What is meant by intensive subsistence agriculture

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The main characteristics of the intensive subsistence agriculture are as follows:

  • (i) Very small holdings:
  • (ii) Farming is very intensive:
  • (iii) Much hand labour is entailed:
  • (iv) Use of animal and plant manures:
  • (v) Dominance of padi and other food crops:

In intensive subsistence agriculture, the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labour. Climate with large number of days with sunshine and fertile soils, permits growing of more than one crop annually on the same plot.

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Answer

What are the 3 major types of subsistence agriculture?

What are the types of subsistence farming?

  • Shifting agriculture. Main article: Shifting cultivation.
  • Primitive farming.
  • Nomadic herding.
  • Intensive subsistence farming.

What are the characteristics of intensive subsistence farming?

  • it leads to poverty and low economic development because of low production
  • they lead to environmental destruction because of deforestation
  • in some areas due to specialisation in one crop they has been dependence on such crops for example cocoa farming in Ghana and ground nuts farming in Zambia

What is the best definition of subsistence agriculture?

Subsistence Agriculture

  • Leveraging agricultural biodiversity for sustainable diets, highlighting Pacific Small Island Developing States. …
  • Agriculture, Economics of. …
  • Animal feeds, feeding practices and opportunities for feed contamination: an introduction. …
  • Utilization of the Whole Cereal Plant to Maximize its Value. …
  • Sustainable Agriculture and Crop Physiology. …

More items…

What problems does subsistence agriculture face?

Four common problems faced in Subsistence Farming are :

  1. Subsistence farming is practiced on a small patch of land with primitive tools like hoe, digging sticks, etc.
  2. In intensive subsistence farming, cultivation is done on an area of high population pressure.
  3. In primitive subsistence farming, farmers clear a patch of land by burning trees and cultivate it for one or two years. …

More items…

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What does intensive subsistence mean?

Intensive subsistence farming is the type of farming where the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labor. These farmers use their land to produce enough food for their local consumption and the exchange of goods as well.


Where is intensive subsistence agriculture?

Intensive subsistence agriculture, the subject of this review, is mainly practiced in the developing countries of Africa, Latin America, Central and, East Europe and South East Asia (Devendra and Thomas 2002; Mathijs and Noev 2004; World Bank 2005).


What is intensive subsistence farming class 8?

Intensive Subsistence Agriculture: In this farming, the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labour. Rice is the main crop. Other crops include wheat, maize, pulses and oil seeds. This type of cultivation produce little to be left over and mainly farmers fullfil only personal needs.


What is extensive subsistence farming?

Extensive subsistence agriculture is farming in the thinly populated areas. An agricultural technique where a vast expanse of land is cultivated to yield minimal output of crops and animals for the primary consumption of the grower’s family. Subsistence farmers grow any crops that are native to the land.


What is intensive commercial agriculture?

Intensive Commercial. Agriculture. • Characterized by high yields per unit of cultivated land. • Large amount of input – justified by fruits, vegetable and. dairy products.


What is subsistence agriculture class 12?

Answer: Subsistence agriculture is the agriculture in which the producers consume most of the products grown. The output is generally for consumption by farmer and his family.


What is intensive farming class 10th?

Intensive or intensive farming is a method of farming where a lot of money and effort is used to increase the yield per area of land. Significant quantities of pesticides and animal medicines are widely used for crops.


What is intensive subsistence farming class 10 Ncert?

Intensive Subsistence Farming This type of farming is practised in areas of high population pressure on land. It is labour- intensive farming, where high doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production.


What is intensive farming answer?

Intensive agriculture, also known as intensive farming (as opposed to extensive farming), conventional, or industrial agriculture, is a type of agriculture, both of crop plants and of animals, with higher levels of input and output per unit of agricultural land area.


What is extensive and intensive subsistence agriculture?

Intensive farming focuses on investing a lot of resources and labor into small tracts of land in order to increase yield. Extensive agriculture, on the other hand, employs larger tracts of land and lower quantities of labor and resources.


What is difference between subsistence and intensive farming?

Subsistence farming is a type of farming in which generally poor farmers cultivate crops in a very small piece of land. Whereas in intensive farming the farmers cultivate crops in small fields but in a good way, meaning using more modern techniques and incorporate new technologies to better their products.


What is the difference between intensive and extensive land use?

Intensive Farming refers to an agricultural system, wherein there is high level use of labor and capital, in comparison to the land area. Extensive Farming is a farming system, in which large farms are being cultivated, with moderately lower inputs, i.e. capital and labor.


Where is intensive subsistence agriculture practiced in India?

In India, the farmers of West Bengal, Kerala, the coastal Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu provide a good example of intensive subsistence wet paddy agriculture .


