What is germany’s agriculture

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Germany – Agriculture. In the flat terrain of northern Germany and especially in the eastern portions, cereals and sugar beets are grown. Elsewhere, on more hilly terrain, and even on mountainous land, farmers produce vegetables, milk, pork, or beef. Fruit orchards and vegetable farms surround almost all large cities.

Its top five commodities are milk, sugar, wheat, potatoes and barley. German agriculture generates around 25% of its sales revenue from exports, which include high value-added specialty products, with meat and meat products ranking first, followed by dairy, sweet products and bakery goods.

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What are some agriculture of Germany?

Jobs in agriculture

  1. Farm worker. Primary duties: Also known as farmhands, farm workers perform essential manual labor tasks under the supervision of farmers and ranchers.
  2. Grower. Primary duties: Growers are responsible for raising crops, which involves managing their growing environment to keep them healthy.
  3. Grain elevator operator. …
  4. Agricultural equipment technician. …

More items…

Is Germany an agricultural or an industrial country?

Germany, the country of engineering ingenuity and industry, has always at the same time remained a country with a strong agricultural sector. Despite a high population density, half of the national territory is put to agricultural use.

What is the main crop grown in Germany?

  • a more competitive and market-oriented sector;
  • fewer crisis-related fluctuations in producers’ income;
  • greater consumption of fruit and vegetables in the EU; and
  • increased use of eco-friendly cultivation and production techniques.

Is there farming in Germany?

Plant production in Germany is diverse, ranging from arable farming, horticulture and fruit growing to the cultivation of wine and hops. The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been one of the most important areas of European policy since the unification of Europe.

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Where is agriculture in Germany?

In the flat terrain of northern Germany and especially in the eastern portions, cereals and sugar beets are grown. Elsewhere, with the terrain more hilly and even mountainous, farmers produce vegetables, milk, pork, or beef. Almost all large cities are surrounded by fruit orchards and vegetable farms.


What is Germany’s main agriculture?

Grain is grown on about one third of Germany’s agricultural land. Wheat is by far the leading crop, followed by barley and rye.


How much of Germany is used for agriculture?

Over half of Germany’s territory (51%) is used for farming purposes, some 30 percent is forested, and 14 percent is covered by settlements, industry and infrastructure such as roads and rails (2016).


Why is agriculture important in Germany?

Agriculture is important for the country’s food security and also a provider of jobs. It produces about DM84 billion worth of goods annually and purchases goods for around DM52 billion. Over 80 percent of Germany’s land is used for agriculture and forestry.


What does Germany produce most?

The main German export product: motor vehicles Accounting for 15.3% motor vehicles and parts thereof of exports, was Germany’s main export product in 2021. Machinery (14.2%) and chemical products (10.0%) ranked second and third, respectively, among the most important export items.


What does Germany produce?

Germany’s principal industries include machine building, automobiles, electrical engineering and electronics, chemicals, and food processing. Automobile manufacturing is concentrated in Baden-Württemberg, Lower Saxony, Hessen, North Rhine–Westphalia, Bavaria, the Saarland, and Thuringia.


What is Germany famous for?

Germany is famous for being the Land of Poets and Thinkers. From vital inventions to Christmas traditions, sausages and beer, Germany is home to plenty of culture, history and quirky laws! Germany is also known for its major cities, the Black Forest, the Alps and Oktoberfest.


What agricultural products does Germany export?

The German agricultural and food industries are well positioned internationally: Germany has for many years been the world’s third largest overall exporter of agricultural goods and the No. 1 exporter of confectionery, cheese, pork and agricultural technology.


What are the main products of Germany?

Agricultural products vary from region to region. In the flat terrain of northern Germany and especially in the eastern portions, cereals and sugar beets are grown. Elsewhere, with the terrain more hilly and even mountainous, farmers produce vegetables, milk, pork, or beef. Almost all large cities are surrounded by fruit orchards and vegetable farms. Most river valleys in southern and western Germany, especially along the Rhine and the Main, have vineyards. Beer is produced mainly, but not exclusively, in Bavaria. Wine is produced mainly, but not exclusively, in Rhineland-Palatinate .


What percentage of the West German economy was agriculture in 1989?

By 1989 agriculture amounted to only 1.6 percent of the West German GDP. Although the percentage of the agricultural sector of the East German GDP was twice as high, its total proportion of the reunited Germany’s GDP amounted to only about two percent.


How many farms were there in East Germany in the 1960s?

