What is farm mechanization in agriculture


FARM MECHANIZATION Mechanized agriculture is the process of using agricultural machinery to mechanize the work of agriculture, greatly increasing farm worker productivity. The effective mechanization contributes to increase production in two major ways: firstly the timeliness of operation and secondly the good quality of work.

Farm Mechanization in the United States. Mechanization of farming during the 20th century led to sweeping changes in agriculture. Tractors, combines, harvesters, and other farm machines help farms produce more. Consequently, the trend since the early part of the 1900s is that fewer people can farm more land.


What effect did mechanization have on farming?

What are three reasons mechanization has made farming easier?

  • In this article we will discuss about:- 1.
  • (1) It Increases Production:
  • (2) It Increases Efficiency and Per Man Productivity:
  • ( 3 ) Mechanization Increases the Yield of Land Per Unit of Area:
  • (4) Mechanization Results in Lower Cost of Work.

What were the effects of farm mechanization?

What are the harvesting tools?

  • Diggers and Delvers. A gardener uses a trowel to harvest garlic.
  • Slicers and Snippers. A gardener uses shears to trim an apple tree.
  • Strainers and Drainers. Freshly picked vegetables in a basket.
  • Luggers and Movers. A wheelbarrow in a vegetable garden.
  • Rakers and Pickers. An older style blueberry rake.

How did mechanization change life for farmers?

Mechanised agriculture is the process of using agricultural machinery to mechanise the work of agriculture, greatly increasing farm worker productivity. In modern times, powered machinery has replaced many farm jobs formerly carried out by manual labour or by working animals such as oxen, horses and mules .

How does mechanization helped in farming?

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What is the importance of agricultural mechanization?

Sustainable agricultural mechanization can also contribute significantly to the development of value chains and food systems as it has the potential to render postharvest, processing and marketing activities and functions more efficient, effective and environmentally friendly.

What are the advantages of farm Mechanisation?

Advantages Of Farm MechanizationTime lines of operation.It saves labour.It reduces health hazard.It reduces drigery.Increases in-Farm revenue.It encourages large scale Farming.Increase in output.Co-operation among farmer’s.More items…

What is the definition mechanization?

Definition of mechanize transitive verb. 1 : to make mechanical especially : to make automatic or routine. 2a : to equip with machinery especially to replace human or animal labor. b : to equip with armed and armored motor vehicles. c : to provide with mechanical power.

What is the purpose of Mechanisation?

Mechanization raises the efficiency of labour and enhances the farm production per worker. By its nature it reduces the quantum of labour needed to produce a unit of output.

What is the scope of farm mechanization?

SCOPE OF FARM MECHANIZATION: Introduction of high yielding varieties of seeds. Introduction of high dose of fertilizers and pesticides for different crops. Introduction of new crops in different parts of the country. Multi cropping system and intensive cultivation, followed in different parts of the country.

What are the impacts of mechanization?

The level of mechanization has a significant positive impact on the cost, output value, income and return rate of all types of crops. For every 1% increase in the level of mechanization, the yields of all crops, grain crops and cash crops increase by 1.2151, 1.5941 and 0.4351%, respectively.

What is an example of mechanization?

The process of beginning to use machines, technology, and automation to do work is called mechanization. A farm’s mechanization might include replacing a horse-drawn plow with a gas-powered tractor.

What are the types of mechanization?

Current mechanised agriculture includes the use of tractors, trucks, combine harvesters, countless types of farm implements, aeroplanes and helicopters (for aerial application), and other vehicles.

What are the 3 three levels of mechanization?

It includes three main power sources: human, animal and mechanical. Based on these three power sources,the technolo- gical levels of mechanization have been broadly classified as hand-tool technology, animal draught technology and mechanical power technology.

Why farm machinery is important?

Carefully chosen machinery can allow crops to be grown and harvested with minimum-to-no soil disturbance, ensure that the soil surface remains protected by organic cover, manage crop rotations to enhance soil health and conserve crop nutrients. The type and size of machinery made available to farmers is also crucial.

What are the advantages of using the farm tools?

The Three Major Benefits of Having Quality Agricultural EquipmentReduced production time. With good quality equipment, the time of production will be significantly reduced. … Increased efficiency. … Reduced Downtime.

What are the disadvantage of agricultural mechanization?

disadvantages of farm mechanization in detail d) The use of heavy machines leads to soil compaction. The continuous use of tillage implements results in the development of hard soil layer below the soil surface. This reduces water movement in the soil as well as crops roots penetration.

What are the advantages of farm equipment to the farmer?