What countries use extensive farming?

Contrary to intensive farming, extensive farming system is practiced in the low population density regions of U.S.A. Canada in N. America; Argentina, Peru, etc. in S. America; Russian Federation in Eurasia; Australia, New Zealand etc.


What is the example of subsistence agriculture?

A simple example of subsistence farming is a family growing grain and using that grain to make enough bread for themselves, but not to sell. For many people living in wealthy countries, this is a romantic idea – having land and using it to sustain you and your family.


What are examples of intensive farming?

Types Of Intensive FarmingLivestock. The term livestock refers to those individual animals who have no choice but to endure life on farms. … Crops. … Aquaculture. … Sustainability. … Environmental Disadvantages. … Poor Living Conditions And Hygiene For Livestock. … Excessive Use Of Agro-Chemicals. … Deforestation.More items…•


What is intensive subsistence farming?

Intensive subsistence farming is the type of farming where the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labor. These farmers use their land to produce enough food for their local consumption and the exchange of goods as well. One can use intensive subsistence farming in a lot of different ways.


Why are machines not widely used in intensive subsistence farming?

Such machines are not widely used on intensive subsistence farms because most farmers don’t have enough money to buy them, but they are extensively used in more affluent Japan and are gradually spread throughout Monsoon Asia. Some farmers may also hire this machinery that is owned by firms or co-operatives.


What is intensive farming in Monsoon Asia?

Although the farmland is limited, there are some peasants in Monsoon Asia that are so ‘land-hungry’ that they utilize every bit of tillable land for agriculture. Those fields are separated only by narrow and handmade ridges and footpaths that allow farmers to move around their farms.


What is intensive farming?

As I mentioned earlier, intensive farming is the kind of farming in which farmers grow their crops, fruits, and vegetables on a small piece of land using simple tools. These farmers usually grow food for personal use, or they sell it to local groceries.


Why do farmers try to make as much as possible with their crops?

Due to the very limited space of usable land for agriculture, farmers try to make as much as possible with their crops. The farming is so intensive that they sometimes practice double- or treble-cropping. This means to grow several crops on the same land during the course of a year.


Why is farming in wet lowland so intensive?

Farming in wet lowland has to be very intensive to support a dense population. Many of those regions of intensive subsistence farming have a highly developed form of society such as China and India that have a continuous history of civilization.


What do farmers do with their animals?

Some farmers that have animals on their farms do plowing with the aid of buffaloes or horses. They rake fields by hand and plant their crops in precise rows by the family that runs the farm. Harvesting is usually done with sickles and threshing by hand. Simple tools might also be of use but are not a must.


What is intensive subsistence farming?

Intensive Subsistence Agriculture. Subsistence agriculture is the type of farming in which crops grown are consumed by the grower and his family. Subsistence agriculture may be of different types. It may be shifting or settled agriculture, it may be primitive or non-primitive in character, it may be both inten­sive and extensive in nature.


What are the two types of intensive subsistence agriculture?

There are two types of the intensive subsistence agriculture. One is dominated by wet paddy and the other is dominated by crops other than paddy, e.g., wheat, pulses, maize, millets, sorghum, kaoling, soya-beans, tu­bers and vegetables. ADVERTISEMENTS:


What is the main source of manure in paddy farming?

In paddy intensive subsistence farming the farmers make use of every available type of manure, including farm waste, rotten vege­tables, fish waste, cow dung and human excreta to ensure higher agri­cultural returns and also to maintain the high fertility of the land.


What is the difference between primitive agriculture and non-primi-five agriculture?

The main distinction between primitive (shifting) and non-primi- five (sedentary type of subsistence agriculture) depend s on the tools and equipment’s used. The tools of the primitive agriculturists are more or less the same as those used in shifting …


What is the traditional way of paddy farming?

In wet paddy agriculture, traditionally much manual and hand la­bour is required. Ploughing is done with the help of buffaloes, oxen, mules and horses. Paddy crop is planted in narrow rows by females, while hoeing and harvesting operations are done by both males and females. Harvesting and thrashing are done manually.


What tools did primitive agriculturists use?

The tools of the primitive agriculturists are more or less the same as those used in shifting cultivation, while in non-primitive subsistence agriculture wooden plough, harrows, hedges and permanent bandings are used. In India subsistence agri­culture is practiced in the areas of isolation and relative isolation in Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, …


How is the intensity of agriculture governed?

The intensity of agriculture and multiple cropping are directly governed by the pressure of population in a given region at a given point of time. In shifting cultivation tracts where the density of popu­lation per square kilometer is generally less than ten persons, the in­tensity of agriculture is very low.


