What is farming system in agriculture

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Farming system is a mixture of farm enterprises such as crop, livestock, apiculture, agro-forestry and fruit crops. In this system family allocates its resources. It is to efficiently manage the existing environment for the attainment of the family goal.

For example, a farming system is defined as “the manner in which a particular set of farm resources is assembled within its environment…for the production of primary agricultural products…a unique and reasonably stable arrangement of farming enterprises that a household manages according to well-defined practices in …

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Answer

What are the different types of farming systems?

• Types of farming include subsistence farming, mixed farming, nomadic herding, commercial plantation, livestock rearing, etc. Farming involves rearing animals and growing crops for raw materials and food. It is an important part of agriculture, which began thousands of years ago.

What is the importance of a farming system?

Farming system typology using multivariate statistical techniques … and also assigned weightage for the severity of constraints as per farmer’s order of importance. After the focused group discussion and individual survey, the identified constraints …

What are the 5 types of farming?

  • Peasant farming- In this system of farming, farmer himself is manager and he practices agriculture in his own way. …
  • Capitalistic farming– main objective is to maximize the profit. …
  • State farming- Such farming system is often practiced to carry out farm research work, demonstration and production of quality seeds, e.g. …

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What are some disadvantages of farming?

List of the Disadvantages of Organic Farming

  1. There are no subsidies offered for most organic farmers. Most industrialized countries offer farm subsidies of some type to encourage people to become farmers.
  2. It requires more work to produce goods that are ready for sale. …
  3. Organic farmers must have specific knowledge about localized growing systems. …

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What is the meaning of a farming system?

‘A farming system is defined as a population of individual farm systems that may have widely differing resource bases, enterprise patterns, household livelihoods and constraints. ‘


Which are farming systems?

The farming systems are: 1. The Traditional System 2. Commercial Farming 3. Collective Farming 4.


What is farm system very short answer?

A farming system is defined as a population of individual farm systems that have broadly similar resource bases, enterprise patterns, household livelihoods and constraints, and for which similar development strategies and interventions would be appropriate..


What is the use of farming system?

It is a method of farming system which primarily aimed to cultivating land and raising crops in such a way as to keep the soil alive and healthy by use of various kind of organic wastes such as crop, animal and farm waste, aquatic waste, etc., and other biological material along with biofertilizers (to increase …


What are the characteristics of farming system?

It is holistic or system oriented,It is problems solving: involvement of farmers in problem identification and solving process,It is farmer participatory,It envisages location specific technology solutions,It is for specific client group – small/ marginal farmer,It adopts bottom up approach,More items…


What are components of farming system?

The farming system takes into account the components of soil, water, crops, livestock, labour, capital, energy and other resources, with the farm family at the centre managing agriculture and related activities.


What is farm system Class 8?

Farm System: Agriculture or farming is a system in which seeds, fertilizers, machinery, and labour are important inputs. Ploughing, sowing, irrigation, weeding, and harvesting are some of the operations. The outputs from the system include crops, dairy, wool and poultry products.


How is farm system important for agriculture?

Its goal is to bring together all of the land resources of farmers in such an organized and united way so that they will be collected in a position to grow crops on all of the land to the best of the fertility of the land. This system has become an essential feature of India’s Five Year Plans.


What is farming system in Ghana?

Two broad systems of small-scale farming may be distinguished in Ghana based on the above criterion. These are the bush fallow system and permanent tillage. The latter may be based on the application of compost, manure, and fertilizers to restore soil fertility or on tree cropping.


What is the farming system?

Farming system is a complex inter-related matrix of soil, plants, animals, implements, power, labour, capital and other inputs controlled in part by families and influenced to varying degrees by political, economic institutional and social forces that operate at many levels.


What is a farming enterprise?

A combination of one or more enterprises with cropping, when carefully chosen, planned and executed, gives greater dividends than a single enterprise, especially for small and marginal farmers. Farm as unit is to be considered and planned for effective integration of the enterprises to be combined with crop production activity.


What is the food system of Sri Lanka?

It occupies the largest area within the sub-continent and, with the exception of a small area in Northern Sri Lanka, is confined entirely to India. Rice and some wheat are grown, as well as pearl millet and sorghum, a wide variety of pulses and oilseeds, sugarcane, and vegetables and fruit.


