What is good agricultural practices

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Good Agricultural Practices

  • Overview. Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) is a voluntary certification program which verifies, through an independent third party audit, that sound food safety practices are being used on a farm or …
  • Get Certified. …
  • Reimbursement Program. …
  • Frequently Asked Questions. …
  • Resources. …

Full
Answer

Why should you adopt good agricultural practices?

  • Climate-smart agriculture, or CSA, is an approach to food production that can improve productivity, increase resilience to climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • At scale, these practices have the potential to feed the planet.
  • Scaling up will require massive stakeholder engagement, cooperation and investment on every level.

What are some examples of poor agricultural practices?

  • “Wearing soil out” is done when crops are not rotated, and fertilizer is not used, or not used in enough quantity to replace nutrients removed by the previous crop.
  • Turn plowing, it leads to massive soil erosion. …
  • Not enough fertilizer leads to underdeveloped crops, which waste space, seeds, and underdeveloped roots which leads to soil erosion.

More items…

What are some examples of agricultural practices?

Sustainable agriculture practices. Over decades of science and practice, several key sustainable farming practices have emerged—for example: Rotating crops and embracing diversity. Planting a variety of crops can have many benefits, including healthier soil and improved pest control.

What are the sustainable agricultural practices?

Agricultural ecologist and soil scientist Jerry Glover says … Though it may look different from state to state, Glover says farmers all over the U.S. can implement similar practices of covering bare ground and growing a diversity of crops.

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What is a good agricultural practice?

Good Agricultural Practices, or GAPs, are voluntary guidelines for produce farmers to reduce the risk of microbial contamination related to food borne illnesses on their farms. The guidelines are based on the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s Guide to Minimizing Microbial Food Safety Hazards for Fresh Produce.


What is section 1 of the General Farm Review?

Each section is a checklist related to food safety practices. Everyone must pass the General Farm Review (section 1), but the other sections will vary by grower. Many growers are audited only on 3 or 4 of the sections (e.g. 1, 2, 3 and 4; 1, 2 and 4).


Why use a SOP?

All growers, regardless of their products, can benefit from implementing a set of SOP to reduce microbial contamination. GAPs are not intended to sanitize fresh produce or completely eliminate the risk of contamination: this is impossible. GAPs are intended to guide growers to reduce the risk of contamination where possible.


What is FAO good practice?

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations GAP. The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) uses good agricultura l practice as a collection of principles to apply for on-farm production and post-production processes, resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agricultural products,


How to prevent negative impacts on landscape, environment and life?

Avoid negative impacts on landscape, environment and life: contamination of land for grazing, food, water and air. Check stocks and flows, maintain structure of systems. Prevent chemical and medical residues from entering the food chain. Minimize non-therapeutic use of antibiotics or hormones.


Why is the introduction of gap important?

Motivation. Introduction of GAP is particularly desirable when there is chronic overuse and misuse of agricultural pesticides. Governments seek to reduce the use of pesticides (“sustainability”) by introducing alternative methods of pest management, while at the same time ensuring a steady production of safe and wholesome food.


What is the importance of respecting animal well-being?

Respect of animal well-being (freedom from hunger and thirst; freedom from discomfort; freedom from pain, injury or disease; freedom to express normal behavior; and freedom from fear and distress) Avoid nontherapeutic mutilations, surgical or invasive procedures, such as tail docking and debeaking;


What will happen to the demand for agricultural crops in 2050?

Demand for agricultural crops is expected to double as the world’s population reaches 9.1 billion by 2050. Increasing the quantity and quality of food in response to growing demand will require increased agricultural production.


How to prevent nitrogen runoff?

Avoid drainage and fertilizer run-off. Maintain permanent soil covering, in particular in winter to avoid nitrogen run-off. Manage carefully water table, by limiting heavy output of water. Restore or maintain wetlands (see marshlands) Provide good water points for livestock.


What is GAP program?

