What is land tenure system in agriculture


Land tenure system helps a cultivator to establish rights of ownership of land by farmers. This would help the farmers to establish a link between the cultivators is the government. Land tenure system makes the ownership of land more secure and permanent, which is very much important for the development of agriculture.

Land tenure refers to the bundle of rights and responsibilities under which land is held, used, transferred, and succeeded.May 13, 2002


What are the types of land tenure system?

Land tenure is another phrase for land ownership, frequently used outside of the United States. There are many different types of land tenure, including private and public ownership, and each type of land tenure comes with a bundle of rights for the use and disposition of the property.

What are the disadvantages of land tenure systems?

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What does land tenure refer to?

Land tenure

  • Feudal tenure. Historically in the system of feudalism, the lords who received land directly from the Crown were called tenants-in-chief.
  • Modes of ownership and tenure. There is a great variety of modes of land ownership and tenure . …
  • Land tenure in archaeology. …
  • Land tenure by country. …
  • Importance of tenure today. …
  • See also
  • References. …
  • Further reading. …

What is communal land tenure system?

communal tenure, the tenure rights are enshrined in a regulatory framework such as the Land Law, the Forestry Law or special acts for indigenous peoples’ rights. Many de jure state lands are not managed according to the law and rules.


What is meant by systems of land tenure?

In common law systems, land tenure is the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, who is said to “hold” the land. It determines who can use land, for how long and under what conditions. Tenure may be based both on official laws and policies, and on informal customs.

What is the importance of land tenure?

Land tenure system helps a cultivator to establish rights of ownership of land by farmers. This would help the farmers to establish a link between the cultivators is the government. Land tenure system makes the ownership of land more secure and permanent, which is very much important for the development of agriculture.

What are the types of land tenure system in India?

Under British Rule, there were three main types of land tenure systems in India. They were Zamindars, Mahalwari and Rayatwari.

Which is the part of land tenure system?

Land tenure is an institution, i.e., rules invented by societies to regulate behaviour. Rules of tenure define how property rights to land are to be allocated within societies. They define how access is granted to rights to use, control, and transfer land, as well as associated responsibilities and restraints.

What is tenure system?

Tenure systems regulate how individuals and groups gain access to land and other natural resources and determine the rights and duties associated with land use and ownership. Individual and collective tenure rights shape local ownership of, and access to, land.

What is land tenure system PDF?

Land tenure refers to the bundle of rights and responsibilities under which land is. held, used, transferred, and succeeded. The meaning of the term varies with context. It is. used to refer to land tenure prescribed by statutory or common law; to customary land.

What are the 3 types of land tenure?

At its simplest, there are four general categories of land tenure institutions operating in the world today: customary land tenure, private ownership, tenancy, and state ownership. These categories exist in at least four general economic contexts: feudal, traditional communal, market economy, and socialist economy.

When did land tenure system start?

LAND TENURE SINCE 1950 British rule established in India a system of intermediaries—called “landlords” by the British—who were to collect rent from the cultivators on behalf of the state and who would in turn receive a share of the revenue collected.

How does land tenure affect agriculture?

Unfortunately, the impact of tenure on natural resources allocation and exploitation is often ignored in public land policy. Yet land tenure issues contribute to deforestation, degradation of the environment, lowering of carrying capacities of soils, poaching and extinction of wild biotic resources.

What are the types of tenure?

The term tenure refers to the various ways that you can own a property. Typically it can be freehold, leasehold, or leasehold with a share of the freehold. This guide will look at each type of housing tenure meaning, discuss the pros and cons and explain the difference between freehold and leasehold.

What is land tenure?

Land tenure is the relationship that individuals and groups hold with respect to land and land-based resources, such as trees, minerals, pastures, and water. Land tenure rules define the ways in which property rights to land are allocated, transferred, used, or managed in a particular society. When land tenure is secure, land can be …

What is the purpose of security of tenure?

The provision of security of tenure and property rights has become a major vehicle for economic growth, social development, poverty alleviation, and natural resource management. Security of tenure can be provided from a variety of sources: it may stem from a community and the user groups that form within it (e.g., water users, pastoralists, …

Why is public land ownership bad?

Public (or state) land ownership may withhold land for conservation purposes or public land management and facilitate more equal access to prime locations, but it may lead to poor land use and land management outcomes as a result of bureaucratic inactivity and corruption.

Why is land important?

It can be a vital part of cultural and social identities, a valuable asset to stimulate economic growth, and a central component to preserving natural resources and building societies that are inclusive, resilient, and sustainable. All societies have a system to govern property …

What happens when land rights are insecure?