What are the products of the Himalayan range?

Major products include cereals, legumes, tubers, vegetables, fodder, fodder trees, orchards and livestock.


How are agricultural systems used?

These systems are affected by climatic conditions, vegetation and crops in different areas. This means that these factors in no small way determine the type of system that could be used in an area for production.


What is the combination of crop production and animal production on the same farmland?

This is the combination of crop production with animal production on the same farmland. This is mainly practised on commercial farms where large units of livestock such as poultry, pigs, etc. are kept along side the cultivation of crops like maize, rice, and vegetables.


Why is it important to plant fresh land?

2. It leads to the destruction of valuable forest resources such as wildlife and timber trees. 3. It helps to control soil erosion.


How are agricultural systems defined?

Agricultural Systems are Defined by Unique Spatial and Temporal Boundaries. Agricultural system boundaries can be fixed, as is the case with a farm, for example, but systems can also be defined using subjective boundaries. In agricultural systems research, spatial and temporal boundaries are determined by research goals, …


What are agricultural systems?

2. Agricultural Systems are Composed of Interacting Subsystems. All systems are composed of many smaller, interacting subsystems that interact in either a hierarchical or nonhierarchical manner. The predominance of nested hierarchies of subsystems within agricultural and ecological systems is a striking feature.


What are the resources used in ecologically based farming?

Ecologically based farming systems emphasize the use of ecological pest management, nutrient cycling, and natural and renewable resources to enhance soil health and protect water quality.


What are some examples of system processes?

Just as system boundaries have unique physical and temporal boundaries, system processes also vary in space and time. For example, processes such as nutrient cycling occur at scales from a few microns to a whole plant, and from a single field to a farming community.


What are some examples of integrated farming?

These systems also tighten nutrient and energy cycles and use internal resources such as biological pest controls, solar or wind energy, biologically fixed nitrogen, and other nutrients from green manures, organic matter or soil reserves. Many reduced- or low-input farming systems are examples of integrated farming systems.


What are some examples of animal organ systems?

For example, animal organ systems, such as the digestive, reproductive and cardiovascular systems, exist as such but are not viable in isolation; however, when combined in an animal structure, the emergent property of life becomes apparent.


What are the properties of agroecosystems?

In agroecosystems, structural properties (e.g., soil type, climate, biodiversity) drive functions such as plant productivity , nitrogen retention or greenhouse gas emissions, as well as emergent properties such as stability and resilience.


What are the different types of farming systems?

The farming systems are: 1. The Traditional System 2. Commercial Farming 3. Collective Farming 4. Cooperative Farming. Farming System # 1. The Traditional System: This is a system which is generally prevalent in a backward, segment of agriculture. The main feature of this farming system can be traced to the characteristics …


What is commercial farming?

Commercial Farming: Commercial farming represents, as against the peasant farming. The other extreme of farming system. Here, as against the private ownership of a farm by a single farmer, the ownership is generally in the hand of a large number of personal who form a joint stock company to won the form.


What are the disadvantages of commercial farming?

The most important flaw with this farm organization is the displacement of labour that takes place due to excessive use of machinery on the commercial farm.


What are the necessary improvements in the land?

Necessary improvements in the land can be made; improved agricultural practices can be adopted, productive as sets for efficient production can be procured; well can be dugs up, tube wells can be installed and necessary buildings and roads on the farm can be built commercial economies of various types can be reaped.


What is the difference between state and commercial farming?

Where as in case of a commercial farm the ownership of the farm lies with a joint company (or in some cases with a land lord), in case of state farming, the state itself is the owner of the farm.


Is agriculture backwards?

As agriculture is backward, there is no marketable surplus on such small farms. This system is therefore, also called subsistence farming. Large size of the family makes agricultural labour intensive. The capital used on the land, is of crude form.


What is agricultural system?

agricultural systems. Agriculture can be regarded as a system with inputs that have physical, cultural, economic and behavioural elements. In areas where farming is less developed, physical factors are usually more important, but as human inputs increase, these physical controls become less significant. This system model can be applied …


What is subsistence agriculture?