The United States Department of Agriculture marketing service operates an audit/certification program to verify that farms use good agricultural practice or good handling practice. It is a voluntary program typically utilized by growers and packers to satisfy contractual requirements …


What are good agricultural practices?

Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) are the basic environmental and operational conditions necessary for the production of safe, wholesome fruits and vegetables. The purpose of GAPs is to give logical guidance in implementing best management practices that will help to reduce the risks of microbial contamination of fruits and vegetables. Examples of GAPs include worker hygiene and health, manure use and water quality throughout the production and harvesting process. While the United States has one of the safest food supplies in the world, recent media attention on foodborne illness outbreaks underscores the importance of good agricultural practices.


What are some examples of GAPs?

Examples of GAPs include worker hygiene and health, manure use and water quality throughout the production and harvesting process. While the United States has one of the safest food supplies in the world, recent media attention on foodborne illness outbreaks underscores the importance of good agricultural practices.


What is a good agricultural practice?

Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) is a voluntary certification program which verifies, through an independent third party audit, that sound food safety practices are being used on a farm or produce handling facility. GAP audits focus on the best agricultural practices to verify that fruits and vegetables are produced, packed, handled, …


What is auditing in agriculture?

It must take place while the farm or operation is conducting the processes and specific commodities chosen to be audited. For example, the farm must be packing apples in order to be audited for apple packing.


What is a gap certification?

The GAP certification assistance program is a cost-share/reimbursement program designed to assist the specialty crop industry with the cost of an operation’s first GAP food safety audit. Funding for this program is provided by the USDA Specialty Crop Block Grant Program. The NYS Department of Agriculture and Markets reimburses up to $2000 of the cost of the audit. Reimbursement may include the cost of food safety training, water tests, consultants needed to prepare the food safety plan, and on-site visits. Funds are available on first-come, first-served basis.


What is the first step in becoming a GAP certified?

Developing a food safety plan is the first step in becoming GAP certified. The food safety plan is specific to each establishment and provides guidelines, policies, and procedures to be implemented and documented to minimize potential for microbial contamination.


Why is gap important?

GAP can help prevent food safety recalls, which can be very costly in both immediate financial terms and the lasting impact of a damaged consumer confidence and loyalty. Food safety is a constant concern for consumers who want to ensure that the items they purchase in the supermarket have been properly and safely sourced. That’s why implementing GAP can result in safer food practices at every point in the supply chain. Buyers who choose not to participate in GAP or establish recognized food safety standards may be at a competitive disadvantage.


Who can help with getting a GAP certificate?

The New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets can assist with getting GAP certified. See below to learn about how the process works as well as available resources for New York businesses.


Does the USDA have a regulatory function?

Although the USDA audit is part of a voluntary audit program, meaning that it does not have a regulatory function, it may help farms prepare for potential regulation from the Food Safety Modernization Act. The next section on this page gives information on how to become GAP Certified.


What are good practices in agriculture?

Guidelines for good practices can cover all aspects of farm production—whether in the field, in a greenhouse, or in a barn—including crop and seed choice, watering and fertilization, pest and disease control, disposing of manure, harvesting, and handling after harvest, in food processing, and in a retail setting.


What is a good agricultural practice?

(GAP), economically, socially, and environmentally responsible methods and technologies for the raising and marketing of agricultural and horticultural products. Good agriculture practices aim to deliver to the consumer healthy and safe high-quality food and nonfood products in manner that permits sustainable yields …


Who enlightened farmers and traders on good agricultural practices to ensure food security?

Benedith Ndibe , enlightened the farmers and traders on good agricultural practices to ensure food security. “It must be ensured that all food products, both for domestic market consumption and for export, are aligned with Good Agricultural Practices or Good Manufacturing Practices,” he said.


What is good agricultural practice?

Good Agricultural Practices are a collection of principles to apply for on-farm production and post-production processes, resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agricultural products, while taking into account economical, social and environmental sustainability.


What is the USDA GAP program?