In East Germany, where farms were collectivized under the socialist regime in the 1960s, there had been about 5,100 agricultural production collectives with an average of 4,100 hectares under cultivation. Since unification, about three-quarters of the collectives have remained as cooperatives, partnerships, or joint-stock companies.


Where are agricultural laws written?

All agricultural laws and regulations are written in Brussels, often after difficult negotiations between food-producing and food-consuming states. The main objective of those negotiations is to obtain high incomes for the farmers while keeping market prices low enough to avoid consumer protests.


Where is beer produced in Germany?

Beer is produced mainly, but not exclusively, in Bavaria. Wine is produced mainly, but not exclusively, in Rhineland-Palatinate .


Where is wine made?

Wine is produced mainly, but not exclusively, in Rhineland-Palatinate . In 2018, Germany produced 26.1 million tons of sugar beet (4th largest producer in the world), which serves to produce sugar and ethanol; 20.2 million tons of wheat (10th largest producer in the world); 9.5 million tons of barley (3rd largest producer in the world, …


Overview

Germany is the second largest importer and third largest exporter of consumer oriented agricultural products worldwide, and by far the most important European market for foreign producers. The retail market’s key characteristics are consolidation, market saturation, strong competition and low prices.


Leading Sub-Sectors

The category of tree nuts includes almonds, pistachios, pecans, hazelnuts, and walnuts. Germany does not produce significant quantities of these products, and supply therefore comes primarily from imports. The United States is the largest supplier of tree nuts to Germany.


U.S. Agricultural Commodity Associations Active in Germany

Several U.S. agricultural commodity and other trade associations conduct market development programs in Germany. In some cases, these associations maintain field offices in Germany, while others may have a trade representative or public relations company representing their interests.


Trade Shows

In Germany, trade fairs play a key role in presenting new products to the trade or in finding additional buyers and importers. The major international trade fairs are:


Why is agriculture important in Germany?

Germany – Agriculture. Agriculture is important for the country’s food security and also a provider of jobs. It produces about DM84 billion worth of goods annually and purchases goods for around DM52 billion. Over 80 percent of Germany’s land is used for agriculture and forestry. Like other sectors of the economy, …


What are the main agricultural products of Germany?

Chief agricultural products include milk, pork, beef, poultry, cereals, potatoes, wheat, barley, cabbages, and sugar beets. In some regions wine, fruits, and vegetables, and other horticultural products play an important role. Agricultural products vary from region to region. In the flat terrain of northern Germany and especially in …


What are the products of Germany?

Agricultural products vary from region to region. In the flat terrain of northern Germany and especially in the eastern portions, cereals and sugar beets are grown. Elsewhere, on more hilly terrain, and even on mountainous land, farmers produce vegetables, milk, pork, or beef.


What are the areas of German agricultural policy?

Important areas of German agricultural policy have transferred to the European Union, particularly in market and price policy, foreign trade policy, and structural policy. EU agricultural reforms in 1992 cut market price supports, replacing artificial prices with government subsidies, and put stricter controls on output volume.


How many people did farmers produce in Germany in 1950?

In 1950 1 farm worker produced food for 10 people; by 1996 1 farm worker produced food for 108 people. Attracted by a better income, many farmers left agriculture for the industrial and service sectors. Family farms predominate in Germany’s old western states, and in 1997, 87 percent of all farmers in western Germany worked on fewer …


What percentage of Germany’s land is used for agriculture?

Over 80 percent of Germany’s land is used for agriculture and forestry. Like other sectors of the economy, it has undergone profound structural changes in the second half of the 20th century. In the western states, the number of farms decreased dramatically between 1949 and 1997 as machines gradually replaced human workers, …


Where is German beer made?

German beer is world-renowned and is produced mainly, but not exclusively, in Bavaria.


What were the major agricultural products of Germany in the 21st century?

At the beginning of the 21st century, Germany’s production of major agricultural products (e.g., grains, sugar, oils, milk and meat) exceeded domestic consumption, resulting in both exports and continued surpluses.


What was concentrated in East Germany?

East Germany concentrated milk production into vast specialist holdings in arable areas where food was available and urban markets accessible. In both the western and eastern sectors, chickens, eggs, pigs, and veal calves are concentrated into large battery units, divorced from immediate contact with the soil.


Why did fishing decline in Germany?

