What is meant by agriculture


From Wiktionary

  • Agriculture is the main industry, generally combined with cattle-raising.
  • The region contains most of the country’s rain-fed agriculture.
  • Agriculture is the main industry in this rural location.
  • Agriculture exists only for the supply of local needs.
  • Agriculture subsidies can make it impossible for small-scale farmers to make a decent living.


What are the 4 types of Agriculture?

What are the 8 types of agriculture?

  1. Shifting Agriculture:
  2. Plantation Agriculture:
  3. Intensive Farming:
  4. Dry Agriculture:
  5. Mixed and Multiple Agriculture:
  6. Crop Rotation:
  7. Terrace Cultivation:

What does it take to be a successful farmer?

  • Look for government-run programs that cover agriculture and farming . …
  • Join a beginning farmer training program. …
  • Find a summer job as a research assistant for a college or university that holds research trials on one or more research farms. …

More items…

What is the definition of agriculture or farming?

• The meaning of agriculture is field cultivation; farming and husbandry are two major divisions of agriculture. • Agriculture is covering a vast area including production, research and development, and farming is the process of the implementation of agricultural activities.

What is the beginning of Agriculture?

Beginning of Agriculture (Neolithic): Part I Neolithic Age, which followed the Mesolithic, heralded the beginning of food production. Human communities entered a new stage of culture when, instead of depending entirely on the resources of nature for survival, they started producing their own food by cultivating cereals like barley, wheat and rice and started domesticating…


What do we mean by agriculture?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics.

What is meant by agriculture Class 9?

Agriculture means cultivation of crops on a piece of land. Thus man started domestication of plants which were useful to him. He turned from food gatherer to food producer. He observed that vegetative parts of some plants like rhizomes, tubers, corms, bulbs etc.

Why is it called agriculture?

The English word agriculture derives from the Latin ager (field) and colo (cultivate) signifying, when combined, the Latin agricultura: field or land tillage.

What do you mean by agriculture Class 10?

(i) Agriculture : The art and science’4 of cultivating soil, raising crops and rearing livestock including animal husbandry and forestry.

What do you mean of agriculture for Class 6?

Agriculture means cultivation of a field. It includes growing of crops, rearing animals for dairy and meat products, poultry farming and rearing fish in ponds.

What is agriculture PDF?

Agriculture is an applied science which encompasses all aspects of crop production including horticulture, livestock rearing, fisheries, forestry, etc. Agriculture is defined as an art, science and business of producing crops and livestock for economic purposes.

Why the agriculture is important?

Agriculture plays a critical role in the entire life of a given economy. Agriculture is the backbone of the economic system of a given country. In addition to providing food and raw material, agriculture also provides employment opportunities to a very large percentage of the population.

What is agriculture and types?

Today, there are two divisions of agriculture, subsistence and commercial, which roughly correspond to the less developed and more developed regions. One of the most significant divisions between more and less developed regions is the way people obtain the food they need to survive.

What is the science of agriculture?

Agriculture is the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock. It includes the preparation of plant and animal products for people to use and their distribution to markets. Agriculture provides most of the world’s food and fabrics. Cotton, wool, and leather are all agricultural products.

Where did agriculture originate?

The earliest civilizations based on intensive agriculture arose near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in Mesopotamia (now Iraq and Iran) and along the Nile River in Egypt. Improved Technology. For thousands of years, agricultural development was very slow. One of the earliest agricultural tools was fire.

How do farmers protect their crops from pests?

Traditionally, farmers have used a variety of methods to protect their crops from pests and diseases. They have put herb-based poisons on crops, handpicked insects off plants, bred strong varieties of crops, and rotated crops to control insects. Now, almost all farmers, especially in developed countries, rely on chemicals to control pests. The definition of “pest” ranges from insects to animals such as rabbits and mice, as well as weeds and disease-causing organisms—bacteria, viruses, and fungi. With the use of chemicals, crop losses and prices have declined dramatically.

How did agriculture help people?

Agriculture enabled people to produce surplus food. They could use this extra food when crops failed or trade it for other goods. Food surpluses allowed people to work at other tasks unrelated to farming. Agriculture kept formerly nomadic people near their fields and led to the development of permanent villages.

