What is illinois agriculture


Illinois is a leading producer of soybeans, corn and swine. The state’s climate and varied soil types enable farmers to grow and raise many other agricultural commodities, including cattle, wheat, oats, sorghum


Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae. Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia, with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. One species is grown for grain, while many other…

, hay, sheep, poultry, fruits and vegetables.

Illinois is a leading producer of soybeans, corn and swine. The state’s climate and varied soil types enable farmers to grow and raise many other agricultural commodities, including cattle, wheat, oats, sorghum, hay, sheep, poultry, fruits and vegetables.


What are the major agricultural products of Illinois?

Facts About Illinois Agriculture

  • What agricultural goods are produced in Illinois?
  • What are the characteristics of a typical Illinois farm?
  • How does agriculture benefit Illinois’ economy?
  • How are Illinois’ agricultural commodities used?
  • How does agriculture benefit from the state’s geography and climate?
  • Who farms?
  • What are other reasons for Illinois’ agricultural success?

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What type of Agriculture is prevalent in Illinois?

The subsidies have been criticized for:

  • high and unpredictable expense to taxpayers
  • disincentivizing crop diversification and planning for extreme weather
  • harming public health; supporting meat and processed food by subsidizing durable staples (mostly corn and soy) rather than fruit and vegetables (“specialty crops”)

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What crops are grown in Illinois?

Take a look at the state’s top commodities, based on cash receipts:

  • Corn – Illinois’ top crop is used mainly for ethanol production, animal feed and agricultural exports. …
  • Soybeans – Soybeans are the No. …
  • Pork – The No. …
  • Wheat – In 2011, Washington County produced the most of the state’s No. …

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What state has the most agriculture?

  • The United States is one of the top exporters of food on the planet.
  • California produces the most food in the United States by value.
  • Texas has the highest number of farms in the United States.

What is the main agricultural industry in Illinois?

Crops. Illinois is a leading farm income state with corn as its most important crop. Most of the crop is sold as grain and livestock feed but corn is also processed to produce corn syrup, starch and fuel alcohol. Soybeans are the second most farm product, followed by hay, wheat, rye, oats and grain sorghum.

What is Illinois biggest agricultural export?

Illinois was the 6th largest state exporter of goods in 2018….Agriculture in Illinois depends on Exports.2017 Value2017 State Ranksoybeans$3.1 billion1corn$1.4 billion2feeds and other feed grains$1.1 billion2soybean meal$556 million11 more row

Why is Illinois soil so fertile?

Minerals deposited by glaciers and subsequent prairie growth for thousands of years have blessed Illinois with some of the world’s most fertile topsoil.

What is Illinois known for?

Here are a few.9 things Illinois is known for. Illinois is one of the most populated states in the country, albeit getting smaller, according to recent U.S. Census results. … Chicago. This one is a no-brainer. … Lincoln. … Corruption. … Famous foods. … Farming. … Taxes. … More presidents: Ronald Reagan, Barack Obama and Ulysses Grant.More items…•

What is the Illinois Department of Agriculture responsible for?

The Illinois Department of Agriculture’s Bureau of Animal Health and Welfare is responsible for detection and eradication of certain animal diseases. Specialty Crops. When it comes to pumpkin production, Illinois smashes the competition.

What is the Department of Agriculture?

The Department of Agriculture oversees the state’s horse racing programs and encourage the breeding, racing and ownership of quality horses in Illinois. Plants & Pesticides. The Illinois Department of Agriculture works to protect plants and crops from harmful insects and diseases. State Fair.

What is the number 2 crop in Illinois?

Soybeans Soybeans are the No. 2 crop for the Prairie State, and its No. 1 agricultural export. Farmers produced 416 million bushels of soybeans in 2011, and the crop accounted for 30.4 percent of total agricultural exports. Illinois soybeans are used in everything from animal feed to printer ink.

When do Illinois farmers harvest pumpkins?