By ensuring that farming tools are environmentally sound, economically affordable, adaptable to local conditions, and resilient in terms of changing weather patterns and climate, mechanization looks to achieving larger and better harvests and increased income or new jobs for farmers.

What are the disadvantages of mechanization in agriculture?

What are the Disadvantages of Mechanisation?The initial cost of a machine is high. … Adoption of certain machines will lead to unemployment.If the operator, who works on the machine, is not an expert, then its result will be useless. … Clerks can more easily be trained in new methods and systems.More items…

What is farm mechanization?

Farm mechanization refers to the development and use of machines that can take the place of human and animal power in agricultural processes. The mechanization of agriculture that took place during the 20th century led to major changes in how farmers plant, irrigate and harvest crops. Combines, tractors, harvesters and other machinery have enabled …

How do combine tractors help farmers?

Combines, tractors, harvesters and other machinery have enabled farmers to increase their production while relying less upon an extended labor force. Large air-conditioned combines and tractors can work vast areas of farmland in a much shorter period of time than an unaided crew of farm workers.

What was the first agricultural mechanization?

Agricultural mechanization started with the steam powered reapers and traction engine, then advanced with the invention of mobile hydraulics and electronic control systems that are used in modern machinery today.

What are the phases of agriculture?

Agriculture can be described as having three eras. The first is best characterized as the blood, sweat, and tears era , when famine and fatigue were common and inadequate food supplies occurred frequently. Agriculture’s second developmental stage, the mechanical era, began with invention of labor-saving machines. The effect of agricultural mechanization can be described by the changes in farm population that began in the nineteenth century. With the advantages of improving, available, and inexpensive machines, farming became more efficient and the need for labor was reduced. The chemical era of agriculture boosted production and costs again. The era really began when nitrogen fertilizer, a result of the Haber-Bosch process, became readily available and enabled realization of the genetic potential of the newly available hybrid corn. When nitrogen fertilizer was combined with hybrid corn varieties, first experimented with by Henry A. Wallace in 1913, yields went up rapidly. The agricultural revolution of the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s transformed the practice of agriculture, reduced the number of people on farms, and significantly increased the productivity of those who remained. Developed country agriculture is now in the era of extensive and intensive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and is moving rapidly toward the next era of agriculture—the era of biotechnology—but weed management is still a major concern in all of agriculture. Weed science cannot claim the historical lineage of entomology or plant pathology, as weeds have not been studied as long.

What is the successful use of management practices for controlling crop growth under prevailing conditions?

The successful use of management practices for controlling crop growth under prevailing conditions determines the extent to which genetic improvements in yield potential are realized . There have been major changes in the means for managing crop stands. During the 1961–1980 agronomical sub-period (later termed the pre-modern period), widespread agricultural mechanization occurred, farmers adopted improved agricultural practices and commercial inputs were introduced and applied. In the 1981–1994 period (the first part of the modern period), crop management was further intensified while, in 1994, Finland became a member of the European Union, and especially since then (the latter part of the modern period), northern field crop production has been directed towards greater sustainability, often supported by policy and economic incentives. Furthermore, changes in cereal pricing on global and regional markets have impacted on input use for cereal and rapeseed production.

What are the achievements of industrial agriculture?

New food production technologies are truly amazing and seem to be keeping pace with population growth. But what are the costs and what are the prospects for maintaining this high-tech, high-input, high-cost food producing system? Industrial agriculture has come with immense direct and indirect environmental costs including groundwater depletion, soil loss, the degradation of freshwater ecosystems, antibiotic resistance, greenhouse gas emissions into atmosphere, and biodiversity loss. There are also considerable social costs from the economic “rationalization” of food production. Agricultural mechanization and rural unemployment have led to an unprecedented worldwide population movement from rural to urban areas. Agricultural expansion and deforestation have also contributed to climate change, and these effects are likely to impose disproportionate costs on the world’s poorest countries. It seems prudent to step back and take stock of where we are and evaluate the likely consequences of business as usual policies. If current practices are unsustainable, how can we move to a path that is more environmentally friendly and socially desirable?

What is the haat bazaar system?

Markets themselves need improving, and this can be done even at a basic level—well within living memory in the lower Himals of eastern Nepal is the initiative of one person who started the weekly “ haat bazaar ” system, such an important economic and social institution nowadays, where goods are sold or bartered.

Can autonomous vehicles match human operators?

As an autonomous vehicle cannot match the perception of a human operator, the machinery manufacturer and the agricultural producer would face a large amount of liability for any failures in the vehicle.

What is farm mechanization?

