AP® Human Geography
Human geography is the branch of the social sciences that deals with the world, its people and their communities, cultures, economies and interaction with the environment by emphasizing their relations with and across space and place.
2021 Scoring Guidelines © 2021 College Board Question 1: No Stimulus 7 points (A)Define intensive agriculture. Accept one of the following: • A1. Agriculture that requires large quantities of inputs (e.g., labor, capital, agricultural products) per unit of land.
What is intensive farming?
Residents in the Leominster, Bromyard and Kington areas have been invited to contribute evidence to a review into the potential health and wellbeing impacts of intensive poultry farming. Herefordshire County Council is setting up a a task and finish group …
What is subsistence farming AP Human Geography?
Subsistence agriculture is the production of food primarily for consumption by the farmer and mostly found in less developed countries. In subsistence agriculture, small-scale farming is primarily grown for consumption by the farmer and their family. Sometimes if there is a surplus of food, it might be sold, but that is not common.
What is intensive agriculture?
What Is Intensive Agriculture? Intensive agriculture is a method of farming that uses large amounts of labor and investment to increase the yield of the land.
What is agribusiness aphg?
what were the three us and world stages of ranching
- Farming and the State | Era 2: Early Humans | World History Project | OER Project
- China Rising: ‘Tremble and obey’, Xi Jinping’s ‘era of biding time’ is over (Part 1)
- Taylor Swift – The Story Of Us
What is meaning intensive agriculture?
intensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of cultivation using large amounts of labour and capital relative to land area.
What is an example of intensive agriculture?
Intensive agriculture is apparent in every part of the industry, and aquaculture is no exception. One example is the standard practice of housing extremely high densities of fish in artificial tanks, allowing the farmers to control feed, oxygen levels, and a variety of other factors leading to an increase in yield.
What is extensive farming AP Human Geography?
extensive agriculture. yields a large amount of output per acre through less intensive farming (uses a large amount of land) intensive subsistence agriculture. a form of subsistence agriculture where farmers expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum crop yield.
What is the difference between intensive and extensive agriculture AP Human Geo?
Intensive = small size of land. Extensive = large size of land.
Why is agriculture intensive?
The main advantage of intensive farming is its increased performance when higher yields are harvested from smaller territories. This brings economic benefits to landowners and provides food for the growing population. Intensive agriculture fully satisfies the market demand even in densely inhabited areas.
What is extensive agriculture?
extensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The crop yield in extensive agriculture depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soil, the terrain, the climate, and the availability of water.
Where is intensive agriculture practiced?
The most abundant type of agriculture practiced around the world is intensive subsistence agriculture, which is highly dependent on animal power, and is commonly practiced in the humid, tropical regions of the world.
What is an example of extensive agriculture?
Extensive farming most commonly means raising sheep and cattle in areas with low agricultural productivity, but includes large-scale growing of wheat, barley, cooking oils and other grain crops in areas like the Murray-Darling Basin in Australia.
What is the difference between intensive and extensive?
Summary. An extensive property is a property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample. Mass and volume are examples of extensive properties. An intensive property is a property of matter that depends only on the type of matter in a sample and not on the amount.
What is the differences between intensive farming and organic farming?
Intensive farming practices include growing high-yield crops, using fertilisers and pesticides and keeping animals indoors. Food production increases but there are unwelcome side effects. Organic farming bans chemical inputs and has a less harmful effect on the environment but often produces less, more expensive food.
What are the different types of farming distinguish between intensive and extensive farming?
Extensive AgricultureIntensive AgricultureIt is practised in areas with low population density, where the labour is scarce.It is practised in areas with high population density.The size of and land holdings are large.The size of land holdings is small but the cultivation is intense.2 more rows•May 25, 2015
Why is intensive agriculture important?
On the level of theory, the increased productivity of intensive agriculture enables the farmer to use a relatively smaller land area that is located close to market, where land values are high relative to labour and capital , and this is true in many parts of the world.
Why do intensive farms require less land?
As a result, a farm using intensive agriculture will require less land than an extensive agriculture farm to produce a similar profit. In practice, however, the increased economies and efficiencies of intensive agriculture often encourage farm operators to work very large tracts in order to keep their capital investments in machinery productively …
Which type of agriculture requires large levels of manual labor to be successful?
type of agriculture that requires large levels of manual labor to be successful. capital-intensive agriculture. form of agriculture that uses mechanical goods such as machinery, tools, vehicles, and facilities to produce large amounts of agricultural goods-a process requiring very little human labor.