Oats – Illinois farmers typically plant their oat crop in March and harvest in late summer or early fall.

What is Illinois agriculture?

Illinois economy is a set of human and social activities and institutions related to the production, distribution, exchange and consumption of agriculture and industry goods and services. The balance between Illinois various economic sectors differs largely between various regions and other states in the US.

What are the main crops grown in Illinois?

Illinois’ agricultural outputs are corn, soybeans, hogs, cattle, dairy products and wheat.

Why is Illinois considered an industrial state?

This is due to its reserves of natural resources and its excellent transportation and communication systems. The mineral wealth of the state includes deposits of coal and oil.

What are the major companies in Illinois?

The state’s largest city, Chicago, is home to many of the nation’s largest companies including Boeing, McDonalds, Bank One, United Airlines and Motorola.

Is Illinois an agricultural state?

Illinois is an important agricultural state. Rich farmland, adequate rainfall, and a long growing season contribute to its success as a leading producer of corn and soybeans. Other agricultural products include cattle, hogs, wheat, oats, sorghum, and hay. Since the 1880s Illino is had been a leading industrial state.

Agriculture and Natural Resources

Through its Agriculture and Natural Resources (ANR) programs, University of Illinois Extension supports the economic viability and environmental sustainability of natural and managed landscapes and productive lands in Illinois.

Resource Collections

Fact sheets. Upcoming programs. Online education. Research-based information you can trust. Find the information you need in our resource collection pages.

Five Facts about Extension’s Ag and Natural Resources Programs

Extension programs provide public value to all Illinois residents. We support a strong Illinois economy by providing research, analysis, and education aimed at strengthening the foundational agricultural sector in the state.

Selected program information

Food Safety Modernization Act Grower Training provides produce farmers with training on identifying and preventing microbial risk and develop a farm food safety plan to help them comply with a new federal law that aims to prevent or minimize the likelihood of food-borne disease.



  • According to the United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service (USDA-NASS), as of February 2017, Illinois had 72,200 farms. Illinois farmland covers nearly 27 million acres — about 75 percent of the state’s total land area. The large number of farms, couple…

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  • Marketing of Illinois’ agricultural commodities generates more than $19 billion annually. Corn accounts for 54 percent of that total. Marketing of soybeans contributes 27 percent, and the combined marketings of livestock, dairy and poultry generates 13 percent. The balance comes from sales of wheat and other crops, including fruits and vegetables.

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Geography and climate

  • Illinois measures about 400 miles from its northern border to its southernmost tip. Temperatures generally vary by 10 to 12 degrees from one end of the state to the other. Cold, fairly dry winters and warm, humid summers with ample rainfall allow the land to support many kinds of crops and livestock.

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  • Much of Illinois is comprised of fertile flat loess, left behind by glaciers and wind millions of years ago. About 89 percent of the state’s cropland is considered prime farmland, ranking the state third nationally in total prime farmland acreage. Prime farmland is important because it provides an environmentally sound base for crop production. The central three-fourths of the state are espec…

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  • Although Illinois’ food and fiber industry employs nearly 1 million people, there are only 75,087 farm operators, down from 164,000 in 1959. During the same time period, the average farm size more than doubled as sophisticated technology made many aspects of the industry less labor-intensive. Illinois farmers are generally more than 50 years old. Forty-nine percent hold jobs off t…

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  • Illinois has a competitive edge over many other states due to its central location and superior transportation system. More than 2,000 miles of interstate highway and 34,500 miles of other state highway make trucking of goods fast and efficient. Chicago is home to the largest rail gateway in the nation, connecting eastern and western United States. The state boasts some 1,1…

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  • Illinois ranks third nationally in the export of agricultural commodities with $8.2 billion worth of goods shipped to other countries. Exports from Illinois account for 6 percent of all U.S. agricultural exports. Illinois is the nation’s second leading exporter of both soybeans and feed grains and related products. Approximately 44 percent of grain produced in Illinois is sold for ex…

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