Introduction

All economic activity in the world is directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture. This method is associated with the collection of resources directly from nature. As a primary activity, agriculture has a direct connection with people and the natural environment. The method of farming is different in every part of the world.


What is intensive subsistence agriculture or farming?

Intensive subsistence agriculture is defined as a system of subsistence agriculture in those regions of the world where high population density, rapid population growth, easy access to labor, and limited agricultural land.


Distribution

This type of farming can be observed in most of the developing countries of the world. Equatorial, tropical, and subtropical regions are predominant in this type of cultivation. Intensive subsistence agriculture is practiced in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Vietnam, Egypt, Sudan, etc. (3).


Features

The amount of agricultural land is limited. Lands are small, different shapes and scattered types. The amount of land per capita is limited due to the huge pressure of the population. As agricultural lands became divided among the heirs, they became small. Most of the agricultural lands are marginal in terms of size and production.


Economical uses

In this agricultural system, the farmers lack capital but they work hard. They can make a living through agricultural work.


Disadvantage

Although the economic importance of intensive subsistence agriculture is quite high, it has some disadvantages. Such as-


What is intensive subsistence farming?

Intensive Subsistence Agriculture Definition. When someone participates in intensive subsistence farming, nearly all of the crops and livestock getting produced get used for sustaining their family. It is rare for the farmers to produce enough crops or livestock to sell for cash or store for later use. Because of the lack of financial resources …


Why is farming so intensive?

Farming is Intensive. Because of the lack of automated farming machinery, farmer s have to provide a lot more manual labor to tend to their fields. Animal power gets relied on much more when available to the farmer compared to primitive subsistence agriculture.


What is paddy farming?

Paddy farming is very labor-intensive. The second grouping of crops used in subsistence farming gets dominated by crops like wheat, pulses, maize, millets, sorghum, legumes, tubers, and vegetables. Farmers will usually mix multiple crop types in the field, helping to reduce the chance of total crop failure.


Why do farmers use manure in intensive farming?

In intensive subsistence farming, some fertilizers, primarily manure, are included to try and help maximize crop production. The farmers will also usually use techniques like double and continuous cropping techniques. These techniques help to ensure that non of …


Why are primitive farming tools not used in subsistence farming?

Because of the lack of financial resources created in subsistence farming, primitive farming tools and only family labor are generally available to the farmer. Farming inputs like fertilizers and pesticides do not get used very much in subsistence farming. Not having these inputs prevents the farmers from maximizing the size of their harvest.


What are the benefits of improved crop varieties, fertilizer and pesticides?

Improved crop varieties, fertilizer and pesticides, and better farm equipment all have a high potential to enhance the productivity and profitability of subsistence farmers.


Why are crop failure rates so high?

High crop failure rates are also typical because of unfavorable climatic conditions and disease and damage from pests. Subsistence farming gets its water from natural weather conditions. The farms do not use irrigation facilities, and so the farmers have no way to mitigate erratic weather patterns.


What is intensive farming?

A type of agricultural production system that uses high inputs of fertilizer, pesticides, labour and capital in relation to the size of the land area being farmed.


What is meant by intensive subsistence farming?

Intensive Subsistence Agriculture Definition: a form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land.


What is subsistence farming class 8?

Subsistence Farming: Subsistence farming is practices to meet the needs of the farmer’s family and needs less technology and labour. Intensive Subsistence Agriculture: In this farming, the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labour. Rice is the main crop.


Is intensive farming good or bad?

Intensive, high-yielding agriculture may be the best way to meet growing demand for food while conserving biodiversity, say researchers. Intensive farming is said to create high levels of pollution and damage the environment more than organic farming.


Where is intensive farming used?

Many large-scale farm operators, especially in such relatively vast and agriculturally advanced nations as Canada and the United States, practice intensive agriculture in areas where land values are relatively low, and at great distances from markets, and farm enormous tracts of land with high yields.


What are examples of intensive subsistence farming?

There are two types of the intensive subsistence agriculture. One is dominated by wet paddy and the other is dominated by crops other than paddy, e.g., wheat, pulses, maize, millets, sorghum, kaoling, soya-beans, tubers and vegetables.


What are the main features of intensive subsistence farming?

The main characteristics of the intensive subsistence agriculture are as follows:


History of Subsistence Agriculture

Subsistence farming was the first type of agriculture seen in early civilization, developed over 12,000 years ago. Archeological evidence points to grains being some of the first subsistence crops farmed and cultivated by people.


Subsistence Agriculture Features

In subsistence farming, fields are often a mix of crop groups. Polyculture, or mixed cropping, allows for many crops to be planted together in complimentary groups. Planting certain crops together helps to replicate a natural ecosystem and improves the quality of the soil.


