What is indian agriculture

Indian agriculture is characterized by agro-ecological diversities in soil, rainfall, temperature, and cropping system. Besides favorable solar energy, the country receives about 3 trillion m3of rainwater, 14 major, 44 medium and 55 minor rivers share about 83 per cent of the drainage basin.

It is the world’s largest producer of milk, pulses, and spices, and has the world’s largest cattle herd (buffaloes), as well as the largest area under wheat, rice and cotton. It is the second largest producer of rice, wheat, cotton, sugarcane, farmed fish, sheep & goat meat, fruit, vegetables and tea.May 17, 2012


What are the biggest challenges facing Indian agriculture?

Three key challenges facing agriculture and how to start solving them

  • Current challenges facing the global food system. Let’s start with the most obvious one. …
  • Setting the table to address the triple challenge. These three challenges – feeding a growing population, providing a livelihood for farmers, and protecting the environment – must be tackled together …
  • Future policies may require new recipes. …

What is the problem with Indian agriculture?

Indian Agriculture Sector: What Is Wrong And How It Can Be Made Better

  • Rethinking Reforms and Policy. The elephant in the room still is procurement, which I will be discussing in the second article in this series.
  • Milk and Meat Production in India. In India, milk production and meat production were estimated at 165.4 million tonnes and 7.4 million tonnes respectively in the fiscal year 2017.
  • In Conclusion. …

Is agriculture a good business in India?

Some of the advantages of agricultural businesses are:

  • Low-cost capital and start-up.
  • High range of profits (Up to 100 percent) in many cases.
  • Low operation and maintenance charges for yielding profits.

What are some amazing facts about Indian agriculture?

  • India Has the 2nd largest output in the world and as of 2013, It is the 2nd largest exporter of agriculture goods.
  • India Produced a Whooping 95.9 millions of wheat in the year 2013–14.
  • Indian farmers are tech savvy. …
  • An average farmers in India owns around 5 acres of land, which he used for agriculture.

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What do you mean by Indian agriculture?

India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world’s major food staples. India is currently the world’s second largest producer of several dry fruits, agriculture-based textile raw materials, roots and tuber crops, pulses, farmed fish, eggs, coconut, sugarcane and numerous vegetables.

Why is Indian agriculture important?

Agriculture Sector. Agriculture plays a vital role in the Indian economy. Over 70 per cent of the rural households depend on agriculture. Agriculture is an important sector of Indian economy as it contributes about 17% to the total GDP and provides employment to over 60% of the population.

What kind of agriculture is in India?

India’s agriculture is composed of many crops, with the foremost food staples being rice and wheat. Indian farmers also grow pulses, potatoes, sugarcane, oilseeds, and such non-food items as cotton, tea, coffee, rubber, and jute (a glossy fiber used to make burlap and twine).

What is India’s agricultural country?

Answers (1) Almost 70 percent of India’s population is employed in agriculture and that is one main reason that India is called an agricultural country.

What are the main features of Indian agriculture?

Some of the outstanding features of Indian agriculture are mentioned as follows.Subsistence agriculture: … Pressure of population on agriculture: … Importance of animals: … Dependent upon Monsoon: … Variety of crops: … Predominance of food crops: … Insignificant place to given fodder crops: … Seasonal pattern:

What is the role of agriculture?

Agriculture plays a major role in economic growth and development. As the provider of food it is a cornerstone of human existence. As a furnisher of industrial raw materials it is an important contributor to economic activity in other sectors of the economy.

What are the 4 types of agriculture?

There exist four main branches of agriculture, namely;Livestock production.Crop production.agricultural economics.agricultural engineering.

Why is India called an agricultural country?

India is an agricultural country. Agriculture and its allied activities act as main source of livelihood for more than 80% population of rural India. It provides employment to approximately 52% of labour. Its contribution to Gross Domestic product (GDP) is between 14 to 15%.

How many types of agriculture are there in India?

Overall, there are 9 different types of agriculture or farming in India. It depends on the availability of irrigational facilities, climatic conditions, and nature of land.

Which country is No 1 in agriculture?

China is the world’s largest grain producer, yet has grown more dependent on food imports in recent decades. Much of India’s output is produced by subsistence farmers and consumed locally.

Who is the biggest farmer in India?

Top 5 Richest Farmers in India.Pramod Gautam. Pramod Gautam is a former automobile engineer who transitioned to farming in 2006. … Sachin Kale. Sachin Kale, a mechanical engineer from Nagpur, began his career in a power plant. … Harish Dhandev. … Ram Saran Verma. … Rajiv Bittu.

What is India the largest producer of?

India is the world’s largest producer of milk, pulses and jute, and ranks as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, sugarcane, groundnut, vegetables, fruit and cotton. It is also one of the leading producers of spices, fish, poultry, livestock and plantation crops.



As per the 2014 FAO world agriculture statistics India is the world’s largest producer of many fresh fruits like banana, mango, guava, papaya, lemon and vegetables like chickpea, okra and milk, major spices like chili pepper, ginger, fibrous crops such as jute, staples such as millets and castor oil seed. India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world’s major food staples.

Definition of farmer

The Indian government National Policy for Farmers. Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. pp 4. Accessed on 22 March 2021.</ref>
Indian farmers are people who grow crops. Various government estimates (Census, Agricultural Census, National Sample Survey assessments, and Periodic Labour Force Surveys) give a different number of farmers in the country ranging from 37 million to 118 million as per the different defin…


Vedic literature provides some of the earliest written record of agriculture in India. Rigveda hymns, for example, describes ploughing, fallowing, irrigation, fruit and vegetable cultivation. Other historical evidence suggests rice and cotton were cultivated in the Indus Valley, and ploughing patterns from the Bronze Age have been excavated at Kalibangan in Rajasthan. Bhumivargaha, an Indian Sans…


Indian irrigation infrastructure includes a network of major and minor canals from rivers, groundwater well-based systems, tanks, and other rainwater harvesting projects for agricultural activities. Of these, the groundwater system is the largest. Of the 160 million hectares of cultivated land in India, about 39 million hectare can be irrigated by groundwater wells and an additional 22 million hectares by irrigation canals. In 2010, only about 35% of agricultural land in …


As of 2011 , India had a large and diverse agricultural sector, accounting, on average, for about 16% of GDP and 10% of export earnings. India’s arable land area of 159.7 million hectares (394.6 million acres) is the second largest in the world, after the United States. Its gross irrigated crop area of 82.6 million hectares (215.6 million acres) is the largest in the world. India is among the top three global producers of many crops, including wheat, rice, pulses, cotton, peanuts, fruits an…

Agriculture based cooperatives

India has seen a huge growth in cooperative societies, mainly in the farming sector, since 1947 when the country gained independence from Britain. The country has networks of cooperatives at the local, regional, state and national levels that assist in agricultural marketing. The commodities that are mostly handled are food grains, jute, cotton, sugar, milk, fruit and nuts Support by the …


“Slow agricultural growth is a concern for policymakers as some two-thirds of India’s people depend on rural employment for a living. Current agricultural practices are neither economically nor environmentally sustainable and India’s yields for many agricultural commodities are low. Poorly maintained irrigation systems and almost universal lack of good extension services are among the f…

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