Fishing in western Germany began to decline markedly from the 1970s because of overutilization of traditional fishing grounds and the extension of the exclusive economic zone to 200 miles (320 km) offshore. The greatly reduced deep-sea fleet now uses freezer vessels and accompanying catchers; Bremerhaven, Cuxhaven, and Hamburg are the home ports and processing centres. During the 1990s, high-seas catches by German fishermen declined by about half. The North Sea herring fishery has almost disappeared, and now the German appetite for pickled herring is satisfied mainly by imports. There are well over 100 fishing ports on the North Sea and Baltic coasts. Fishing for shrimp and mussels is important on the mud flats fringing the North Sea. Prior to unification East Germany had a substantial deep-sea fishing fleet, but most of it has since been scrapped; its shore base for fish processing was at Sassnitz on the island of Rügen.


What percentage of Germany’s land is forest?

Some three-tenths of Germany’s total land area is covered with forest. In the Central German Uplands and the Alps, forests are particularly plentiful, but they are notably absent from the best agricultural land, such as the loess areas of the North German Plain. The western part of the North German Plain also has little forest cover, but there are substantial wooded stretches farther east. Conifers predominate in the forest area; spruce now accounts for much of the plantings because of its rapid growth and suitability for building purposes and for the production of paper and chipboard. Domestic production covers about half of the demand for wood from temperate forests, but producers face severe competition from Austria, Scandinavia, and eastern Europe. The federal government, states, and municipalities own about half the forest in western Germany, with the remainder in private hands; eastern German forests are primarily publicly owned.


How many acres were there in Germany in 1980?

West Germany remained essentially a country of small family farms; in the 1980s only about 5 percent of holdings had more than 124 acres (50 hectares), though they accounted for nearly one-fourth …


What was the change in Germany in the 21st century?

The change in western Germany is reflective of a rationalization of agriculture, with many small landholders leaving farming and the remaining farms often increasing in size.


Where are hops grown?

hops; hop plants. Hops growing near Mainburg, in the Hallertau district, Niederbayern, Germany. Ulrich Hofmann/© Silvestris. By contrast, in the east, following conquest by the Soviet army at the end of World War II, many large estates were split up or retained as state farms.


When did Germany start regulating agriculture?

After 1960 , Germany agriculture policies, Germany agriculture laws and Germany agriculture regulations were framed in Brussels after extensive dialogues between the states producing food and between the states consuming food.


How many farms were there in Germany in 1950?

Farms in Germany witnessed a steady decline in number from 1.6 million in the year 1950 to around 630,000 in the year 1990. Even though there was a sharp drop in the existence of the number of farms, Germany agriculture witnessed a rise in agricultural productivity.


How many people could one farmer feed in 1990?

Surprisingly, in the year 1990, one farmer could provide food for 75 people. [br]This was an achievement as compared to the Germany agricultural scenario in the 1950s and 1960s. Products of Germany agriculture differs from place to place. Vegetable farms and fruit orchards surround big cities.


How much of Germany’s GDP was in 1989?

Germany agriculture marked a gradual decline during the 20th century and by the year 1989 accounted for only 1.6% of the GDP or Gross Domestic productivity. Although East Germany agriculture GDP was double the West Germany agriculture GDP, in spite of the two Germany is uniting, the Germany agriculture GDP or the gross domestic productivity …


What was the purpose of the talks between the states producing food and between the states consuming food?

The purpose of talks between the states producing food and between the states consuming food was to achieve more income for the food producers and at the same time keeping the costs low to prevent revolts from the consumers. In order to bridge the difference, CAP or common agricultural policy was implemented.


What is the largest land user in Germany?

Environment and agriculture – Overview for Germany. More than half of Germany’s surface area is used for agriculture. Agriculture thus is the largest land user in Germany and a significant contributor to environmental stress. On the other hand, agriculture is also affected, for example, by the effects of climate change.


Is organic farming sustainable?

The sharpest decline of birds is recorded in farmland. Organic farming is a sustainable, resource -friendly and environment and animal-friendly way of farming.


Which countries contributed to the food supply of Germany?

As it worked out, Poland and Ukraine became only minor contributors of food to the civilian population of Germany, as more food came from western European countries such as France and Denmark. To maintain domestic agricultural production while millions of men were serving in the military, Germany imported millions of workers as forced labor.


What was the problem with Germany’s agriculture in the 19th century?

In the 19th century agriculture in Germany faced a problem of growing enough food for an increasing population . With competition from imports of inexpensive wheat from North America in the 1870s, Germany adopted a protectionist policy, subsidizing German agriculture by imposing high tariffs on imported food.


How did the Nazis alleviate Germany’s dependence on food imports?

The solution proposed to alleviate Germany’s dependence on food imports was to create more Lebensraum (living space) for the German people by conquest and colonization. The Nazis did not create the concept of Lebensraum but adopted it as a central element of their racial and economic objectives.


What were the two nutritional innovations promoted by the Nazis?

