What is integrated agriculture

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Integrated agriculture involves farming systems with environmental, economic, social, and intergenerational sustainability (1). In an integrated, sustainable agriculture system, the goal is not necessarily producing immediate outputs, but rather maintaining a system of healthful production, over time.

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What is integrated farming?

It identifies and analyses the emerging trends along with major drivers, inhibitors, challenges and opportunities in the market.

What is integrated farm management?

Integrated pest management (IPM) is a method or approach towards preventing damage from pests in the farm field. IPM pheromones are synthetically manufactured which exactly imitates the naturally secreted pheromones. Thus, it helps in growing the crops in …

What is an integrated farm?

Integrated farming system (or integrated agriculture) is a commonly and broadly used word to explain a more integrated approach to farming as compared to monoculture approaches. It refers to agricultural systems that integrate livestock and crop production or integrate fish and livestock and may sometimes be known as Integrated Biosystems.

What are integrated crop-livestock systems?

Integrated crop-livestock systems: A sustainable land-use alternative for food production in the Brazilian Cerrado and Amazon

  • Abstract. Sustainable intensification of agriculture is central to deal with the challenges of feeding a growing population while promoting a rational use of environmental and economic resources.
  • Keywords
  • JEL classification
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What is integrated farming?

Integrated Farming combines the best of modern tools and technologies with traditional practices according to a given site and situation. In simple words, it means using many ways of cultivation in a small space or land.


What is IPM in agriculture?

IPM thus is one indispensable element of Integrated Crop Management which in turn is one essential part of the holistic Integrated Farming approach towards sustainable agriculture .


When was integrated pest management developed?

Following first developments in the 1950s, various approaches to Integrated Pest Management, Integrated Crop Management, Integrated Production and Integrated Farming were developed worldwide (in Germany, Switzerland, US, Australia, and India, for example).


Is profitability a prerequisite for sustainable farming?

However, the need for profitability is a decisive prerequisite: To be sustainable, the system must be profitable, as profits generate the possibility to support all activities outlined in the (EISA Integrated Farming) IF Framework.


Economic Profitability

The profitability of farmers is the most important aspect of sustainable agriculture. It is difficult to provide incentives to farmers without the promise of good returns. IFS has the potential to increase productivity multiple times.


Social Impact

The enhanced production of various types of crops and other agro-products ensures food and nutritional security, impacting the overall health of the country. Animal husbandry provides dairy products; apiculture provides honey and agroforestry may provide fruits and medicine.


Ecological balance

IFS methods, if implemented properly, have a positive impact on the ecology of the region. In places where animal husbandry is practiced with crop cultivation, the excreta from animals are utilized as manures. This decreases the dependency on chemical fertilizers, promotes organic farming at a low cost, and impacts soil fertility positively.


Resource and Knowledge Centers

While IFS has many benefits; proper management of farms is of crucial importance. Since all the elements are in the vicinity of each other, care should be taken that food or medicine for one should not harm the other.


Conclusion

Though Green Revolution transformed India from a food importer to a food exporter country, monoculture turned out to be a major problem in this transformation. Among other problems, this led to imbalances in soil nutrients and huge consumption of chemical fertilizers required for the intensification of agriculture.


Why is integrated farming important?

The strength of integrated farming systems and agroecology is undoubtedly that they improve farm efficiency, have a positive impact on the environment and biodiversity, and are more profitable for farmers than conventional systems. An improved use and supply of ecosystem services is then possible and desirable in agriculture.


What is mixed farming?

Mixed farming systems or integrated farming produce both crops and animals on one farm. This farming system permits wider crop rotations and thus reduces dependence on chemicals, allowing diversification for better risk management. Two subsets of mixed systems are (1) rain-fed ICLF systems and (2) irrigated ICLF systems. In rain-fed ICLF systems, more than 90% of the value of nonlivestock farm production comes from rain-fed land use. Some parts of the world still depend on natural rains for growing crops as well as grasses for animal grazing. Ponds or small lakes are common in such types of integrated farms and partly provide some water for the animal and emergency need of crops. As a source of stagnant water, these ponds can play a significant role in the transfer of pathogenic microbes. On the other hand, in irrigated ICLF systems, more than 10% of the value of nonlivestock farm production comes from irrigated land use. Due to potential water crises in animal and crop farming, deep wells were established in many parts of developing countries, and now many integrated farmers have their own or community-based water supply systems either from deep wells or canals from nearby rivers or falls.


