What is intensive and extensive agriculture

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Intensive and extensive farming are two different methods of farming. While intensive farming is a type of food production that majorly focuses on mechanization and intensification of agricultural practices, it’s mainly done to increase the profitability and productivity of your land.

Intensive farming focuses on investing a lot of resources and labor into small tracts of land in order to increase yield. Extensive agriculture, on the other hand, employs larger tracts of land and lower quantities of labor and resources.Dec 14, 2021

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What is the difference between intensive and extensive farming?

hat You Need To Know About Intensive Farming

  • Extensive farming is a farming technique in which large farms are being cultivated with relatively lower inputs i.e capital and labor.
  • In this system of farming, the size of land holdings is small but the cultivation is intense.
  • It is practiced in areas where population density is low, but the agricultural land is plentiful and inexpensive.

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What are the advantages and disadvantages of intensive farming?

  • One of the fundamental advantages of intensive farming is that the farm yield is extremely high.
  • With the help of intensive farming, supervision of the land becomes easier.
  • The farm produce such as fruits and vegetables are less expensive when intensive farming techniques are employed. …

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What are the causes of intensive farming?

Why Is Intensive Agriculture Bad?

  • Animal Cruelty. Billions of animals in the United States suffer on factory farms that employ intensive methods to increase profitability.
  • Deforestation. …
  • Human Health. …
  • Pest and Weed Resistance. …
  • Soil Degradation. …
  • Water Pollution. …
  • Climate Change. …
  • Harm to Smaller Farms. …

What agricultural crops are the most labour intensive?

  • Is it labor efficient? …
  • Does the intense work for this crop come in at a less-busy time of year?
  • Is this crop fast-maturing? …
  • Is it high yielding for the space occupied (does it produce one vegetable head or 1 pound of produce, per square foot or1/2 pound/row foot)?
  • Is it high yielding for the labor intensiveness? …

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What is extensive agriculture?

System of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The crop yield in extensive agriculture depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soil, terrain, climate, and the availability of water.


What is meaning intensive agriculture?

intensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of cultivation using large amounts of labour and capital relative to land area.


What is the difference between extensive and intensive subsistence agriculture?

Intensive Farming is a farming method that uses higher inputs and advanced agricultural techniques to increase the overall yield. In contrast, Extensive Farming is one in which more and more land is brought under cultivation to increase the output produced.


What is an example of extensive agriculture?

Extensive farming most commonly means raising sheep and cattle in areas with low agricultural productivity, but includes large-scale growing of wheat, barley, cooking oils and other grain crops in areas like the Murray-Darling Basin in Australia.


What is extensive system?

In the dry part of the tropics flocks or herd are large and often travel long. These are also known as extensive system. Under extensive production system, livestock graze and browse and browse large area of land that usually of a marginal nature, and unsuitable for other agricultural use.


What do you mean by intensive?

Definition of intensive (Entry 1 of 2) : of, relating to, or marked by intensity or intensification: such as. a : highly concentrated intensive study. b : tending to strengthen or increase especially : tending to give force or emphasis intensive adverb.


What is the difference between intensive and extensive?

Summary. An extensive property is a property that depends on the amount of matter in a sample. Mass and volume are examples of extensive properties. An intensive property is a property of matter that depends only on the type of matter in a sample and not on the amount.


What is the main difference between extensive and intensive aquaculture?

Extensive aquaculture is the other form of fish farming. Extensive aquaculture is more basic than intensive aquaculture in that less effort is put into the husbandry of the fish. Extensive aquaculture is done in the ocean, natural and man-made lakes, bays, rivers, and Fiords.


What is difference between intensive and extensive reading?

Extensive reading is an approach to language learning in which long text and a large amount of material are read by the students for general understanding. Intensive Reading is a reading method wherein learners are supposed to read the short text carefully and deeply so as to gain maximum understanding.


What types of agriculture are intensive?

Types Of Intensive FarmingLivestock. The term livestock refers to those individual animals who have no choice but to endure life on farms. … Crops. … Aquaculture. … Sustainability. … Environmental Disadvantages. … Poor Living Conditions And Hygiene For Livestock. … Excessive Use Of Agro-Chemicals. … Deforestation.More items…•May 15, 2020Intensive Agriculture: Impact on Humans, Animals, and the Planethttps://sentientmedia.org › intensive-agriculturehttps://sentientmedia.org › intensive-agricultureSearch for: What types of agriculture are intensive?