Two nutritional innovations promoted by the Nazis were quark, a milk product formerly used as animal feed, and eintopf, a one-pot casserole of leftovers eaten the first Monday of every month .


What caused the labor shortage in Germany?

The heavy military demand for manpower caused severe shortages of labor in Germany for both industry and agriculture. To meet the demand for labor, Germany by 1943 had imported more than 7 million workers from other European countries, many of them forced labor.


What was the German policy in Poland?

German policy in Poland. After the conquest of Poland, the former country of Poland was divided into three roughly equal zones. The western part of Poland was annexed by Germany and the eastern part was annexed by the Soviet Union. Between these two zones was the General Government, controlled, but not annexed, by Germany.


What percentage of Germany’s labor force was in agriculture in 1939?

Moreover, German agriculture was backward with too many small or inefficient farms and agricultural workers. Farmers and agricultural workers made up 26 percent of Germany’s labor force in 1939. (compared to about 17 percent of the U.S. labor force in the same year which produced a large surplus of food.)

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Overview

Agriculture in Germany represents only a minor sector of the national economy as the number of employees has rapidly declined since the 19th century Industrialisation period and again, drastically during the 20th century. By 1989 agriculture amounted to only 1.6 percent of the West German GDP. Although the percentage of the agricultural sector of the East German GDP was twice as high, its total proportion of the reunited Germany’s GDP amounted to only about two percent. …


History

Germany’s climate has historically favored production of hardy vegetables (like turnips, cabbage and onions), as well as well barley which is reflected in German Cuisine
Germany imported about a third of its food supplies in 1914. These imports were targeted from the start of 1st World War. 5 million pigs were slaughtered in 1915 and there were food riots in Berlin. By 1916 German food was all rationed and the winter of 1916-7 became known as Kohlrü…


Production

Agricultural products vary from region to region. In the flat terrain of northern Germany and especially in the eastern portions, cereals and sugar beets are grown. Elsewhere, with the terrain more hilly and even mountainous, farmers produce vegetables, milk, pork, or beef. Almost all large cities are surrounded by fruit orchards and vegetable farms. Most river valleys in southern and western Germany, especially along the Rhine and the Main, have vineyards. Beer is produced main…


German agriculture and EU

Since the 1960s, German agricultural policy has not been made in Germany but in the EC. All agricultural laws and regulations are written in Brussels, often after difficult negotiations between food-producing and food-consuming states. The main objective of those negotiations is to obtain high incomes for the farmers while keeping market prices low enough to avoid consumer protests. To make up the difference, the EC adopted the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP—see …


See also

• Agriculture in East Germany
• Food and agriculture in Nazi Germany
• Plantation
• German wine


External links

• Thomas, Frieder; Schmidt, Götz (2006). Förderung von Existenzgründungen in der Landwirtschaft: ein Projekt im Auftrag des BMELV (03HS016): Projektbericht. Münster-Hiltrup: Landwirtschaftsverlag. ISBN 3-7843-0513-X.
This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/.


Overview

  • Germany is the second largest importer and third largest exporter of consumer oriented agricultural products worldwide, and by far the most important European market for foreign producers. The retail market’s key characteristics are consolidation, market saturation, strong competition and low prices. Germany is an attractive and cost-efficient loca…

See more on trade.gov


Leading Sub-Sectors

  • Tree Nuts
    The category of tree nuts includes almonds, pistachios, pecans, hazelnuts, and walnuts. Germany does not produce significant quantities of these products, and supply therefore comes primarily from imports. The United States is the largest supplier of tree nuts to Germany. The leading com…
  • Fishery Products
    Fish and fishery products enjoy growing popularity in Germany. The German market offers lucrative opportunities for fish and seafood products. Fish consumption is growing as consumers associate fishery products with a healthy diet. The best prospects for U.S. seafood exports are …

See more on trade.gov


U.S. Agricultural Commodity Associations Active in Germany

  • Several U.S. agricultural commodity and other trade associations conduct market development programs in Germany. In some cases, these associations maintain field offices in Germany, while others may have a trade representative or public relations company representing their interests. Others may cover Germany from elsewhere in Europe or from offices in the United States. The U…

See more on trade.gov


Trade Shows

  • In Germany, trade fairs play a key role in presenting new products to the trade or in finding additional buyers and importers. The major international trade fairs are: FRUIT LOGISTICA This link will direct you to a non-government website– The leading show for fruit and vegetables, dried fruits, and nuts. It is held on an annual basis in Berlin. Next show: February 9-11, 2022 Fish Inter…

See more on trade.gov

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