When land tenure is secure, land can be a cornerstone for economic growth and an incentive for investment, but when land rights are insecure, this can lead to conflicts, instability and the exclusion of vulnerable groups , such as women, indigenous people and the poor. LAND TENURE (noun):


Land tenure is defined as the system of land ownership or acquisition by individual, family, community or government agency either for temporary or permanent use.

types of land tenure system and their effects

i. Communal land tenure
ii. Land tenure by inheritance
iii. Leasehold system
iv. Land tenure by tenancy
v. Land tenure by purchase
vi. Land tenure by purchase or freehold
vii. Land tenure by free gift or pledge
viii. Tenant at the will of government
Note: Land tenure by
i. Freehold system
ii. Leasehold system
iii. Gift system

Communal Land Tenure system Features

In this type. the land belongs to the entire community. The community may be a family, clan or village. Every member of the community has the right to use the land for agriculture, but cannot sell any portion of it.

Disadvantages or Problems of leasehold land tenure system in agriculture

security to obtain loan from commercial banks.
(ii) The farmer cannot develop the land beyond the lease agreement terms.
(iii) Perennial crops like oil palm, cocoa, rubber. etc cannot be grown.

Land Tenure by Purchase or Free hold Features

In this type of land tenure, a farmer buys a piece of land for agricultural purpose. He pays certain amount of money to the landlord and the land becomes his personal property.

land Tenure by Free Gift or Pledge Features

This is the type of land tenure system in which land is donated or given out of goodwill or free of charge in appreciation or as an incentive. The new owner does not need to pay any money.
i. It ensures the maximum use of the land for increased production.
ii. Plantation agriculture can be practiced.

Tenants at the Will of Government Features

This is a system of land tenure in which a piece of land is given or allocated to a farmer by the government. read land use act here

Why is land tenure important?

Land tenure system prevailing in the country helps to locate the actual owner of the land by the government. Locating owners of land is important for recovering land revenue and also to implement agricultural development programmes . Land tenure system helps a cultivator to establish rights of ownership of land by farmers.

How does land tenure affect social structure?

If the land distribution pattern in a country is skewed or uneven then it paves the way for exploitation of farmers. But when the farmer’s right over the land is already established, it may lead to equitable distribution of income and thereby the society will become comparatively peaceful.

What is land tenure?

Land tenure regulates use, control and transfer rights, whereby an individual or group, or government, owns a parcel of land and whether that land can pass through inheritance to children of those who currently use it.

Why is land important?

Land also provides a valuable safety net as a source of shelter, food and income in times of hardship, and a family’s land can be the last available resort in times of disaster. Moreover, access to land avails a range of other fundamental human rights, including those to water, health and work.

What are private lands?

Private lands are another key source of recreational opportunities in countries with land tenure systems that permit private ownership of land. Invariably, concerns arise over the ability of public lands to meet the growing demand for certain forms of recreation (e.g., hunting).

How do farmers make their living?

They earn their living mainly as tenant farmers or agricultural laborers. Tenant farmers typically pay high rents and have little security of land possession from season to season, whereas agricultural laborers (often itinerant) generally work for very low wages.

How much of the world’s population still lives in agriculture?

An estimated 45% of the world’s population still makes its living primarily from agriculture. In many developing countries, and a number of transition economies, these agricultural families still constitute a substantial majority of the population.

Where are forest recreational opportunities located?

In countries that have private land tenure systems, the vast majority of forest recreational opportunities located on public lands are typically relatively far from urban centers, although the majority of private forestlands are located much closer to urban centers, which enhances the importance of this resource.

Is land tenure contentious in mountain areas?

For even though land tenure may be less contentious in mountain areas, it is no more likely to be clearly articulated in law or titles – and without a clear description of rights, community involvement in governance is difficult if not impossible ( Knudsen, 1997 ).

Why is land ownership and tenure controversial?

Land ownership and tenure can be perceived as controversial in part because ideas defining what it means to access or control land, such as through “land ownership” or “land tenure”, can vary considerably across regions and even within countries. Land reforms, which change what it means to control land, therefore create tensions and conflicts between those who lose and those who gain from these redefinitions.

What is land reform?

Land reform refers to efforts to reform the ownership and regulation of land in India. Or, those lands which are redistributed by the government from landholders to landless people for agriculture or special purpose is known as Land Reform.

Why are land reforms needed?

Land reforms are needed for promoting incentive to the actual tiller of the land for promotion of agricultural production. These reforms assure them that they will not be exploited and get full reward for their labour. It is felt that for raising production, supply of inputs like seed, manure and other implements are pre-requisite and it should be stepped up immediately. As majority of Indian farmers who have small size of holdings are unable to purchase these inputs in a required quantity.

Why is it important to raise agricultural production without involving much capital?

In other words, it means that if he cultivator is assured for security of tenure, fair rent and right of ownership and free transferability.


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