Shifting Agriculture

Shifting agriculture is a type of farming that moves the location of fields after nutrients are depleted, allowing natural vegetation to reclaim the used areas. This form of subsistence farming is mostly found in areas with large forest ecosystems. Trees are chopped or burned down, allowing room for crops to be planted.


Primitive Farming

Primitive farming is the most simplistic form of subsistence farming. The level of technology used for maintaining subsistence crops is relatively basic. Small gardens near homesteads are an example of primitive farming. These gardens benefit from the use of common household fertilizers, such as compost, animal manure, or ash from fireplaces.


What Is Intensive Agriculture?

Intensive agriculture is a method of farming that uses large amounts of labor and investment to increase the yield of the land. In an industrialized society this typically means the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and other chemicals that boost yield, and the acquisition and use of machinery to aid planting, chemical application, and picking.


What Are the Characteristics of Intensive Agriculture?

Pasture intensification is the increase in value and production that occurs due to inputs such as money, labor, and pesticides, specifically in the pastures on which farmed animals graze.


Intensive Agriculture Examples

Most of the farmed animals in the United States live a significant portion of their lives on industrial factory farms that use a variety of intensive methods to produce more meat, dairy, or eggs for less money. One such method is keeping the animals enclosed in small spaces and delivering their food to them.


Intensive Versus Extensive Agriculture

Intensive farming focuses on investing a lot of resources and labor into small tracts of land in order to increase yield. Extensive agriculture, on the other hand, employs larger tracts of land and lower quantities of labor and resources.


Why Is Intensive Agriculture Bad?

Billions of animals in the United States suffer on factory farms that employ intensive methods to increase profitability. Often they are confined in such small spaces that they can barely move. Standard procedures include debeaking, castration, tail docking, and dehorning.


Conclusion

The intensification of farming has played an important role in the history of agriculture. It allowed for farmers to feed growing communities around the world. However, intensive agriculture as we know it today is no longer sustainable or necessary.

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Introduction


What Is Intensive Subsistence Agriculture Or Farming?

  • Intensive subsistence agriculture is defined as a system of subsistence agriculture in those regions of the world where high population density, rapid population growth, easy access to labor, and limited agricultural land. In a word, intensive subsistence agriculture or farming is the labor-intensive agricultural system developed for livelihood and…

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Distribution

  • This type of farming can be observed in most of the developing countries of the world. Equatorial, tropical, and subtropical regions are predominant in this type of cultivation. Intensive subsistence agriculture is practiced in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan, Vietnam, Egypt, Sudan, etc. (3).

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Features

  • 1. Land type
    The amount of agricultural land is limited. Lands are small, different shapes and scattered types. The amount of land per capita is limited due to the huge pressure of the population. As agricultural lands became divided among the heirs, they became small. Most of the agricultural l…
  • 2. Workers
    Workers are readily available in this agricultural system. Their wages are low. Most of the agricultural workers are deprived of land ownership. There is an outbreak of pseudo-unemployment in this agriculture.

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Economical Uses

  1. In this agricultural system, the farmers lack capital but they work hard. They can make a living through agricultural work.
  2. This type of farming method is mainly developed in rural environments where farming is done by old and ancient methods. So both uneducated and experienced can do intensive subsistence agriculture.
  1. In this agricultural system, the farmers lack capital but they work hard. They can make a living through agricultural work.
  2. This type of farming method is mainly developed in rural environments where farming is done by old and ancient methods. So both uneducated and experienced can do intensive subsistence agriculture.
  3. As agricultural crops are produced for the livelihood of the farmers, the effect of an increase in supply and reduction of prices in the market does not affect agriculture.
  4. This agriculture is predominant in areas where the amount of agricultural land is less and the population pressure on the land is high. Through the application of intensive subsistence agriculture,…


Disadvantage

  • Although the economic importance of intensive subsistence agriculture is quite high, it has some disadvantages. Such as- 1. Scientific technology is not used in agriculture. This farming method is done in an ancient way so the quality and yield of the crop is less. 2. The per capita production is also low due to less production and a high population on small agricultural lands. 3. Profit is les…

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Q&A

  • 1. What is subsistence farming?
    Subsistence farming is a method of agriculture where crops are cultivated in a small plot using primitive agricultural instruments and more labor. Advanced technology is not used in such farming. This type of agricultural method is done depending on the natural quality of soil and rai…
  • 2. Approximately what percent of the population practices subsistence farming?
    About 29% of the population practices subsistence farming. Subsistence farming is developed in rural areas. In order to make a living, farmers engage in agriculture as well as livestock and fish farming.

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