What tools did people use to make food?

Over time, improved farming tools of bone, stone, bronze, and iron were developed. New methods of storage evolved. People began stockpiling foods in jars and clay-lined pits for use in times of scarcity. They also began making clay pots and other vessels for carrying and cooking food.

How did agriculture contribute to the rise of civilizations?

Start of Agriculture. Over centuries, the growth of agriculture contributed to the rise of civilizations. Before agriculture became widespread, people spent most of their lives searching for food—hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants.

When did people start farming?

About 11,500 years ago , people gradually learned how to grow cereal and root crops, and settled down to a life based on farming. By 2,000 years ago, much of the Earth’s population had become dependent on agriculture.

What is agriculture?

1. Agriculture is an enterprise or business, activity, or practice. It is synonymous with farming.

What is agriculture in biology?

2. Agriculture is the growth of both plants and animals for human needs (Abellanosa, A.L. and H.M. Pava. 1987. Introduction to Crop Science. Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Bukidnon: Publications Office. p. 238).

What is agricultural enterprise?

Agriculture, Agricultural Enterprise or Agricultural Activity means the cultivation of the soil, planting of crops, growing of fruit trees, including the harvesting of such farm products, and other farm activities and practices performed by a farmer in conjunction with such farming operations done by persons whether natural or juridical. (Sec. 3b, Chapter I, Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 (R.A. No. 6657 as amended by R. A. 7881), Philippines. Retrieved September 2, 2010, from http://www.chanrobles.com/legal4agrarianlaw.htm.

What is the purpose of the plant?

It has two main divisions: plant or crop production and animal or livestock production; and its ultimate purpose is for food production, other human needs such as clothing, medicines, tools, artistic display, dwelling, and feed for animals, or for economic gain or profit.

What is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic?

Agriculture is the science and practice of producing plants, other crops, and animals for food, other human needs, or economic gain.

What is agriculture especially convenient?

Nevertheless, I find this elucidation on what is agriculture especially convenient is where its coverage is limited to crop production (agronomy and horticulture) and livestock production even knowing that some definitions include fisheries, forestry, and other activities. Further, the science of agriculture is dynamic.

What is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of?

3. Agriculture is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain. (Rubenstein, J.M. 2003. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography. 7th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. p. 496).

What is the origin of agriculture?

The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager, “field”, and cultūra, ” cultivation ” or “growing”. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years.

Why is agriculture important?

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, all of which can cause decreases in crop yield. Genetically modified organisms are widely used, although some are banned in certain countries.

How does livestock affect the environment?

A senior UN official, Henning Steinfeld, said that “Livestock are one of the most significant contributors to today’s most serious environmental problems”. Livestock production occupies 70% of all land used for agriculture, or 30% of the land surface of the planet. It is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gases, responsible for 18% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions as measured in CO 2 equivalents. By comparison, all transportation emits 13.5% of the CO 2. It produces 65% of human-related nitrous oxide (which has 296 times the global warming potential of CO 2) and 37% of all human-induced methane (which is 23 times as warming as CO 2 .) It also generates 64% of the ammonia emission. Livestock expansion is cited as a key factor driving deforestation; in the Amazon basin 70% of previously forested area is now occupied by pastures and the remainder used for feedcrops. Through deforestation and land degradation, livestock is also driving reductions in biodiversity. Furthermore, the UNEP states that ” methane emissions from global livestock are projected to increase by 60 per cent by 2030 under current practices and consumption patterns.”

What is the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples?

Reindeer herds form the basis of pastoral agriculture for several Arctic and Subarctic peoples.

How does agriculture increase yield?

Agriculture seeks to increase yield and to reduce costs. Yield increases with inputs such as fertilisers and removal of pathogens , predators, and competitors (such as weeds). Costs decrease with increasing scale of farm units, such as making fields larger; this means removing hedges, ditches and other areas of habitat.

What was the Arab agricultural revolution?

The Arab Agricultural Revolution, starting in Al-Andalus (Islamic Spain), transformed agriculture with improved techniques and the diffusion of crop plants.