Who coined the term “building integrated agriculture”?

The term building-integrated agriculture was coined by Ted Caplow in a paper delivered at the 2007 Passive and Low Energy Cooling Conference in Crete, Greece.


Where did BIA originate?

The earliest example of BIA may have been the Hanging Gardens of Babylon around 600 BC. Modern examples include Eli Zabar’s Vinegar Factory Greenhouse, Gotham Greens, Dongtan, Masdar City, and Lufa Farms . The term building-integrated agriculture was coined by Ted Caplow in a paper delivered at the 2007 Passive and Low Energy Cooling Conference in …


When was the composting greenhouse invented?

The New Alchemy Institute designed and built an experimental composting greenhouse in 1983 to research opportunities for the production of biothermal energy. Growing Power utilizes heat produced through vermicomposting to provide heat for their greenhouse.

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Overview

Integrated Farming – UNI 11233-2009 new European agriculture organic standard (IF), integrated production or Integrated Farm Management is a whole farm management system which aims to deliver more sustainable agriculture. It is a dynamic approach which can be applied to any farming system around the world. It involves attention to detail and continuous improvement in all areas of a farming business through informed management processes. Integrated Farming combines …


Definition

based on UNI 11233-2009 European standard,
The International Organisation of Biological Control (IOBC) describes Integrated Farming according to the UNI 11233-2009 European standard as a farming system where high quality organic food, feed, fibre and renewable energy are produced by using resources such as soil, water, air and nature as well as regu…


Classification

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO promotes Integrated Pest Management (IPM) as the preferred approach to crop protection and regards it as a pillar of both sustainable intensification of crop production and pesticide risk reduction. IPM thus is one indispensable element of Integrated Crop Management which in turn is one essential part of the holistic …


History

Integrated Pest Management can be seen as starting point for a holistic approach to agricultural production. Following the excessive use of crop protection chemicals, first steps in IPM were taken in fruit production at the end of the 1950s. The concept was then further developed globally in all major crops. On the basis of results of the system-oriented IPM approach, models for Integrated Crop Management were developed. Initially, animal husbandry was not seen as part o…


Objectives

Integrated Farming is based on attention to detail, continuous improvement and managing all resources available.
Being bound to sustainable development, the underlying three dimensions economic development, social development and environmental protection are thoroughly considered in the practical implementation of Integrated Farming. …


Prevalence

Following first developments in the 1950s, various approaches to Integrated Pest Management, Integrated Crop Management, Integrated Production and Integrated Farming were developed worldwide (in Germany, Switzerland, US, Australia, and India, for example). As the implementation of the general concept of Integrated Farming and its individual components always should be handled according to the given site and situation instead of following strict rules and recipes, th…


Criticism

It should be mentioned, however, that there are also critical voices from environmental organisations for example. That is in part due to the fact that there are European Organic Regulations such as (EC) No 834/2007 or the new draft from 2014 but no comparable regulations for Integrated Farming. Whereas organic farming and the Bio-Siegel [de] in Germany for example are legally protected, EU Commission has not yet considered to start working on a comparable f…


Further reading

• Boller, E.F.; Avilla, J.; Joerg, E.; Malavolta, C.; Esbjerg, P.; Wijnands, F.G., eds. (2004), “Integrated Production Principles and Technical Guidelines” (PDF), IOBC WPRS Bulletin, vol. 27, no. 2, p. 54, archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-29
• Lütke Entrup, N., Onnen, O., and Teichgräber, B., 1998: Zukunftsfähige Landwirtschaft – Integrierter Landbau in Deutschland und Europa – Studie zur Entwicklung und den Perspektiven. Heft 14/1998, Fördergemeinschaft Integrierter Pflanzenb…

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