In G. D. Aggarwal’s words, “Farm mechanization is a term used in a very broad’ sense. It not only includes the use of machines, whether mobile or immobile, small or large, run by power and used for tillage operations, harvesting and thrashing but also includes power lifts for irrigation, trucks for haulage of farm produce, processing machines, dairy appliances for cream separating, butter making, oil pressing, cotton ginning, rice hulling, and even various electrical home appliances like radios, irons, washing machines, vacuum cleaners and hot plates.”

What is the meaning of “mechanization” in agriculture?

Bhattacharjee, “Mechanization of agriculture and farming process connotes application of machine power to work on land, usually performed by bullocks, horses and other draught animals or by human labour.”. According to Dr. C. B. Memoria, “It (mechanization) chiefly consists in either replacing, …

How does mechanization affect farming?

Mechanization increases the rapidity and speed of work with which farming operations can be performed. According to D. R. Bomford, “The ploughman with his three-horse am controlled three- horse; power, when given a medium-sized crawler tractor controlled between 20 to 30 horse power.

How many tractor machines were there in 1961?

Tractor is the basic mechanical input which largely determines the extent of use of allied machinery and equipment. There was rapid progress in the number of tractor in the country. In 1961 the country had 31000 tractors which increased to 2, 52,000 in 1966. This increase is indeed too phenomenal to be overlooked.

What are the arguments against mechanization?

Important arguments against mechanisation are: (1) Small Sized Farms: The existence of a large farm is an essential condition for mechanisation. For proper and best utilisation of agricultural machines, holdings will have to be large and should be (bund together and not scattered in tiny plots as is the case in India.

What is the use of machine energy?

The use of machine energy, therefore, leads to good agricultural production, to trade many crops or saleable animal products in short, to an exchange economy and a system of land utilization in which cultivator rests on a different and infinitely more complex basis than is found in the local self-sufficient economy.”.

Why is the cost of maintenance of draught animals the same?

In actual operation, costs amount to little when machines are idle, whereas the cost of maintenance of draught animals remains the same during both periods of working and idleness, because animals have to be fed whether they are doing work or not.

What is farm mechanization?

Farm mechanization is the application of engineering and technology in agricultural operation to do a job in a better way to improve productivity. This includes development, application and management of all mechanical aids for field production, water control, material handling, storing and processing. Mechanical aids include hand tools animal drawn implements, power tiller, tractor, oil engines, and electric motors, processing and hauling equipments.

Why is contract farming important?

Contract farming and franchise cultivation by the industries with progressive farmers can ensure quality products for processing. It also helps the producer to modernize agriculture for producing high value crops.

What is the relationship between livestock and rural people?

Livestock has intimate relationship with rural folks. Efforts have to be made for better management of health, feed and breeding, fodder, poultry, animal shelter, milk handling and processing plants. This is possible only by use of suitable mechanization in different stages.

Why is it important to establish primary processing units for food, feed and fiber in rural areas?

It is beneficial to establish primary processing units for food, feed & fiber in rural areas for improving employment in rural areas. Mechanization will play a vital role in this sector.

What is agricultural mechanization?

This broad meaning includes production, distribution and utilization of a variety of tools, machinery and equipment for the development of agricultural land, planting, harvesting and primary processing [3, 15, 19, 25].

What does mechanization mean in farming?

By increasing harvest outputs, mechanization means that famers can move on from subsistence farming to market-oriented farming. By easing and reducing the hard labour involved with farming, mechanization can also ensure higher outputs regardless of the age, gender or physical well-being of the farmer.

How does mechanization affect agriculture?

Wikipedia continues: “Besides improving production efficiency, mechanization encourages large scale production and improves the quality of farm produce. On the other hand, it displaces unskilled farm labor, causes environmental pollution, deforestation and erosion.”.

What is the process of mechanization in agriculture?

According to Dr. Bhattacharjee, “ Mechanization of agriculture and farming process connotes application of machine power to work on land, usually performed by bullocks, horses and other draught animals or by human labour.”. ADVERTISEMENTS: It is partial when only a part of the farm work is done by machine.

What is the process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery?

Mechanization is the process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery. Machines, in fact, are interposed between the power and the work, for the purpose of adapting the one to the other. In some fields, mechanization includes the use of hand tools.

What will agriculture become in the future?

In the future, agricultural machines will become data-rich sensing and monitoring systems. In the future, mechanization will also have to contribute to better management of inputs, which will be critical to increasing TFP in global production systems that vary widely among crop types and regional economic status.

What is automation process?

Automation involves the entire process, including bringing material to and from the mechanized equipment. Mechanization is normally defined as the replacement of a human task with a machine. Automatic transplanters are an example of mechanization. But, true automation encompasses more than mechanization.


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