extension?

In a strict interpretation, the only purpose of agricultural extension is to disseminate information to raise the production and profitability of the farmers (agricultural production performance).

What is research and extension services?

The Research and Extension (R&E) Program is one of the four major programs that makes CLSU unique, particularly in terms of R&D. Its primary role is to generate and validate new knowledge, information, and technologies, and disseminate and commercialize the same to sustain agro-industrialization in the countryside.


What is agricultural extension?

Agricultural extension is another name for agricultural advisory services.

Agricultural extension in the developing world

Many countries with advanced agricultural sectors, such as the United States, Canada, Australia, and Denmark, enjoy strong extension services. In the developing world, however, agricultural extension has not always met farmers’ needs.

New approaches to agricultural extension

Addressing new and growing challenges in agricultural markets, technology and sustainability demand new thinking. Extension now needs to focus on

What is agricultural extension?

According to IFPRI, agricultural extension (also known as agricultural advisory services) plays a crucial role in promoting agricultural productivity, increasing food security, improving rural livelihoods, and promoting agriculture as an engine of pro-poor economic growth.

Can extension lift millions out of poverty?

However, extension alone cannot lift millions out of poverty unless there is the right mix of policies, technologies, and market opportunities –laments Fancis (ibid).

What is an Extension Service?

With its beginnings in the late 1800s, the Extension system was created to address rural agricultural issues, but it has since changed to adapt to a wider range of needs in both urban and rural areas. These typically cover six major areas:

Cooperative Extension Services and Home Garden Information

Each county in the United States has an Extension office that works closely with experts from universities and helps provide information about gardening, agriculture and pest control.

How Do I Find My Local Extension Office?

Although the number of local Extension offices has declined over the years, with some county offices consolidating into regional centers, there are still nearly 3,000 of these Extension offices available nationwide. With so many of these offices, you may wonder, “How do I find my local Extension office?”

Rural Development Cooperative Services

Rural Development’s Cooperative Services Program promotes understanding and use of the cooperatives to market and distribute agricultural products. The Cooperative Services division serves cooperative members, directors, management, educational institutions, organizations, rural residents, and others interested in cooperative-based business.

Cooperative Research

USDA advances knowledge for agriculture, the environment, human health and well-being, and communities by supporting research programs in the Land-Grant University System and other partner organizations.

Cooperative Research Emphasis Areas

USDA manages a broad portfolio of cooperative research programs which cover the scope and breadth of USDA.

Extension Services

Cooperative Extension Service offices are conveniently located in courthouses, post offices, or other local government buildings to improve the quality of people’s lives by providing research-based knowledge to strengthen the social, economic and environmental well-being of families, communities and agriculture enterprises.

What is extension service?

Extension services are a key investment for sustainable agriculture. Extension services enable farmers to take up innovations, improve production, and protect the environment. Extension shows positive effects on knowledge, adoption, and productivity. With studies showing very high (13–500%) rates of return to extension, …

What do farmers use when they don’t have access to extension services?

When farmers do not have access to formal extension services, they use other sources of information, sometimes using technologies such as mobile phones and Internet kiosks, or asking other farmers and their input dealers for advice.

How do governments invest in extension services?

Nearly all governments invest in extension services, often with the help of donor funds and loans. Global public investments in extension were estimated at US$6 billion in 1988. But in subsequent decades, public investment generally decreased. The recent food crisis, and concerns about the ability to meet growing demand for agricultural products sustainability, have contributed to a change in this trend. World Bank lending to the agricultural sector more than doubled between 2006 and 2009, from US$2.9 billion to US$5.3 billion. However, the research and extension sectors did not benefit as much as other sectors, such as infrastructure, from the increase in investment and remain insufficiently funded. World Bank support for agricultural research and extension was around US$120million per year during 2007 and 2008, rising to US$582 million in 2009, and around US$300 million in 2010. At the national level, governments are also reprioritising extension. The Government of Ethiopia, for example, has recently established farmer training centres in every local administrative area (there are 18,000 nationwide) and three extension agents at every training centre. Between 2000 and 2008, the number of extension agents increased from 15,000 to 45,000, with the aim of reaching about 66,000. Reaching that goal would probably give Ethiopia the world’s highest ratio of extension agents to farmers.

Does great diversity exist in farmers’ access to extension?

Great diversity exists in farmers’ access to extension

What Is Agriculturalextension?

Agricultural extension is another name for agricultural advisory services. In practical terms, extensionmeans giving farmers – for us, smallholders in developing countries – knowledge of agronomic techniques and skills to improve their productivity, food security andlivelihoods. This has two important c…

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Who Provides Agricultural Extension Services?

  • There are three main sources of agricultural extension. 1. The public sector Ministries and departments of agriculture, and agricultural research centres. 1. The private non-profit sector Local and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs), foundations, community boards andassociations; bilateral and multilateral aid projects, and other non-commercial associations. …

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Agricultural Extension in The Developing World

  • Many countries with advanced agricultural sectors, such as the United States, Canada, Australia, andDenmark, enjoy strong extension services. In the developing world, however, agricultural extension has not always met farmers’ needs. The World Bank-devised ‘training and visit’ system played an important role in India’s Green Revolution from the late 1970sbut also failed in some i…

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New Approaches to Agricultural Extension

  • Addressing new and growing challenges in agricultural markets, technology and sustainability demandnew thinking. Extensionnow needs to focus on 1. Participatory approaches to shape demand-driven services 2. Multiple providers of extension services, and 3. Strategies to develop agricultural innovation systems The public sector has been the traditional source of research an…

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Learn More

  • Find out more about our work in extension and other agriservices. Yuan Zhou is our Foundation’s Head of Research & Policy Analysis. She is also co-editor of “Knowledge Driven Development; Private Extension and Global Lessons”. Here is a synopsis. Together with Suresh Babu of IFPRI, Yuan and the many other contributors draw on real-life examples. These illustrate the role and c…

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