Is plantation intensive or extensive?

Plantations are large, labor-intensive farms that mostly produce fruit, sugar, fiber, or vegetable oil products for the international market. The laborers usually work for very low wages that keep them in poverty.Jun 22, 2006Patterns of Subsistence: Intensive Agriculturehttps://www2.palomar.edu › anthro › subsistence › sub_5https://www2.palomar.edu › anthro › subsistence › sub_5Search for: Is plantation intensive or extensive?


Where is extensive farming in India?

Extensive farming is done on large patches of land. The production is high due to a large area but production per unit of land is low. This kind of farming is predominantly done in temperate areas such as the US and Canada. In India, it is almost absent except in some states such as Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana.Name the parts of India which practice extensive agriculture and why?https://www.toppr.com › ask › question › name-the-parts-…https://www.toppr.com › ask › question › name-the-parts-…Search for: Where is extensive farming in India?


What is extensive agriculture?

Extensive agriculture is a farming system that uses a small amount of labor and capital relative to the area under cultivation. Crop yields in extensive agriculture depend primarily on the soil’s natural fertility, relief, climate and water availability. Remote location. Far from market.


What is the difference between intensive and extensive farming?

Intensive farming is a type of agriculture, arable farming and animal husbandry, with a higher level of input and production per square unit of agricultural land area. Extensive agriculture is a farming system that uses a small amount of labor and capital relative to the area under cultivation.


Why is intensive farming important?

Unfortunately, as we all know, intensive farming is more and more used , it is faster, brings more results, and profit is much bigger.


What is pasture intensification?

Pasture intensification is the improvement of pasture and grass soil to maximize the potential of food production in livestock systems.


What are the innovations that support the agricultural system?

This system is supported by continuous innovations in agricultural machinery and farming methods, genetic technology, techniques for achieving economies of scale, logistics, and technology for data collection and analysis .


What is farming base?

Farming Base ( farmingbase.com) is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. This site also participates in other affiliate programs and is compensated for referring traffic …


Why is extensive agriculture cost effective?

Therefore, extensive agricultural production is cost-effective in the production of labor-intensive crops (eg strawberries), in areas where population density is low and the market value of land is low relative to labor and capital.


What is intensive farming?

Let’s Work Together! Intensive farming is a form of farming that makes use of large amounts of fertilizers and machinery, as well as requires large labor and capital inputs for farming, in relation to the land that is being used for the same (small land).


What is the difference between extensive farming and extensive farming?

This form of farming can also be used for farming animals – whereby a larger stock is bred on a smaller land. Extensive farming is a form of farming that will make use of relatively low inputs of capital and labor in relation to the land that is being used for farming (it usually has a large farm).


What are the advantages of intensive farming?

Intensive farming will require a smaller land for the production, but a profusion of other resources for the smaller land to produce more. This also acts as one of the advantages of intensive farming because it yields a larger crop. Extensive farming will require a larger land for production for it to yield a large crop.


Why is extensive farming important?

This is because, for the crop to yield profit the size of the land has to be large.


Why does extensive farming require a larger area?

Extensive farming will require a larger land for production for it to yield a large crop. Since it does use external means like fertilizers, pesticides and machinery and neither is the capital or the labor input large, for it to cover the cost of the production, it needs a greater area for farming. 2. Location.


How does intensive farming affect food prices?

Effect on Prices. Intensive farming leads to lowering of the food prices because the crop that is produced is very large. The same farm can also be used to grow fiber and other resources which make it cost-effective as well as lower the price of products.


Where is intensive farming carried out?

Location. Intensive farming will generally be carried out in farms that are close to the market because the cost of transporting goods needs to be low. This is because the cost of labor, capital and other things is already very high. Extensive farming is usually carried out in farms that are far away from the main markets, …


What Is Intensive Agriculture?

Intensive agriculture is a method of farming that uses large amounts of labor and investment to increase the yield of the land. In an industrialized society this typically means the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and other chemicals that boost yield, and the acquisition and use of machinery to aid planting, chemical application, and picking.


What Are the Characteristics of Intensive Agriculture?

Pasture intensification is the increase in value and production that occurs due to inputs such as money, labor, and pesticides, specifically in the pastures on which farmed animals graze.


Intensive Agriculture Examples

Most of the farmed animals in the United States live a significant portion of their lives on industrial factory farms that use a variety of intensive methods to produce more meat, dairy, or eggs for less money. One such method is keeping the animals enclosed in small spaces and delivering their food to them.