The program was developed after the New Jersey Department of Agriculture petitioned the USDA to create a GAP & GHP audit program as the result of farmers being asked by wholesale buyers to demonstrate their adherence to GAP and GHP.

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What Are Gaps?

  • Good Agricultural Practices, or GAPs, are voluntary guidelines for produce farmers to reduce the risk of microbial contamination related to food borne illnesses on their farms. The guidelines are based on the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s Guide to Minimizing Microbial Food Safety Hazards for Fresh Produce.

See more on extension.umn.edu


Why Gaps?

  • As consumption of fresh produce has increased, the number of foodborne illness outbreaks associated with fresh produce also has steadily increased. Bacteria such as Salmonella and E. coli 0157:H7 are most often linked to these illnesses, as are parasites such as Cryptosporidium and Cyclospora. As a result, some larger buyers, especially supermarkets and produce distributo…

See more on extension.umn.edu


Why Are Gaps Important For My Farm?

  • Good Agricultural Practices can reduce the risk of harmful contamination of your produce
    Following best practices for reducing microbial contamination ensures that the food that you sell to the public will not cause harm or illness for consumers. Reducing the risk of contamination before it occurs is the best way to minimize the risk of illness in the public. Lettuces, salad mix, …
  • Quality and shelf-life of your product is maintained and spoilage reduced
    GAPs focus on post-harvest handling and proper cooling, handling and storing of product. This can reduce spoilage, improve quality and ensure that you have the best quality produce for your customers.

See more on extension.umn.edu


What Is A Gaps Audit?

  • There are various GAP audits available. The most basic, and easiest to implement, is the USDA GAP audit. The USDA GAP audit checklistconsists of these sections: 1. General farm review (includes worker health and hygiene, traceability, water quality, manure and compost, animals and livestock) 2. Field harvesting and field packing activities 3. Packing house facility 4. Storage an…

See more on extension.umn.edu


What If I Have More Questions?

  • To get started, we suggest you attend a GAPs workshop. At these workshops, you will start creating your own food safety plan using the templates pre-loaded onto jump drives. Next, begin creating your food safety plan using the templates and guidelines available.

See more on extension.umn.edu


Overview

Good agricultural practice (GAP) is a certification system for agriculture, specifying procedures (and attendant documentation) that must be implemented to create food for consumers or further processing that is safe and wholesome, using sustainable methods. While there are numerous competing definitions of what methods constitute good agricultural practice there are several broadly accepted schemes that producers can adhere too.


Organizations

The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) uses good agricultural practice as a collection of principles to apply for on-farm production and post-production processes, resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agricultural products, while taking into account economical, social and environmental sustainability.
GAPs may be applied to a wide range of farming systems and at different scales. They are appli…


Motivation

Introduction of GAP is particularly desirable when there is chronic overuse and misuse of agricultural pesticides. Governments seek to reduce the use of pesticides (“sustainability”) by introducing alternative methods of pest management, while at the same time ensuring a steady production of safe and wholesome food.


Recommendations

• Reducing erosion by wind and water through hedging and ditching.
• Application of fertilizers at appropriate moments and in adequate doses (i.e., when the plant needs the fertilizer), to avoid run-off
• Maintaining or restoring soil organic content, by manure application, use of grazing, crop rotation


See also

• Best practice
• Biosecurity
• Electrical energy efficiency on United States farms
• EurepGAP
• Farm assurance


Further reading

• “Good Agricultural Practices Manual”. Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, University of Maryland. August 2010. Archived from the original on 22 June 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2012. (Free download)
• Luning, P. A.; Devlieghere, F.; Verhé, R., eds. (2006). Safety in the agri-food chain. Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers. ISBN 90-76998-77-9. OCLC 60375200.


External links

• USDA GAP/GHP Program
• FDA-CFSAN Guide to Minimize Microbial Food Safety Hazards for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
• GLOBAL G.A.P. – The Worldwide Standard for Good Agricultural Practices

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