> Subsistence agriculture occurs when a plot of land produces only enough food to feed the family working it or the local community (group, tribe etc.), pay taxes and sometimes leave a little surplus for barter or to sell in better years.


What is the difference between intensive and extensive agriculture?

Extensive and intensive refer to the relationship of inputs to each other, particularly labour, capital and land [figure below]. Extensive agriculture is carried out on a large scale, whereas intensive agriculture is usually relatively small scale.


What are some examples of intensive agriculture?

An example is intensive wet rice cultivation.


What is mixed farming?

This can be at an extensive scale (e.g. pastoral nomadism and cattle ranching) or intensive (e.g. dairy farming). > Mixed farming occurs when farmers grow crops and rear animals on the same farm. It tends to take place in more developed countries where it reduces the commercial risk of relying on one type of farming.


What is an arable farm?

> Arable refers to growing crops, whether on an intensive scale (e.g. rice and market gardening) or on an extensive scale (e.g. grain farming on the Canadian prairies). Arable farming usually takes place on the more favoured land which is flatter and has high quality soil.


What is commercial agriculture?

COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE. > Commercial agriculture usually takes place on a large, profit-making scale. It may be carried out by individual farmers or by companies, with both groups trying to maximise the return on inputs and seeking maximum yields per unit of land.


What is a diverse farming system?

Diversified farming systems are a set of methods and tools developed to produce food sustainably by leveraging ecological diversity at plot, field, and landscape scales.


Why is diversification important in agriculture?

Diversified agriculture is critical to feed the world population reliably and in perpetuity while mitigating climate change and avoiding a collapse of the ecological systems on which human survival depends.


What is the farming system?

Farming system is an integrated set of activities that farmers perform in their farms under their resources and circumstances to maximize the productivity and net farm income on a sustainable basis. The farming system takes into account the components of soil, water, crops, livestock, labour, capital, energy and other resources, with the farm family at the centre managing agriculture and related activities.


How is farming system related to livelihoods?

Farming systems approach relates to the whole farm rather than individual elements; it is driven as much by the overall welfare of farming households as by goals of yield and profitability. Farming systems are closely linked to livelihoods because agriculture remains the single most important component of most rural people’s living and also plays an important role in the lives of many people in semi-urban areas.


Why is vertical expansion important in agriculture?

The farming system approach, therefore, assumes great importance for sound management of farm resources to enhance farm productivity, reduce the degradation of environmental quality and improve the quality of life of farmers and above all to maintain sustainability in farm production and productivity.

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Shifting Cultivation System of Farming

  • This is the practice of farming on a piece of land for some years then abandoning it for another piece of land also known as bush fallowing It is mainly used under subsistence agriculture and in areas with abundant farmland which is the opposite of land tenure system.Under this practice, the farmer may not return to the Hire land in life. At times,…

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Advantages

  1. It helps to replenish the fertility of the soilin a natural way.
  2. It prevents the rapid spread of crop pests-and diseases.

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Disadvantages

  1. A lot of time and energy is usually spent by farmers in preparing fresh land for planting. 2. It leads to the destruction of valuable forest resources such as wildlife and timber trees. 3. It helps…
  2. The system reduces farmers cost of production in terms of erosion control practices and fertilizer usage. 2. Land Rotation This is a modified system ofshifting cultivation or bush falll…
  1. A lot of time and energy is usually spent by farmers in preparing fresh land for planting. 2. It leads to the destruction of valuable forest resources such as wildlife and timber trees. 3. It helps…
  2. The system reduces farmers cost of production in terms of erosion control practices and fertilizer usage. 2. Land Rotation This is a modified system ofshifting cultivation or bush falllowing. The s…


Mixed Farming

  • This is the combination of crop production with animal production on the same farmland. This is mainly practised on commercial farms where large units of livestock such as poultry, pigs, etc. are kept along side the cultivation of crops like maize,rice, and vegetables. Advantages 1. It ensures steady supply of income for the farmer. 2. It ensures against failure in one of the two enterprise…

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Ley Farming

  • This system of farming is not so common in our communities except in experimental stations. It involves alternating arable or production with the growing of forage crops on a piece of land, instance, a farmer may use a piece of land to grow food crops about two years and then use it for growing forage crops to animals for some other years. The land is reploughed and planted with f…

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