Intensive Versus Extensive Agriculture

Intensive farming focuses on investing a lot of resources and labor into small tracts of land in order to increase yield. Extensive agriculture, on the other hand, employs larger tracts of land and lower quantities of labor and resources.


Why Is Intensive Agriculture Bad?

Billions of animals in the United States suffer on factory farms that employ intensive methods to increase profitability. Often they are confined in such small spaces that they can barely move. Standard procedures include debeaking, castration, tail docking, and dehorning.


Conclusion

The intensification of farming has played an important role in the history of agriculture. It allowed for farmers to feed growing communities around the world. However, intensive agriculture as we know it today is no longer sustainable or necessary.


What is extensive agriculture?

It is practiced by the farmers of an area where the population density is low and land is plentiful and inexpensive so farmers make use of relatively low inputs of capital, labor, and fertilizers and depend on the natural fertility of soil and availability of water.


What is intensive farming?

Intensive Farming: It is a farming practice which gives emphasis on maximizing yield from the given piece of land through various means like heavy use of pesticides, capital, labor, high-yielding varieties (HYVs) of crops etc. Its main objective is to increase the productivity of the given land as much as possible.


What are the two techniques that farmers use to increase their yield?

There are various farming techniques that emerged in the past few years to increase the productivity of an agricultural land. Intensive farming and extensive farming are two such farming techniques that are practiced by farmers to increase the yield.


Why is intensive farming practiced?

In intensive farming, the farmers have to spend a lot of money in labor, machinery and high-yielding seeds in order to produce more crops, vegetables etc., per hectare of the cropland.


How long does intensive farming take?

Intensive and Extensive Farming. Farming is not a simple task that can be accomplished in few days , rather it requires a proper agricultural procedure and techniques and several days of hard work to get the desired output.


How is maximum yield obtained in agriculture?

In this type of farming, the maximum yield is obtained from the given agricultural land through high inputs of capital, labor, fertilizers, machinery etc.


Does a sandbox pollute the environment?

It does not pollute the environment as it does not involve heavy use of fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals.


What are examples of extensive farming?

Intensive = market gardening, mixed crop/livestock, plantation agriculture.


What do you mean by extensive farming?

Extensive agriculture, in agricultural economics, system of crop cultivation using small amounts of labour and capital in relation to area of land being farmed. The crop yield in extensive agriculture depends primarily on the natural fertility of the soil, the terrain, the climate, and the availability of water.


What is the difference between intensive subsistence farming and extensive farming?

The intensive methods use higher inputs and advance agricultural techniques to increase the overall yield. Extensive farming methods are those in which more of the agricultural area is brought under cultivation to increase the overall production. Intensive methods of farming are practised in densely populated regions.


Is intensive or extensive farming better?

Optimal use of these materials and machines produces significantly greater crop yields per unit of land than extensive agriculture, which uses little capital or labour. As a result, a farm using intensive agriculture will require less land than an extensive agriculture farm to produce a similar profit.


What is the difference between intensive and extensive?

Extensive properties, such as mass and volume, depend on the amount of matter being measured. Intensive properties, such as density and color, do not depend on the amount of the substance present.


What is the difference between extensive and intensive reading?

Extensive reading is an approach to language learning in which long text and a large amount of material are read by the students for general understanding. Intensive Reading is a reading method wherein learners are supposed to read the short text carefully and deeply so as to gain maximum understanding.


Is Extensive farming expensive?

Extensive farming is where the inputs are comparatively less. In intensive farming, the land is limited and expensive, whereas extensive farming is quite large and not that expensive. The output in intensive farming in per hectare is quite large in comparison with extensive farming.


What are some examples of intensive agriculture?

Examples of intensive agriculture 1 Massive monocultures . Like wheat, corn and barley crops in the North American plains, or soy in Argentina, it is a highly profitable monoculture for both domestic consumption and export, and despite being highly mechanized, they cause environmental damage and they impoverish the species by always preferring bio-engineered seeds and using agro-toxins (fertilizers, pesticides, etc.). 2 Greenhouse agriculture. It is called greenhouse to closed places and controlled climatic conditions, usually transparent to allow the entry of sunlight but prevent the dispersion of heat. They are widely used for the intensive cultivation of certain plant species, taking advantage of the simulated climate to boost their productivity. 3 Hydroponic agriculture. In her mineral solutions are used to cultivate the plants, instead of soil properly. Sometimes an inert material is used as support for the plants, other times directly for the water, in which the substances necessary for plant growth are poured. 4 Irrigated agriculture. By using automated irrigation systems, moisture levels are maintained that are conducive to the cultivation of a few plant variants, thus making it possible to constantly supply these foods without the need to coordinate the seasons of rain and drought. 5 Commercial floral crops . The flower industry also has its intensive variant, through vast rose gardens, sunflower plantations or other highly sought-after flowers, both for aesthetic arrangements and for perfumery work. This includes aromatic crops, such as lavender, which require constant preparation of soils to speed flowering and pests to prevent spoilage.