How many people were employed in agriculture in the 21st century?

At the start of the 21st century, some one billion people, or over 1/3 of the available work force, were employed in agriculture. It constitutes approximately 70% of the global employment of children, and in many countries employs the largest percentage of women of any industry.

What is the science of agriculture?

the science, art, or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raising crops, and feeding, breeding, and raising livestock; farming. the production of crops, livestock, or poultry. agronomy.

How did agriculture help the population?

Agriculture supported larger populations and gave them more goods to fight over.

Is English agriculture clean?

English Agriculture has a thorough and cleanly aspect which I have rarely observed elsewhere.

What were the changes in agriculture?

Other recent changes in agriculture include hydroponics, plant breeding, hybridization, gene manipulation, better management of soil nutrients, and improved weed control.

What is the main input for farming?

Such farming involves large fields and/or numbers of animals, large resource inputs (pesticides, fertilizers, etc.), and a high level of mechanization.

What is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired products?

Agriculture. Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and many other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). The practice of agriculture is also known as “farming”, while scientists, inventors and others devoted to improving farming methods …

What is the difference between subsistence farming and commercial intensive farming?

Subsistence farming, who farms a small area with limited resource inputs, and produces only enough food to meet the needs of his/her family. At the other end is commercial intensive agriculture, including industrial agriculture.

What is agriculture in agriculture?

Cultivating a piece of land, or planting and growing food plants on it, is largely what agriculture means. Raising animals for meat or milk also falls under the category of agriculture. If we didn’t have agriculture, we’d all be running around the woods, picking berries and trying to shoot things.

What is the root of agriculture?

agriculture. Agriculture describes the practice of growing crops or raising animals. Someone who works as a farmer is in the agriculture industry. The Latin root of agriculture is agri, or “field,” plus cultura, “cultivation.”.

What is the cultivation of trees?

the cultivation of tree for the production of timber. dairy farming, dairying. the business of a dairy. gardening, horticulture. the cultivation of plants. aquiculture, hydroponics, tank farming. a technique of growing plants (without soil) in water containing dissolved nutrients. mixed farming.

What is mixed farming?

mixed farming. growing crops and feed and livestock all on the same farm. planting. putting seeds or young plants in the ground to grow. ranching. farming for the raising of livestock (particularly cattle) strip cropping. cultivation of crops in strips following the contours of the land to minimize erosion.

What is the term for growing vegetables for the market?

growing vegetables for the market. drip culture . a hydroponic method of growing plants by allowing nutrient solutions to drip slowly onto an inert medium in which the plants are growing. insemination. the act of sowing (of seeds in the ground or, figuratively, of germs in the body or ideas in the mind, etc.)

What is the definition of roundup?

the cultivation of flowering plants. roundup. the activity of gathering livestock together so that they can be counted or branded or sold. type of: cultivation. (agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops (especially on a large scale) noun.

Where does the word “agriculture” come from?

The “agriculture’’ word is derived from two Latin words, agricultūra, from ager, “field”, and cultūra, “cultivation” or “growing”.

What is agriculture science?

Definition: Agriculture is generally known as Farming; it is an art and science that prudent endeavor to reshape a part of Earth’s crust through cultivation of plants and other crops as well as raising livestock for sustenance or other necessities for human being and economic gain.

What is the advanced of agriculture?

The advanced of agriculture sector that share to marketable surplice. Most of population related with manufacturing, mining that depends on food production that might meet from the nation’s marketable surplus. As agricultural sector development takes place, production increases and this leads to expansion of marketable surplus. This may be exported to other nations.

Which type of farming has the highest impact on economic growth?

Animal husbandry or livestock farming has highest involvement to economic growth. The annual protein per capita is 18 kg of meat and 155 litters of milk. By-products of milk and meat have suitable market value. Farmers can receive a decent amount by generating and providing these products to the marketplace.

What does “agricultural” mean?

English Language Learners Definition of agricultural. : of, relating to, or used in farming or agriculture. : engaged in or concerned with farming or agriculture. See the full definition for agricultural in the English Language Learners Dictionary.

What are some examples of agricultural?