What is the term for the businesses that provide the vast array of goods and services that support the agriculture industry?
agribusiness. general term for the businesses that provide the vast array of goods and services that support the agriculture industry. hunting and gathering. the killing of wild animals and fish as well as the gathering of fruits, roots, nuts, and other plants for sustenance. mixed farming.
Why is it called slash and burn agriculture?
slash-and-burn agriculture. another name for shifting cultivation, so named because fields are cleared by slashing the vegetation and burning the debris.
What was the second agricultural revolution?
dovetailing with and benefiting from the Industrial Revolution, improved methods of cultivation, harvesting, and storage of farm produce; composed of a series of innovations, improvements, and techniques in Great Britain, the Netherlands, Denmark, and other neighboring countries.
What is the most advanced form of quaternary activities consisting of high level decision making for large corporations or high
most advanced form of quaternary activities consisting of high level decision making for large corporations or high-level scientific research. plant domestication. genetic modification of a plant such that its reproductive success depends on human intervention. root crops.
What are luxury crops?
luxury crops. non-subsistence crops such as tea, cacao, coffee, and tobacco. livestock ranching. the raising of domesticated animals for the produciton of meat and byproducts (leather, wool) Mediterranean agriculture. specialized farming that occurs only in areas where the dry-summer Mediterranean climate prevails.
What are the climatic regions?
climatic regions. areas of the world with similar climatic characteristics. plantation agriculture. production system based on a large estate owned by an individual, family, or corporation and organized to produce a cash crop.
What is an example of a large farm in tropical and subtropical climates?
Example: Open Meadow. Application: A pasture is where a herd of animals graze. Plantation. Definition: A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale, usually to a more developed country. Example: Sugar Cane plantation grows more than sugar.
What is subsistence agriculture?
Definition: A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land. Example: Families in LDCs must undergo intensive subsistence agricultural practices in order to provide for themselves.
What is crop rotation?
Crop Rotation. Definition: The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil. Example: Feild A grows x crop one year, y crop the next year, z crop the year after that, and then goes back to x crop once …
What is Sawahs in agriculture?
Application:Sawahs provide an easy (easier) way for people to receive rice. Shifting Cultivation. Definition: A form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period.
What is truck farming?
Truck Farming. Definition: Commercial gardening and fruit farming, so named because truck was a Middle English word meaning bartering or the exchange of commodities.
Why is grain grown extensively?
Application: Grain is grown extensively because of its large variety of uses. Green Revolution. Definition: Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology, especially new high-yield seeds and fertilizers. Example: Modern agricultural techniques spread in the ’70s and ’80s is known as the Green revolution.
What is commercial agriculture?
Commercial Agriculture. Definition: Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm. Example:Tyson farms. Application: Commercial Agriculture has allowed for food to be mass produced in a way that has significantly impacted both the health and finances of the American People.
What is an example of an agricultural form that heavily depends on a large amount of land with a small amount of
A form of agriculture heavily depends on heavy inputs of human labor on a small piece of land. Example: Plantation. Extensive agriculture. A form of agriculture that heavily depends on a large amount of land with a small amount of labor. Example: Ranching/China, India, Southeast Asian countries. Modern commercial agriculture.
What is the model of agriculture land use that illustrates the relationship between the cost of land and transportation costs involved in getting
A model of agriculture land use that illustrates the relationship between the cost of land and transportation costs involved in getting a product to market. Organic farming. The process of producing food naturally without the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides , and other inputs. Agribusiness.
What is subsistence agriculture?
Farming that grows crops to provide small upscale niche markets with fresh produce. Subsistence agriculture. A forms of agriculture in which everything that is produced is consumed by that population.
What is plantation agriculture?
Plantation agriculture. A monoculture farming section that is usually located in the south. Example: Rubber, sugar, tea, tobacco, coffee. Sedentary. The condition where a group of humans is able to live in one location and grow crops and raise animals.
What is the modern method of farming?
A modern method of farming that balances maximum crop yield with sustainable farming methods and protection of the environment. The transformation of agriculture lands into deserts because of overgrazing and soil erosion. The domestication of plants and animals and the resulting start of a sedentary society.
What was the agricultural revolution?
An agriculture revolution that introduced fertilizers, pesticides, and biotechnology. The development and transfer from the developed world to the developing world, of higher-yield and fast-growing crops through new and improved technology, pesticides, and fertilizers, for the purpose of alleviating world hunger.
What is commercial agriculture?
Commercial agriculture in which large corporations own and operate various steps in the production process with an emphasis on profit. Biotechnology. The application of scientific techniques to modify and improve plants, animals, and microorganisms to enhance their value. Conservation agriculture.