What is the difference between intensive and extensive production?

The main difference has to do with production, which is much greater in the intensive than in the extensive, although it is also the impacts on the environment and on the nature of the products obtained .


What is subsistence farming?

An example perhaps a bit extreme, since the crop, conuco or family garden provides just enough for a family to subsist and change or sell the surplus with their neighbors. It is perhaps the agricultural point furthest from the needs of the world food market and therefore does not require almost technological intervention or inputs.


What is hydroponic agriculture?

Hydroponic agriculture. In her mineral solutions are used to cultivate the plants, instead of soil properly. Sometimes an inert material is used as support for the plants, other times directly for the water, in which the substances necessary for plant growth are poured.


What are the challenges of agriculture?

Agriculture faces in modern times great challenges in terms of ecology, sustainability, and quantity of production, compared to a human population that continues to grow year after year. And from these considerations come the opposite concepts of intensive agriculture and extensive agriculture.


What is organic farming?

These are variants of extensive agriculture whose purpose is to dispense with all types of contaminants and machinery, betting on products as natural as possible, which instead of volume offer food quality to the market.


What is greenhouse agriculture?

It is called greenhouse to closed places and controlled climatic conditions, usually transparent to allow the entry of sunlight but prevent the dispersion of heat. They are widely used for the intensive cultivation of certain plant species, taking advantage of the simulated climate to boost their productivity.


What are the dangers of intensive agriculture?

The danger of intensive agriculture, apart from environmental degradation and animal welfare issues, is that prices can be depressed by overproduction when extensive tracts of land are used for production – despite the intense nature of agricultural practices.


What are some examples of intensive livestock?

To replace natural inputs with technological alternatives, it is necessary to rely on inputs produced thousands of kilometers/miles away – a factor that maintains agricultural dependency on fossil fuels. Animal feeding operations [AFOs] and concentrated animal feeding operations [CAFOs] are the most notorious examples of intensive livestock …


What is CAFO in agriculture?

A CAFO is an AFO that produces a particular number of animals at or above a particular concentration and the water supply comes in contact with the flow of animal waste products. For example, CAFOs house a minimum of 1,000 beef cattle, 700 dairy cows, 2,500 pigs weighing a minimum of 55 pounds, 82,000 egg-laying chickens, …


What is the difference between livestock and agriculture?

The main difference between the two types of agriculture is that extensive agriculture requires much more land for production and profitability than intensive production.


What happens if animals graze on public lands?

In extensive production systems, if animals graze on public lands, a Tragedy of the Commons situation can arise if users abuse the public lands in their self-interest without considering the impact on the common good.


How much antibiotics are used in agriculture?

Staying in such tight quarters requires the heavy use of antibiotics, with 80% of all antibiotics used in the United States being used in agricultural operations. Such practices are integral to industrialized agriculture.


Is technology a part of food production?

Technology has become a dominant part of our everyday lives and our food production system is no exception. Accordingly, since the turn of the 20th century, the standard approach to production has shifted from extensive production to intensive production as businesses have opted to replace natural services with technology.


Characteristics of extensive agriculture

Since extensive agriculture achieves a much lower production per hectare than that achieved with intensive agriculture, it is developed on large and extensive lands , in order to obtain an acceptable total productivity.


Advantages of extensive agriculture

The main advantage of extensive agriculture is its lower demand on technical and human resources, which allows a few people to operate large farms, thus being able to obtain sufficient profits despite their low relative productivity.


Disadvantages of extensive agriculture

As is evident, the most important disadvantage of extensive agriculture is that, unlike intensive agriculture, its farms take longer to provide economic benefits .


Basic differences between extensive and intensive agriculture

Thus, as we have been able to see throughout the article and as a summary, the main differences between intensive and extensive agriculture are:

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