Recent Examples on the Web Shasta Lake, California’s largest reservoir and third-largest water body overall, represents a crucial water source for agricultural lands in the middle of the state. …

Can flooding affect agricultural land?

Minor flooding can affect some low areas, crossings and agricultural lands, according to the Weather Service. — Michael Williams, Dallas News, 3 June 2021 The Agriculture Department’s new Climate-Smart Practice Incentive will support wetland restoration on agricultural lands.


Since 1994, when the first edition of this Special Reference Brief was compiled, “sustainability” has become a more familiar term.

Sustainable Agriculture: The Basics

Some terms defy definition. “Sustainable agriculture” has become one of them.

Some Background

How have we come to reconsider our food and fiber production in terms of sustainability? What are the ecological, economic, social and philosophical issues that sustainable agriculture addresses?

A Sampling of Perspectives

“It’s easy to understand why key individuals and organizations in agriculture have flocked to this term. After all, who would advocate a ‘non-sustainable agriculture?’” [Charles A. Francis, “Sustainable Agriculture: Myths and Realities,” Journal of Sustainable Agriculture (1990) 1 (1): p.97.


Review of Other Definitions of Agriculture

Summation of The Meaning and Concept of Agriculture

  • The first 3 are scientific and practical definitions while numbered 4 to 8 are legal definitions and meaning of agriculture. These last 5 give more details on what is agriculture by enumerating the activities covered by the enterprise or practice. That contending parties have found the necessity to elevate to the Courtcontroversies in relation to w…

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Big Revamp on What Is Agriculture

  • This page may be one, if not the most, important content of this site. After all, this site is about agriculture or farming. This page is the very foundation of this site. It has to stand erect, robust, and strong to be able to carry the heavy load of content that it carries. It has to withstand the ravages of time and remain unblemished for eternity. It ought to remain alive and proud even wit…

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Agriculture or farming is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farm…

Etymology and scope

The word agriculture is a late Middle English adaptation of Latin agricultūra, from ager ‘field’ and cultūra ‘cultivation’ or ‘growing’. While agriculture usually refers to human activities, certain species of ant, termite and beetle have been cultivating crops for up to 60 million years. Agriculture is defined with varying scopes, in its broadest sense using natural resources to “produce commodities which maintain life, including food, fiber, forest products, horticultural crops, and t…


The development of agriculture enabled the human population to grow many times larger than could be sustained by hunting and gathering. Agriculture began independently in different parts of the globe, and included a diverse range of taxa, in at least 11 separate centers of origin. Wild grains were collected and eaten from at least 105,000 years ago. In the Paleolithic levant, 23,000 years a…


Pastoralism involves managing domesticated animals. In nomadic pastoralism, herds of livestock are moved from place to place in search of pasture, fodder, and water. This type of farming is practised in arid and semi-arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia and some parts of India.
In shifting cultivation, a small area of forest is cleared by cutting and burning th…

Contemporary agriculture

From the twentieth century, intensive agriculture increased productivity. It substituted synthetic fertilizers and pesticides for labour, but caused increased water pollution, and often involved farm subsidies. In recent years there has been a backlash against the environmental effects of conventional agriculture, resulting in the organic, regenerative, and sustainable agriculture movements. O…


Overall production varies by country as listed.
Cropping systems vary among farms depending on the available resources and constraints; geography and climate of the farm; government policy; economic, social and political pressures; and the philosophy and culture of the farmer.
Shifting cultivation (or slash and burn) is a system in which forests are burnt, r…

Crop alteration and biotechnology

Crop alteration has been practiced by humankind for thousands of years, since the beginning of civilization. Altering crops through breeding practices changes the genetic make-up of a plant to develop crops with more beneficial characteristics for humans, for example, larger fruits or seeds, drought-tolerance, or resistance to pests. Significant advances in plant breeding ensue…

Environmental impact

Agriculture is both a cause of and sensitive to environmental degradation, such as biodiversity loss, desertification, soil degradation and global warming, which cause decrease in crop yield. Agriculture is one of the most important drivers of environmental pressures, particularly habitat change, climate change, water use and toxic emissions. Agriculture is the main source of toxins released into the …

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